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2013年职称英语考试《综合类C级》考试真题
试卷编号:211766
录入者 :七月
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
This was an unexceptionally brutal attack.[1分]
open
sudden
cruel
direct
2.
The frame needs to be strong enough to support the engine.[1分]
bottom
surface
top
structure
3.
Traffic reaches its rush hour between 8:00 and 9:00 in the morning.[1分]
border
goal
level
peak
4.
she came across three children sleeping under a bridge.[1分]
passed by
found by chance
took a notice of
woke up
5.
She gets aggressive when she is drunk.[1分]
worried
sleepy
anxious
offensive
6.
I grabbed his arm and made him turn to look at me.[1分]
threw
broke
stretched
seized
7.
I tried to detach myself the reality of these terrible events.[1分]
separate
bring
put
set
8.
It seemed incredible that he had been there a week already.[1分]
right
obvious
unbelievable
unclear
9.
"There is no other choice," she said in a harsh voice.[1分]
unkind
firm
soft
deep
10.
We found shelter from the rain under the trees.[1分]
defense
standing
room
protection
11.
The odd thing was that he didn't recognize me.[1分]
strange
real
whole
same
12.
That performance was pretty impressive.[1分]
completely
beautifully
very
equally
13.
We have to change the public's perception that money is everything.[1分]
sight
interest
belief
pressure
14.
He was tempted by the high salary offered by the company.[1分]
attracted
taught
kept
changed
15.
I have little information as regards her fitness for the post.[1分]
at
about
with
from
第2部分:阅读判断(第16—22题,每题1分,共7分)下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
What is a bad habit? The most definition is that it is something that we do regularly, almost without thinking about it, and which has some sort of negative consequence. This consequence could affect those around us, or it could affect us personally. Those who deny having bad habits are probably lying. Bad habits are part of what makes us human.
Many early habits, like sucking out thumb, are broken when we are very young. We are either told to stop doing it by our parents, or we consciously or subconsciously observe that others do not have the same habit, and we gradually grow out of it. It is when we intentionally or unintentionally pick up new habits in our later childhood or early adulthood that it becomes a problem. Unless we can break that habit early on, it becomes a part of our life, and becomes "programmed" into our brain.
A recent study of human memory suggests that no matter how hard we try to change out habits, it is the old ways that tend to win, especially in situations where we are rushed, stressed or overworked. Habits that we thought we had got rid of can suddenly come back. During the study program, the researchers showed a group of volunteers several pictures, and gave them words to associate with them. They then showed the volunteers the same picture again, and gave them new words to associate with them.
A few days later, the volunteers were given a test. The researchers showed them the pictures, and told them to respond with one of the words they had been given for each one. It came as no surprise that their answers were split between the first set of words and second. Two weeks later, they were given the same test again. This time, most of them only gave the first set of words. They appeared to have completely forgotten the second set.
The study confirms that the responses we learn first are those that remain strongest over time. We may try to change out ways, but after a while, the response that comes to mind first is usually the first one we learned. The more that response is used, the more automatic it becomes and the harder it becomes to respond in any other way.
The study therefore suggests that over time, our bad habits also become automatic, learned behavior. This is not good news for people who pick up bad habits early in life and now want to change or break them. Even when we try to put new, good intentions into practice, those previous learned habits remain stronger in more automatic, unconscious forms of memory.
16.
Boys usually develop bad habits when they are very young.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
We can only break bad habits if others tell us to do.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Bad habits may return when we are under pressure.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
Researchers were surprised by the answer that the volunteers gave in the first test.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
The volunteers found the test more difficult when they did it the second time.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
The study suggests that it is more difficult to respond what to get rid of.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
If we develop bad habits early in life, they are harder to get rid of.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。
回答23-31题
Pedestrians Only
1.The concept of traffic-free shopping areas goes back a long time. During the Middle Ages, traffic-free shopping areas were built in Middle Eastern countries to allow people to shop in comfort and, more importantly, safety. As far back as 2, 000 years ago, road traffic was banned from central Rome during the day to allow for the free movement of pedestrians ( 行人 ), and was only allowed in at night when shops and markets had closed for the day. In most other cities, however, pedestrians were forced to share the streets with horses, coaches and, later, with cars and other motorised vehicles.
2.The modern, traffic-free shopping street was born in Europe in the 1960s, when both city populations and car ownership increased rapidly. Dirty gases from cars and the risks involved in crossing the road were beginning to make shopping an unpleasant and dangerous experience. Many believed the time was right for experimenting with car-free streets, and shopping areas seemed the best place to start.
3.At first, there was resistance from shopkeepers. They believed that such a move would be bad for business. They argued that people would avoid streets if they were unable to get to them in their cars, when the first streets in Europe were closed to traffic, there were even noisy demonstrations, as many shopkeepers predicted they would lose customers.
4.However, research carried out afterwards in several European cities revealed some unexpected statistics. In Munich , Cologne and Hamburg , visitors to shopping areas increased by 50 percent. On Copenhagen 's main shopping street, shopkeepers reported sales increases of 25-40 percent. Shopkeepers in Minneapolis , the USA , were so impressed when they learnt this that they even offered to pay for the construction and maintenance costs of their own traffic-free streets.
5.With the arrival of the traffic-free shopping street, many shops, especially those selling things like clothes, food and smaller luxury items, prospered. Unfortunately, it wasn't good news for everyone, as shops selling furniture and larger electrical appliances ( 电器 ) actually saw their sales drop. Many of these were forced to move elsewhere, away from the city centre.
23.
paragraph 1 __________[1分]
A need for change
An idea from ancient history
Popularity of online shopping
Facing protest from shop owners
Increase in sales and customers
An experiment that went wrong
24.
paragraph 2 __________[1分]
A need for change
An idea from ancient history
Popularity of online shopping
Facing protest from shop owners
Increase in sales and customers
An experiment that went wrong
25.
paragraph 3 __________[1分]
A need for change
An idea from ancient history
Popularity of online shopping
Facing protest from shop owners
Increase in sales and customers
An experiment that went wrong
26.
paragraph 4 __________[1分]
A need for change
An idea from ancient history
Popularity of online shopping
Facing protest from shop owners
Increase in sales and customers
An experiment that went wrong
27.
Traffic-free shopping streets first developed in __________[1分]
pedestrians
north America
customers
a bad experience
middle eastern countries
furniture sellers
28.
In the 1960s, dirty gases from cars made shopping __________[1分]
pedestrians
north America
customers
a bad experience
middle eastern countries
furniture sellers
29.
Shopkeepers mistakenly believed that car-free streets would keep away __________[1分]
pedestrians
north America
customers
a bad experience
middle eastern countries
furniture sellers
30.
The arrival of the traffic-free shopping street made many __________lose their business.[1分]
pedestrians
north America
customers
a bad experience
middle eastern countries
furniture sellers
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。
回答31-36题
The Development of Ballet
Ballet is a dance form that has a long history. The fact that it survives to this day shows that it has adjusted as times have changed.
Ballet began in the royal courts during the Renaissance. At that time it became common for kings and queens, as well as other nobility, to participate in pageants that included music, poetry, and dance. As these entertainments moved from the Italian courts to the French ones, court ladies began participating in them. Though their long dresses prevented much movement, they were able to perform elaborate walking patterns. It was not until the 1600s that women dancers shortened their skirts, changed to flat shoes, and began doing some of the leaps and turns performed by men.
It was also in the 1600s that professional ballet began. King Louis XIV of France, himself a devoted dancer, founded the Royal Academy of Dance. The five basic feet positions from which all ballet steps begin were finalized. In the late 1700s another important change occurred. Ballet began to tell a story on its own. It was no longer simply dance to be performed between acts of plays. Elaborate wigs and costumes were eliminated. By the early 1800s dancers learned to rise on their toes to make it appear that they were floating.
Classical ballet as we know it today was influenced primarily by Russian dancing. The Russians remained interested in ballet when it declined in other European countries in the mid -1800s. One of the most influential figures of the early 20th century was Sergei Diaghilev. His dance company, the Ballets Russes, brought a new energy and excitement to ballet. One of his chief assistants, George Balanchine, went on to found the New York City Ballet in 1948 and to influence new generations of dancers.
31.
This passage deals mainly with _________.[3分]
famous names in ballet
Russian ballet
how ballet has developed
why ballet is no longer popular
32.
The word "pageants" in paragraph 2 means_________.[3分]
dances
instruction
royal courts
big shows
33.
Professional ballet was first performed in _________.[3分]
France
Italy
Russia
America
34.
Who had an important influence on early ballet?[3分]
Balanchine
Louis XIV
Antoinette
Diaghilev
35.
We can conclude from this passage that ballet _________.[3分]
will continue to change
is a dying art
is currently performed only in Russia
is often performed by dancers with little training
回答36-41题
An Expensive Mistake
Is there water on the planet Mars? Is there life on Mars? Was there ever life on Mars? Scientists from NASA wanted to know the answers to these questions. They built a spacecraft to travel around Mars and get information. The spacecraft was called the Mars Climate Orbiter.
The Mars Climate Orbiter left for Mars in December 1998. The trip took nine and a half months. At first, everything was fine. However, when the Orbiter got near Mars, something terrible happened. The spacecraft didn't go to the right place. It went too close to Mars. It was too hot for the Orbiter there. The spacecraft couldn't function correctly. Suddenly, it stopped sending messages to NASA. The Orbiter was lost.
How could this terrible thing happen? How did the Orbiter get closer to Mars than the scientists planned? Finally, they found the answer. Two teams of scientists worked together on the Orbiter. One team was in England , and one team was in the United States . There were many similarities in the way they worked, but there was one important difference: The teams used different guidelines for measuring things. The United States team used the metric system( 公制 ). The other team used the English system.
Because they used different systems, the scientists made a mathematical mistake. The Orbiter's orbit (the shape and pattern of its path) around Mars was not correct. The scientists put the Orbiter on the wrong path. The Orbiter got too close and too hot, and it stopped functioning.
Why didn't anybody see the mistake before it was too late? Many things contributed to the problem. One thing was that NASA scientists and mathematicians were working on two other spacecrafts at the same time. This was a challenge, and they were very fired from working long hours.
The Mars Climate Orbiter cost $ 94 million to build. It also cost a lot of money to try to find the lost orbiter in space. In addition, NASA's research on the cause of the problem was very expensive; this wasn't the first time that two different measurement systems caused mistakes in scientific projects. However, the Mars Climate Orbiter was definitely the most expensive mistake of all!
36.
NASA built the mars climate orbiter to get information about __________.[3分]
possible life on Mars
the size of Mars
the shape of Mars
the atmosphere of Mars
37.
How long did it take the orbiter to get close to mars?[3分]
One year.
Less than one year.
About two and a half year.
More than three years.
38.
When did the orbiter's problem begin?[3分]
Right after it left for Mars.
When it got near Mars.
Right after it landed on Mars.
When it returned to Earth.
39.
What caused the orbiter's problem?[3分]
Scientists used wrong guidelines of mathematics.
Scientists used wrong building materials.
Scientists used different operating systems.
Scientists used different measurement systems.
40.
Why didn't NASA scientists identify the problem before the orbiter left for Mars?[3分]
They didn't know the English system.
They were sure of the success of the trip.
They didn't get enough research funding.
They were tired from working long hours.
回答41-46题
Operation Migration
If you look up at the sky in the early fall in the northern part of North America , you may see groups of birds. These birds are flying south to places where they can find food and warmth for the winter. They are migrating ( 迁徙 ). The young birds usually learn to migrate from their parents. They follow their parents south, in one unusual case, however, the young birds are following something very different. These birds are young whooping cranes, and they are following an airplane!
The whooping crane is the largest bird that is native to North America . These birds almost disappeared in the 1800s. By 1941, there were only about 20 cranes alive. In the 1970s, people were worried that these creatures were in danger of disappearing completely. As a result, the United States identified whooping cranes as an endangered species that they needed to protect.
Some researchers tried to help. They began to breed whooping cranes in special parks to increase the number of birds. This plan was successful. There were a lot of new baby birds. As the birds became older, the researchers wanted to return them to nature. However, there was a problem: These young birds did not know how to migrate. They needed human help.
In 2001, some people had a creative idea. They formed an organization called Operation Migration. This group decided to use very light airplanes, instead of birds, to lead the young whooping cranes on their first trip south. They painted each airplane to look like a whooping crane. Even the pilots wore special clothing to make them 10ok like cranes. The cranes began to trust the airplanes, and the plan worked.
Today, planes still lead birds across approximately 1,200 miles ( 1,931 kilometers ), from the United States-Canadian border to the Gulf of Mexico . They leave the birds at different sites. If a trip is successful, the birds can travel on their own in the future. Then, when these birds become parents, they will teach their young to migrate. The people of Operation Migration think this is the only way to maintain the whooping crane population.
Operation Migration works with several other organizations and government institutes. Together, they assist hundreds of cranes each year. However, some experts predict that soon, this won't be necessary. Thanks to Operation Migration and its partners, the crane population will continue to migrate. Hopefully, they won't need human help any more.
41.
Whooping cranes migrate in winter to__________.[3分]
find warmth and food
raise baby whooping cranes
get human help
lay eggs
42.
Whooping cranes are native to__________.[3分]
Mexico
South America
North America
the Persian Gulf
43.
Operation Migration aims to__________.[3分]
teach adult cranes how to fly
lead young cranes on their first trip south
breed cranes in special parks
transport cranes to the North
44.
The distance covered by the young whooping cranes on their trips south is__________.[3分]
120 miles
1,200 miles
1,931 miles
2, 000 miles
45.
If Operation Migration is successful, whooping cranes will __________.[3分]
follow airplanes south every year
live in Canada all year round
learn to migrate on their own
be unable to fly back
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。
回答46-51题
A Doctor in the I-louse
Brushing your teeth twice a day should keep the dentist away. But if a group of scientific researchers have their wish, it will make the rest of your body healthy too.  (46)  It is one of many gadgets ( 小装置 ) proposed by engineers and doctors at the Center for Future Health in New York - others include a pair of glasses that help to jog your memory, and a home camera designed t0- check for cancer.
The devices seem fanciful' but the basic principles are simple. The gadgets should make it easy for people to detect illness long before it strikes and so seek treatment far earlier than normal. (47) In the long run, the technology may even prevent illness by encouraging us to lead healthier lives.
Intelligent bandages ( 绷带 ) are a good example. Powerful sensors within the bandage could quickly identify tiny amounts of bacteria in a wound and determine which antibiotics ( 抗生素 ) would work best.  (48)  .
Socks are long overdue for a makeover. In the future they will be able to automatically detect the amount of pressure in your foot and alert you when an ulcer ( 溃疡 ) is coming up.
All the projects should have far-reaching implications, but the biggest single development is a melanoma ( 黑瘤 ) monitor designed to give early warnings of cancer.  (49)  If a problem is found, the system would advise you to get a check-up at your doctor's surgery.
If all this sounds troublesome, then help is at hand.  (50)  A standard computer would be able to understand your voice and answer questions about your symptoms in plain English and in a way which would calm your nerves.
46.
请在第______填上正确答案.[2分]
The device could be used to take a picture of your body each week, then compare it with previous images.
That is going to be the difficult part.
The cut could then be treated instantly so avoiding possible complications.
Experts are also working on a "digital doctor", completing it with a comforting bedside manner.
Instead of relying on hi-tech hospitals, the emphasis is shifted to the home and easy-to-use gadgets.
A toothbrush that checks blood sugar and bacteria while you brush is currently in development in USA .
47.
请在第______填上正确答案.[2分]
The device could be used to take a picture of your body each week, then compare it with previous images.
That is going to be the difficult part.
The cut could then be treated instantly so avoiding possible complications.
Experts are also working on a "digital doctor", completing it with a comforting bedside manner.
Instead of relying on hi-tech hospitals, the emphasis is shifted to the home and easy-to-use gadgets.
A toothbrush that checks blood sugar and bacteria while you brush is currently in development in USA .
48.
请在第______填上正确答案.[2分]
The device could be used to take a picture of your body each week, then compare it with previous images.
That is going to be the difficult part.
The cut could then be treated instantly so avoiding possible complications.
Experts are also working on a "digital doctor", completing it with a comforting bedside manner.
Instead of relying on hi-tech hospitals, the emphasis is shifted to the home and easy-to-use gadgets.
A toothbrush that checks blood sugar and bacteria while you brush is currently in development in USA .
49.
请在第______填上正确答案.[2分]
The device could be used to take a picture of your body each week, then compare it with previous images.
That is going to be the difficult part.
The cut could then be treated instantly so avoiding possible complications.
Experts are also working on a "digital doctor", completing it with a comforting bedside manner.
Instead of relying on hi-tech hospitals, the emphasis is shifted to the home and easy-to-use gadgets.
A toothbrush that checks blood sugar and bacteria while you brush is currently in development in USA .
50.
请在第______填上正确答案.[2分]
The device could be used to take a picture of your body each week, then compare it with previous images.
That is going to be the difficult part.
The cut could then be treated instantly so avoiding possible complications.
Experts are also working on a "digital doctor", completing it with a comforting bedside manner.
Instead of relying on hi-tech hospitals, the emphasis is shifted to the home and easy-to-use gadgets.
A toothbrush that checks blood sugar and bacteria while you brush is currently in development in USA .
第6部分:完形填空(第51-65题,每题1分,共15分)下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
回答51-59题
Global Warming
Few people now question the reality of global warming and its effects on the world's climate. Many scientists put the ___________(51) for recent natural disasters on the increase ___________(52) the world's temperatures and are convinced ___________(53) , more than ever before, the Earth is at ___________(54) from the forces of the wind, rain and sun. According to ___________(55) , global warming is making extreme weather events, ___________(56) as hurricanes and droughts, even more ___________(57) and causing sea levels all around the world to ___________(58) .
Environmental groups are ___________(59) pressure on governments to take action to reduce the ___________(60) of carbon dioxide which is given off by factories and power plants, ___________(61) attacking the problem at its source. They are in ___________(62) of more money being spent on research into solar, wind and wave energy devices, which could then ___________(63) existing power stations.
Some scientists, ___________(64) believe that even if we stopped releasing carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere tomorrow. We would have to wait several hundred years to ___________(65) the results. Global warming, it seems, is here to stay.
51.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
position
practice
blame
question
52.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
at
by
in
about
53.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
when
where
what
that
54.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
threat
danger
harm
risk
55.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
it
them
these
those
56.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
just
even
such
well
57.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
strict
stable
severe
silent
58.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
raise
fall
lift
rise
59.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
facing
putting
keeping
reducing
60.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
deal
amount
number
count
61.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
thus
yet
but
and
62.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
belief
favour
request
suggestion
63.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
change
build
fill
replace
64.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
therefore
however
although
despite
65.
请在第___________处填上正确答案.[1分]
hear
notice
guess
apply

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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