正在载入试卷 ...
2014年职称英语综合类B级考前押题(二)
试卷编号:211726
录入者 :七月
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
一、词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近选项。
1.
The high-speed trains can have a major impact on travel preferences.[1分]
force
influence
surprise
power
2.
Can you follow the plot ?[1分]
change
investigate
write
understand
3.
Even in a highly modernized country , manual work is still needed.[1分]
physical
mental
natural
hard
4.
In the latter case the outcome can be serious indeed[1分]
result
judgment
decision
event
5.
Norman Blamey is an artist of deep convictions.[1分]
statements
beliefs
suggestions
claims
6.
Up to now , the work has been easy.[1分]
So
So long
So that
So far
7.
The report advocated setting up day training colleges.[1分]
supposed
excited
suggested
discussed
8.
Accordingly , a number of other methods have been employed[1分]
Therefore
Afterwards
However
Furthermore
9.
The outlook from the top of the mountain is breathtaking.[1分]
view
sight
look
point
10.
Our lives are intimately bound up with theirs.[1分]
tensely
nearly
carefully
closely
11.
The union representative put across her argument very effectively.[1分]
explained
invented
considered
accepted
12.
He talks tough but has a tender heart.[1分]
heavy
strong
kind
wild
13.
It is no use debating the relative merits of this policy.[1分]
making
taking
discussing
expecting
14.
Our statistics show that we consume all that we are capable of producing[1分]
waste
buy
use
sell
15.
The fuel tanks had a capacity of 140 liters.[1分]
function
ability
power
volume
二、阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。
Hercules
Once upon a time there was a great Greek hero, Hercules. He was taller and stronger than anyone you have ever seen. On his shoulder he carried a club and in his hand he held a bow (弓). He was known as the hero of a hundred adventures.
Hercules served a king. The king was afraid of him. So again and again he sent him on difficult tasks. One morning the king sent for him and told him to fetch three golden apples for him from the garden of the Singing Maidens (歌女). But no one knew where the garden was.
So Hercules went away. He walked the whole day and the next day and the next. He walked for months before he saw mountains far in the distance one fine morning. One of the mountains was in the shape of a man, with long, long legs and arms and huge shoulders and a huge head. He was holding up the sky. Hercules knew it was Atlas, the Mountain God. So he asked him for help.
Atlas answered, "My head and arms and shoulders all ache. Could you hold up the sky while I fetch the golden apples for you?"
Hercules climbed the mountain and shouldered the sky. Soon the sky grew very heavy. When finally Atlas came back with three golden apples, he said, "Well, you are going to carry the mountain for ever. I'm going to see the king with the apples." Hercules knew that he couldn't fight him because of the sky on his back. So he shouted:
"Just one minute's help. My shoulders are hurting. Hold the sky for a minute while I make a cushion (垫子) for my shoulders."
Atlas believed him. He threw down the apples and held up the sky.
Hercules picked up the apples and ran back to see the king.
16.
Hercules was the tallest man in the world[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
Hercules worked in the king's garden[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Hercules was given many difficult tasks because the king wanted to get rid of him.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
Atlas was the giant who held up the sky.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
Atlas ran faster than Hercules[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
Atlas got the golden apples for Hercules because he wanted to be the king himself.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
Hercules finally managed to get the apples by defeating Atlas[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
三、概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.
Successful Language Learners
1.Some people seem to have a knack for learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules or grammar, and learn to write in the new language more quickly than others. They do not seem to be any more intelligent than others, so what makes language learning so much easier for them? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners, we may discover a few of the techniques which make language learning easier for them.
2.First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from mistakes.
3.Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word.
4.Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it.
5.What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner, you have probably been learning independently, actively, and purposefully. On the other hand, if your language learning has been less than successful, you might as well try some of the techniques outlined above.
A.Ways to Learn a Language Successfully
B.Learning a Language Purposefully
C.Learning a Language Actively
D.Learning a Language Independently
E.Learning from Mistakes
F.Learning to Think in the Target Language
23.
Paragraph 1_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
24.
Paragraph 2_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
25.
Paragraph 3_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.
Paragraph 4_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A.to discover sentence patterns and grammatical rules
B.to expand vocabulary
C.to use the target language
D.to encourage unsuccessful language learners to learn independently, actively and purposefully
E.from clues
F.to say strange things
27.
Successful language learners derive conclusions_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
28.
Independent language learners rely on themselves_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.
Active language learners seize every opportunity_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.
The author wrote this text_________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
四、阅读理解。短文后有5道题,每道题后面都有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
New Foods and the New World
In the last 500 years, nothing about people---not their clothes, ideas, or languages---has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made form the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.
The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the "Potato Famine" of 1845-6, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America.
There are many other foods that have traveled from south America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.
According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a goatherd named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the "wide-awake" feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.
31.
According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?[3分]
Food.
Chocolate.
Potato.
Coffee
32.
"Some" in "Some still exist today" means[3分]
some cocoa trees.
some chocolate drinks.
some shops.
some South American Indians.
33.
Thousands of Irish people starved during the "Potato Famine" because[3分]
they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else.
they were forced to emigrate to America.
the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato.
the potato harvest was bad.
34.
Coffee originally came from[3分]
Brazil.
Colombia.
Ethiopia.
Arabia.
35.
The Arabic legend is used to prove that[3分]
coffee was first discovered by Kaldi.
coffee was first discovered by Kaldi’s goats.
coffee was first discovered in south American countries.
coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.
根据材料,完成36-41题。
Good Modern Newspaper
A.good modern newspaper is an extraordinary piece of reading. It is remarkable first for what it contains: the range of news from local crime to international politics, from sport to business to fashion to science, and the range of comment and special features (特写) as well,from editorial page to feature articles and interviews to criticism of books, art, theatre and music. A newspaper is even more remarkable for the way one reads it: never completely, never straight through, but always by jumping : from here to there, in and out, glancing at one piece,reading another article all the way through, reading just a few paragraphs of the next. A good modern newspaper offers a variety to attract many different readers, but far more than any one reader is interested in. What brings this variety together in one place is its topicality ( 时事性),its immediate relation to what is happening in your world and your locality now. But immediacy and the speed of production that goes with it mean also that much of what appears in a newspaper has no more than transient (短暂的) value. For all these reasons, no two people really read the same paper: what each person does is to put together out of the pages of that day's paper, his own selection and sequence, his own newspaper. For all these reasons, reading newspapers efficiently, which means getting what you want from them without missing things you need but without wasting time, demands skill and self-awareness as you modify and apply
the techniques of reading.
36.
A modern newspaper is remarkable for all the following EXCEPT its_____[3分]
wide coverage.
uniform style.
speed in reporting news.
popularity.
37.
According to the passage, the reason why no two people really read the "same"newspaper is that______[3分]
people scan for the news they are interested in.
different people prefer different newspapers.
people are rarely interested in the same kind of news.
people have different views about what a good newspaper is.
38.
It can be concluded from the passage that newspaper readers______[3分]
apply reading techniques skillfully.
jump from one newspaper to another.
appreciate the variety of a newspa.per.
usually read a newspaper selectively.
39.
A good newspaper offers "a variety" to readers because______[3分]
it tries to serve different readers.
it has to cover things that happen in a certain locality.
readers are difficult to please.
readers like to read different newspapers.
40.
The best title for this passage would be”_______”[3分]
The Importance of Newspaper Topicality
The Characteristics of a Good Newspaper
The Variety of a Good Newspaper
Some Suggestions on How to Read a Newspaper
根据材料,完成41-46题。
Quality Education
A.quality education is the ultimate liberator. It can free people from poverty, giving them the power to greatly improve their lives and take a productive place in society. It can also free communities and countries, allowing them to leap forward into periods of wealth and social unity that otherwise would not be possible.
For this reason, the international community has committed itself to getting all the wodd's children into primary school by 2015, a commitment known as Education for All.
Can education for all be achieved by 20157 The answer is definitely "yes", although it is a difficult task. If we now measure the goal in terms of children successfully completing a minimum of five years of primary school, instead of just enrolling for classes, which used to be the measuring stick for education, then the challenge becomes even more difficult. Only 32 countries were formerly believed to be at risk of not achieving education for all on the basis of enrollment rates. The number rises to 88 if completion rates are used as the criterion.
Still, the goal is achievable with the right policies and the right support from the international community. 59 of the 88 countries at risk can reach universal primary completion by 2015 if they bring the efficiency and quality of their education systems into line with standards observed in higher-performing systems. They also need significant increases in external financing and technical support. The 29 countries lagging farthest behind will not reach the goal without unprecedented rates of progress. But this is attainable with creative solution, including use of information technologies, flexible and targeted foreign aid, and fewer people living in poverty.
A.key lesson of experience about what makes development effective is that a country's capacity to use aid well depends heavily on its policies, institutions and management. Where a country scores well on these criteria, foreign assistance can be highly effective.
41.
In the first paragraph, the author suggests that a quality education can______[3分]
free countries from foreign rules.
speed up social progress.
give people freedom.
liberate people from any exploitation.
42.
Ideally, the goal of the program of Education for All is to______ by 2015.[3分]
get all the world's children to complete primary school
enroll all the world's children into primary school
give quality education to people of 88 countries
support those committed to transforming their education systems
43.
_____ countries are now at risk of not achieving education for all on the basis of completion rates.[3分]
32
59
29
88
44.
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as the right policy?[3分]
Raising the efficiency of education systems.
Improving the quality of education.
Using information technologies.
Building more primary schools.
45.
As can be gathered from the last paragraph, foreign aid______[3分]
may not be highly effective.
is provided only when some criteria are met.
alone makes development possible.
is most effective for those countries lagging farthest behind.
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容讲其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。
根据材料,完成46-51题。
"Happy Birthday to You"
The main problem in discussing American popular culture is also one of its main characteristics: it won't stay American. No matter what it is, whether it is films, food and fashion, music, casual sports or slang, it's soon at home elsewhere in the world. There are several theories why American popular culture has had this appeal.
One theory is that it has been "advertised" and marketed through American films, popular music, and more recently, television. (46) They are, after all, in competition with those produced by other countries.
Another theory, probably a more common one, is that Americhn popular culture is internationally associated with something called "the spirit of America. " (47)
The final theory is less complex: American popular culture is popular because a lot of people in the world like it.
Regardless of why it spread, American popular culture is usually quite rapidly adopted and then adapted in many .other countries. (48) "Happy Birthday to You," for instance, is such an everyday song that its source, its American copyright, so to speak, is not remembered. Black leather jackets worn by many heroes in American movies could be found, a generation later, on all those young men who wanted to make this manly-look their own.
Two areas where this continuing process is most clearly seen are clothing and music. Some people can still remember a time when T-shirts, jogging clothes, tennis shoes, denim jackets,and blue jeans were not common daily wear everywhere. Only twenty years ago, it was possible to spot an American in Paris by his or her clothes. No longer so: those bring colors, checkered jackets and trousers, hats and socks which were once made fun of in cartoons are back again in Paris as the latest fashion.(49)
The situation with American popular music is more complex because in the beginning,when it was still clearly American, it was often strongly resisted. Jazz was once thought to be a great danger to youth and their morals, and was actually outlawed in several countries. Today,while stills blowing its rather American roots, it has become so well established. Rock "n" roll and its variations, country & westem music, all have more or less similar histories. They were first resisted, often in America as well, as being "low-class," and then as "a danger to our nation's youth. " (50) And then the music became accepted and was extended and developed, and exported back to the U. S.
A.As a result, its American origins and roots are often quickly forgotten.
B.But this theory fails to explain why American films, music, and television programs are so popular in themselves.
C.American in origin, informal clothing has become the world's first truly universal style.
D.The BBC, for example, banned rock and roll until 1962.
E.American food has become popular around the world too.
F.This spirit is variously described as being young and free, optimistic and confident,informal and disrespectful.
46.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
47.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
48.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
六、完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
The American Family
In the American family the husband and wife usually share important decision making. When the children are old enough, they take part_________(51). Foreigners are often surprised by the permissiveness of American parents. The old rule that "children should be seen and not heard" is rarely_________(52), and children are often allowed to do what they wish without strict parental_________(53). The father seldom expects his children to obey him_________(54) question, and children are encouraged to be independent_________(55) an early age. Some people believe that American parents carry this freedom_________(56) far. Others think that a strong father image would not_________(57) the American values of equality and independence. Because Americans emphasize the importance of independence, young people are expected to break_________(58) their parental families by the time they have_________(59) their late teens or early twenties.     (60), not to do so is often regarded as a failure, a kind of weak dependence.
This pattern of independence often results in serious_________(61) for the aging parents of a small family. The average American is expected to live    (62) the age of 70. The job-retirement age is _________(63) 65. The children have left home, married, and_________(64) their own households. At least 20 percent of all people over 65 do not have enough retirement incomes. _________(65) the major problem of many elderly couples is not economic. They feel useless and lonely with neither an occupation nor a close family group.
51.
 [1分]
either
though
as well
also
52.
 [1分]
discussed
followed
seen
heard
53.
 [1分]
control
support
agreement
criticism
54.
 [1分]
for
on
without
in
55.
 [1分]
in
at
on
for
56.
 [1分]
too
almost
nearly
quite
57.
 [1分]
fit
meet
suit
satisfy
58.
 [1分]
up
into
through
away from
59.
 [1分]
reached
come
arrived
developed
60.
 [1分]
In truth
In name
Indeed
In a word
61.
 [1分]
questions
problems
matters
affairs
62.
 [1分]
on
up
from
beyond
63.
 [1分]
only
usually
sometimes
seldom
64.
 [1分]
set forth
set aside
set up
set down
65.
 [1分]
But
Therefore
In contrast
Even if

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
examcoo™