TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2005)
TIME LIMIT: 190 MIN
PART Ⅰ LISTENING COMPREHENSION [30 MIN]
SECTION A MINI-LECTURE
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.
SECTION B INTERVIEW
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your Coloured Answer Sheet.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions.
Now listen to the interview.
What is the purpose of Professor McKay's report?[1分]
To look into the mental health of old people.
To explain why people have negative views on old age.
To help correct some false beliefs about old age.
To identify the various problems of old age.
Which of the following is NOT Professor McKay's view?[1分]
People change in old age a lot more than at the age of 21.
There are as many sick people in old age as in middle age.
We should not expect more physical illness among old people.
We should not expect to find old people unattractive as a group.
According to Professor McKay's report,[1分]
family love is gradually disappearing.
it is hard to comment on family feeling.
more children are indifferent to their parents.
family love remains as strong as ever.
Professor McKay is ________ towards the tendency of more parents living apart from their children.[1分]
The only popular belief that Professor McKay is unable to provide evidence against is .[1分]
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your coloured answer sheet.
Question 6 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.
Now listen to the news.
Scientists in Brazil have used frog skin to[1分]
Question 7 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.
Now listen to the news.
What is NOT a feature of the new karaoke machine?[1分]
It is featured by high technology.
It allows you to imitate famous singers.
It can automatically alter the tempo and tone of a song.
It can be placed in specially designed theme rooms.
Question 8 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.
Now listen to the news.
China's Internet users had reached _________ by the end of June.[1分]
Question 9 and 10 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the question.
Now listen to the news.
According to the WTO, Chinese exports rose _________ last year.[1分]
According to the news, which trading nation in the top 10 has reported a 5 per cent fall in exports?[1分]
PART II READING COMPREHENSION [30 MIN]
In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of 20 multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet.
I remember meeting him one evening with his pushcart. I had managed to sell all my papers and was coming home in the snow. It was that strange hour in downtown New York when the workers were pouring homeward in the twilight. I marched among thousands of tired men and women whom the factory whistles had unyoked. They flowed in rivers through the clothing factory districts, then down along the avenues to the East Side.
I met my father near Cooper Union. I recognized him, a hunched, frozen figure in an old overcoat standing by a banana cart. He looked so lonely, the tears came to my eyes. Then he saw me, and his face lit with his sad, beautiful smile -Charlie Chaplin's smile.
"Arch, it's Mikey," he said. "So you have sold your papers! Come and eat a banana."
He offered me one. I refused it. I felt it crucial that my father sell his bananas, not give them away. He thought I was shy, and coaxed and joked with me, and made me eat the banana. It smelled of wet straw and snow.
"You haven't sold many bananas today, pop," I said anxiously.
He shrugged his shoulders.
"What can I do? No one seems to want them."
It was true. The work crowds pushed home morosely over the pavements. The rusty sky darkened over New York building, the tall street lamps were lit, innumerable trucks, street cars and elevated trains clattered by. Nobody and nothing in the great city stopped for my father's bananas.
"I ought to yell," said my father dolefully. "I ought to make a big noise like other peddlers, but it makes my throat sore. Anyway, I'm ashamed of yelling, it makes me feel like a fool. "
I had eaten one of his bananas. My sick conscience told me that I ought to pay for it somehow. I must remain here and help my father.
"I'll yell for you, pop," I volunteered.
"Arch, no," he said, "go home; you have worked enough today. Just tell momma I'll be late."
But I yelled and yelled. My father, standing by, spoke occasional words of praise, and said I was a wonderful yeller. Nobody else paid attention. The workers drifted past us wearily, endlessly; a defeated army wrapped in dreams of home. Elevated trains crashed; the Cooper Union clock burned above us; the sky grew black, the wind poured, the slush burned through our shoes. There were thousands of strange, silent figures pouring over the sidewalks in snow. None of them stopped to buy bananas. I yelled and yelled, nobody listened.
My father tried to stop me at last. "Nu," he said smiling to console me, "that was wonderful yelling. Mikey. But it's plain we are unlucky today! Let's go home."
I was frantic, and almost in tears. I insisted on keeping up my desperate yells. But at last my father persuaded me to leave with him.
"Unyoked" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to .[2分]
Which of the following in the first paragraph does NOT indicated crowds of people?[2分]
Which of the following is intended to be a pair of contrast in the passage?[2分]
Huge crowds and lonely individuals.
Weather conditions and street lamps.
Clattering trains and peddlers' yells.
Moving crowds and street traffic.
Which of the following words is NOT suitable to describe the character of the son?[2分]
What is the theme of the story?[2分]
The misery of the factory workers.
How to survive in a harsh environment.
Generation gap between the father and the son.
Love between the father and the son.
What is the author's attitude towards the father and the son?[2分]
When former President Ronald Reagan fell and broke his hip at the age of 89, he joined a group of more than 350,000 elderly Americans who fracture their hips each year. Suffering from advanced Alzheimer’s disease, Reagan was in one of the highest-risk groups for this type of accident. The incidence of his factures not only increases after age 50, but doubles every five to six years as the risk of falling increases. Slipping and tumbling are not the only causes of hip fractures; weakened bones sometimes break spontaneously. But falling is the major cause, representing 90% of all hip fractures.
These injuries are not to be taken lighly. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, only 25% of those who suffer hip fractures ever fully recover; as many as 20% will die within 12 months. Even when patients do recover, nearly half will need a cane or a walker to get around.
When it comes to hip fractures, the most dangerous place for elderly Americans, it turns out, is their homes; nearly 60% of these dangerous spills will occur in or around the patient’s domicile. This isn’t all bad news, however, because a few modifications could prevent a lot of accidents.
The first thing to do is to get rid of those throw rugs that line hallways and entrances. They often fold over of bunch up, turning them into booby traps for anyone shuffling down the hall.
Entering and leaving the house is a particularly high-risk activity, which is why some experts suggest removing any doorsills higher than 1/2 in. if the steps are bare wood, you can increase traction by applying non-slip treads.
Because many seniors suffer from poor balance (whether from nuerological deficits or from the inner-ear problems that increase naturally with aging), it also helps to install grab bars and handrails in bathrooms and along hallways.
The bedroom is another major hazard area that can be made much safer with a few adjustments. Avoid satin sheets and comforters, and opt for non-slip material like wool or cotton. Easy access to devices is important, so place a lamp, telephone and flashlight near the bed within arm’s reach. Make sure the pathway between the bedroom and bathroom is completely clear, and install a night-light along the route for those emergency late-tight trips.
It’s a good idea to rearrange the furniture throughout the house, so that the paths between rooms are free of obstructions. Also, make sure telephone and appliance cords aren’t strung across common walkways, where they can be tripped over.
In addition to these physical precautions, there are the health precautions every aging body should take. Physical and eye examinations, with special attention to cardiac and blood-pressure problems, should be performed annually to rule out serious medical conditions. Blood pressure that’s too low or an irregular heartbeat can put you at risk for fainting and falling. Don’t forget to take calcium and vitamin D, two critical factors in developing strong bones. Finally, enrolling in an exercise programme at your local gym can improve agility, strength, balance and coordination – all important skills that can keep you on your feet and off the floor.
The following are all specific measures to guard against injuries with the EXCEPTION of .[2分]
installation of grab bars
re-arrangement of furniture
In which paragraph does the author state his purpose of writing?[2分]
The last but one paragraph.
The main purpose of the passage is to .[2分]
offer advice on how to prevent hip fractures
emphasize the importance of health precautions
discuss the seriousness of hip fractures
identify the causes of hip fractures
In his classic novel, "The Pioneers", James Fenimore Cooper has his hero, a land developer, take his cousin on a tour of the city he is building. He describes the broad streets, rows of houses, a teeming metropolis. But his cousin looks around bewildered. All she sees is a forest. "Where are the beauties and improvements which you were to show me?" she asks. He's astonished she can't see them. "Where! Everywhere," he replies. For though they are not yet built on earth, he has built them in his mind, and they as concrete to him as if they were already constructed and finished.
Cooper was illustrating a distinctly American trait, future-mindedness: the ability to see the present from the vantage point of the future; the freedom to feel unencumbered by the past and more emotionally attached to things to come. “America is therefore the land of the future,” the German philosopher Hegel wrote. “The American lives even more for his goals, for the future, than the European,” Albert Einstein concurred. “Life for the American is always becoming, never being.”
In 2012, America will still be the place where the future happens first, for that is the nation’s oldest tradition. The early Puritans lived in almost Stone Age conditions, but they were inspired by visions of future glories, God’s kingdom on earth. The early pioneers would sometimes travel past perfectly good farmland, because they were convinced that even more amazing land could be found over the next ridge. The Founding Fathers took 13 scraggly Colonies and believed they were creating a new nation on earth. The railroad speculators envisioned magnificent fortunes built on bands of iron. It’s now fashionable to ridicule the visions of dot-com entrepreneurs of the 1990s, but they had inherited the urge to leap for the horizon. “The future is endowed with such a life, that it lives to us even in anticipation,” Herman Melville wrote. “The Future is the Bible of the Free.”
This future-mindedness explains many modem features of American life. It explains workaholism: the average American works 350 hours a year more than the average European. Americans move more, in search of that brighter tomorrow, than people in other lands. They also, sadly, divorce more, for the same reason. Americans adopt new technologies such as online shopping and credit cards much more quickly than people in other countries. Forty-five percent of world Internet use takes place in the United States. Even today, after the bursting of the stock-market bubble, American venture-capital firms – which are in the business of betting on the future – dwarf the firms from all other nations.
Future-mindedness contributes to the disorder in American life, the obliviousness to history, the high rates of family breakdown, the frenzied waste of natural resources. It also leads to incredible innovations. According to the Yale historian Paul Kennedy, 75 percent of the Nobel laureates in economics and the sciences over recent decades have lived or worked in the United States. The country remains a magnet for the future-minded from other nations. One in 12 Americans has enjoyed the thrill and challenge of starting his own business. A study published in the Journal of International Business Studies in 2000 showed that innovative people are spread pretty evenly throughout the globe, but Americans are most comfortable with risk. Entrepreneurs in the US are more likely to believe that they possess the ability to shape their own future than people in, say, Britain, Australia or Singapore.
If the 1990s were a great decade of future-mindedness, we are now in the midst of a season of experience. It seems cooler to be skeptical, to pooh-pooh all those IPO suckers who lost their money betting on the telecom future. But the world is not becoming more French. By 2012, this period of chastisement will likely have run its course, and future-mindedness will be back in vogue, for better or worse.
We don’t know exactly what the next future-minded frenzy win look like. We do know where it will take place: the American suburb. In 1979, three quarters American Office space were located in central cities. The new companies, research centers and entrepreneurs are flocking to these low buildings near airports, highways and the Wal-Mart malls, and they are creating a new kind of suburban life. There are entirely new metropolises rising – boom suburbs like Mesa, Arizona, that already have more people than Minneapolis or St. Louis. We are now approaching a moment in which the majority of American office space, and the hub of American entrepreneurship, will be found in quiet office parks in places like Rockville. Maryland, and in the sprawling suburbosphere around Atlanta.
We also know that future-mindedness itself will become the object of greater study. We are discovering that there are many things that human beings do easily that computers can do only with great difficulty, if at all. Cognitive scientists are now tying to decode the human imagination, to understand how the brain visualizes, dreams and creates. And we know, too, that where there is future-mindedness there is hope.
The third paragraph examines America's future-mindedness from the _________ perspective.[2分]
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT brought about by future-mindedness?[2分]
The word "pooh-pooh" in the sixth paragraph means .[2分]
According to the passage, people at present can forecast ________ of a new round of future-mindedness.[2分]
The author predicts in the last paragraph that the study of future-mindedness will focus on .[2分]
"In every known human society the male's needs for achievement can be recognized... In a great number of human societies men's sureness of their sex role is tied up with their right, or ability, to practice some activity that women are not allowed to practice. Their maleness in fact has to be underwritten by preventing women from entering some field or performing some feat."
This is the conclusion of the anthropologist Margaret Mead about the way in which the roles of men and women in society should be distinguished.
If talk and print are considered it would seem that the formal emancipation of women is far from complete. There is a flow of publications about the continuing domestic bondage of women and about the complicated system of defences which men have thrown up around their hitherto accepted advantages, taking sometimes the obvious form of exclusion from types of occupation and sociable groupings, and sometimes the more subtle form of automatic doubt of the seriousness of women's pretensions to the level of intellect and resolution that men, it is supposed, bring to the business of running the world.
There are a good many objective pieces of evidence for the erosion of men's status. In the first place, there is the widespread postwar phenomenon of the woman Prime Minister, in India, Sri Lanka and Israel.
Secondly, there is the very large increase in the number of women who work, especially married women and mothers of children. More diffusely there are the increasingly numerous convergences between male and female behaviour: the approximation to identical styles in dress and coiffure, the sharing of domestic tasks, and the admission of women to all sorts of hitherto exclusively male leisure-time activities.
Everyone carries round with him a fairly definite idea of the primitive or natural conditions of human life. It is acquired more by the study of humorous cartoons than of archaelology, but that does not matter since it is not significant as theory but only as an expression of inwardly felt expectations of people's sense of what is fundamentally proper in the differentiation between the roles of the two sexes. In this rudimentary natural society men go out to hunt and fish and to fight off the tribe next door while women keep the fire going. Amorous initiative is firmly reserved to the man, who sets about courtship with a club.
The phrase "men's sureness of their sex role" in the first paragraph suggests that they .[2分]
are confident in their ability to charm women
take the initiative in courtship
have a clear idea of what is considered "manly"
tend to be more immoral than women are
The third paragraph does NOT claim that men .[2分]
prevent women from taking up certain professions
secretly admire women's intellect and resolution
doubt whether women really mean to succeed in business
forbid women to join certain clubs and societies
The third paragraph .[2分]
generally agrees with the first paragraph
has no connection with the first paragraph
repeats the argument of the second paragraph
contradicts the last paragraph
At the end of the last paragraph the author uses humorous exaggeration in order to .[2分]
show that men are stronger than women
carry further the ideas of the earliest paragraphs
support the first sentence of the same paragraph
disown the ideas he is expressing
The usual idea of the cave man in the last paragraph .[2分]
is based on the study of archaeology
illustrates how people expect men to behave
is dismissed by the author as an irrelevant joke
proves that the man, not woman, should be the wooer
The opening quotation from Margaret Mead sums up a relationship between man and woman which the author .[2分]
expects to go on changing
PART III GENERAL KNOWLEDGE [10 MIN]
There are ten multiple-choice questions in this section. Choose the best answers to each question. Mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet.
_________ is the capital city of Canada.[1分]
U.S. presidents normally serves a (an) _________term.[1分]
Which of the following cities is NOT located in the Northeast, U.S.?[1分]
________ is the state church in England.[1分]
The Roman Catholic Church.
The novel Emma is written by[1分]
Which of following is NOT a romantic poet?[1分]
William Sidney Porter, known as O. Henry, is most famous for .[1分]
Syntax is the study of .[1分]
Which of the following is NOT a distinctive feature of human language?[1分]
The speech act theory was first put forward by .[1分]
PART IV PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION [15 MIN]
Proofread the given passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO as instructed.
PART V TRANSLATION [60 MIN]
SECTION A CHINESE TO ENGLISH
Translate the following text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.
Is there a standard to evaluate the significance of one’s life? It’s certainly difficult to offer a definite standard. But generally speaking, we can tell it by judging his attitude towards life and work, making clear whether he is serious about his life.
Throughout the history, the outstanding people were all very serious about their lives. They made best use of every minute of their lives to work and study as much as possible, never wasting their time. None of the working people and the great statesmen and thinkers were of exception.
SECTION B ENGLISH TO CHINESE
Translate the following underlined part of the text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.
It is simple enough to say that since books have classes fiction, biography, poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow worker and accomplice. If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess, from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite.[5分]
Interview is frequently used by employers as a means to recruit prospective employees. As a result, there have been many arguments for or against the interview as a selection procedure. What is your opinion? Write an essay of about 400 words to state your view.
In the first part of your writing you should state your main argument, and in the second part you should support your argument with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary. You should supply an appropriate title for your essay.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks. Write your composition on ANSWER SHEET FOUR.[15分]
In recent years, it is commonly acceptable to many college students that an interview is indispensable for their future jobs. As far as I am concerned, an interview requires a series of qualities and quite a few skills for the candidates of the employment market.
Most importantly, an interviewee must be very knowledgeable about his field. The better understanding he has of the field as a whole, the more able he will be to anticipate problems and deal with unexpected events. Another important quality is the ability to delegate. A good interviewee must be willing to fulfill some tasks rather than try to control every detail. This will not only enrich experiences, but also offer him enough room to develop a variety of skills. Last but not least, a good interviewee must be even-tempered and able to offer constructive criticism. It is of no use to blame an employee for his failure without offering any useful suggestions for improvement.
An interviewee will never be able to predict all the questions he may be asked. However, he should do some role reversals and place an interviewee's self in the interviewer's shoes. Try to predict the type of questions the owner may ask; the majority will be around the job requirements as to whether an interviewee has the necessary skills and experiences to match the position. An interviewee's success depends on his flexible reactions to specific situations, either being polite or remaining professional. It is important for college students to get to know as much as possible about the world outside the campus. One reason is that knowledge without practical experience is like trying to walk on one leg. Activities outside the campus can keep a person's studies based on practical reality. Another reason is that maintaining contact with the world outside the campus helps the student become mature and responsible. There are many ways in which a student can get to know the outside world. First, the mass media can keep the student up-to-date on political, cultural and sporting events, as well as the latest development in science and technology. Secondly, voluntary social services, private teaching and surveys of factories or farms offer the student wide opportunities to get to know how ordinary people live. Personally, I intend to study hard to give myself a good foundation for my future career. At the same time, I will take every opportunity to gain experience about the world beyond the campus by doing part-time jobs.
How does an interviewee answer an awkward question without telling the interviewer a complete lie? Obviously lying to an interviewer is not a very smart approach and is sure to be found out, at which point the credibility an interviewee has developed will be completely destroyed. Instead of lying and as part of the extensive preparation an interviewee is doing, he must sit down and anticipate the awkward questions an interviewer is likely to ask. Preparing a set of glib answers very rarely works well and will do no good to the interviewee. An interviewer will see through this practice very quickly and continue to throw tough questions at the interviewee to see how he will respond. A thorough interview preparation should not be dismissed as a myth; it is a far more effective way to spend the precious time as opposed to making up or memorizing answers in anticipation of an interview.
To sum up, there is nothing more important than an interview for college students. With the above qualities and skills, I believe that an interviewee can perform his job well and inspire his spirits and courage to seek an ideal future employer. In this way the interview will be efficient, effective and, no doubt, successful.
ANSWER SHEET ONE
TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2005)
- GRADE EIGHT -
PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION
SECTION D NOTE-TAKING & GAP-FILLING [15 MIN.]
Fill in each of the gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is grammatically and semantically acceptable.
Writing a Research Paper
I. Research Papers and Ordinary Essay
A.Similarity in (1) __________:
e.g. — choosing a topic
— asking questions
— identifying the audience
B.Difference mainly in terms of (2) ___________
1.research papers: printed sources
2.ordinary essay: ideas in one's (3) ___________
II. Types and Characteristics of Research Papers
A.Number of basic types: two
— to gather (4) ___________
— to quote
— to (5) _____________
The writer should be (6) ___________.
2.argumentative (research) paper:
a. The writer should do more, e.g.
—to question, etc.
b. (7) _________varies with the topic, e.g.
—to recommend an action, etc.
III. How to Choose a Topic for a Research Paper
In choosing a topic, it is important to (8) __________.
Question No. 1: your familiarity with the topic
Question No. 2: Availability of relevant information on the chosen topic
Question No. 3: Narrowing the topic down to (9) _________
Question No. 4: Asking questions about (10) ___________
The questions help us to work out way into the topic and discover its possibilities.
ANSWER SHEET TWO
TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2005)
- GRADE EIGHT -
PART II PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION [15 MIN.]
The following passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:
For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line.
For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "∧" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line.
For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash "/"and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line.
When ∧ art museum wants a new exhibit, (1) an
it never buys things in finished form and hangs them on the wall. (2) never
When a natural history museum wants an exhibition, it must (3) exhibit
often build it.
The University as Business
A number of colleges and universities have announced steep tuition increases for next year – much steeper than the current, very low, rate of inflation. They say the increases are needed because of a loss in value of university endowments heavily investing in common stock. I am skeptical. A business firm chooses the price that maximizes its net revenues, irrespective fluctuations in income; and increasingly the outlook of universities in the United States is indistinguishable from those of business firms. The rise in tuitions may reflect the fact economic uncertainty increases the demand for education. The biggest cost of being in the school is foregoing income from a job (this is primarily a factor in graduate – and professional – school tuition); the poor one’s job prospects, the more sense it makes to reallocate time from the job market to education, in order to make oneself more marketable.
The ways which universities make themselves attractive to students include soft majors, student evaluations of teachers, giving students a governance role, and eliminate required courses.
Sky-high tuitions have caused universities to regard their students as customers. Just as business firms sometimes collude to shorten the rigors of competition, universities collude to minimize the cost to them of the athletes whom they recruit in order to stimulate alumni donations, so the best athletes now often bypass higher education in order to obtain salaries earlier from professional teams. And until they were stopped by the antitrust authorities, the Ivy League schools colluded to limit competition for the best students, by agreeing not to award scholarships on the basis of merit rather than purely of need-just like business firms agreeing not to give discounts on their best customer.