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2013年职称英语考试卫生类C级真题
试卷编号:211882
录入者 :七月
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)下面每个句子中均有1个词或者短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定l个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
The odd thing was that he didn't recognize me[1分]
strange
real
whole
same
2.
He was tempted by the high salary offered by the company.[1分]
taught
kept
changed
attracted
3.
The frame needs to be strong enough to support the engine.[1分]
structure
bottom
surface
top
4.
We found shelter from the rain under the trees[1分]
defense
standing
pro tection
room
5.
We have to change the public's perception that money is everything.[1分]
sight
belief
interest
pressure
6.
It seemed incredible that he had been there a week already.[1分]
right
obvious
unbelievable
unclear
7.
This was an unexceptionally brutal attack.[1分]
cruel
open
sutden
direct
8.
"There is no other choice," she said in a harsh voice.[1分]
firm
soft
deep
unkind
9.
She gets aggressive when she is drunk.[1分]
offensive
worried
sleepy
anxious
10.
I grabbed his arm and made him turn to look at me.[1分]
threw
seized
broke
stretched
11.
Traffic reaches its rush hour between 8:00 and 9:00 in the morning.[1分]
border
goal
peak
level
12.
That performance was pretty impressive.[1分]
completely
beautifully
very
equally
13.
She came across three children sleeping under a bridge.[1分]
found by chance
passed by
took a notice of
woke up
14.
I tried to detach myself from the reality of these terrible events[1分]
bring
put
set
separate
15.
I have little information as regards her fitness for the post.[1分]
at
with
from
about
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分) 下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
回答16-22题:
Promising Results from Cancer Study
A new experimental vaccine (疫苗) has shown promising results ir the fightagaiast lung cancer. In a small Texas-based study, a vaccine developed byscientist: at Baylor University MedicalCentre in Dallas, USA, cured lung cancer in some patients and slowed theprogress of the disease in others.
Researchers have reported encouraging findings from this small stud '. Forty-three patientssuffering from lung cancer were involved in these trials. Ten of these patlentswere in the early stages and thirty-three in the advanced stages of thedisease. They were in ected with the vaccine every two weeks for three months,and were carefully monitored for three years. In three of the patients in theadvanced stages of cancer, the disease disappeared and in the others, it didnot spread for five to twenty-four months. However, no great difference wasseen in the padents in the early stages of the illness.
This new vaccine uses the patients' own immune system. It is made specifically for eachpatient and is injected into the arm or leg. It stimulates the body's immunesystem, which then recognizes that the cancer ceils are harmful, and attacksand destroys them.
The vaccine could be effective against other forms of cancer. It offers great hopefor the treatment of cancer in general, although further studies are neededbefore such treatment can be widely used.
16.
The vaccine cured all the participants in the trial.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
Over forty people participated in the study[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Patients in the early stages of the disease recovered more quickly in the trial.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
All the patients were from Dallas.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not men ioned
20.
Every patient was injected with the same vaccine.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not men ioned
21.
The vaccine activates the immune system.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not menioned
22.
The vaccine may be useful for treating other cance's.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意和完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分) 下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。
回答23-30题:
Music Used As a Healing Therapy
1.Musichas long been used to treat patients suffering fron different problems. In 400BC,itshealing properties were documented by the ancient Greeks. More recently, inboth worldwars in the last century, medical workers used music therapy (疗法)with people suffering from trauma (外伤). Currently, itis used as a treatment for many diseases, such as cancer, and it has also beenused by patients with long-term pair and learning disabilities.
2.Thereis growing evidence that music can cause physical changes to the body whichcanimprove our health. In the Welcome Trust Study, which took place over threeyears at the Chelsea and Westminster hospital in London, patient,, were askedto listen to musical performances. As a result, it was found that stress levelswere significantly reduced, recovery times were improved, and fewer drugs wereneeded.
3.Thesevery positive results are partly due to general we l-being (良好的健康状况). It is already accepted that when people feel happy and have apositive approach to life, they are more likely to feel better and recover fromdisease quickly. Music increases this feeling of joy and adds to the recoveryprocess.
4.However, not all these benefits can be attributed to an increase in generalwell-being. Music has other effects which have not yet been understood,According to Professor Robertson, a scientist and musician, some effects ofmusic are mysterious and are, therefore, being investigated further. It hasbeen suggested that the stands and rhythms of music help stimulate the brainand send electrical messages to the muscles.
5.Science, however, demands facts and hard evidence. Many in the medicalprofession have not yet recognized the healing benefits of music, since reportshave been based mainly on various stories of evidence. These new studies couldprovide proof to doctors that music is a suitable treatment for manyconditions. One day doctor may even "prescribe" (开处方)music, but that could be a long time in the future.
第23—26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题
23.
Paragraph 1 __________[1分]
Potential dangers of music therapy
Increasein general well—being
History of music therapy
Other mysterious effects of music
Positive physical changes caused by music
Music and your body
24.
Paragraph 2 __________[1分]
Potential dangers of music therapy
Increasein general well—being
History of music therapy
Other mysterious effects of music
Positive physical changes caused by music
Music and your body
25.
Paragraph 3 __________[1分]
Potential dangers of music therapy
Increasein general well—being
History of music therapy
Other mysterious effects of music
Positive physical changes caused by music
Music and your body
26.
Paragraph 4 __________[1分]
Potential dangers of music therapy
Increasein general well—being
History of music therapy
Other mysterious effects of music
Positive physical changes caused by music
Music and your body
27.
第27—30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。
Researchers have found that patients' stress levels decrease when they __________[1分]
recover from disease quickly
there is not enough hard evidence
use their minds actively
it improves general well—being
1isten to musical performances
it brings many other benefits
28.
Musiccan treat patients partly because __________[1分]
recover from disease quickly
there is not enough hard evidence
use their minds actively
it improves general well—being
1isten to musical performances
it brings many other benefits
29.
Thosewho always look on the bright side of life are more likely to __________[1分]
recover from disease quickly
there is not enough hard evidence
use their minds actively
it improves general well—being
1isten to musical performances
it brings many other benefits
30.
Manydoctors don't believe that music can treat diseases because __________[1分]
recover from disease quickly
there is not enough hard evidence
use their minds actively
it improves general well—being
1isten to musical performances
it brings many other benefits
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分) 下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定l个最佳选项。
回答31-45题:
The Development of Ballet
Ballet is a dance form that has a long history. The fact that it survives to this dayshows that it has adjusted as times have changed.
Ballet began in the royal courts during the Renaissance. At that time it became commonfor kings and queens, as well as other nobility, to participate in pageantsthat included music,poetry, and dance. As these entertainments moved from theItalian courts to the French ones,court ladies began participating in them.Though their long dresses prevented much movement,they were able to perform elaborate walking patterns. It was not until the 1600s that womendancersshortened their skirts, changed to flat shoes, and began doing some of theleaps and turns performed by men.
It was also in the 1600s that professional ballet began. King Louis XIV of France,himself a devoted dancer, founded the Royal Academy of Dance. The five basicfeet positions from which all ballet steps begin were finalized. In the late1700s another important change occurred.Ballet began to tell a story on itsown. It was no longer simply dance to be performed between acts of plays.Elaborate wigs and costumes were eliminated. By the early 1800s dancers learnedto rise on their toes to make it appear that they were floating.
Classical ballet as we know it today was influenced primarily by Russian dancing. TheRussians remained interested in ballet when it declined in other Europeancountries in the mid-1800s. One of the most influential figures of the early20th century was Sergei Diaghilev. His dance company, the Ballets Russes,brought a new energy and excitement to ballet. One of his chief assistants,George Balanchine, went on to found the New York City Ballet in 1948 and toinfluence new generations of-dancers.
31.
This passage deals mainly with[3分]
famous names in ballet
how ballet has developed
Russian ballet
why ballet is no longer popular
32.
The word "pageants" in paragraph 2 means[3分]
dances
big shows
instruction
royal courts
33.
Professional ballet was first performed in[3分]
Italy
Russia
America
France
34.
Who had an important influence on early ballet?[3分]
Balanchine
Antoinette
Louis XIV
Diaghilev
35.
We can conclude from this passage that ballet[3分]
is a dying art
will continue to change
is currently performed only in Russia
is often performed by dancers with little training
回答36-50题:
Late-Night Drinking
Coffee lovers beware.Having a quick "pick-me-up" cup of coffee late in the day will interrupt your sleep.As well as being a stimulant, caffeine interrupts the flow of melatonin, the brain hormone that sends people into a sleep.
Melatonin levels normally start to rise about two hours before bedtime.Levels then peak between 2 am and 4 am, before falling again."It's the neurohormone that controls our sleep and tells our body when to sleep and when to wake," says Maurice Ohayon of the Stanford SleepEpidemiology Research Center at Stanford University in CaliforniA.But researchers in Israel have found that caffeinated coffee halves the body's levels of this sleep hormone.
Lotan Shilo and a team at the Sapir Medical Center in Tel Aviv University found that six volunteers slept less well after a cup of caffeinated coffee than after drinking the same amount of decal.On average, subjects slept 336 minutes per night after drinking caffeinated coffee,compared with 415 minutes after decal.They also took half an hour to drop off, twice as long as usual.
In the second phase of the experiment, the researchers woke the volunteers every three hours and asked them to give a urine sample.Shilo measured concentrations of a breakdown product of melatonin.The results suggest that melatonin concentrations in caffeine drinkers were half those in decal drinkers.In a paper accepted for publication in Sleep Medicine, the researchers suggest that caffeine blocks production of the enzyme that drives melatonin production.
Because it can take many hours to eliminate caffeine from the body, Ohayon recommends that coffee lovers switch to decaf after lunch.
36.
The author mentions "pick-me-up" to indicate that[3分]
melatonin levels need to be raised
coffee is a stimulant
neurohormone can wake us up
caffeine can balance our brain hormone
37.
Which of the following tells us how caffeine affects sleep?[3分]
It blocks production of the enzyme that stops melatonin production.
It interrupts the flow of the hormone that prevents people from sleeping.
It halves the body's levels of sleep hormone.
It stays in the body for many hours.
38.
What does Paragraph 3 mainly discuss?[3分]
Different effects of caffeinated coffee and decaf on sleep.
Lotan Shilo's research design on sleep.
What the subjects did after drinking decaf at night.
Why some subjects took half an hour to fall asleep.
39.
The experiment mentioned in Paragraph 4 finds that caffeine drinkers[3分]
produce less melatonin
sleep longer than decaf drinkers
produce more urine at night
wake up every three hours
40.
Ohayon advises coffee lovers[3分]
to drink less coffee during the day
to take decaf after lunch
not to go to bed after taking coffee
not to drink coffee after supper
回答41-55题:
The World's Best-Selling Medidne
Since ancient times, people all over the world have used willow to stop pain.The willow tree contains salicylic acid (水杨酸).This stops pain, but there is one problem.Salicylic acid also hurts the stomach.In 1853, a French scientist made a mixture from willow that did not hurt the stomach.However, his mixture was difficult to make, and he did not try to produce or sell it.
In 1897, in Germany, Felix Hoffmann also made a mixture with salicylic acid.He tried it himself first and then gave it to his father because his father was old and in a lot of pain.His father's pain went away, and the mixture did not hurt his stomach.
Hoffmann worked for Bayer, a German company.He showed his new drug to his manager, who tested the drug and found that it worked well.Bayer decided to make the drug.They called it aspirin and put the Bayer name on every pill.
Aspirin was an immediate success.Almost everyone has pain of some kind, so aspirin answered a true need.Aspirin was cheap, easy to take, and effective.It also lowered fevers. Aspirin was a wonder drug.
At first, Bayer sold the drug through doctors, who the sold it to their patients.In 1915, the company started to sell aspirin in drugstores: In the United States, Bayer had a patent (专利) on the drug.Other companies could make similar products and sell them in other countries,but only Bayer could make and sell aspirin in the United States.In time, Bayer could no longerown the name aspirin in the United States.Other companies could make it there, too.However,Bayer aspirin was the most well-known, and for many years, it was the market leader.
By the 1950s, new painkillers were on the market.Aspirin was no longer the only way to treat pain and reduce fever.Bayer and other companies looked for other drugs to make.
However, in the 1970s they got a surprise.Doctors noticed that patients who were taking aspirin had fewer heart attacks than other people.A British researcher named John Vane found the reason aspirin helped to prevent heart attacks.In 1982, he won the Nobel prize for his research.Doctors started to tell some of their patients to take aspirin every day to prevent heart attacks.It has made life better for the many people who take it.It has also made a lot of money for companies like Bayer that produce and sell it!
41.
Why didn't the French scientist continue to make the medicine that stopped pain?[3分]
It didn't work well.
It was hard to make.
It hurt the stomach.
It was not cost-effective.
42.
Why was Felix Hoffmann looking for a painkiller?[3分]
His company told him to do that.
His father was in pain.
He wanted to make a lot of money.
He suffered from headache.
43.
Bayer started making aspirin because[3分]
it helped prevent heart attacks.
other companies were making it.
it worked well in stopping pain.
the manager was a scientist.
44.
Bayer aspirin was[3分]
the only drug with the name "aspirin"
the first aspirin sold in the United States
not sold in drugstores in 1915
not easy to find in drugstores
45.
What has happened to aspirin since new painkillers came on the market?[3分]
Companies have stopped selling it.
It has become the best-selling painkiller.
Its new use has been discovered.
Doctors have sold it to patients.
专家也正在研究“数字医生”,并以一种非常舒服的方式完成。
一种检查血糖和细菌的牙刷目前在美国正在被研究。
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分) 下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。
完成46-50题:
A Doctor in the House
Brushing your teeth twice a day should keep the dentist away.But if a group of scientific researchers have their wish, it will make the rest of your body healthy too.(46) It is one of many gadgets (小装置) proposed by engineers and doctors at the Center for Future Health in New York -- others include a pair of glasses that help to jog your memory, and a home camera designed to check for cancer.
The devices seem fanciful, but the basic principles are simple.The gadgets should make it easy for people to detect illness long before it strikes and so seek treatment far earlier than normal.(47)In the long run, the technology may even prevent illness by encouraging us to lead healthier lives.
Intelligent bandages (绷带) are a good example.Powerful sensors within the bandage could quickly identify tiny amounts of bacteria in a wound and determine which antibiotics (抗生素) would work best(48)
Socks are long overdue for a makeover.In the future they will be able to automatically detect the amount of pressure in your foot and alert you when an ulcer (溃殤) is coming up.
All the projects should have far-reaching implications, but the biggest single development is a melanoma (黑瘤) monitor designed to give early warnings of cancer.(49)If a problem is found, the system would advise you to get a check-up at your doctor's surgery.
If all this sounds troublesome, then help is at hand (50)A standard computer would be able to understand your voice and answer questions about your symptoms in plain English and in a way which would calm your nerves.
A.The device could be used to take a picture of your body each week, then compare it with previous images.
B.That is going to be the difficult part.
C.The cut could then be treated instantly so avoiding possible complications.
D.Instead of relying on hi-tech hospitals, the emphasis is shifted to the home and easy-to-use gadgets.
E.Experts are also working on a "digital doctor", complete with a comforting bedsidemanner.
F.A toothbrush that checks blood sugar and bacteria while you brush is currently in development in USA.
46.
__________[2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
47.
__________[2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
48.
__________[2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.
__________[2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.
__________[2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第6部分:完形填空(第52~65题,每题1分,共15分) 下面的短文有l5处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定l个最佳选项。
回答51-65
Domestic Violence
Nearly three in 10 men have experienced violence at the hands of an intimate partner during their lifetimes, according(51) one of the few studies to look at domestic violence and health among men.
"Many men actually do(52)domestic violence, although we don't hear about it often," Dr.Robert J.Reid of the University of Washington in Seattle, one of the study's authors, told Reuters Health."They often don't (53) and we don't ask.We want to get the message out to men who do experience domestic violence(54)they are not alone and there are resources available to them."
The researchers asked study(55)about physical abuse and nonphysical abuse ,such as(56)that made them fear for their safety, controlling behavior ( for example,being told who they could associate with and where they could go), and constant name-calling.
Among men 18 to 54 years old, 14.2 percent said they had experienced intimate partner violence in the past five years,(57)6.1 percent reported domestic violence in the previous year.
Rates were lower for men 55 and older, with 5.3 percent(58)violence in the past five years and 2.4 percent having experienced it in the past 12 months.( 59 ) , 30.5 percent of men younger than 55 and 26.5 percent of older men said they had been(60) of domestic violence at some point in their lives.About half of the(61)the men experienced was physical.
However, the-physical violence men reported wasn't as harsh as that(62) by women in a previous study; 20 percent to 40 percent of the men rated(63)as severe, compared to 61 percent of women.
Men who reported experiencing domestic violence had more emotional and mental health(64)than those who had not,(65)older men, there searchers found.
51.
 [1分]
at
by
for
to
52.
 [1分]
threaten
fear
use
experience
53.
 [1分]
answer
speak
talk
tell
54.
 [1分]
who
when
that
what
55.
 [1分]
participants
observers
listeners
actors
56.
 [1分]
news
threats
voices
friends
57.
 [1分]
since
because
as
while
58.
 [1分]
giving
realizing
understanding
reporting
59.
 [1分]
Yet
Thus
Overall
Besides
60.
 [1分]
victims
makers
writers
factors
61.
 [1分]
form
way
violence
study
62.
 [1分]
performed
enjoyed
committed
suffered
63.
 [1分]
this
them
those
it
64.
 [1分]
problems
activities
results
arguments
65.
 [1分]
especially
specially
naturally
roughly

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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