The normal price of a ticket for an adult is $ 230.[1分]
We have to ask them to quit talking in order that all people present could hear us clearly.[1分]
The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.[1分]
Of the reptile groups, the snake group was the final one to appear.[1分]
Colleges and universities usually give diplomas or certificates to students who complete course requirements adequately.[1分]
A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased are realized.[1分]
She has been the subject of massive media coverage.[1分]
The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.[1分]
What were the effects of the decision she made?[1分]
The sea was calm and still.[1分]
In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.[1分]
Mary called me up very late last night.[1分]
Mary gets up at the same time every morning.[1分]
Susan is looking for the dictionary, which she lost yesterday.[1分]
All the people assembled at Marys house.[1分]
The Barbie Dolls
In the mid 1940’s, the young ambitions duo Ruth and Ellison Handler, owned a company that made wooden pictures frames. It was in 1945 that Ruth and Elliot Handler joined with their close friend Harold Mattson to form a company that would be known for the most famous and successful doll ever created. This company would be named Mattel, MATT for Mattson and EL for Elliot!
In the mid 1950's, while visiting Switzerland, Ruth Handler purchased a German Lilly doll. Lilly was a shapely, pretty fashion doll first made in 1955. She was originally fashioned after a famous cartoon character in the West German Newsletter, Build.
Lilly is the doll that would inspire Ruth Handler to design the Barbie doll. With the help of her technicians and engineers at Mattel, Barbie was born. Ruth then hired Charlotte Johnson, a fashion designer, to create Barbie's wardrobe. It was in 1958 that the patent for Barbie was obtained. This would be a fashion doll unlike any of her time. She would be long limbed, shapely, beautiful, and only 11.5 inches tall. Ruth and Elliot would name their new fashion doll after their own daughter, Barbie.
In 1959, the Barbie doll would make her way to the New York Toy Show and receive a cool reception from the toy buyers.
Barbie has undergone a lot of changes over the years and has managed to keep up with current trends in hairstyles, makeup and clothing. She is a reflection of the history of fashion since her introduction to the toy market.
Barbie has a universal appeal and collectors both young and old enjoy time spent and memories made with their dolls.
When Ruth and Eliiot Handler was young, they had a strong desire to be highly successful.[1分]
Harold Mattson, Ruth and Elliot Handler owned Mattel.[1分]
Lilli, who took the shape of a pretty girl, was fashioned after a German doll.[1分]
Ruth Handlers inspiration for the design of Barbie doll come from a fashion designer.[1分]
Since 1959 more and more people are in the market for the Barbie doll.[1分]
Since the birth of the Barbie doll it has served as a sign to show the tendency of the fashion.[1分]
The Barbie doll has undergone many changes over the years.[1分]
Transport and Trade
1 Transport is one of the aids to trade. By moving goods from places where they are plentiful to places where they are scarce, transport adds to1 their value. The more easily goods can be brought over the distance that separates producer and consumer, the better for trade. When there were no railways, no good roads, no canals, and only small sailing ships, trade was on a small scale.
2 The great advances made in transport during the last two hundred years were accompanied3 by a big increase in trade. Bigger and faster ships enabled a trade in meat to develop between Britain and New Zealand, for instance. Quicker transport makes possible mass-production and big business, drawing supplies from, and selling goods to, all parts of the globe. Big factories could not exist without transport to carry the large number of workers they need to and from their homes. Big city stores could not have developed unless customers could travel easily from the suburbs and goods delivered to their homes. Big cities could not survive unless food could be brought from a distance.
3 Transport also prevents waste. Much of the fiSh landed at the ports would be wasted if it could not be taken quickly to inland towns. Transport has given us a much greater variety of foods and goods since we no longer have to live on4 what is produced locally. Foods which at one time could be obtained only during a part of the year can now be obtained all through the year. Transport has raised the standard of living.
4 By moving fuel, raw materials, and even power, as, for example, through electric cables, transport has led to the establishment of industries and trade in areas where they would have been impossible before. Districts and countries can concentrate on5 making things which they can do better and more cheaply than others and can then exchange them with one another. The cheaper and quicker transport becomes, the longer the distance over which goods can profitably be carried. Countries with poor transport have a lower standard of living.
5 Commerce requires not only the moving of goods and people but also the carrying of messages and information. Means of communication, like telephones, cables and radio, send information about prices, supplies, and changing conditions in different parts of the world. In this way, advanced communication systems also help to develop trade.
A.Higher Living Standard
B.Importance of Transport in Trade
C.Various Means of Transport
D.Birth of Transport-related Industries and Trade
E.Role of Information in Trade
A.to send goods to various parts of the world
B.at any time during the year
C.has greatly promoted trade
D.is it possible to produce on a large scale
E.the transport of goods
F.it is possible to produce on a large scale
The development of modern means of transport__________.[1分]
Only when goods can be carried to all parts of the world quickly__________.[1分]
Transport has made it possible for people to eat whatever food they want__________.[1分]
In the trade of modern society the transmission of information plays as important a role as__________.[1分]
One-room schools are part of the United States, and the mention of them makes people feel a vague longing for "the way things were." One-room schools are an endangered species, however. For more than a hundred years one-room schools have been systematically shut down and their students sent away to centralized schools. As recently as 1930 there were 149,000 one-room schools in the United States. By 1970 there were 1,800. Today, of the nearly 800 remaining one-room schools, more than 350 are in Nebraska. The rest are scattered through a few other states that have on their road maps wide-spaces between towns.
Now that there are hardly any left, educators are beginning to think that maybe there is something yet to be learned form one-room schools, something that served the pioneers that might serve as well today. Progressive educators have come up with progressive-sounding names like "peer-group teaching" and "multi-age grouping" for educational procedures that occur naturally in the one-room schools. In a one-room schools the children teach each other because the teacher is busy part of the Time teaching someone else. A fourth grader can work at a fifth-grade level in math and a third-grade level in English without the stigma associated with being left back or the pressures of being skipped ahead. A youngster with a learning disability can find his or her own level without being separated from the other pupils. In larger urban and suburban schools today, this is called "mainstreaming". A few hours is a small school that has only one classroom and it becomes clear why so many parents feel that one of the advantages of living in Nebraska in their children have to go to a one-room school.
It is implied in the passage that many educators and parents today feel that one-room schools __________.[3分]
are the best in Nebraska.
are a good example of the good old days.
Why are one-room schools in danger of disappearing?[3分]
Because they all exist in one state.
Because they skip too many children ahead.
Because there is a trend toward centralization.
Because there is no fourth-grade level in any of them.
What is mentioned as a major characteristic of the one-room school system in the second paragraph?[3分]
Some children have to be left back.
Teachers are always busy.
Pupils have more freedom.
Learning is not limited to one grade level at a time.
Which of the following can best describe the author's attitude toward one-room schools?[3分]
It can be inferred from the last sentence that parents living in Nebraska __________.[3分]
don't like centralized schools.
received education in one-room schools.
prefer rural life to urban one.
The structure of a family takes different forms around the world and even in the same society. The family's form changes as it adapts to changing social and economic influences. The most common form in North America was the nuclear family, consisting of a married couple with their minor children. The nuclear family is an independent unit. It must be prepared to fend tor itself. Individual family members strongly depend on one another. There is little help from outside the family in emergencies. Elderly relatives of a nuclear family are cared for only if it is they live in retirement communities and nursing homes. They live in retirement communities and nursing homes.
There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies, such as North America, and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits, who live in harsh environments.
The nuclear family structure is well adapted to a life of mobility. The harsh conditions, mobility allows the family to hunt for food. For North Americans, the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.
The nuclear family was not always the North American standard. In a more agrarian time,the small nuclear family was usually part of a larger extended family. This might have included grandparents, mother and father, brothers and sisters, uncles, aunts, and cousins. In North
America today, there is a dramatic rise in the number of single-parent households. Twice as many, households in the United States are headed by divorced, separated, or never-married individuals as are comprised of nuclear families. The structure of the family, not just in North
America, but throughout the world, continues to change as it adapts to changing conditions.
Another good title for this passage would be__________.[3分]
The Failure of the Nuclear Family.
A nuclear family is defined as__________.[3分]
a married couple with their minor children.
a single father with minor children.
parents, grandparents, and children.
parents, children, and aunts and uncles.
The information in this passage would most likely be found in__________.[3分]
an anthropology textbook.
The information in the first paragraph is presented mainly through__________.[3分]
pointing out similarities.
pointing out differences.
The word mobility means__________.[3分]
Some Things We Know about Language
Many things about language are a mystery, and many will always remain so. But some things we do know.
First, we know that all human beings have a language of some sort. There is no race of men anywhere on earth so backward that it has no language, no set of speech sounds by which the people communicate with one another. Furthermore, in historical times, there has never been a race of men without a language.
Second, there is no such thing as a primitive language. There are many people whose cultures are undeveloped, who are, as we say, uncivilized, but the languages they speak are not primitive. In all known languages we can see complexities that must have been tens or thousands of years in developing.
This has not always been well understood; indeed, the direct contrary has often been stated. Popular ideas of the language of the American Indians will illustrate. Many people have supposed that the Indians communicated in a very primitive system of noises. Study has proved this to be nonsense. There are, or were, hundreds of American Indian languages, and all of them turn out to be very complicated and very old. They are" certainly different from the languages that most of us are familiar with, but they are no more primitive than English and Greek.
A third thing we know about language is that all languages are perfectly adequate. That is,each one is a perfect means of expressing the culture of the people who speak the language.
Finally, we know that language changes. It is natural and normal for language to change;the only languages which do not change are the dead ones. This is easy to understand if we look backward in time. Change goes on in all aspects of language. Grammatical features change as do speech sounds, and changes in vocabulary are sometimes very extensive and may occur very rapidly. Vocabulary is the least stable part of any languages.
In the second paragraph the author thinks that__________.[3分]
some backward race doesn't have a language of its own
some race in history didn't possess a language of its own
any human race, whether backward or not, has a language
some races on earth can communicate without language
According to the author, people of undeveloped cultures can have languages.__________.[3分]
The author has used American Indian languages as an example to show that they are__________.[3分]
just as old as some well-known languages
just as sophisticated as some well-known languages
more developed than some well-known languages
more complex than some well-known languages
Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?[3分]
A language is a means of expressing a particular culture.
All languages can well express their respective cultures.
American Indian languages are as sophisticated as English.
Some languages are better than other languages.
According to the author, language changes are most likely to occur in__________.[3分]
Public relations is a broad set of planned communications about the company, including publicity releases, designed to promote goodwill and a favorable image. Publicity then is part of public relations when it is initiated by the firm, __(46)__. Since public relations involves communications with stockholders, financial analysts, government officials, and other noncustomer groups, it is usually placed outside the marketing department, perhaps as a staff department or outside consulting firm reporting to top management. This organizational placement can be a limitation because the public relations department or consultant will likely not be in tune with marketing efforts. Poor communication and no coordination may be the consequences. __(47)__, this influence generally may be less than that provided by the other components of the public image mix.
Publicity may be in the form of news releases ___(48)___. Publicity on the other hand should not be divorced from the marketing department, as it can provide a useful adjunct to the regular advertising. Furthermore, __(49)__; some can result from an unfavorable press as a reaction to certain actions or lack of actions that are controversial or even downright ill-advised.
The point we wish to emphasize is that a firm is deluding itself if it thinks its public relations function, whether within the company or an outside firm, can take care of public image problems and opportunities. Many factors impact on the public image. Many of these have to do with the way the firm does business, __ (50)__. Public relations and directed publicity may help highlight favorable newsworthy events, and may even succeed in toning down the worst of unfavorable publicity, but the other components of the public image mix create more lasting impressions.
A.that have favorable overtones for the company initiated by the public relations department
B.not all publicity is initiated by the firm
C.usually in the form of press releases or press conferences
D.such as its product quality, the servicing and handling of complaints, and the tenor of the advertising
E.what it means to the company is
F.Although the basic purpose of public relations is to provide positive influence on the public image
Space ResearchDoes walking on the moon make life better for people on earth? 51 all the problems of our own world，why should we be spending huge 52 on trips to outer space? Such questions as these are often asked，especially 53 those whose tax money is paying for space explorations.The answers to these questions are many and 54 .
Up to now，the practical benefits resulting 55 space research have included the development of new methods and skills，new processes，new services，new products，and even new companies created to make use of what 56 through space travel.Also among the benefits 57 better education (especially in scientific subjects)， 58 management，higher quality of industrial products，and rapid 59 growth.People all over the world are now served by 60 weather predictions，better communication systems，and better understanding of the earth and its environment.Everyone will benefit 61 observations from space make 62 possible to measure the earth’s resources and 63 whether or not they are being used properly. 64 the space program will help our world deal with the problems of the environment.It has already brought a new appreciation of the complex system 65 man is only a part.
In addition to improving the quality of existing products，the space program has been responsible for the development and improvement of new ones.The most important is the computer.To bring the endangered Apollo 13 astronauts home safely in 1970，a new flight plan had to be made taking account of an unbelievably complex combination of elements.The computer accomplished this task in seventy-two minutes，whereas a man or a woman working with pencil and paper take more than a million years! If there had been no space program，it is doubtful that computers would now be so widely used in industry and government.