Mary has blended the ingredients.[1分]
They agreed to modify their policy.[1分]
The economy continued to exhibit signs of decline in September.[1分]
A notably short man, he plays basketball with his staff several times a week.[1分]
The dentist has decided to extract her bad tooth.[1分]
It is absurd to predict that the sun will not rise tomorrow.[1分]
A lot of people could fall ill after drinking contaminated water.[1分]
The room is dim and quiet.[1分]
The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.[1分]
It's prudent to start any exercise program gradually at first.[1分]
He is renowned for his skill.[1分]
You have to be patient if you want to sustain your position.[1分]
She stood there, trembling with fear.[1分]
Medical facilities are being upgraded.[1分]
Mary looked pale and weary.[1分]
Riches and Romance From France's Wine Harvest
SEPTEMBER is harvest time. And with bunches of grapes swinging(摇摆) in the wind, the vineyards of southern France are getting ready to celebrate it.
The yearly wine festival is held in honour of Bacchus, the Roman god of wine. It's a fun time with parties, music, dancing, big meals and, of course, lots of wine.
French wine-making began more than 2,500 years ago. The world's oldest type of vine grows in France and always produces a good quality wine. Today France produces one-fifth of the world's wine, and some of the most famous varieties.
The top wine-producing areas are Bordeaux, Burgundy and the Loire Valley. Champagne, a drink used in celebrations, is named after the place where sparkling (有气泡的)wine was first produced in 1700.
Wine is made from the juice of freshly picked grapes. It is the sugars that turn into alcohol.
Traditionally, people used to take off their shoes and crush the grapes with their bare feet to bring out the juice. Nowadays, this practice is usually carried out by machines.
Each wine producing region has its own character, based on its type of grapes and soil.
The taste of wine changes with time. Until 1850, all French champagne was sweet. Now, both wine and champagne taste slightly bitter.
The drink has always been linked with riches, romance and nobleness. Yet the French think of it in more ordinary terms.
They believe it makes daily living easier, less hurried and with fewer problems.
"All its links are with times when people are at their best; with relaxation, happiness, long slow meals and the free flow of ideas," wrote wine expert Hugh Johnson.
All French people celebrate the grape harvest every September.[1分]
In the yearly wine festival，people always enjoy themselves.[1分]
Wine-making in France has a history of over 2, 500 years.[1分]
Many varieties of wine produced in France are named after places.[1分]
Different regions in France produce different types of wine.[1分]
French wine will taste sour(酸的)in the future.[1分]
The French people believe that drinking wine is a good way to relax.[1分]
阅读下面这篇短文，短文后有2项测试，任务：(1)1-4题 要求从所给的4个选项中为段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5-8题 要求从所给的5个选项中选择4个正确选项，分别完成每个句子。
1.Did you know that before 1950, hurricanes had no names? They were simply given numbers. The first names were simply Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, etc. But in 1953, female names were given because of the unpredictability (不可预知的) factor of the storms. In 1979, realizing the sexist (性别歧视的) nature of such names, the lists were expanded to include both men and women.
2.Hurricanes and typhoons (台风) are the same things. If they form in the Atlantic, we call these strong storms hurricanes, from the West Indian word hurricane, meaning "big wind." And if they are Pacific storms, they are called typhoons from the Chinese taifun, meaning "great wind." To be classified as a hurricane, the storm must have maximum winds of at least 75 mph. These storms are big, many hundreds of miles in diameter.
3.Hurricanes get their power from water vapor as it gives out its stored-up energy. All water vapor gives out heat as it condenses (凝结) from a gaseous state to a liquid state over fixed points on the equator (赤道). To make a hurricane, you must have extremely wet, warm air, the kind of air that can only be found in tropical regions.
4.Scientists have determined that the heat given out in the process of water condensation can be as high as 95 billion kilowatts per hour. In just one day alone, the storm can produce more energy than many industrialized nations need in an entire year! The problem is that we don't know how to make such great energy work for us.
5.Predicting the path of a hurricane is one of the most difficult tasks for forecasters. It moves at a typical speed of 15 mph. But not always. Some storms may race along at twice this speed, then suddenly stop and remain in the same location in the ocean for several days. It can be maddening (发疯的) if you live in a coastal area that may be hit.
6.The biggest advance in early detection is continuous watch from weather satellites. With these, we can see the storms form and track them fully, from birth to death. While they can still kill people and destroy property, hurricanes will never surprise any nation again.
A A Short History of Naming Hurricanes
B Harnessing the Hurricane Energy
C Difficulty in Forecasting the Course of a Hurricane
D Huge Energy Stored in a Hurricane
E Forecasting a Hurricane Through Satellite Watching
F Different Names for the Same Things
A.the timely (及时的) discovery
C sex equality
D its connection with humans,
E the huge power
F its uncertainly
Both male and female names are used for hurricanes in consideration of .[1分]
Using weather satellites can ensureof hurricanes.[1分]
Energy specialists may be interested inof hurricanes.[1分]
Scientists cannot accurately predict the course of a hurricane due to .[1分]
1.2 million road deaths worldwide occur each year,plus a further 50 million injuries.To reduce car crash rate,much research now is focused on safety and new fuels-though some electric vehicle and biofuel research aims at going faster.
Travelling at speed has always been dangerous.One advanced area of research in motoring safety is the use of digital in-car assistants.They can ensure you don’t miss important road signs or fall asleep.Most crashes result from human and not mechanical faults.
Some safety developments aim to improve your vision.Radar can spot obstacles in fog,while other technology“sees through”big vehicles blocking your view.
And improvements to seat belts,pedal(脚踏)controls and tyres are making driving smoother and safer.The colour of a car has been found to be linked with safety,as have,less surprisingly,size and shape.
But whatever is in the fuel tank,you don’t want a thief in the driving seat and there have been many innovations(创新).Satellite tracking and remote communications can also come into play if you crash,automatically calling for help.
Accidents cause many traffic jams,but there are more subtle interplays between vehicles that can cause jams even on a clear but busy road.Such jams can be analyzed using statistical tools.Robotic drivers could be programmed to make traffic flow smoothly and will perhaps one day be everyons’s personal chauffeur(司机),but their latest efforts suggest that won’t be soon.
To reduce car crash rate,many scientists are working hard to[3分]
design fully automatic cars.
develop faster electric vehicles.
analyze road deaths occurring worldwide each year.
improve the safety of cars and develop new fuels.
According to the second paragraph,most road accidents happen due to[3分]
Which of the following safety developments is NOT mentioned in the passage?[3分]
Windscreens that can help drivers to improve their vision.
Radars that can help drivers to see obstacles in fog.
Devices that can help drivers to see through big vehicles.
Improvements in seat belts,pedal controls and tyres.
Satellite tracking and remote communication systems cna be used to[3分]
remove the obstacles on the road.
call for help when one’s car crashes.
help drivers get out of a traffic jam.
Which of the following statements is true of robotic drivers?[3分]
It will take some time before robotic drivers are available.
Robotic drivers are not allowed to driveon busy roads.
Robotic drivers can never replace human drivers.
Robotic drivers are too expensive to use.
The girls in this sixth grade class in East Palo Alto , California , all have the same access to computers as boys. But researchers say, by the time they get to high school, they are victims of what the researchers call a major new gender ( 性别 ) gap in technology. Janice Weinman of the American Association of University Women says, "Girls tend to be less comfortable than boys with the computer. They use it more for word processing rather than for problem solving,rather than to discover new ways in which to understand information. "
After re-examining a thousand studies, the American Association of University Women researchers found that girls make up only a small percentage of students in computer science classes. Girls consistently rate themselves significantly lower than boys in their ability and confidence in using computers. And they use computers less often than boys outside the classroom.
An instructor of a computer lab says he's already noticed some differences. Charles Cheadle of Cesar Chavez School says, "Boys are not so afraid they might do something that will harm the computer, whereas girls are afraid they might break it somehow. "
Six years ago, the software company Purple Moon noticed that girls' computer usage was falling behind boys. Karen Gould says, "The number one reason girls told us they don't like computer games is not that they're too violent, or too competitive. Girls just said they're incredibly boring. "
Purple Moon says it found what girls want, characters they can relate to and story lines relative to what's going on in their own lives. Karen Gould of Purple Moon Software says," What we definitely found from girls is that there is no intrinsic ( 固有的 ) reason why they wouldn't want to play on a computer; it was just a content thing. "
The sponsor of the study says it all boils down to this: the technology gender gap that separates the girls from the boys must be closed if women are to compete effectively with men in the 21st century.
According to the passage, girls are victims of the gender gap in technology because __________[3分]
they can not discover new ways to use computers
they have the same access to computers as boys
they are likely to be less comfortable with computers
they can only use computers for word processing
The research on girls and computers is __________[3分]
based on a few recent articles
based on thousands of studies
not considered well grounded
Girls often feel __________[3分]
bored with computer games
comfortable using computers
it hard to use computers in word processing
worried about using computers
The software company seems to think girls would be more interested if __________[3分]
girls had an equal chance of playing games
the software was more violent
the software content was changed
The gender gap needs to be closed because __________[3分]
it isn't fair that boys are allowed to use computers all the time
there isn't enough money for upgrading computers
most of the causes may boil down to a question of money
the ability to use computers is important in today's world
Something about Vocation
If you like to take lots of vacation, the United States is not the place to work. Besides a handful of national holidays, the typical American worker gets two or three precious weeks off out of a whole year to relax and see the world--much less than what people in many other countries receive. And even that amount of vacation often comes with strings attached.
So what's going on here?
A.big reason for the difference is that paid time off is demanded by law in many parts of the world. Germany is among more than two dozen industrialized countries -- from Australia to Japan -- that require employers to offer four weeks or more of paid vacation to their workers, according to a 2009 study by the human resources consulting company Mercer. Finland , Brazil and France are the champions, guaranteeing six weeks of time off. But employers in the United States are not obliged under federal law to offer any paid vacation, so about a quarter of all American workers don't have access to it, government figures show. That makes the U. S. the 0nly advanced nation in the world that doesn't guarantee its workers annual leave.
Most U. S. companies, of course, do provide vacation as a way to attract and retain workers. But the fear of layoffs and the ever-faster pace of work mean many Americans are reluctant to be absent from the office-anxious that they might look like they're not committed to their job. Or they worry they won't be able to cope with a pile of work waiting for them after a vacation.
Then, there's the way we work.
Working more makes Americans happier than Europeans, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Happiness Studies. That may be because Americans believe more than Europeans do that hard work is associated with success.
So despite research documenting the health and productivity benefits of taking time off, a long vacation can be undesirable, scary, unrealistic or just plain impossible for many U. S. workers.
According to the passage, the United States is a nation __________[3分]
that prefers relatively longer vacations
that has fewer national holidays
where workers do not have paid time off
where employers are not required to offer paid vacation
The phrase "with strings attached" (Para. 1 ) probably means “ __________ ”[3分]
with specified conditions
Which of the following countries offers the longest annual leave to its workers?[3分]
Many Americans are hesitant to take a vacation because they __________[3分]
are afraid of losing their jobs
enjoy the fast pace of work
are devoted to their jobs
like the challenges in work
According to the author, Americans' chance of taking a long vacation is __________[3分]
The whole of the United States cheered its latest hero,Ashley Smith,with the Federal Bureau of lnvestigation saying it was planning to give a big reward to her for having a brave heart and wise mind.
(1)She was moving into her apartment in Atlanta,Georgia early on the morning of March 12,when a man followed her to her door and put a gun to her side."I started walking to my door,and I felt really,really afraid,"she said in a TV interview last week.The man was Brian Nichols,33.He was suspected of killing three people at an Atlanta courthouse(法院)on March 11 and later of killing a federal agent.(2)
Nichols tied Smith up with tape,but released her after she repeatedly begged him not to take her life."I told him if he hurt me,my little girl wouldn't have a mummy,"she said.In order to calm the man down,she read to him from"The Purpose-Driven Life",a best-selling religious book.He asked her to repeat a paragraph"about what you thought your purpose in life was-what talents were you given."(3)
"I basically just talked to him and tried to gain his trust,"Smith said.
Smith said she asked Nichols why he chose her."He said he thought I was an angel sent from God,and we were Christian sister and brogher,"she said."And that he was lost,and that God led him to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of peopole."(4)She said Nichols was surprised when she made him breakfast and that the two of them watched television coverage(报道)of the police hunt for him."I cannot believe that's me,"Nichols told the woman.Then,Nichols asked Smith what she thought he should do.She said,"I think you should turn yourself in.If you don't,lots more people are going to get hurt."
Eventually,he let her go.(5)A US$60,000 reward had been posted for Nichols' capture.Authorities said they did not yet know if Smith would be eligible(有资格的)for that money.
A The local police were searching for him.
B Smith is a 26-year-old single mother with a daughter.
C Smith tried very hard to kill Nichols.
D She even cooked breakfast for the man before he allowed her to leave.
E And the two of them discussed this topic.
F Then she called the police.
Crashed Cars to Text Message for Help
There is no good place to have a car crash—but some places are worse than others.In a foreign country,for instance,__1__ to explain via cellphone that you are upside down in a ditch when you cannot speak the local language can fatally delay the arrival of the emergency services.
But an answer may be at hand.Researchers funded by the European Commission are beginning tests of a system called E-merge that__2__ senses when a car has crashed and sends a text message telling emergency services in the local language that the accident has taken place.
The system was __3__ by ERTICO,a transport research organization based in Brussels, Belgium.Cars are fitted with a cellphone-sized device attached__4__the underside of the dashboard which is activated by the same sensor that triggers the airbag in a crash.The device __5__ a cellphone circuit,a GPS positioning unit and a microphone and loudspeaker.
It registers the severity of the crash by__6__the deceleration data from the airbag's sensor. Using GPS information,it works out which country the Car is in, and from this it determines __7__ which language to compose an alert message detailing precise location of the accident.
The device then automatically makes a call to the local emergency services __8__.If the car's occupants are conscious,they can communicate with the operator __9__ the speaker and microphone.
E-merge also transmits the vehicles make,model, color and license number, and its heading' when it crashed,which in turn indicates 0n which side of a multi-1ane highway it ended up.
This __10__ the emergency services find the vehicle as soon as they arrive on the scene."We can waste a large __11__ time searching for an incident,"says Jim Hammond,a(an __12__ in vehicle technology at the Association of Chief Police Officers in the UK.Tests will begin soon with police car fleets in the UK.Trials have already started in Germany, Sweden,Spain,the Netherlands and Italy.
In-car systems…that summon the emergency services after a crash have __1 3__ been fitted in some premium cars".ERTICO says that __14__ EU states"are willing to fund the necessary infrastructure,E-merge could be working by 2008.
A.study by French car maker Renault"concluded that the system could save up to 6000 of the 40,000 lives lost each year on Europe's roads,and prevent a similar number of serious injuries.
The Renault study estimates that fitting E.merge to every car in Europe would eventually save around 1 50 billion per__15__in terms of reduced costs to health services and insurance companies, and fewer lost working days.