Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the
end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both th
e conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question th
ere will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Example:You will hear:
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will
start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. The
refore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Ans
wer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］ ［C］ ［D］
He doesn’t have the fight tools.
He wants to wait until the next day.
All the passengers were killed.
The plane crashed in the night.
No more survivors have been found.
It’s too late to search for survivors.
From one to three this afternoon.
From one to three every afternoon.
Its results were just as expected.
It wasn’t very well designed.
It fully reflected the students’ ability.
Its results fell short of her expectations.
Looking up the phone number later.
Leaving the problem alone.
Half of the student body.
He believes dancing is enjoyable.
He definitely does not like dancing.
He admires those who dance.
He won’t dance until he has done his work.
Drive two blocks to the next stoplight.
Make a U- turn atthe second stoplight.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of eachpassage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Experience in negotiating.
A high level of intelligence.
The time they spend on preparation.
The amount of pay they receive.
Study the case carefully beforehand.
Appear friendly to the other party.
Try to be flexible abouttheir terms.
Make sure there is no misunderstanding.
Try to persuade by giving various reasons.
Listen carefully and patiently to the other party.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Efficient computerization will speed solar energy.
Clothing, housing and animal breeding.
Child rearing and artificial hearts.
Broad codes to maximize human benefits.
Strict supervision of all scientific research.
The indifference of public attitudes toward ethical and human values.
The maintenance of chemistry as a pure science.
Availability of artificial body organs.
Elimination of genetic defects.
Improvements in drugs for medical use.
An explanation of the origin of life.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
He buys cheap things, regardless of quality.
He chooses things that others recommend.
He does not mind much about the price of the right things.
He buys good quality things, so long as they are not too dear.
They welcome suggestions from anyone.
Women rarely consider buying cheap clothes.
Her shopping is often based on need.
They listen to advice but never take it.
He buys a similar thing of the color he wants.
He usually does not buy anything.
At least two of his requirements must be met before he buys.
So long as the style is right, he buys the thing.
The fact that men do not try clothes on in a shop.
Women bargain for their clothes, but men sit down.
Women stand up shopping, but men sit down.
The time they take over buying clothes.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices mark
ed A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the correspo
nding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
People do not analyze every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a
solution from the last time they had a similar problem. They often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. Other times they begin to act without thinking; they try to find a solution by trial and error. However, when all these methods fail, the person with a problem has to start analyzing. There are six stages in analyzing a problem.
First the person must recognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam’s bicycle is broken, and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must see
that there is a problem with his bicycle.
Next the thinker must define the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he
must find the reason why it does not work. For instance, he must determine if the problem is with the gears, the brakes, or the frame. He must make his problem more specific.
Now the person must look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead to possible solutions. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does
not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to his friends at the bike shop. He can look at his gears carefully.
After studying the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution. Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be: put oil on the gear wheels; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels.
Eventually one suggestion seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the
final idea comes very suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new
or sees something in a new way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a
piece of chewing gum(口香糖)between the gear wheels. He immediately realizes the
solution to his problem: he must clean the gear wheels.
Finally the solution is tested. Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycle works perfectly. In short, he has solved the problem.
In analyzing a problem we should do all the following except ____.[1分]
recognize and define the problem
look for information to make the problem clearer
have suggestions for a possible solution
find a solution by trial or mistake
By referring to Sam’s broken bicycle, the author intends to ____.[1分]
illustrate the ways to repair his bicycle
discuss the problems of his bicycle
tell us how to solve a problem
show us how to analyze a problem
Which of the following is NOT true?[1分]
People do not analyze the problem they meet.
People often accept the opinions or ideas of other people.
People may learn from their past experience
People cannot solve some problems they meet.
As used in the last sentence, the phrase “in short” means ____.[1分]
What is the best title for this passage?[1分]
Six Stages for Repairing Sam’s Bicycle.
Possible Ways to Problem-solving.
Necessities of Problem Analysis.
Suggestions for Analyzing a Problem.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Stone tools, animal bones and an incised mammoth tusk found in Russia’s frigid
far north have provided what archaeologists say is the first evidence that modern humans or Neanderthals lived in the Arctic more than 30,000 years ago, at least 15,000 years earlier than previously thought.
A team of Russian and Norwegian archaeologists, describing the discovery in today’s issue of the journal Nature, said the campsite, at Mamontovaya Kurya, on the
Ura River at the Arctic Circle, was the “oldest documented evidence for human presence at this high latitude. ”Digging in the bed of an old river channel close
to the Ural Mountains, the team uncovered 123 mammal bones, including horse, reindeer and wolf. “The most important find,” they said, was a four-foot mammoth tusk with grooves made by chopping with a sharp stone edge, “unequivocally the work of humans.” The tusk was carbon-dated at about 36,600 years old. Plant remains found among the artifacts were dated at 30,000 to 31,000 years.
Other archaeologists said the analysis appeared to be sound. But they cautioned
that it was difficult, when dealing with riverbed deposits, to be sure that artifacts had not become jumbled out of their true place, and thus time, in the geologic layers. They questioned whether the discoverers could reliably conclude that the stone tools were in fact contemporary with the bones. But in a commentary accompanying the article, Dr. John A. J. Gowlett of the University of Liverpool in England wrote, “Although there are questions to be answered, the artifacts illustrate both the capacity of early humans to do the unexpected, and the value o
f archaeologists’ researching in unlikely areas.”
The discoverers said they could not determine from the few stone artifacts whether the site was occupied by Neanderthals, hominids who by then had a long history as hunters in Europe and western Asia, or some of the first anatomically modern humans to reach Europe.
In any case, other archaeologists said, the findings could be significant.
If these toolmakers were Neanderthals, the findings suggested that these human relatives, who became extinct after 30,000 years ago, were more capable and adaptable than they are generally given credit for. Living in the Arctic climate presumably required higher levels of technology and social organization.
If they were modern humans, then the surprise is that they had penetrated so farnorth in such a short time. There has been no firm evidence for modern humans in Europe before about 35,000 years ago. It had generally been thought that the northernmost part of Eurasia was not occupied by humans until the final stage of the last ice age, some 13,000 to 14,000 years ago, when the world’s climate began to moderate. Dr. Gowlett said the new findings indicated that the Arctic region of European Russia was extremely cold but relatively dry and ice-free more than 30,000 years ago.
What is the significance of the discovery?[1分]
It shows that modern humans lived in the Arctic more than 3,000 years ago.
It shows that Neanderthals lived in the Arctic more than 3,000 years ago.
It shows the oldest documented evidence for human presence at such high latitude.
It shows human could use tools 30,000 years ago.
Why the team believed that the four-foot mammoth tusk was the most important find?[1分]
Because it was the longest tusk ever found.
Because there were signs left by human’s tools on it.
Because there were grooves on it.
Because there are not any mammoth tusk all over the world.
When did the Neanderthals extinct?[1分]
More than 30,000 years ago.
Before about 35,000 years ago.
Some 13,000 to 14,000 years ago.
Who were those toolmakers?[1分]
What’s the weather like in the Arctic region of European Russia more than 30,000 years ago?[1分]
Moderate temperature, relatively dry and ice-free.
Extremely cold, relatively dry and ice-free.
Extremely cold, plenty of raining and ice-free.
Extremely cold, relatively dry and ice frosted.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
After watching my mother deal with our family of five, I can’t understand why
her answer to the question, “What do you do?” is always, “Oh, I’m just a housewife.” JUST a housewife?” Anyone who spends most of her time in meal preparation and cleanup, washing and drying clothes, keeping the house clean, leading ascout troop, playing taxi driver to us kids when it’s time for school, music lessons or the dentist, doing volunteer work for her favorite charity, and making sure that all our family needs are met is not JUST a housewife. She’ s the real Wonder Woman.
Why is it that so many mothers like mine think of themselves as second-class or
something similar? Where has this notion come from? Have we males made them feel
this way? Has our society made “going to work” outside the home seem more important than what a housewife must face each day?
I would be very curious to see what would happen if a housewife went on strike.
Dishes would pile up. Food in the house would run out. No meals would appear on
the table. There would be no clean clothes when needed. High boots would be required just to make it through the house scattered with garbage. Walking and bus riding would increase. Those scout troops would have to break up. Charities would suffer.
I doubt if the man of the house would be able to take over. Oh, he might start out with the attitude that he can do just as good a job, but how long would that
last? Not long, once he had to come home each night after work to more household duties. There would be no more coming home to a prepared meal; he’d have to fix it himself. The kids would all be screaming for something to eat, clean clothes and more bus fare money. Once he quieted the kids, he’d have to clean the house, go shopping, make sure that kids got a bath, and fix lunches for the next day. Once the kids were down for the night, he might be able to crawl into an unmade bed and try to read the morning newspaper.
No, I don’t think many males are going to volunteer for the job. I know I don’t want it. So, thanks, mom! I’ll do what I can to create a national holiday for
housewives. It could be appropriately called Wonder Woman Day.
By what means do the children of the author’s family go to school?[1分]
Their mother drives for them.
Scout troop sends them to school.
If a housewife went on strike, which one of the following statements is NOT true?[1分]
Children would scream for something to eat.
No meals would appear on the table.
The scout troops would have a wonderful time.
The man of the house wouldn’t be able to take over.
In the author’s opinion, ____.[1分]
many males are going to volunteer for housewives’ work
housewives deserve a national holiday named Wonder Woman Day
the man of the house would be able to take over the housewives’ work
housewives are second-class citizens or something similar
The author’s attitude toward housewives’ work is ____.[1分]
The main idea of the passage is about ____.[1分]
housewives, the wonder women
what would happen if housewives went on strike
the replacement of women by men as housewives
the setting up of a national holiday for housewives
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Children are getting so fat they may be the first generation to die before their parents, an expert claimed yesterday.
Today’s youngsters are already falling prey to potential killers such as diabetes because of their weight. Fatty fast-food diets combined with sedentary lifestyles dominated by televisions and computers could mean kids will die tragically
young, says Professor Andrew Prentice, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
At the same time, the shape of the human body is going through a huge evolutionary shift because adults are getting so fat. Here in Britain, latest research shows that the average waist size for a man is 36-38in and may be 42-44in by 2032.
This compares with only 32.6in in 1972. Women’s waists have grown from an average of 22in in 1920 to 24 ins in the Fifties and 30in now. One of the major reasons why children now are at greater risk is that we are getting fatter younger. In the UK alone, more than one million under-16s are classed as overweight or obese — double the number in the mid-Eighties. One in ten four-year-olds are also medically classified as obese. The obesity pandemic — an extensive epidemic — which started in the US, has now spread to Europe, Australia, Central America and the Middle East.
Many nations now record more than 20 per cent of their population as clinically
obese and well over half the population as overweight. Prof Prentice said the change in our shape has been caused by a glut of easily available high-energy foods combined with a dramatic drop in the energy we use as a result of technology developments.
He is not alone in his concern. Only last week one medical journal revealed how
obesity was fuelling a rise in cancer cases. Obesity also increases the risk factor for strokes and heart disease. An averagely obese person’s lifespan is shortened by around nine years while a severely obese person by many more.
Prof Prentice said: “So will parents outlive their children, as claimed recently by an American obesity specialist?” The answer is yes — and no. Yes, when the offspring become grossly obese. This is now becoming an alarmingly common occurrence in the US. Such children and adolescents have a greatly reduced quality of life in terms of both their physical and psychosocial health. So say No to that doughnut and burger.
What does the word “sedentary (Para. 2)” mean?[1分]
Which statement is TRUE?[1分]
The average waist size for a man is 36-38in.
The average waist size for a woman is 30in.
In the mid-Eighties, more than half million under-16s in the UK areclassed as overweight.
The obesity pandemic has now spread to South America.
According to Prof Prentice, what are the reasons for the change in our shape?[1分]
We eat too much and refuse to do physical exercises.
High-energy foods are easy to get and technology develops fast.
High-energy foods are the main diet and we use technology.
High-energy foods are easy to get and we consume less energy.
Obesity increases the risk factor of ____.[1分]
diabetes, short sight, cancer, strokes
diabetes, cancer, strokes, psychosocial illness
cancer, strokes, fatty, heart disease
strokes, heart disease, diabetes, headache
What does the author mean by “So say No to that doughnut and burger”?[1分]
Answering the question “will parents outlive their children?”.
The doughnut and burger should be banned.
We should lead a healthy life.
We should begin dieting.
Part ⅢVocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part .For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Water fills the ____ in the ground.[1分]
What you are discussing is a psychological problem and is out of the ____ of art.[1分]
Helen doesn’t know how much I spent in painting your house. If she ever found out, I’m sure ____.[1分]
Do you think it possible to have the work ____ within 3 days.[1分]
A good scientist ____ into all aspects of a problem in order to find solutions.[1分]
Most good writers use every means ____to make the reader’s way smooth and easy.[1分]
Even as a child he showed an inclination to ____ over the other children.[1分]
If most breadwinners ____a day’s pay to the Hope Project, then it will be hopeful.[1分]
We started burning some leaves in our yard, but the fire got ____and we had to call the fire brigade to put it out.[1分]
Astronauts are ____ all kinds of tests before they are actually sent up in a spacecraft.[1分]
The policeman ____ noted something different about the fellow’s accent.[1分]
In his unhappiness he had come even to question his ____.[1分]
Rising energy costs increase operating costs ____for many older air-conditioning systems in large buildings, causing owners to seek help.[1分]
As you must have seen from my work, I’m perfectly ____of him.[1分]
Opponents of our present tax program argue that it discourages ____ from trying new fields of business activity.[1分]
His____, scheduled for the week of Jan.23, was stated last week when he filed an appeal and asked the judge to spare his life.[1分]
Happiness, like a deer in the forest , dislikes ____ attention and if you chase it, it will run away.[1分]
After the completion of that bridge, the ____company’s business has been shrinking.[1分]
The teacher richly ____ the use of the word.[1分]
Poor eyesight will ____ you from military service.[1分]
A ____ of the long report by the budget committee was submitted to the mayor for approval.[1分]
In less than a millionth of a second the vast computer of an international airline can ____accept 800 booking inquiries, and search its 50 million memory units for appropriate replies.[1分]
The____ spent in unscrewing the rusty bolt left her exhausted.[1分]
Have you any proof that a headless ghost ____ that house?[1分]
The streets are ____ with people. [1分]
Psychologists have succeeded in ____parents’ confidence in their own authority.[1分]
A wrongdoer is constantly ____ by fear of discovery.[1分]
The child was playing on the floor with his collection of ____ farm animals.[1分]
It was later admitted that the information had been obtained from unreliable ____.[1分]
The newly-elected President says the election was ____compliance with the law.[1分]
Part ⅣError Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In the passage there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark(∧)in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash(/)in the blank.
The place of the child in society has varied for thousands of years and has been effected by different cultures and religions. In ancient times unwanted children were occasionally abandoned, put to death, exploiting or offered for religious sacrifices, and in any event a large percentage of them didn’t survive their physically hazardous existence to reach to maturity.
In western civilization within the last few hundred years, there have been many changes in attitude with the young. In agricultural Europe, and later with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the children of the poor work long hours for little or no pay, and there was no public concern on their safety or welfare punishment could be brutal and severe.
By the eighteenth century the harsh and severe methods began to show any change. Society slowly accorded(给予) children a role of importance. Books were written expressly for them and gradually laws were passing for their protection. Efforts were made to create for them a life better than their parents!
In the past few decades parents have become more and more attentive for the needs of their children.Better health care is available and education is no longer reserving for the children from wealthy families.
Part ⅤWriting (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed to write a composition on the topic On Part-time Jobs. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline.
1.Some people say that college students should take part-time jobs.
2.Others worry that part-time jobs do them more harm than good.
3.What is your view on this ? Why or why not ?[20分]
On Part-time Jobs
People have different views on whether college students should take part-time jobs. I think part- time jobs have both their advantages and disadvantages.First, part-time jobs may offer students an opportunity to display their ability and help them apply their knowledge in practice, and in return, their experience will make them know better what they have learned in class and books. Second, part-time jobs in business can foster a sense of competition, which they needin future. Part-time jobs make students more confident in themselves because through the work they can realize their own value and prove that they are capable people. Third, it helps students develop a sense of independence, and helps relieve their parents’ economic burdens. With the money earned, they can buy whatever they need for their study.
However, part-time jobs often distract students’ attention from their studies, and some students even play truant. It is evident that they can hardly focustheir attention on their study if they work several hours on the job, for they may be preoccupied with how to improve their work most of the time. Though students who have part -time jobs may relieve their parents’ economic burdens, their early contact with society may expose them to some social ills.
Owing to the advantages and disadvantages involved in working part-time, students have to strike a balance between their study and the job. The main task of students is to study hard and learn what is needed for their future career, social experience can be gained after graduation.