TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2006)
TIME LIMIT: 190 MIN
PART I DICTATION (15 MIN)
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.[5分]
The Internet is the most significant progress in the field of communications./ Imagine a book that never ends, a library with million floors,/or imagine a research project with thousands of scientists/ working around the clock forever. This is the magic of the Internet. /Yet the Internet has the potential for good and bad. /One can find well-organized information-rich websites. /At the same time, one can also find wasteful websites. /Most websites are known as different Internet applications. /These include online games, chartrooms and so on. /These applications have great power, too. Sometimes the power can be so great/ that young people may easily become victims to their attraction. /So we need to recognize the seriousness of the problem./ We must work together to use its power for better ends.
PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION (15 MIN)
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.
Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation.
At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.
How did Mark get there?[0.5分]
Mark used to wear all the following EXCEPT[0.5分]
Where is the meeting for new students to be held?[0.5分]
In the third room on the right.
In a room at the other end.
Questions 4 to 6 are based on the following conversation.
At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.
What did Steve originally plan to do?[0.5分]
To go to a park near the beach.
Maggie finally decided to go to see a film because[0.5分]
there was no park nearby.
the weather wasn't ideal for a walk.
it would be easier to go to a cinema.
Steve hadn't seen the film yet.
Where did they plan to meet?[0.5分]
Questions 7 to 10 are based on the following conversation.
At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.
The following details are true about the new device EXCEPT[0.5分]
Why didn't Bill want one of them?[0.5分]
He wanted to buy one from Japan.
He wasn't sure about its quality.
He thought it was for business use.
He thought it was expensive.
Which of the following statements is INCORRECT about the woman?[0.5分]
She had never read the magazine herself.
She knew who usually read the magazine.
She was quite interested in the new device.
She agreed with Bill at the end of conversation.
The conversation is mainly about[0.5分]
some features of the magazine.
the readership of the magazine.
SECTION B PASSAGES
In this section, you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.
In the old days dogs were used for the following EXCEPT[0.5分]
Which of the following is CORRECT?[0.5分]
Dogs are now treated as part of a family.
Dogs still perform all the duties they used to do.
People now keep dogs for the same reasons as before.
Only old people are seen walking their dogs.
The passage is mainly about[0.5分]
reasons for keeping dogs.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.
According to the passage, the working conditions in the new place[0.5分]
are the same as the speaker is used to.
are expected to be rather poor.
What is the speaker going to do in the new place?[0.5分]
The speaker expects[0.5分]
modern lighting facilities.
new types of drinking water.
From the passage we can learn that the speaker[0.5分]
is unprepared for the new post.
is unclear about the conditions there.
is ready for all the difficulties there.
is eager to know more about the post.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.
According to the passage, when are children first expected to study hard?[0.5分]
Parents who abuse their children tend to have the following problems EXCEPT[0.5分]
Which of the following statement is CORRECT?[0.5分]
Boys and girls are equally energetic.
Parents have higher expectations for boys.
Some parents lack skills to deal with their kids.
Some parents are ill-educated and ill-tempered.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
Questions 21 to 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
What has happened to the Cubans?[0.5分]
They set foot in Florida.
They were flown to the U.S.
They were sent back to Cuba.
How did the Cubans try to enter the U.S.?[0.5分]
Questions 23 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item,you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question.
How many cities will have air quality monitoring systems installed by the end of this year?[0.5分]
Al together how many people were reported missing?[0.5分]
Which of the following details is INCORRECT?[0.5分]
The tow ferries sank on different days.
The accidents were caused by storms.
The two ferries sank on the same river.
More people were rescued from the first ferry.
Questions 26 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question.
What is the news item mainly about?[0.5分]
Indonesian government policies.
Australia's support to the UN assistance mission.
Opening of an Australian consulate in East Timor.
Talks between Australia and Indonesia.
Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item,you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.
The news item is mainly about a joint venture between[0.5分]
a US company and a UK company.
a Swiss company and a UK company.
a mainland company and a US company.
Who will provide the distribution net works in the joint venture?[0.5分]
Questions 29 and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item,you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.
Who staged the protest on Saturday?[0.5分]
Which of the following details about the news is INCORRECT?[0.5分]
13 soldiers were killed last week.
100,000 people participated in the protest.
The protesters demanded a pullout from Gaza.
The Prime Minister rejected the pullout plan.
PART III CLOZE (15 MIN)
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
There are many superstitions in Britain, but one of the most (31) held is that it is unlucky to walk under a ladder even if it means (32) the pavement into a busy street! (33) you must pass under a ladder you can (34) bad luck by crossing your fingers and (35) them crossed until you have seen a dog. (36) , you may lick your finger and (37) a cross on the toe of your shoe, and not look again at the shoe until the (38) has dried.
Another common (39) is that it is unlucky to open an umbrella in the house-it will either bring (40) to the person who opened it or to the whole (41) . Anyone opening an umbrella in fine weather is (42) , as it inevitably brings rain!
The number 13 is said to be unlucky for some, and when the 13th day of the month (43) on a Friday, anyone wishing to avoid a bad event had better stay (44) . the worst misfortune that can happen to a person is caused by breaking a mirror, (45) it brings seven years of bad luck! The superstition is supposed to (46) in ancient times, when mirrors were considered to be tools of the gods.
Black cats are generally considered lucky in Britain, even though they are (47) witchcraft…… it is (48) lucky if a black cat crosses your path-although in America the exact opposite belief prevails.
Finally, a commonly held superstition is that of touching wood (49) luck. This measure is most often taken if you think you have said something that is tempting fate, such as "my car has never (50) , touch wood?"
PART IV GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY (15 MIN)
There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four
words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best
completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
dull he may be, he is certainly a very successful top executive.[0.5分]
If only I play the guitar as well as you![0.5分]
The party, I was the guest of honour, was extremely enjoyable.[0.5分]
It's high time we cutting down the rainforests.[0.5分]
The student said there were a few points in the essay he impossible to comprehend.[0.5分]
Loudspeakers were fixed in the hall so that everyone an opportunity to hear the speech.[0.5分]
I am surprised this city is a dull place to live in.[0.5分]
with what you were thinking
Susan is very hardworking, but her pay is not for her work.[0.5分]
It is imperative that the government more investment into the shipbuilding industry.[0.5分]
Land belongs to the city; there is thing as private ownership of land.[0.5分]
My daughter has walked eight miles today. We never guessed that she could walk
The statistics that living standards in the area have improved drastically in recent times.[0.5分]
There are only ten apples left in the baskets, the spoilt ones.[0.5分]
It was we had hoped[0.5分]
There used to be a petrol station near the park, ?[0.5分]
It is an offence to show against people of different races.[0.5分]
A great amount of work has gone into the Cathedral to its previous splendour.[0.5分]
The thieves fled with the local police close on their .[0.5分]
The economic recession has meant that job is a rare thing.[0.5分]
Many people nowadays save money to for their old age.[0.5分]
The tone of the article the writer's mood at the time.[0.5分]
This is not the right to ask for my help; I am far too busy even to listen.[0.5分]
The job of a student accommodation officer a great many visits to landladies.[0.5分]
Our family doctor's clinic at the junction of two busy roads.[0.5分]
She was so fat that she could only just through the door.[0.5分]
After the heavy rain, a builder was called to repair the roof, which was .[0.5分]
The reception was attended by members of the local community.[0.5分]
Share prices on the Stock Exchange plunged sharply in the morning but
slightly in the afternoon.[0.5分]
His brain has worked away on the idea of a universal cure.[0.5分]
The couple has donated a not amount of money to the foundation.[0.5分]
PART V READING COMPREHENSION (25 MIN)
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
In the case of mobile phones, change is everything. Recent research indicates that the mobile phone is changing not only our culture, but our very bodies as well.
First, let’s talk about culture. The difference between the mobile phone and its parent, the fixed-line phone, you get whoever answers it.
This has several implications. The most common one, however, and perhaps the thing that has changed our culture forever, is the “meeting” influence. People no longer need to make firm plans about when and where to meet. Twenty years ago, a Friday night would need to be arranged in advance. You needed enough time to allow everyone to get from their place of work to the first meeting place. Now, however, a night out can be arranged on the run. It is no longer “see you there at 8”, but “text me around 8 and we’ll see where we all are”.
Texting changes people as well. In their paper, “insights into the Social and Psychological Effects of SMS Text Messaging”, two British researchers distinguished between two types of mobile phone users: the “talkers” and the “texters”-those who prefer voice to text message and those who prefer text to voice.
They found that the mobile phone’s individuality and privacy gave texters the ability to express a whole new outer personality. Texters were likely to report that their family would be surprised if they were to read their texts. This suggests that texting allowed texters to present a self-image that differed from the one familiar to those who knew them well.
Another scientist wrote of the changes that mobiles have brought to body language. There are two kinds that people use while speaking on the phone. There is the “speakeasy”: the head is held high, in a self-confident way, chatting away. And there is the “spacemaker”: these people focus on themselves and keep out other people.
Who can blame them? Phone meetings get cancelled or reformed and camera-phones intrude on people’s privacy. So, it is understandable if your mobile makes you nervous. But perhaps you needn’t worry so much. After all, it is good to talk.
When people plan to meet nowadays, they .[2分]
arrange the meeting place beforehand
postpone fixing the place till last minute
seldom care about when and where to meet
still love to work out detailed meeting plans.
According to the two British researchers, the social and psychological effect are mostly likely to be seen on .[2分]
We can infer from the passage that the texts sent by texters are .[2分]
According to the passage, who is afraid of being heard while talking on the mobile .[2分]
An appropriate title for the passage might be .[2分]
cultural implication of mobile use
change in the use of the mobile
body language and the mobile phone
Over the last 25 years, British society has changed a great deal-or at least many parts of it have. In some ways, however, very little has changed, particularly where attitudes are concerned. Ideas about social class-whether a person is “working-class” or “middle-class” -are one area in which changes have been extremely slow.
In the past, the working-class tended to be paid less than middle-class people, such as teachers and doctors. As a result of this and also of the fact that workers’ jobs were generally much less secure, distinct differences in life-styles and attitudes came into existence. The typical working man would collect his wages on Friday evening and then, it was widely believed, having given his wife her “housekeeping”, would go out and squander the rest on beer and betting.
The stereotype of what a middle-class man did with his money was perhaps nearer the truth. He was-and still is – inclined to take a longer-term view. Not only did he regard buying a house of these provided him and his family with security. Only in very few cases did workers have the opportunity (or the education and training) to make such long-term plans.
Nowadays, a great deal has changed. In a large number of cases factory workers earn as much, if not more, than their middle-class supervisors. Social security and laws to improve century, have made it less necessary than before to worry about “tomorrow”. Working-class people seem slowly to be losing the feeling of inferiority they had in the past. In fact there has been a growing tendency in the past few years for the middle-classes to feel slightly ashamed of their position.
The changes in both life-styles and attitudes are probably most easily seen amongst younger people. They generally tend to share very similar tastes in music and clothes, they spend their money in having a good time, and save for holidays or longer-term plans when necessary. There seems to be much less difference than in precious generations. Nevertheless, we still have a wide gap between the well-paid (whatever the type of job they may have) and the low-paid. As long as this gap exists, there will always be a possibility that new conflicts and jealousies will emerge, or rather that the old conflicts will re-appear, but between different groups.
Which of the following is seen as the cause of class differences in the past?[2分]
life style and occupation
The writer seems to suggest that the description of is closer to truth?[2分]
middle –class ways of spending money
working-class ways of spending the weekend
working-class drinking habits
According to the passage, which of the following is not a typical feature of the middle -class?[2分]
having priorities in life
Working -class people's sense of security increased as a result of all the following factor except ?[2分]
Which of the following statement is incorrect?[2分]
Changes are slowly taking place in all sectors of the British society.
The gap between working -class and middle- class young people is narrowing.
Different in income will remain but those in occupation will disappear.
Middle-class people may sometimes feel inferior to working-class people.
For several days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the morning he seemed much occupied with business, and in the afternoon gentlemen from the neighourhood called and some times stayed to dine with him. When his foot was well enough, he rode out a great deal.
During this time, all my knowledge of him was limited to occasional meetings about the house, when he would sometimes pass me coldly, and sometimes bow and smile. His changes of manner did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with the cause of them.
One evening, several days later, I was invited to talk to Mr. Rochester after dinner. He was sitting in his armchair, and looked not quite so severe, and much less gloomy. There was a smile on his lips, and his eyes were bright, probably with wine. As I was looking at him, he suddenly turned, and asked me, “do you think I’m handsome, Miss Eyre?”
The answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I realized it: ‘No, sir.”
“ah, you really are unusual! You are a quiet, serious little person, but you can be almost rude.”
“Sir, I’m sorry. I should have said that beauty doesn’t matter, or something like that.”
“No, you shouldn’t! I see, you criticize my appearance, and then you stab me in the back! You have honesty and feeling. There are not many girls like you. But perhaps I go too fast. Perhaps you have awful faults to counterbalance your few good points.”
I thought to myself that he might have too. He seemed to read my mind, and said quickly, “yes, you’re right. I have plenty of faults. I went the wrong way when I was twenty-one, and have never found the right path again. I might have been very different. I might have been as good as you, and perhaps wiser. I am not a bad man, take my word for it, but I have done wrong. It wasn’t my character, but circumstances which were to blame. Why do I tell you all this? Because you’re the sort of person people tell their problems and secrets to, because you’re sympathetic and give them hope.”
It seemed he had quite a lot to talk to me. He didn’t seem to like to finish the talk quickly, as was the case for the first time.
“Don’t be afraid of me, Miss Eyre.” He continued. “You don’t relax or laugh very much, perhaps because of the effect Lowood school has had on you. But in time you will be more natural with me, and laugh, and speak freely. You’re like a bird in a cage. When you get out of the cage, you’ll fly very high. Good night.”
At the beginning miss Eyre 's impressions of Mr. Rochester were all except .[2分]
In "....and all my knowledge him was limited to occasional meetings about the house,…”.the word about means .[2分]
Why did Mr. Rochester say " ..and the you stab me in the back!" (the 7th para.)?[2分]
because Jane had intended to kill him with a knife.
because Jane had intended to be more critical.
because Jane had regretted having talked to him.
because Jane had said something else to correct herself.
From what Mr. Rochest told Miss Eyre, we can conclude that he wanted to .[2分]
Tell her all his troubles
tell her his life experience.
change her opinion of him
At the end of the passage , Mr. Rochester sounded .[2分]
The ideal companion machine-the computer- would not only look, feel, and sound friendly but would also be programmed to behave in a pleasant manner. Those qualities that make interaction comfortable, and yet the machine would remain slightly unpredictable and therefore interesting. In its first encounter it might be somewhat hesitant, but as it came to know the user it would progress to a more relaxed and intimate style. The machine would not be a passive participant but would add its own suggestions, information, and opinions; it would sometimes take the initiative in developing or changing the topic and would have a personality of its own.
Friendships are not made in a day, and the computer would be more acceptable as a friend if it imitated the gradual changes that occur when one person is getting to know another. At an appropriate time it might also express the kind of affection that stimulates attachment and intimacy. The whole process would be accomplished in a subtle way to avoid giving an impression of over-familiarity that would be likely to produce irritation. After experiencing a wealth of powerful, well-timed friendship indicators, the user would be very likely to accept the computer as far more than a machine and might well come to regard it as a friend.
An artificial relationship of this type would provide many of the benefits that could continue from previous discussions. It would have a familiarity with the user’s life as revealed in earlier contact, and it would be understanding and good-humored. The computer’s own personality would be lively and impressive, and it would develop in response to that of the user. With features such as these, the machine might indeed become a very attractive social partner.
Which of the following is not a feature of the ideal companion machine?[2分]
Attractive in personality.
unpredictable in behaviour
The computer would develop friendships with humans in a (n) way.[2分]
Which of the following aspects is not mentioned when the passage discusses the benefits of artificial relationships?[2分]
Being able to pick up an interesting conversation.
Being sensitive to earlier contact.
Being ready to learn about the person's life
Having a pleasant and adaptable personality.
Throughout the passage, the author is _____in his attitude toward the computer.[2分]
Which might be the most appropriate title of the passage?[2分]
How to form intimate relationships
PART Ⅵ WRITING (45 MIN)
SECTION A COMPOSITION [35 MIN]
Recently a Beijing information company did a survey of student life among more than 700 students in Beijing, Guangzhou, Xi’an, Chengdu, Shanghai, Wuhan, Nanjing, and Shenyang. The results have shown that 67 percent of students think that saving money is a good habit while the rest believe that using tomorrow's money today is better, what do you think? Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a compositions of about 200 words.
You are to write in three parts:
In the first part, state specifically what you opinion is.
In the second part, support your opinion with appropriate detail.
In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.
You should supply an appropriate title for you composition.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.[10分]
Saving Money or Spending Tomorrow’s Money
Recently a Beijing information company did a survey of student life among more than 700 students in Beijing, Guangzhou, Xi’an, Chengdu and Shanghai, etc. To my surprise, almost 67 percent of students regarded saving money as a good habit. As far as I am concerned, spending tomorrow’s money today is a better and wiser option.
First of all, spending tomorrow’s money may improve our living standards and enable us to live a happy and well-to-do life. Still remember the wide-spread story about two old ladies—one is American and the other is Chinese. In her life the American lady spent tomorrow’s money, enjoying the capacious houses, luxurious cars and all the modern electrical appliances. Before she died, she had paid off all her loans, and she said she had no regret in her life and she had led a happy life. On the other hand, the Chinese one just saved money, living a hard life. When she died, she finally could afford the luxurious houses with her savings, but she had no time to enjoy it any longer. What a poor lady!
What’s more, spending tomorrow’s money also plays a significant role in the economy of our country. Since it can spur people to make more money to enjoy life, the consumerism by this trend will undoubtedly drive forward our economy. With the country’s economy developed, the best beneficiary is our common people. In other word, it is the best way to ensure a life free from poverty and anxiety about future.
All in all, with benefits to both our personal lives and the development of the country, spending tomorrow’s money in advance will be a sensible choice, comparing with a life of saving money all life long which will surely brings us poverty.
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN]
Write an answer sheet two a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:
You have got to know that you classmates, Michael, is organizing a weekend excursion for the class. And you are thinking of joining the trip, write him a note expressing your interest in the excursion and asking for information on two details related to the excursion.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.[5分]
April 23rd, 2006
I’m so happy to learn that you are planning a weekend excursion for our class. I’m eager to join the short journey. Could you tell me more about the journey such as when it will be and where we are going so that I can make preparations ahead of time?
I’ll be looking forward to your reply. Thanks in advance.