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2013年职称英语考试《综合类B级》考试真题
试卷编号:211764
录入者 :七月
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或者短语有下划线,请为每处下划线部分确定l个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
Come out, or I'll bust the door down.[1分]
shut
set
break
beat
2.
The police will need to keep a wary eye on this area of town.[1分]
naked
cautious
blind
private
3.
The rules are too rigid to allow for human error.[1分]
general
complex
direct
inflexible
4.
It seemed incredible that he had been there a week already.[1分]
right
unbelievable
obvious
unclear
5.
These animals migrate south annually in search of food.[1分]
explore
travel
inlaid
prefer
6.
Rumors began to circulate about his financial problems.[1分]
spread
send
hear
confirm
7.
She came across three children sleeping under a bridge.[1分]
passed by
took a notice of
woke up
found by chance
8.
I have little information as regards her fitness for the post.[1分]
at
with
about
from
9.
As a politician, he knows how to manipulate public opinion.[1分]
influence
express
divide
voice
10.
He was tempted by the high salary offered by the company.[1分]
taught
attracted
kept
changed
11.
He paused, waiting for her to digest the information.[1分]
understand
withhold
exchange
contact
12.
Make sure the table is securely anchored.[1分]
repaired
cleared
booked
fixed
13.
She gets aggressive when she is drunk.[1分]
worried
sleepy
offensive
anxious
14.
There was something peculiar in the way the smiles.[1分]
strange
different
wrong
funny
15.
The contract between the two companies will expire soon.[1分]
shorten
start
resume
end
第2部分:阅读判断(第16—22题,每题1分,共7分) 。
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
根据材料,完成16-23题。
Kicking the Habit
What is a bad habit? The most definition is that it is something that we do regularly, almost without thinking about it. and which has some sort of negative consequence. This consequence could affect those around us, or it could affect us personally. Those who deny having bad habits are probably lying. Bad habits are part of what makes us human.
Many early habits, like sucking out thumb, are broken when we are very young. We are either told to stop doing it by our parents, or we consciously or subconsciously observe that others do not have the same habit, and we gradually grow out of it. It is when we intentionally or unintentionally pick up new habits in our later childhood or early adulthood that it becomes a problem. Unless we can break that habit early on, it becomes a part of our life, and becomes "programmed" into our brain.
A recent study of human memory suggests that no matter how hard we try to change out habits, it is the old ways that tend to win, especially in situations where we are rushed, stressed or overworked. Habits that we thought we had got rid of can suddenly come back. During the study program, the researchers showed a group of volunteers several pictures, and gave them words to associate with them. They then showed the volunteers the same picture again, and gave them new words to associate with them.
A few days later, the volunteers were given a test. The researchers showed them the pictures, and told them to respond with one of the words they had been given for each one. It came as no surprise that their answers were split between the first set of words and second. Two weeks later, they were given the same test again. This time, most of them only gave the first set of words. They appeared to have completely forgotten the second set.
The study confirms that the responses we learn first are those that remain strongest over time. We may try to change out ways, but after a while, the response that comes to mind first is usually the first one we learned. The more that response is used, the more automatic it becomes and the harder it becomes to respond in any other way.
The study therefore suggests that over time, our bad habits also become automatic, learned behavior. This is not good news for people who pick up bad habits early in life and now want tochange or break them. Even when we try to put new, good intentions into practice, those previous learned habits remain stronger in more automatic, unconscious forms of memory.
16.
Boys usually develop bad habits when they are very young.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
We can only break bad habits if others tell us to do.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Bad habits may return when we are under pressure.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
Researchers were surprised by the answer that the volunteers gave in the first test.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
The volunteers found the test more difficult when they did it the second time.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
The study suggests that it is more difficult to respond what to get rid of.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
If we develop bad habits early in life, they are harder to get rid of.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23—26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27—30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定 一个最佳选项。
根据材料,完成23-31题。
Traffic Jams -- No End in Sight
1.Traffic congestion (拥堵) affects people throughout the world. Traffic jams cause smog in dozens of cities across both the developed and developing world. In the U. S. , commuters(通勤人员) spend an average of a full working, week each year sitting in traffic jams,according to the Texas Transportation Institute. While alternative ways of getting around are available, most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience,comfort and privacy.
2.The most promising technique for reducing city traffic is called congestion pricing, whereby cities charge a toll to enter certain parts of town at certain times, of day. In theory, if the toll is high enough, some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train. And in practice it seems to work: Singapore, London and Stockholm have reduced traffic and pollution in city centres thanks to congestion pricing.
3.Another way to reduce rush-hour traffic is for employers to implement flextime, which lets employees travel to and from work at off-peak traffic times to avoid the rush hour. Those who have to travel during busy times can do their part by sharing cars. Employers can als0 allow more staff to telecommute (work from home) so as to keep more cars off the road altogether.
4.Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads, especially roads that can take drivers around or over crowded city streets. But such techniques do not really keep cars off the road; they only accommodate more of them.
5.Other, more forward-thinking, planners know that more and more drivers and cars are taking to the roads every day, and they are unwilling to encourage more private automobiles when public transport is so much better both for people and the environment. For this reason, the American government has decided to spend some $ 7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies. But environmentalists complain that such funding is tiny compared with the $ 50 billion being spent on roads and bridges.
23.
Paragraph 1_______[1分]
Paying to get in
Changing work practice
Not doing enough
A solution which is no solution
Closing city centres to traffic
A global problem
24.
Paragraph 2_______[1分]
Paying to get in
Changing work practice
Not doing enough
A solution which is no solution
Closing city centres to traffic
A global problem
25.
Paragraph 3_______[1分]
Paying to get in
Changing work practice
Not doing enough
A solution which is no solution
Closing city centres to traffic
A global problem
26.
Paragraph 4_______[1分]
Paying to get in
Changing work practice
Not doing enough
A solution which is no solution
Closing city centres to traffic
A global problem
27.
Most American drivers think it convenient to______[1分]
reduce traffic jams
drive around
go by bus
spend more money
travel regularly
encou rage more private cars
28.
If charged high enough, some drivers may______ to enter certain parts of town.[1分]
reduce traffic jams
drive around
go by bus
spend more money
travel regularly
encou rage more private cars
29.
Building more roads is not an effective way to_______[1分]
reduce traffic jams
drive around
go by bus
spend more money
travel regularly
encou rage more private cars
30.
The U. S. government has planned to_______ updating public-transport systems.[1分]
reduce traffic jams
drive around
go by bus
spend more money
travel regularly
encou rage more private cars
第4部分:阅读理解(第31—45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定l个最佳选项。
根据材料,完成31-36题。
Operation Migration
If you look up at the sky in the early fall in the northern part of North America, you may see groups of birds. These birds are flying south to places where they can find food and warmth for the winter. They are migrating (迁徙). The young birds usually learn to migrate from their parents. They follow their parents south, in one unusual case, however, the young birds are following something very different. These birds are young whooping cranes, and they are following an airplane!
The whooping crane is the largest bird that is native to North America. These birds almost disappeared in the 1800s. By 1941, there were only about 20 cranes alive. In the 1970s, people were worded that these creatures were in danger of disappearing completely. As a result, the United States identified whooping cranes as an endangered species that they needed to protect.
Some researchers tried to help. They began to breed whooping cranes in special parks to increase the number of birds. This plan was successful. There were a lot of new baby birds. As the birds became older, the researchers wanted to return them to nature. However, there was a problem: These young birds did not know how to migrate. They needed human help.
In 2001, some people had a creative idea. They formed an organization called Operation Migration. This group decided to use very light airplanes, instead of birds, to lead the young whooping cranes on their first trip south. They painted each airplane to look like a whooping crane. Even the pilots wore special clothing to make them look like cranes. The cranes began to trust the airplanes, and the plan worked.
Today, planes still lead birds across approximately 1,200 miles (1,931 kilometers), from the United States-Canadian border to the Gulf of Mexico. They leave the birds at different sites. If a trip is successful, the birds can travel on their own in the future. Then, when these birds become parents, they will teach their young to migrate. The people of Operation Migration think this is the only way to maintain the whooping crane population.
Operation Migration works with several other organizations and government institutes. Together, they assist hundreds of cranes each year. However, some experts predict that soon,this won't be necessary. Thanks to Operation Migration and its partners, the crane population will continue to migrate. Hopefully, they won't need human help any more.
31.
Whooping cranes migrate in winter to______[3分]
find warmth and food.
raise baby whooping cranes.
get human help.
lay eggs.
32.
Whooping cranes are native to_____[3分]
Mexico.
South America.
North America.
The Persian Gulf.
33.
Operation Migration aims to______[3分]
teach adult cranes how to fly.
lead young cranes on their first trip south.
breed cranes in special parks.
transport cranes to the North.
34.
The distance covered by the young whooping cranes on their trips south is_____[3分]
120 miles.
1,200 miles.
1,931 miles.
2, 000 miles.
35.
If Operation Migration is successful, whooping cranes will______[3分]
follow airplanes south every year.
live in Canada all year round.
learn to migrate on their own.
be unable to fly back.
根据材料,完成36-41题。
On the Trial of the Honey Badger
On a recent field trip to the Kalahari Desert, a team of researchers learnt a lot more about honey badgers (獾). The team employed a local wildlife expert, Kitso Khama, to help them locate and follow the badgers across the desert. Their main aim was to study the badgers' movements and behavior as discreetly (谨慎地) as possible frightening them away or causing them to change their natural behavior. They also planned to trap a few and study them close up before releasing them in view of the animal's reputation, this was something that even Khama was reluctant to do.
"The problem with honey badgers is they are naturally curious animals, especially when they see something new. " He says. "That, combined with their unpredictable nature, can be a dangerous mixture. If they sense you have food, for example, they won't be shy about coming right up to you for something to eat. They're actually quite sociable creatures around humans,but as soon as they feel they might be in danger, they can become extremely vicious ( 凶恶的). Fortunately this is rare, but it does happen. "
The research confuaned many things that were already known. As expected, honey badgers ate any creatures they could catch and kill. Even poisonous snakes, feared and avoided by most other animals, were not safe from them. The researchers were surprised, however, by the animal's fondness for local melons, probably because of their high water content. Previously researchers thought that the animal got all of its liquid requirements from its prey (猎物). The team also learnt that, contrary to previous research findings, the badgers occasionally formed loose family groups. They were also able to confirm certain results from previous research, including the fact that female badgers never socialized with each other.
Following some of the male badgers was a challenge, since they can cover large distances in a short space of time. Some hunting territories cover more than 500 square kilometers.Although they seem happy to share these territories with other males, there are occasional fights Over an important food source, and male badgers can be as aggressive towards each other as they are towards other species.
As the badgers became accustomed to the presence of people, it gave the team to get up close to them without being the subject of the animals' curiosity - or a sudden aggression. The badgers' eating patterns, which had been disrupted, to normal. It also allowed the team to observe more closely some of the other that form working associations with the honey badger,as these seemed to badgers' relaxed attitude when near humans.
36.
Why did the wild life experts visit the Kalahari Desert?[3分]
To find where honey badgers live.
To observe how honey badgers behave.
To catch some honey badgers for food.
To find out why honey badgers have a bad reputation.
37.
What does Kitso Khama say about honey badgers?[3分]
They show interest in things they are not familiar with.
They are always looking for food.
They do not enjoy human company.
It is common for them to attack people.
38.
What did the team find out about honey badgers?[3分]
There were some creatures they did not eat.
They were afraid of poisonous creatures.
They may get some of the water they needed from fruit.
Female badgers did not mix with male badgers.
39.
Which of the following is a typical feature of male badgers?[3分]
They don't run very quickly.
They hunt over a very large area.
They defend their territory from other badgers.
They are more aggressive than females.
40.
What happened when honey badgers got used to humans around them?[3分]
They became less aggressive towards other creatures.
They started eating more.
Other animals started working with them.
They lost interest in people.
根据材料,完成41-46题。
"Lucky" Lord Lucan —Alive or Dead?
On 8th November 1974 Lord Lucan, a British aristocrat (贵族), vanished. The day before, his children's nanny had been brutally murdered and his wife had been attacked too. To this day the British public are still interested in the murder case because Lucan has never been found. Now, over 30 years later, the police have reopened the case, hoping that new DNA techniques will help solve this murder mystery.
People suspected that "lucky", as he was called by friends, wanted to kill his wife he no longer lived with. They say that Lucan entered his old house and in the dark, killed the nanny by mistake. His estranged (分居的 ) wife heard noises, came downstairs and was also attacked, but managed to escape.    Seven months after the murder, a jury concluded that Lucan had killed the nanny.
What happened next is unclear, but there are several theories which fall into one of three categories : he may have killed himseff, he could have escaped or he might have been killed. It appears that the night after the murder, "lucky" borrowed a car and drove it. Lucan's friend Aspinall said in an interview that he thought Lucan had committed suicide by sinking his boat in the English Channel.
Another version of events says that "lucky" left the blood-soaked car on the coast and took a ferry to France. He was met there by someone who drove him to safety in another country.However, after a time, his rescuers became worded that they would become involved in the murder too and so Lucan was killed.
A further fascinating theory was made in the book Dead Lucky by Duncan Maclaughlin, a former detective. He believes that Lucan travelled to Goa, India, where he assumed the identity of a Mr. Barry Haplin. Lucan then lived in Goa till his death in 1996. In the end the claim turned out to be a case of mistaken identity. The man who died in 1996 was really Haplin, an ex-schoolteacher turned hippy. So what is the truth about "lucky"? DNA testing has solved many murder cases, but who knows if it can close the book on this one.
41.
The British public are still interested in the murder case because______[3分]
the murder was a aristocrat.
the murder's DNA has been found.
the murder was a famous man.
the murder has not been caught.
42.
It was suspected that Lucan killed the nanny because______[3分]
she was cruel to his children.
she attacked his car.
she stole his car.
she was mistaken for his wife.
43.
Aspinall thought lucan killed himself______[3分]
by sinking his boat
in a car accident.
on the night 30 years after murder.
by jumping into the English Channel.
44.
According to the version in Paragraph 4, Lucan______[3分]
has escaped but was killed later.
was involved in a murder in France.
was caught in another country.
met his partners on a ferry.
45.
The word "assumed" in last paragraph means______[3分]
disclosed.
set up.
took on.
changed.
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容讲其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。
根据材料,完成46-51题。
The Tough Grass that Sweetens Our Lives
Sugar cane was once a wild grass that grew in New Guinea and was used by local people for roofing their houses and fencing their gardens. Gradually a different variety evolved which contained sucrose (蔗糖) and was chewed on for its sweet taste. Over time, sugar cane became a highly valuable commercial plant, grown throughout the world. (46)
Sugar became a vital ingredient in all kinds of things, from confectionery (糖果点心) to medicine, and, as the demand for sugar grew, the industry became larger and more profitable.(47) Many crops withered (枯萎) and died, despite growers' attempts to save them,and there were fears that the health of the plant would continue to deteriorate.
In the 1960s, scientists working in Barbodos looked for ways to make the commercial species stronger and more able to resist disease. They experimented with breeding programmes,mixing genes from the more delicate, commercial type. (48) This sugar cane is not yet ready to be sold commercially, but when this happens, it is expected to be incredible profitable for the industry.
(49) Brazil, which produces one quarter of the world's sugar, has c~ordinated an international project under Professor Paulo Arrudo of the Universidade Estaudual de Campinas in Sao Paulo. Teams of experts have worked with him to discover more about which parts of the genetic structure of the plant are important for the production of sugar and its overall health.
Despite all the research, however, we still do not fully understand how the genes in sugar cane. (50) This gene is particularly exciting because it makes the plant resistant to rust,a disease which probably originated in India, but is now capable of infecting sugar cane across the world. Scientist believes they will eventually be able to gro.w a plant which cannot be destroyed by rust.
46.
请在第__(46)__处填上正确答案。[2分]
Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
One major gene has been identified by Dr. Angelique D'Hont and her team in Montpelier, France.
Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more guaranteed.
Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's genetic code.
The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
47.
请在第__(47)__处填上正确答案。[2分]
Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
One major gene has been identified by Dr. Angelique D'Hont and her team in Montpelier, France.
Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more guaranteed.
Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's genetic code.
The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
48.
请在第__(48)__处填上正确答案。[2分]
Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
One major gene has been identified by Dr. Angelique D'Hont and her team in Montpelier, France.
Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more guaranteed.
Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's genetic code.
The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
49.
请在第__(49)__处填上正确答案。[2分]
Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
One major gene has been identified by Dr. Angelique D'Hont and her team in Montpelier, France.
Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more guaranteed.
Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's genetic code.
The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
50.
请在第__(50)__处填上正确答案。[2分]
Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
One major gene has been identified by Dr. Angelique D'Hont and her team in Montpelier, France.
Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more guaranteed.
Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's genetic code.
The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65 ,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
根据材料,完成51-65题。
Teaching and Learning
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. If a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be (51) with the information in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or (52) an examination. The ideal student is (53) to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high (54) Sometimes homework is returned with brief written (55) but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is (56) for learning the material assigned. When research is (57) , the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum (58) It is the student's responsibility to fmd books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to (59) explain how a university library works; they expect students particularly graduate students to exhaust the (60) sources in the library. Professors will help students who need it, (61) prefer that their students should not be too (62) on them. In the United States professors have many other (63) besides teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time that a professor can spend (64) a student outside of class is limited. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student
should either (65) a professor during office hours or make an appointment.
51.
请在第__(51)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
careful
happy
familiar
pleased
52.
请在第__(52)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
need
take
develop
finish
53.
请在第__(53)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
tested
recognized
considered
assessed
54.
请在第__(54)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
levels
degrees
grades
hopes
55.
请在第__(55)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
tasks
comments
declarations
questions
56.
请在第__(56)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
anxious
concerned
eager
responsible
57.
请在第__(57)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
completed
designed
assigned
learned
58.
请在第__(58)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
requirement
guidance
effort
evidence
59.
请在第__(59)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
wonder
inquire
speculate
explain
60.
请在第__(60)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
inner
personal
reference
natural
61.
请在第__(61)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
but
even
thus
and
62.
请在第__(62)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
keen
dependent
energetic
active
63.
请在第__(63)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
opportunities
duties
preferences
points
64.
请在第__(64)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
with
for
over
along
65.
请在第__(65)__处填上正确答案。[1分]
approach
trouble
select
catch

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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