She was close to success.[1分]
The two girls look alike[1分]
The boy is intelligent.[1分]
Everybody was glad to see Mary back[1分]
Zhat is your glad in life?[1分]
John is crazy about pop music[1分]
It is the movement, not the color, of objects that excites the bull.[1分]
It is highly unlikely that she will arrive today.[1分]
I am feeling a lot more healthy than I was.[1分]
Since ancient times people have found various ways to preserve meat[1分]
We packed up the things we had accumulated (积累) over the last three years and[1分]
The expedition reached the summit at 10:30 that morning[1分]
There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance.[1分]
The president proposed that we should bring the meeting to a close.[1分]
The physicians in a hospital form the core of the medical staff. But they could not provide effective medical care to their patients without the help of numerous other medical workers. From the angle of the patients, the nursing staff is particularly important. Nurses are usually in close contact with patients as long as they are in the hospital.
A.nurse does not study for as many years as a doctor. However, each must be equally trained. Caring for sick persons requires a great deal of patience and concern. Most nurses work long days, and they often must work at odd hours or during the night.
The nursing staff in a hospital is usually quite large and various. Nursing services, after all, must be provided on a 24-hour basis. There are professional (专业的) nurses, practical nurses, nurse's aids, and orderlies (勤杂工). The general term nurse refers to a person trained to offer bedside care to sick persons.
Under the supervision (管理) of the head nurse, the nursing staff in a hospital ward must attend to patients' needs. This responsibility continues around the clock, and so nurses must work in shifts. A shift is a period of duty, usually eight hours in length. The nurses on the ward rotate (轮换) their shifts. Some take turns working night duty; others work odd shifts. All of them work out of a central area on the ward called the nurse's station.
A.nurse must always be on her guard. She can never afford to be careless. This is true in all nursing situations, but it is especially true in the intensive care unit. Patients under intensive care are critically ill, and they must be monitored at all times. The nurses who do intensive care duty have one of the most demanding jobs in the hospital.
The physicians in a hospital are less important than the nursing staff.[1分]
The nurses in a hospital usually spend more time with the patients than the physicians.[1分]
A nurse is not qualified if she does not have patience and show concern for her patients.[1分]
Nurses often earn as much money as physicians do because they tend to work long days and at odd hours.[1分]
Nursing services in a hospital are generally available around the clock.[1分]
The nurse's station is the only place where nurses in a hospital ward can be fount.[1分]
Nurses who work in the intensive care unit in a hospital are better trained than other nurses.[1分]
1.Health education is the part of health care that is concerned with promoting healthy behavior. A person's behavior may be the main cause of a health problem, but it can also be the main solution. This is true for the teenager who smokes, the mother with the poorly nourished (营养) child, and the butcher (屠夫，卖肉的人) who gets a cut on his finger. By changing their behavior these individuals can solve and prevent many of their own problems.
2.Health education does not replace other health services, but it is needed to promote the proper use of these services. One example of this is immunization (免疫): scientists have made many vaccines (疫苗) to prevent diseases, but this achievement is of no value unless people go to receive the immunization.
3.Health education encourages behavior that promotes health, prevents illness, cures disease, and contributes to recovery. The needs and interests of individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities are at the heart of health education programs. Thus there are many opportunities for practicing health education.
4.Health education is not the same thing as health information. Correct information is certainly a basic part of health education, but health education must also address the other factors that affect health behavior such as availability (可获性) of resources, effectiveness of community leadership, social support from family members, and levels of self-help skills. Health education therefore uses a variety of methods to help people understand their own situations and choose actions that will improve their health. Health education is incomplete unless it encourages involvement and choice by the people themselves.
5.Also, in health education we do not blame people if they do not behave in a healthy way. Often unhealthy behavior is not the fault of the individual. In health education we must work with families, communities, and even regional and national authorities to make sure that resources and support are available to enable each individual to lead a healthy life.
A.Addressing a Variety of Behavior-affecting Factors
B.Importance of Immunization
C.Relationship with Other Health Services
D.Creation of Necessary Conditions for Healthy Behavior
E.Encouraging Unhealthy Behavior
F.Encouragement of Behavior Good for Your Health
E.change unhealthy behavior
F.other health services
Promoting healthy behavior is the goal of_______________.[1分]
Immunization helps to_______________.[1分]
Health education cannot take the place of_______________.[1分]
Individuals should be provided with necessary conditions for_______________.[1分]
Since earliest days, humans have used some kinds of medicines. We know this because humans have survived. Ancient treatments for injury and disease were successful enough to keep humans from dying out completely.
They were successful long before the time of modern medicine. Before the time of doctors with white coats and shiny (发亮的) instruments. Before the time of big hospitals with strange and wonderful equipment.
Many parts of the world still do not have university-educated doctors. Nor do they have expensive hospitals. Yet injuries are treated. And diseases are often cured. How? By ancient methods. By medicines that might seem mysterious, even magical (有魔力的). Traditional medicines are neither mysterious nor magical, however.
Through the centuries, tribal (部落的) medicine men experimented with plants. They found many useful chemicals in the plants. And scientists believe many of these traditional medicines may provide the cure for some of today's most serious diseases.
Experts say almost 80% of the people in the world use plants for health care. These natural medicines are used not just because people have no other form of treatment. They are used because people trust them. In developed areas, few people think about the source of the medicines they buy in a store. Yet many widely-used medicines are from ancient sources, especially plants. Some experts say more than 25% of modern medicines come, in one way or another, from nature.
Scientists have long known that nature is really a chemical factory. All living things contain chemicals that help them survive. So scientists' interest in traditional medicine is not new. But it has become an urgent concern. This is because the earth's supply of natural medicines may be dropping rapidly.
The passage indicates that ancient treatments for injury and disease were[3分]
much more successful than modem ones.
successful enough for humans to survive.
of little help to humans.
Which of the following statements is NOT true?[3分]
Modern medicines are now available all over the world.
Many big and modem hospitals are expensive.
Traditional medicines are neither mysterious nor magical.
Humans have used some kinds of medicines since earliest days.
It is believed by scientists that traditional medicines[3分]
can cure all kinds of diseases.
may cure some of today's most serious diseases
are no longer useful for modem men.
are too cheap to be useful.
What do the majority of the people in the world use for health care?[3分]
Strange and wonderful equipment.
It can be seen from the passage that the earth's supply of natural medicines[3分]
Stan Field knows what age can do to a person's memory, and he's not taking any chances with his. He chooses his food carefully and gets plenty of exercise. He also avoids stress, coca cola and cigarette smoke. What's more, at breakfast each morning, the 69-year-old chemical engineer swallows a plateful of pills in the hope of boosting his brain power.
Michelle Arnove is less than half Field's age, but no less concerned about her
memory. While working round the clock to finish a degree in film studies, the 33-year-old New Yorker had the alarming sensation that she had stopped retaining anything. "I couldn't even remember names," she says. "1 thought, 'Oh no, I'm over 30. It's all downhill from here'." Besides loading up on supplements, Arnove signed up for a memory-enhancing course at New York's Mount Siani Medical Center. And when she got there, she found herself surrounded by people who were just as worried as she was.
For millions of Americans, and especially for baby boomers (生育高峰期出生的人), the demands of the Information Age conflict with a sense of declining physical power. "When boomers were in their 30s and 40s, they launched the fitness boom," says Cynthia Green, the psychologist who teaches Mount Sinai's memory class. "Now we have the mental-fitness boom. Memory is the boomers' new life-crisis issue." And of course a major marketing opportunity. The demand for books and seminars has never been greater, says Jack Lannom, a Iongtime memory trainer whose weekly TV show,
"Mind Unlimited," goes out to 33 million homes on the Christian Network. Anxious consumers are rushing to buy do-it-yourself programs and supplement makers are trying to sell everything but sawdust (木屑) as a brain booster.
But before you get out your checkbook, a few questions are in order. Does everyday forgetfulness signal declining brain function? Is "megamemory" (超强记忆) a realistic goal for normal people? And if you could have a perfect memory, would you really want it? Until recently, no one could address those issues with much authority, but our knowledge of memory is exploding. New techniques are revealing how different parts of the brain interact to preserve meaningful experiences. Biologists are trying to understand the underlying (潜在的) chemical processes and neuroscientists (神经系统科学家) are discovering how age, stress ,and other factors can disrupt them. No one is close to finding the secret to perfect recall, but as you'll see, that may be just as well.
What does Stan Field take at breakfast?[3分]
A plateful of pills only.
What is the meaning of "working round the clock"?[3分]
Working with a clock nearby.
Many baby-boomers living in the Information Age feel that[3分]
their financial status is declining.
their political influence is declining.
their physical power is declining.
their will power is declining.
Which of the following does NOT indicate people's enhanced awareness of the importance of memory?[3分]
More demand for books on memory.
More demand for seminars on memory.
More demand for memory-enhancing supplements.
More demand for coca cola and cigarettes.
According to the writer， the secret to perfect memory[3分]
was found a long time ago.
My mother knew how to knit (编织), but she never taught me. She assumed, as did many women of her generation, that knitting was no longer a skill worth passing down from mother to daughter. A combination of feminism (女权主义) and consumerism (消费主义) made many women feel that such homely accomplishments were now out of date. My Grandmother still knitted, though, and every Christmas she made a pair of socks for my brother and me, of red wool. They were the ones we wore under our ice skates (冰鞋), when it was really important to have warm feet.
Knitting is a nervous habit that happens to be productive. It helped me quit smoking by giving my hands something else to do. It is wonderful for depression because no matter what else happens, you are creating something beautiful. Time spent in front of the television or just sitting is no longer time wasted.
I love breathing life into the patterns. It's true magic, finding a neglected, dog-eared old book with the perfect snowflake design, buying the same Germantown wool my grandmother used, in the exact blue to match my daughter's eyes; taking it on the train with me every day for two months, working enthusiastically to get it done by Christmas, staying up late after the stockings are filled to sew in the sleeves and weave in the ends.
Knitting has taught me patience. I know that if I just keep going, even if it takes months, there will be a reward. When I make a mistake, I know that anger will not fix it, that I just have to go back and take out the stitches (针脚) between and start over again.
People often ask if I would do it for money, and the answer is always a definite no. In the first place, you could not pay me enough for the hours I put into a sweater. But more important, this is an activity I keep separate from such considerations. I knit to cover my children and other people I love in warmth and color. I knit to give them something earthly that money could never buy.
Knitting gives my life an alternative rhythm to the daily deadline. By day I can write about Northern Ireland or the New York City Police Department and get paid for it, but on the train home, surrounded by people with laptops, I stage my little rebellion: I take out my old knitting bag and join the centuries of women who have knitted for love.
Why did many women feel that knitting was out of date?[3分]
Because their mothers didn't teach them.
Because they were influenced by feminism and consumerism
Because they were feminists.
Because they were consumerists.
The author wore the red socks her grandmother had knitted for her[3分]
when she went sightseeing.
when she celebrated Christmas.
The word "quit" in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to[3分]
According to the passage， which of the following statements about knitting is NOT true?[3分]
Knitting helps one get rid of bad habits.
Knitting helps one get free from a bad mood.
Knitting requires patience.
Knitting is a profit-making business.
Which of the following is NOT the writer's purpose of knitting?[3分]
To make full use of her leisure time.
To show her love for the family.
Broken: Dreams of Rural Peace
It was dusk in Tubney Woods, deep in rural Oxfordshire. The birds were singing at the end of another perfect day. The woman living at the edge of the forest could stand it no longer. She phoned the local noise pollution officer.
"It's the rooks (秃鼻乌鸦)," she said. "1 can't bear that awful cawing (呱呱地叫) noise. Can you do something about it?"
The call was no surprise to officials at the Vale of White Horse District Council._______________(46) The countryside, as every country-dweller knows, can be a hellishly (可怕地) noisy place.
Last week Davicl Stead, a West Yorkshire farmer, appeared in court in Wakefield accused of allowing his cocks to break noise regulations by crowing (打鸣) at dawn, waking a neighbour._______________(47) Six months ago Corky, a four-year-old cock, was banned from crowing after complaints in the Devon village of Stoke.
Complaints about noise reasonable or not - are at record levels in country areas. Environmental health officers say this is partly because of an increase in noisy activity. However, a significant number of complaints come from newcomers to the countryside.
There are many sources of rural noise._______________(48) Mechanised grain driers, usually switched on for three weeks in September, can produce a maddening low-frequency hum. Mike Roberts, chief environmental health officer at Vale of White Horse, said noise often sounded worse in the countryside than in cities. With less background sound, unwelcome noises can seem louder and travel further.
The oddest complaints, however, are the ones council officials can do nothing about. Vale of White Horse officials have been asked to silence not only nesting rooks. Pigeons and pheasants (雉鸡) have also caused concern, In Kent, council officials have been asked to silence baby lambs._______________(49) Another insisted he could hear an alien spaceship landing over the garden fence.
"We get regular complaints. They usually come from retired people who have just moved into the country. We send them a polite letter."
And the lady who complained about the rooks? She was politely told she would have to put up with it. " (50)" said Mr Roberts. "In the end, she accepted there was nothing much she could do - except move out." It is not recorded who won, the lady or the rooks.
A.Mr Stead said they were only doing what comes naturally.
B.We asked her what we were supposed to do, shoot the birds, or chop the trees down?
C.They have heard every kind of complaint.
D.One man rang to say he was kept awake by the splashing of a fountain in the garden next door.
E.The council will ask the farmer to move it.
F.Farm machinery is a common cause.
Margaret Sanger and Birth Control
Margaret Sanger, an American nurse, was the first to start the modern birth control movement in the United States. In 1912 she (1) publishing information about women's reproductive (生殖的) concerns through articles and books. In 1914 Sanger was charged (2) violation of, the Comstock Law, which federal legislation had passed in 1873 forbidding the mailing of sexy material (3) information about birth control and contraceptive (避孕的) devices. Though she was put in jail for these activities, Sanger (4) to publish and spread information about birth control. She and her sister Ethel Byrne opened the first of several birth control clinics in America on October 16, 1916, in Brooklyn, New York.
The Comstock Law was rewritten by Congress in 1936 to (5) birth control information and devices. Many states had laws forbidding distribution or use of contraceptive devices but the constitutionality (合宪性) of these laws was increasingly (6). In 1965, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that married people have the right to practice birth control without government intervention. In 1972, the court (7) that unmarried people have the same right.
Today there are more birth control options (8), but overpopulation and unwanted pregnancies remain worldwide (9). Having more children than one can support may lead (10) poverty, illness, and high death rates for babies, children, and women.
The problem of teenage pregnancy is (11) worse in the United States (12) in almost any other developed country. Studies show that birth rates for women under 20 are higher in the United States than in 29 other (13) countries. A detailed study suggested that the problem of teenage pregnancy in the United States may be (14) to less sex education in schools and lower availability (可获性) of contraceptive services and supplies to young people. This study (15) the view of people in the United States who argue that sex education or making contraceptive supplies available to school-age children promotes sexual activity.