Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled A Harmonious Society in My Mind. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
A Harmonious Society in My Mind[11分]
Nowadays, it seems known to everybody that one of the objectives of China's modern construction is to build a harmonious society. All of a sudden, "a harmonious society" has become a frequently-used phrase in media news, newspaper etc. It is the trend of China's development.
But what is a harmonious society? In my mind, there are several aspects included in building a harmonious society. First, a harmonious society has democracy in its politics to ensure the maximum benefits of the people. Second, a harmonious society has equality and justice to protect the rights of every citizen. Third, a harmonious society has good faith and friendly relation between people to create a favorable atmosphere for living and doing business. Forth, a harmonious society has energy to make sure its creativity. Fifth, a harmonious society has stability and order to provide people with a comfortable environment. Sixth, a harmonious society has harmony between humankind and nature for a sustainable development of economy.
To be true, it needs joint efforts of every person in China to realize this great goal. For me, I am a student in college. What I can do is develop good relations with people around me, help others as much as possible, spread this awareness to as many people as possible, laying a foundation for this tall building.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Entertainment in London
Londoners are great readers. They buy vast numbers of newspapers and magazines and even of books especially paperbacks, which are still comparatively cheap in spite of ever-increasing rises in the costs of printing. They still continue to buy "proper" books, too, printed on good paper and bound between hard covers.
There are many streets in London containing shops which specialize in book-selling. Perhaps the best known of these is Charing Cross Road in the very heart of London. Here bookshops of all sorts and sizes are to be found, from the celebrated one which boasts of being "the biggest bookshop in the world" to the tiny, dusty little places which seem to have been left over from Dickens' time. Many of them specialize in second-hand books, in art books, in foreign books, in books of philosophy, politics or any other of the various subjects about which books may be written. One shop in this area specializes solely in books about ballet!
Although it may be the most convenient place for Londoners to buy books, Charing Cross Road is not the cheapest. For the really cheap second-hand volumes, the collector must venture off the busy and crowded roads, to Farringdon Road in the East Central district of London. Here there is nothing so grand as bookshops. Instead, the booksellers come along each morning and tip out their sacks of books on to barrows(推车) which line the gutters(贫民区). And the collectors, some professional and some amateur, who have been waiting for them, pounce towards the sellers. In places like this one can still, occasionally, pick up for a few pence an old volume that may be worth many pounds.
Both Charing Cross Road and Farringdon Road are well-known places of the book buyer. Yet all over London there are bookshops, in places not so well known, where the books are equally varied and exciting. It is in the sympathetic atmosphere of such shops that the loyal book buyer feels most at home. In these shops, even the life-long book-browser is frequently rewarded by the accidental discovery of previously unknown delights. One could, in fact, easily spend a lifetime exploring London's bookshops. There are many less pleasant ways of spending time!
Going to the Theatre
London is very rich in theatres: there are over forty in the West End alone--more than enough to ensure that there will always be at least two or three shows running to suit every kind taste, whether serious or lighthearted.
Some of them are specialist theatres. The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, where the great opera singers of the world can be heard, is the home of opera and the Royal Ballet. The London Coliseum now houses the English National Opera Company, which encourages English singers in particular and performs most operas in English at popular prices.
Some theatres concentrate on the classics and serious drama, some on light comedy, some on musicals. Most theatres have a personality of their own, from the old, such as the Theatre Royal (also called the "Haymarket") in the Haymarket, to the more modern such as the recently opened Baibican centre in the city. The National Theatre has three separate theatres in its new building by Waterloo Bridge. At the new Barbican centre the Royal Shakespeare Company has their London home—their other centre is at Stratford-on-Avon.
Most of the old London theatres are concentrated in a very small area, within a stone's throw of the Piccadilly and Leicester Square tube stations. As the evening performances normally begin either at seven-thirty or eight p. m., there is a kind of minor rush-hour between seven-fifteen and eight o'clock in this district. People stream out of the nearby tube stations, the pavements are crowded, and taxis and private cars maneuver into position as they drop theatre-goers outside the entrance to each theatre. There is another minor rush-hour when the performance finishes. The theatre in London is very popular and it is not always easy to get in to see a successful play.
Before World War Ⅱ, theatre performances began later and a visit to the theatre was a more formal occasion. Nowadays very few people "dress" for the theatre (that is, wear formal evening dress) except for first nights or an important performance. The times of performance were put forward during the war and have not been put back. The existing times make the question of eating a rather tricky problem: one has to have either early dinner or late supper. Many restaurants in "theatreland" ease the situation by catering specially for early or late dinners.
Television and the difficulty of financing plays have helped to close many theatres. But it seems that the worst of the situation is now over and that the theatre, after a period of decline, is about to pick up again. Although some quite large provincial towns do not have a professional theatre, there are others, such as Nottingham, Hull, Coventry or Newcastle, which have excellent companies and where a series of plays are performed during one season by a resident group of actors. Some towns such as Chichester or Edinburgh have theatres which give summer seasons. Even in small towns a number of theatres have been built in the last few years to cater for the local population.
Music in Britain
It is debatable whether the tastes of kings reflect those of their subjects. However, three English monarchs certainly shared their people's linking for music. Richard Ⅰ(1157-1199), the "Lionheart", composed songs that he sang with his musician, Blondel. It is said that when the king was a prisoner in Austria, Blondel found him by singing a song known only to him and the king, who took up the tune in the tower of the castle in which he was secretly imprisoned. Henry VⅢ (1491-1547), notorious for his six wives, was a skilled musician and some of his songs are still known and sung. Queen Victoria (1819-1901) and her husband, Prince Albert, delighted in singing ballads. The great composer and pianist Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) was a welcome guest at their court, where he would accompany the Queen and the Prince when they sang.
The British love of music is often unfamiliar to foreigners, probably because there are few renowned British composers. The most famous is Henry Purcell (1658-1695), whose opera "Dido and Aeneas" is a classic. The rousing marching song "Lillibulero" attributed to Purcell, now used by BBC as an identification signal preceding Overseas Service news bulletins, was said to have "sung James Ⅱ out of three kingdoms" when he fled from Britain in 1688. Sir Edward Elgar (1857-1934) is known for his choral and orchestral works, some of which have been made more widely known by the famous violinist Yehudi Menuhin. Benjamin Britten (1913-1976), a composer with a very personal style, has become world-famous for such operatic works as "Peter Grimes" and "Billy Budd". Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958) was deeply influenced by English folk music, as is shown by his variations on the old tune "Green-sleeves" (which most people consider a folk song). In recent years there has been a great revival of folk music, and groups specializing in its performance have sprung up all over Britain. This phenomenon has its roots in the work of Cecil Sharp (1859-1924), who collected folk songs and dances.
Present-day concern with music is shown by the existence of something like a hundred summer schools in music, which cater for all grades of musicians, from the mere beginner to the skilled performer. These schools, where a friendly atmosphere reigns, provide courses lasting from a weekend to three or four weeks, and cover a wide range, from medieval and classical music to rock-and-roll and pop. There are also important musical festivals in towns such as Aldeburgh, Bath, and Cheltenham. Pop-music festivals draw thousands of people, especially young people. In the great cities there are resident world-famous orchestras and from all over the world great performers come to play or sing in Britain. In many towns there are brass bands, and the players are often such people as miners or members of the local fire brigade, for music in Britain is not just an elegant interest, it is above all democratic.
Which of the following do the great readers in London probably buy the least?[1分]
Chafing Cross Road is very famous because______.[1分]
all kinds of bookstores are along the streets
it lies right in the center of London
they have the cheapest books in London
the biggest bookstore in the world is there
What can you learn about Farringdon Road?[1分]
It's to the east of London.
It's a street of bookstores.
It's a center for second-hand books.
It's where worthless books are sold.
What does the author mean by saying "some of them are specialist theatres"?[1分]
Those theatres only have operas show
The theatres are especially good for their ballet show
These theatres offer really affordable ticket
They each hold a special type of play or show
Because of the theatre performances, the area around Piccadilly and Leicester Square tube stations gets crowded______.[1分]
from seven-fifteen to eight
What kind of change did World War I1 bring to the theatres?[1分]
The putting forward of dinner
The costume of the performance
The time of the performance
The restaurants nearly offer different food
What, according to the author, caused the decline of theatre business?[1分]
There are not professional theatres in large provincial towns.
During World War Ⅱ, a lot of theatres were destroyed.
Some people begin to choose stay at home and watch TV.
The performance of the plays is becoming worse and worse.
According to the author, three music lovers of the royal family members are ________________________[1分]
The British love of music is not known to foreigners for__________________.[1分]
The courses offered by summer school in music where a friendly atmosphere reigns last ________________________[1分]
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
The air pollution is caused by the development of industry.
The city was poor because there wasn't much industry.
The woman's exaggerating the seriousness of the pollution.
He might move to another city very soon.
He believes dancing is enjoyable.
He definitely does not like dancing.
He admires those who dance.
He won't dance until he has done his work.
He admires Jean's straightforwardness.
He thinks Brown deserves the praise.
He will talk to Jean about what happened.
He believes Jean was rude to Brown.
The woman had been planning for the conference.
The woman called the man but the line was busy.
The woman didn't come back until midnight.
The woman had guests all evening.
He shows great enthusiasm for his studies.
He is a very versatile person.
He has no talent for tennis.
He does not study hard enough.
He has managed to sell a number of cars.
He is contented with his current position.
Jerry stayed in a room on the third floor for an hour.
Jerry was absent when the discussion was being held.
Nobody but the woman noticed that Jerry was absent.
Jerry did not leave room 405 until an hour had passed.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
To provide language learning opportunities.
To teach students how to be expert in computer.
To provide work opportunities for graduating students in the community.
To help students pass math exam.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Hazards of a high-tech society.
Because they lack self-discipline in their studies.
Because they spend too much time on the Internet.
Because they have not exerted their utmost efforts.
Because they have developed poor relationships with teachers.
The impulse to go online begins to affect other areas of life.
One begins to feel anxious or depressed or lonely if online.
One isn't looking forward to being connected with other people online.
One is likely to be violent or crazy or aggressive if not online.
To have some sort of balance in life.
To keep off the Internet completely.
To develop some sort of healthy recreation.
To have a face-to-face talk with a psychiatrist.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Diamond-producing rivers are located far away the mountain side.
Diamonds can be formed without volcano heat and pressure.
Volcano explosions brought some diamonds up to the earth surface.
Explosions of the volcano can damage diamonds as well.
At the foot of the mountain.
How Diamond is Formed and Found.
Diamond—A Precious Stone.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
The influence of people's emotions on their health.
A new method to cure breast cancer.
Several ways to keep fit.
Because he was of ill health.
Because he was in a bad mood.
Because his wife abandoned him.
Because his immune system was not strong enough.
Those who like talking about cheerful things live longer.
Those who avoid talking about cheerful things die sooner.
Those who like talking about their disease live longer.
Those who avoid talking about their illness live longer.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Renting furnished apartment.
Because the furniture they get in this way is better in quality.
Because it saves them a lot of money.
Because it saves them much trouble and money.
Because they can get better quality furniture in this way.
The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.
Renting furniture is not popular in the couple's home town.
Only those who don't have enough money want to rent furniture.
People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.
A New Way of Getting Home Furnishing.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
People do not analyze every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a 36 from the last time they had a similar problem. They often accept the 37or ideas of other people. Other times they begin to act without thinking; they try to find a solution by 38 and error. However, when all these 39fail, the person with a problem has to start analyzing. There are six 40in analyzing a problem.
First, the person must 41 that there is a problem. For example, Sam's bicycle is 42 , and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must see that there is a problem with his bicycle. Next, the thinker must 43the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find the reason why it does not work. For instance, 44 _______________ He must take his problem more specific.45 _____________________________________. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to his friends at the bike shop. He can look at his gears carefully. 46 _____________________________________________. Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be: put oil on the gear wheels; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
Addison Heard uses an image of his wife and infant son for the background on his laptop. An MBA student at the University of Virginia's Darden School of Business, Heard thinks about his family constantly. But because he's away at B-school, he has experienced much of his son's first year via phone calls and digital photos. Says Heard, "It has been particularly hard, not being there with them every day. "
This was his family's choice. It didn't make financial sense for his wife, Eden, a corporate lawyer in Washington, to quit her job, sell their condo(公寓), and move to Charlotterville with her husband. So he went alone. In his first Year each spouse made the 200-mile round-trip commute on alternate weekends. Since their son was born last May, Addison has been doing most of the driving.
As complicated as the Heard's situation seems, it isn't all that rare. In any year, hundreds of couples deal with how to handle the family logistics(后勤工作) of going to B-school. Some choose a long-distance relationship, commuting back and forth on weekends and breaks. Others see partners and children only on vacations and holidays. Still others pack up the family and bring them along.
Being apart hasn't been easy, but the Heards have made it work. On weekends when the couple is in Virginia, they attend social events, so she can feel a part of the community. Heard also avoids Friday classes to gain more family time. "We've gotten into a routine that works," he says, "but I'm looking forward to being home, so the three of us can be a family. " Any long-distance commute puts pressure on a relationship, causing some couples to drift apart. Being thrown in a rigorous academic schedule for one spouse and a demanding career for the other, the stress intensifies, often distracting students from their studies.
Some schools offer students in these situations a good deal of support. For faraway spouses, there are on-campus social events when they visit, online communities, even involvement in alumni networks in their home cities. But mainly B-schools try to make it easier for students to take their partners along for the ride. They help families find housing, preschools, or local employment.
The decision to attend a distant B-school is fraught(伴随着的) with financial and logistical problems. Students also must decide if their families should stay or go. Either way, schools try to accommodate them. "We have more than ourselves to think about," an MBA student, Cory Hricik says. "It's a family-influenced choice. "
Heard will come into contact with his son in his first year via____________________.[2分]
Before his son was born, in order to meet each other, Addison made the 200-mile round-trip commute_______________.[2分]
The way that Addison continues his study will make the other____________________.[1.5分]
Some B-schools will make it easier for students to ______________________.[1.5分]
According to Hrncirik's remarks, the pursuit of MBA degree is ______________________.[1.5分]
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A)、B)、C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage.
There he was America's first President with a MBA, the man who loves to boast about his business background, whose presidential campaign raised unprecedented sums from corporate wallets and whose cabinet is stuffed with chief executives. Faith in the integrity of American business leaders was being undermined(破坏), George Bush said fiercely, by executives "breaching trust and abusing power". It was time for "a new ethic of personal responsibility in the business community". He was going to "end the days of cooking the books, shading the truth and breaking our laws".
Only months ago, the idea that George W Bush would publicly lambaste America's cooperate bosses was laughable. As a candidate, born on the wave of a decade-long economic boom and an unprecedented 18-year bull market, he cashed in on American's love affair with corporate success. But things are different now. The stock market bubble has burst and, despite signs of economic recovery. Wall Street seems to be sunk in gloom. A string of scandals at some of America's most high-flying firms--including Enron, Xerox. Tyco, Global Crossing and most recently, World Comhas radically changed the public mood.
As political pressure for reform increases, so too does the heat on Mr Bush. Is the businessman's president really prepared to take business on and push hard for reform? Despite the set jaw and aggrieved tone in New York. Probably not. Mr. Bush thinks the current crisis stems from a few bad-apple chief executives rather than the system as a whole. Hence he focus on tough penalties for corrupt businessmen and his plea for higher ethical standards. The president announced the creation of a financial-crimes SWAT team, at the Justice Department to root out corporate fraud, and wants to double the maximum prison sentence for financial fraud from five to ten years. But he offered few concrete suggestions for systemic reform: little mention of changes to strengthen shareholders' rights, not even an endorsement of the Senate corporate-reform bill.
There are few signs yet that cleaning up corporate America is an issue that animates the voters. Polls show that Americans have little faith in their business leaders, but politicians do not seem to be suffering as a result. Mr. Bush's approval ratings have fallen from their sky-highs, but they are still very strong.
The president, therefore, need do no more than talk tough. This alone will convince ordinary Americans that he is on top of the issue. As the economy rebounds and public outage subsides, the clamor for change will be quieter. Democratic attacks will fizzle, and far-reaching reform bills will be watered down before they become law. Politically, the gamble makes sense. Unfortunately for American capitalism, a great opportunity will be missed.
We can infer from the third paragraph that Mr. Bush______.[1.5分]
didn't intend to take business on and push hard for reform
did not do anything at all for the presence of the current situation
took shareholders' right into account, but he didn't approve reform bill
took some measures to pave the way for the reform
According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?[1.5分]
Bush had to offer concrete suggestions for reform as political pressure increase
At present, the maximum prison sentence for financial fraud is five year
It is laughable that M Bush publicly attacked America's corporate bosses
Americans have little faith in their business as well as political leaders
Which of the following statements about Mr. Bush is mentioned in this passage?[1.5分]
M Bush is the second President with an MBA in American history
M Bush contributes a lot to decade-long economic boom
M Bush's approval ratings are still high
M Bush didn't get support in his presidential campaign
The author's attitude towards the reform is______.[1.5分]
The phrase "a great opportunity" mentioned in the last paragraph refers to an opportunity to______.[1.5分]
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
In recent decades, there is a phenomenon which makes us give some attention; the so-called Southeast Asian "tigers" have rivaled the western "lions" for stock cliches that make economic headlines. The myth of American economic hegemony(霸权) over Asia in the imposing and patriarchal figure of Uncle Sam has provided frequent political grist (有利) for Southeast Asian political leaders, particularly Malaysia's Prime Minister Mahathir. He has attempted to forge an international reputation as a snarling tiger, but lately sounds more like a barnyard dog groaning at shadows. Without demeaning in any way the remarkable achievements of the newly developing economies of Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia, these nations at times appear to be their own worst enemies. This is often exemplified by Dr. Mahathir, who rails at Western evil whenever an international or domestic crisis provides an opportunity.
To be more specific, the recent devaluation of the Philippine and Thai currencies, and the subsequent pressure on the Malaysian currency has inspired Dr. Mahathir to launch an all-out attack on the West as the source of the problem. He even alleges that the United States has deli-berately destabilized Southeast Asian economies in revenge for these nations, supporting the brutal military rule in Mahathir, an action which the United States seems to want inspected rather than rewarded. But by resorting to such scapegoat (替罪羊), instead of accepting even a bit responsibility, the Prime Minister may undermine the future success of the region and Malaysia in particular.
Upon further questioning, Dr. Mahathir narrowed his attack to one wealthy individual, the well-known philanthropist (慈善家), Mr. George Soros, whose opposition to Myanmar's admission to ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Mahathir found particularity, irritating. The logical mistakes that underlie such conspiracy theories do not help Malaysia address the serious issues of economic overheating that experts have been warning about for all these difficult periods, which include large deficits and low savings to debt ratios. In fact, the recent dramatic drop in Malaysia's stock market and currency has led Dr. Mahathir to reverse his initial approach to the crisis. He even announces measures that at least imply he is quite aware of excesses in his own administration's spending policies that have contributed to this crisis of confidence. In the end, this kind of reaction undermines the esteem that Dr. Mahathir's enlightened leadership has justly earned.
It is implied in the first paragraph that Dr. Mahathir______.[1.5分]
has correctly identified the financial problem in Asia
tries to manipulate anti-Western actions for political gains
detests the USA's controlling over the regional economies
believes in the effect of the ghostly influence from the west
The author of this essay seems to suggest that______.[1.5分]
the devaluation of Malaysia's currency is due to the American plot
the Asian Crisis is the result of ASEAN pandering to terrorist governments
there is not a serious economic problems in Southeast Asia at all
the economic problems in some Asian countries is partly the result of their overheating economy
The author suggests the Dr. Mahathir's comments on the currency problems______.[1.5分]
prove that he has been a poor leader in general
are poor because they weaken his own credibility
are sharp in identifying the cause of the problem
reveal his keen insight into the complex issue
Which of the following is the tone of this essay?[1.5分]
The relative pronoun "which" in the last paragraph (Line 5) refers to______.[1.5分]
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Though it is a mere one third of the population, the upper class makes up at least 25 percent of the nation’s wealth. This class has two parts: upper-upper and lower-upper. 62 , the upper-upper class is the “old rich” — families that have been wealthy for several generations — a nobility of 63 and wealth. A few are known across the nation, such as the Rockefellers, and the Vanderbilts. Most are not 64 to the general public. They have no 65 to the rest of the community, 66 their income from the investment of their inherited wealth. By 67 , the lower-upper class is the “new rich”. 68 they may be wealthier than some of the old rich, the new rich have been 69 to make their money like 70 else beneath their class. 71 their status is generally 72 than that of the old rich, who have not found it necessary to lift a finger to make their money, and who 73 to look down upon the new rich. However its wealth is 74 , the upper class is very rich. They have enough money and leisure time to __75 an interest in the arts and to 76 rare books and paintings. They generally live in exclusive areas, belong to exclusive social clubs, communicate with each other, and marry their own kind, all of which keeps them so 77 from the masses that they have been called the out-of- sight class. More than any other class, they tend to be 78 of being members of a class. They also 79 an enormous amount of power and influence here and abroad, as they _ 80 many top government positions. Their actions 81 the lives of millions.
PartⅥ Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.