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2014年职称英语考试综合类B级真题
试卷编号:211767
录入者 :七月
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或者短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
Afterwards there was just a feeling of let down[1分]
excitement
anger
calm
disappointment
2.
The committee was asked to render a report on the housing situation.[1分]
copy
furnish
publish
summarize
3.
The curriculum was too narrow and too rigid[1分]
hidden
inflexible
traditional
official
4.
Heled a very moral life.[1分]
honorable
human
intelligent
natural
5.
The majority of people around here are decent[1分]
real
honest
normal
wealthy
6.
His knowledge of French is fair[1分]
very useful
verylimited
quite good
rather special
7.
The group does not advocate the use of violence.[1分]
limit
regulate
support
oppose
8.
The worst agonies of the war were now beginning.[1分]
pains
parts
aspects
results
9.
Itwas a magic night until the spell was broken.[1分]
time
charm
space
opportunity
10.
They are trying to identify what is wrong with the present system.[1分]
prove
discover
consider
imagine
11.
Several windows had been smashed[1分]
cleaned
replaced
broken
fixed
12.
She felt that she had done her good deed for the day.[1分]
homework
act
justice
model
13.
London quickly became a flourishing port.[1分]
major
large
successful
commercial
14.
His professional career spanned 16 years.[1分]
started
changed
moved
lasted
15.
His stomach felt hollow with fear.[1分]
empty
sincere
respectful
terrible
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
The Most Wonderful Islands
The Palm Islands are artificial islands in Dubai, United Arab Emirates on which major commercial and residential infrastructure will be constructed. They are being constructed by Nakheel Properties, a property developer in the United Arab Emirates, who hired the Dutch dredging and marine contractor Van Oord, one of the world's specialists in land reclamation. The islands are the Palm Jumeirah, the Palm Jebel Ali and the Palm Deira.
Each settlement will be in the shape of a palm tree, topped with a crescent, and will have a large number of residential, leisure and entertainment centers. The Palm Islands are located off the coast of The United Arab Emirates in the Persian Gulf and will add 520 kilometres of beaches to the city of Dubai.
The first two islands will comprise approximately 100 million cubic meters of rock and sand. Palm Deira will be composed of approximately 1 billion cubic meters of rock and sand. All materials will be quarried in the UAE. Between the three islands there will be over 100 luxury hotels, exclusive residential beach side villas and apartments, marinas, water theme parks, restaurants, shopping malls, sports facilities and health spas.
The creation of the Palm Jumeirah began in June 2001. Shortly after, the Palm Jebel Ali was announced and reclamation work began. The Palm Deira, which is planned to have a surface area of 46.35 square kilometre. Construction was originally planned to take 10–15 years, but that was before the impact of the global credit crunch hit Dubai.
16.
Some Dutch engineers are experienced in reclaiming land from the sea.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
The islands are being built in the deep water of the sea.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Rocks for building the breakwater were taken from the World of Islands.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
All the luxury homes on Palm Jurneriah were sold.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
The water theme park in Jebel Ali will attract more tourists.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
The Palm Deria will be the same size as Paris.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
The World Islands are bigger than the Palm Jurneriah.[1分]
right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意和完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23 ~ 26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27 ~ 30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。
The Story teller
1.Steven Spielberg has always had one goal: totell as many great stories to as many people as will listen.And that’s what hehas always been about.The son of a computer scientist and a pianist, Spielbergspent his early childhood in New Jersey and, later, Arizona.From the verybeginning, his fertile imagination filled his young mind with images that wouldlater inspire his filmmaking.
2.Even decades later, Spielberg says he has clearmemories of his earliest years, which are the origins of some of his biggesthits.He believes that E.T.is the result of the difficult years leading up tohis parent’s 1966 divorce, “It is really about a young boy who was in search ofsome stability in his life.”“He was scared of just about everything,” recalls his mother, LeahAdler.“When trees brushed against the house, he would head into my bed.Andthat’s just the kind of scary stuff he would put in films like Poltergeist.”
3.Spielberg was 11 when he first got his hands onhis dad’s movie camera and began shooting short flicks about flying saucers andWorld War ΙΙ battles.Spielberg’s talent for scary storytelling enabled him tomake friends.On Boy Scout camping trips, when night fell, Spielberg became thecenter of attention.“Steven would start telling his ghost stories,” saysRichard Y.Hoffman Jr., leader of Troop 294, “and everyone would suddenly getquiet so that they could all hear it.”
4.Spielberg moved to California with his fatherand went to high school there, but his grades were so bad that he barely graduated.Both UCLA and USC film schools rejected him, so he entered California StateUniversity at Long Beach because it was close to Hollywood.Spielberg wasdetermined to make movies, and he managed to get an unpaid, non-creditinternship(实习)inHollywood.Soon he was given a contract, and he dropped out of college.Henever looked back.
5.Now, many years later, Spielberg is stilltelling stories with as much passion as the kid in the tent.Ask him where hegets his ideas, Spielberg shrugs.“The process for me is mostly intuitive (凭直觉的),” he says.“There are films that I feel I need to make, for a variety ofreasons, for personal reasons, for reasons that I want to have fun, that thesubject matter is cool, that I think my kids will like it.And sometimes I justthink that it will make a lot of money, like the sequel(续集) to Jurassic Park.”
A.Inspirations for his movies
B.The trouble of making movies
C.A funny man
D.Getting into the movie business
E.Telling stories to make friends
F.An aim of life
23.
Paragraph 1_____[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
24.
Paragraph 2_________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
25.
Paragraph 3________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.
Paragraph 4_________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A.almost everything
B.telling scary stories
C.a number of reasons
D.making children laugh
E.his childhood memories
F.a lot of money
27.
Some of Spielberg’s most successful movies came from _______[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
28.
When Spielberg was a boy, he used to be scared of _________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.
Spielberg is very good at _________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.
Spielberg says he makes movies for _______[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。
第一篇 Approaches toUnderstanding Intelligences
It bays to be smart, but we are not all smart in the same way .You may be a talented musician, but you might not be a good reader. Each of us is different.
Psychologists disagree about what is intelligence and what are talents or personal abilities .Psychologists have two different views on intelligence .Some believe there is one general intelligence .Others believe there are many different intelligences .
Some psychologists say there is one type of intelligence that can be measured with IQ tests .These psychologists support their view with research that concludes that people who do well on one kind of test for mental ability do well on other tests .They do well on tests using words, numbers or pictures. They do well on individual or group tests, and written or oral tests .Those who do poorly on one test, do the same on all tests.
Studies of the brain show that there is a biological basis for general intelligence .The brain of intelligence people use less energy during problem solving .The brain waves of people with higher intelligence show a quicker reaction .Some researchers conclude that differences in intelligence result from differences in the speed and effectiveness of information processing by the brain .
Howard Gardner, a psychologist at the Harvard School of Education, has four children .He believes that all children are different and shouldn’t be tested by one intelligence test .Although Gardner believes general intelligence exists, he doesn’t think it tells much about the talents of a person outside of formal schooling .He think that the human mind has different intelligences .These intelligences allow us to solve the kinds of problems we are presented with in life .Each of us has different abilities within these intelligences .Gardner believes that the purpose of school should be to encourage development of all of our intelligences .
Gardner says that his theory is based on biology .For example ,when one part of the Brain is injured ,other parts of the brain still work .People who cannot talk because of Brain damage can still sing .So ,there is not just one intelligence to lose .Gardner has Identified 8 different kinds of intelligence; linguistic, mathematical, spatial, musical, Interpersonal, intrapersonal, body-kinesthetic(身体动觉的),and naturalistic .
31.
What is the main idea of this passage?[3分]
The importance of intelligence
The development of intelligence tests
How to understand intelligence
How to become intelligent
32.
Which of the following statements is true concerning general intelligence?[3分]
Most intelligent people do well on some intelligence tests
Intelligent people do not do well on group tests
Intelligent people do better on written tests than on oral tests
People doing well on one type of intelligence test do well on other tests
33.
Gardner believe that[3分]
all children are alike
children have different intelligences
children should take one intelligence test
there is no general intelligence
34.
According to Gardner schools should[3分]
promote development of all intelligences
test student's who do poorly on tests
train students who do poorly on tests
focus on finding the most intelligent students
35.
Gardner thinks that his theory has a[3分]
musical foundation
intrapersonal foundation
linguistic foundation
biological foundation
第二篇 The Makingof Success Story
IKEAis the world's largest furniture retailer, and the man behind it is IngvarKamprad, one of the world's most successful entrepreneurs.Born in Sweden in1926, Kamprad was a natural businessman.As a child, he enjoyed selling thingsand made small profits from selling matches, seeds, and pencils in hiscommunity.When Kamprad was 17, his father gave him some money as a reward forhis good grades.Naturally he used it to start up a business一IKEA.
IKEA'sname comes from Kamprad's initials (I.K.) and the place where he grew up ('E'and 'A').Today IKEA is known for its modern, minimalist furniture1, but it wasnot a furniture company in the beginning.Rather, IKEA sold all kinds ofmiscellaneous goods.Kamprad's wares included anything that he could sell forprofits at discounted prices2, including watches, pens and stockings.
IKEAfirst began to sell furniture through a mail-order catalogue in 1947. Thefurniture was all designed and made by manufacturers near Kamprad's home.Initialsales were very encouraging, so Kamprad expanded the product line.Furniturewas such a successful aspect of the business that IKEA became solely afurniture company in 1951.
In1953 IKEA opened its first showroom in Almhult, Sweden.IKEA is known today forits spacious stores with furniture iti attractive settings, but in the early1950s, people ordered from catalogues.Thus response to the first showroom wasoverwhelming: people loved being able to see and try the furniture beforebuying it.This led to increased sales and the company continued to thrive.By1955, IKEA was designing all its own furniture.
In1956 Kamprad saw a man disassembling a table to make it easier to transport.Kamprad was inspired.The man had given him a great idea: flat packaging3.Flatpackaging would mean lower shipping costs for IKEA and lower prices forcustomers.IKEA tried it and sales soared.The problem was that people had toassemble furniture themselves, but over time, even this grew into an advantagefor IKEA.Nowadays, IKEA is often seen as having connotations ofself-sufficiency.This image has done wonders for the company, leading tobetter sales and continued expansion.
Todaythere are over 200 stores in 32 countries.Amazingly, Ingvar Kamprad hasmanaged to keep IKEA a privately-held company.In 2004 he was named the world'srichest man.He currently lives in Switzerland and is retired from theday-to-day operations of IKEA.IKEA itself, though, just keeps on growing.
36.
Kamprad established IKEA with[3分]
his personalsavings
his father’s reward for his school performance
large profitsfrom selling things
his school’ssupport
37.
The author states in Paragraph 5 that flat packaging[3分]
needs largespace to assembly fumiture
is a businessconcept inspired by Kamprad
helps reduce transportation costs
makes thecompany self-sufficient
38.
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE?[3分]
IKEAexperienced rapid expansion since the late 1950s.
IKEA designedits own products since 1955.
Kamprad sold his company after retired.
IKEA sold allkinds of miscellaneous goods.
39.
What is the author’s attitude towards IKEA’s future according to the lastparagraph?[3分]
indifferent
Optimistic
Doubtful
Pessimistic
40.
The passage is developed primarily in terms of[3分]
sequence of events
analysis of aprocess
examples thatillustrate a problem
comparison andcontrast
第三篇 The Worker’sRole in Management
Traditionally,it has been the worker's role to worker and management's role to manage.Managers have planned and directed the firm's operation with little thoughtconsulting the labor force.Managers have rarely felt compelled to obtain theworker's opinions or to explain their decisions to their employees.At most,companies have provided "suggestion boxes" in which workers couldplace ideas for improving procedures.In recent years, however, many managementspecialists have been arguing that workers are more than sellers of labor-they havea vital stake in the company and many be able to make significant contributionsto its management.Furthermore, major company decisions profoundly affectworkers and their dependents.This is particularly true of plant closings,which may put thousands on the unemployment lines.Should workers, then, play astronger role in management?
Workersshould have a role in management.At the very least, the labor force should beinformed of major policy decisions.(A common complaint among rank-and-fileworkers is the lack of information about company policies and actions.) Between1980 and 1985 about five million workers were the victims of plant closings andpermanent layoffs, often with no warning. At least 90 days’ notice ought to begiven in such instances so that workers have time to adjust.Management shouldconsult workers before closing a plant, because the workers might be able tosuggest ways of improving productivity and reducing costs and might be willingto make concessions that will keep the plant operating.
Itshould become a general practice to include workers in some managerial decisionmaking.There ought to be representatives of the workers on the firm's board ofdirectors or other major policymaking groups.If rank-and-file workers aregiven a voice in the planning and management of the work flow, they will helpto make improvement, their morale will rise, and their productivity willincrease.As a further incentive, they must be given a share in the company'sprofits.This can be done through employee stockownership plans, bonuses, orrewards for efficiency and productivity.Finally, when a plant can no longeroperate at a profit, the workers should be given the opportunity to purchasethe plant and run it themselves.
41.
It can be inferred from the passage 1 that managers[3分]
were not qualified
disliked “suggestion boxes”
seldom obtained worker’s opinions
never consulted the labor force
42.
In recent years, many management specialists have been arguing that workers[3分]
are no longer sellers of the products
are less affected by company decisions than before
are able to make final decisions for the company
should have a way in management of the company
43.
The word “rank and file” paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to[3分]
ordinary
senior
intelligent
capable
44.
According to the passage, what happened between 1980 and 1985?[3分]
Managers consulted workers before closing a plant.
Workers did not make necessary concessions
About five million workers were laid off without advance notice.
Many companies were closed because of strikes.
45.
If not given a voice in managerial decision making workers[3分]
cannot get a share in the company’s profits
can still get bonuses for efficiency and productivity
may lack the incentive to increase their productivity
will not have the opportunity to purchase the plant.
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。
The Day a Language Died
When Carlos Westez died at the age of 76, a language died, too.Carlos Westez, morecommonly known as Red Thunder Cloud, was the last speaker of the NativeAmerican language Catawba.Anyone who wants to hear various songs of theCatawba can contact the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where,back in the 1940s.Red Thunder Cloud recorded a series of songs for futuregenerations.Some people might even try to learn some of these songs byhearts.(46 F) They are all that is left ofthe Catawba language.The language that people used to speak is gone forever.
Weare all aware of the danger that modern industry can do to the world’s ecology(生态). However, few people are awareof the impact that widely spoken languages have on other languages and ways oflife.English has spread all over the world.Chinese, Spanish, Russian, andHindi have become powerful languages as well.As these languages become morepowerful, their use as tools of business and culture increases.(47 D)When this happens, hundreds oflanguages that are spoken by only a few people die out.
Scholars believe there are around 6,000 languages around the world, but more than halfof them could die out within the next 100 years.There are many examples. Arakiis a native language of the island of Vanuatu, located in the Pacific Ocean.Itis spoken by only a few adults, so like Catawba, Araki will soon disappear.Manylanguages of Ethiopian will have the same fate because each one has only a fewspeakers.Papua New Guinea is an extremely rich source of differentlanguage, but more than 100 of them are in danger of extinction(灭绝).(48 C)In the Americas, 100 languages,each of which has fewer than 300 speakers, also are dying out.
Red Thunder Cloud was one of the first to recognize the threat of language deathand to try to do something about it.He was not actually born into the Catawbatribe, and the language was not his mother tongue.However, he was afrequent visitor to the Catawba reservation in South Carolina, where he learnedthe language.(49 A)The songs he sang forthe Smithsonian Institution helped to make Native American music popular.Nowhe is gone, and the language is dead.
What does it mean for the rest of us when a language disappears? When a plant,insect, or animal species dies, it is easy to understand what we’ve lost and toappreciate what this means for the balance of the natural world.However,language is only a product of the mind.To be the last remaining speaker of alanguage, like Red Thunder Cloud, must be a lonely destiny, almost as strangeand terrible as being the last surviving member of a dying species.For therest of us, when a language dies, we lose the possibility of a unique way ofseeing and describing the world.(50 B)
A . Some people might want to learn some of these songs by hearts.
B . Papus New Guines is an extremely rich source of different language,but more than 100 of them are in danger of extinction(灭绝).
C . However,he was a frequent visitor to the Catawba reservation in South Carcinoma where he learned the language.
D . There language don’t have many native speakers.
E . For the rest of us, when a language dies, we lose the possibility of a unique way of seeing and describing the world.
F . As these language become more powerful.their use as tools of business and culture increase.
46.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
47.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
48.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
Do you  ever  wish  you  were  more  optimistic, someone  who  always  (51) _______ to  be successful?  Having someone around who always (52) _______ the worst isn’t really a lot of (53) _______. We all know someone who sees a single cloud on a sunny day and says ,"It looks ( 54 ) _______ rain. " But if you catch yourself thinking such things,it's important to do something  (55) _______ it.
You can change your view of life ,(56) _______to psychologists.  It only takes a little effort ,and you'll  find life more rewarding as a  (57) _______. Optimism,they say,is partly about self-respect and confidence  but it's  also a more positive  way of looking  at life and all it has to (58) _______. Optimists are more (59) _______ to start new projects and are generally more prepared
to take risks.
Upbringing is obviously very important in forming your (60) _______to the world.  Some people are brought up to (61) _______too much on others and grow up forever blaming other people when anything (62) _______wrong.  Most optimists,on the (63 ) _______            hand, have been brought up  not  to  (64) _______failure as the end of the world—they just (65) _______ with their lives.
51.
 [1分]
counted
expected
felt
waited
52.
 [1分]
worries
cares
fears
doubts
53.
 [1分]
amusement
play
enjoyment
fun
54.
 [1分]
so
to
for
like
55.
 [1分]
with
against
about
over
56.
 [1分]
judging
according
concerning
following
57.
 [1分]
result
reason
purpose
product
58.
 [1分]
supply
suggest
offer
propose
59.
 [1分]
possible
likely
hopeful
welcome
60.
 [1分]
opinion
attitude
view
position
61.
 [1分]
trust
believe
depend
hope
62.
 [1分]
goes
falls
comes
turns
63.
 [1分]
opposite
next
other
far
64.
 [1分]
regard
respect
suppose
think
65.
 [1分]
get up
get on
get out
get over

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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