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2014年职称英语综合类B级考前押题(一)
试卷编号:211720
录入者 :七月
试卷总分:70
出卷时间:
答题时间:60分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项 (第三1~15题,第题1分,共15分)
下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
1.
It is ridiculous to dispute about such things.[1分]
foolish
shocking
frightening
amusing
2.
It was obvious that she was not going home .[1分]
evident
necessary
possible
probable
3.
He replied that this was absolutely impossible .[1分]
stated
answered
said
claimed
4.
He confesses that he has done it .[1分]
agrees
alleges
admits
answers
5.
He lacked the strength to deal with all these problems .[1分]
think of
talk about
copy down
cope with
6.
He purchased a ticket and went up on the top deck .[1分]
bought
took
showed
made
7.
Foreign money can be converted into the local currency at this bank .[1分]
written
changed
moved
reported
8.
He looks like a crazy man.[1分]
lazy
patient
mad
happy
9.
We cannot permit such conduct.[1分]
movement
words
principle
behavior
10.
She started to clean the kitchen.[1分]
stopped
began
continued
kept
11.
John talked over the new job offer with his wife .[1分]
discussed
mentioned
accepted
rejected
12.
I rarely wear a raincoat because I spend most of my time in a car.[1分]
normally
continuously
seldom
usually
13.
We explored the possibility of closer trade links at the conference.[1分]
rejected
investigated
proposed
postponed
14.
He often finds fault with my work.[1分]
criticizes
praises
evaluates
talks about
15.
They agreed to settle the dispute by peaceful means .[1分]
complete
determine
untie
solve
第2部分:阅读判断
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选A:如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选B;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请选C。
They Say Ireland's the Best
Ireland is the best place in the world to live for 2005, according to a life quality ranking that appeared in Britain’s Economist magazine last week.
The ambitious attempt to compare happiness levels around the world is based on the principle that wealth is not the only measure of human satisfaction and well-being.
The index of 111 countries uses data on incomes, health, unemployment, climate, political stability, job security, gender equality as well as what the magazine calls "freedom, family and community life".
Despite the bad weather, troubled health service, traffic congestion (拥挤), gender inequality, and the high cost of living, Ireland scored an impressive 8.33 points out of 10.
That put it well ahead of second-place Switzerland, which managed 8.07. Zimbabwe, troubled by political insecurity and hunger, is rated the gloomiest (最差的), picking up only 3.89 points.
"Although rising incomes and increased individual choices are highly valued," the report said, "some of the factors associated with modernization such as the breakdown (崩溃) in traditional institutions and family values in part take away from a positive impact."
"Ireland wins because it successfully combines the most desirable elements of the new with the preservation of certain warm elements of the old, such as stable family and community life."
The magazine admitted measuring quality of life is not a straightforward thing to do,and that its findings would have their critics.
No. 2 on the list is Switzerland. The other nations in the top 10 are Norway, Luxembourg, Sweden, Australia, Iceland, Italy, Denmark and Spain.
The UK is positioned at No. 29, a much lower position chiefly because of the social and family breakdown recorded in official statistics. The US, which has the second highest per capita GDP (人均国内生产总值) after Luxembourg, took the 13th place in the survey. China was in the lower half of the league at 60th.For 2,005.
16.
Years, Ireland has been the best place for humans to live in.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
Job security is the least important measure of life quality.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Costs Of Living in Ireland is pretty high.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
Family life in Zimbabwe is not stable.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
Ireland is positioned at No. 1 because it combines the most desirable elements of the new with some good elements of the old.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
To measure life quality is easy.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
The United States of America is among the top 10 countries.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意
Architecture
Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. The best buildings are often so well constructed that they outlast their original use. They then survive not only as beautiful objects, but as documents of the history of cultures. These achievements are never wholly the work of individuals. Architecture is a social art.
The renaissance brought about an entirely new age, not only in philosophy and literature but in the visual arts as well. In architecture, the principles and styles of ancient Greece and Rome were brought back to life and reinterpreted. They remain dominant until the 20th century.
Many kinds of stone are used as building materials. Stone and marble were chosen for important monuments because they are not burnable and can be expected to endure. Stone architecture was often blended with stone sculpture. The use of stone has declined, however, because a number of other materials are more adaptable to industrial use.
The complexity of modern life calls for a variety of building. More people live in mass housing and go to work in large office buildings; they spend their income in large shopping centers, send their children to many different kinds of schools, and when they are sick they go to specialized hospitals and clinics. All theses different types of buildings accumulated experiences needed by their designers.
By the middle of the 20th century, modern architecture, which was influenced by new technology and mass production, was dealing with increasingly complex social needs. Important characteristics of modern architectural works are expanses of glass and the use of reinforced concrete. Advances in elevator technology, air conditioning, and electric lighting have all had important effects.
EXERCISE:
A.Building materials
B.Need of greater building varieties in modern life
C.Restoration of ancient civilizations
D.Evolution in style
E.factors affecting modern architecture
F.A social art
23.
Paragraph 2_____________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
24.
Paragraph 3_____________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
25.
Paragraph 4_____________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.
Paragraph 5_____________.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A.to meet their needs
B.but also beautiful to look at
C.in the development of modern architecture
D.to design more buildings
E.even in the 20th century
F.to outlast their original use
27.
Some buildings are so well constructed that they are not only useful______.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
28.
Ancient Greek and Roman architectural styles, which were restored during renaissance, were still influential _____.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.
As modern life becomes more complex, people have to put up many different kinds of buildings _____.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.
The use of new building materials and the introduction of such new technology as the elevator and the air-conditioner have played an important role ______.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第4部分:阅读理解
David Jones and His Salary
Computer programmer David Jones earns £35,000 a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank prepared to let him have a cheque card. Instead, he has been told to wait another two years, until he is 18.
The 16-year-old works for a small firm In Liverpool, where the problem of most young people of his age is finding a job. David's firm releases two new games for the home computer market each month.
But David's biggest headache is what to do with his money. Despite his salary, earned buy inventing new programs, with bonus payments and profit-sharing, he cannot drive a car, buy a house, or obtain credit cards.
He lives with his parents in Liverpool. His company has to pay £150 a month in taxi fares to get him the five miles to work and back every day because David cannot drive.
David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago, a year after leaving school and working for a time in a computer shop. "I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs," he said.
"I suppose £35,000 sounds a lot but I hope it will come to more than that his year." He spends some of his money on records and clothes, and gives his mother £20 a week. But most of his spare time is spent working.
"unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school," he said. "But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time. I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school. Most people in this business are fairly young, anyway."
David added: "I would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement is a possibility. You never know when the market might disappear."
Exercise:
31.
Why is David different from other young people of his age?[3分]
Because he earns an extremely high salary.
Because he is not unemployed.
Because he does not go out much.
Because he lives at home with his parents.
32.
David's greatest problem is[3分]
finding a bank that will treat him as an adult.
inventing computer games.
spending his salary.
learning to drive.
33.
He was employed by the company because[3分]
he had worked in a computer shop.
he had written some computer programs.
he had worked very hard.
he had learned to use computers at school.
34.
He left school because[3分]
he did not enjoy school
he wanted to work with computers and staying at school did not help him.
he was afraid of getting too old to start computing.
he wanted to earn a lot of money.
35.
Why does David think he might retire early?[3分]
Because you have to be young to write computer programs.
Because he wants to stop working when he is a millionaire.
Because he thinks computer games might not always sell so well.
Because he thinks his firm might go bankrupt.
第5部分:补全短文
Death control
A.very important world problem-in fact, I am inclined to say it is the most important of all the great world problems________(36) _________-is the rapidly increasing pressure of population on land and on land resources.
This enormous increase of population will create immense problems. By 2000 A.D., unless something desperate happens, there will be as many as 7,000,000,000 people on the surface of the earth! So this is a problem which you are going to see in your lifetime
Why is this enormous increase in population taking place? It is really due to the spread of the knowledge and the practice of _________ (37)_______. You have heard of Birth Control? Death Control is something rather different. Death Control recognizes the work of the doctors and the nurses and the hospitals and the health services in keeping alive people who,_____(38)_____, Would have died of some of the incredibly serious killing diseases , as they used to do. Squalid conditions, which we can remedy by an improved standard of living, caused a lot of disease and dirt. Medical examinations at school catch diseases early and ensure healthier school children. Scientists are at work stamping out malaria and other more deadly diseases. If you are seriously ill there is an ambulance to take you to a modern hospital. Medical care helps _____(39)______. We used to think seventy was a good age; now eighty, ninety, it may be , are coming to be recognized as a normal age for human beings. People are living longer because of this Death Control, and _____(40)_____, so the population of the world is shooting up.
练习:
A.fewer children are dying
B.a few years ago
C.what is coming to be called Death Control
D.which face us at the present time
E.making it possible for people to live longer
F.to keep people alive longer
36.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
37.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
38.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
39.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
40.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第6部分:完形填空
Shopping for Clothes
Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in __41__. He knows what he wants, and his __42__ is to find it and buy it. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyones __43__.
For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants. In that __44__ the salesman tries to sell the customer something else — he offers the nearest to the article required. Good salesman brings out such a substitute with __45__: "I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir, but would you like to try it for size. It __46__ to be the colour you mentioned." Few men have __47__ with this treatment, and the usual response is: "This is the right colour and may be the right size, but I should be __58__ my time and yours by trying it on."
For a woman, buying clothes is always done in the __49__ way. Her shopping is not often __50__ on need. She has never fully decided what she wants, and she is only "having a look round". She is always open to persuasion, willing to try __51__ any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that __52__ thinks suits her. Most women have an excellent sense of value and are always on the look-out for the unexpected __53__. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another __54__ selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a tiresome process, but apparently a(n) __55__one. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.
41.
 [1分]
detail
advance
hurry
full
42.
 [1分]
objective
need
dream
reason
43.
 [1分]
sadness
amusement
surprise
satisfaction
44.
 [1分]
time
event
case
situation
45.
 [1分]
care
skill
attention
interest
46.
 [1分]
happens
is
changes
comes
47.
 [1分]
experience
is
interest
patience
48.
 [1分]
losing
wasting
spending
giving
49.
 [1分]
same
similar
opposite
clever
50.
 [1分]
relied
done
related
based
51.
 [1分]
on
with
by
people
52.
 [1分]
nobody
someone
surprise
everyone
53.
 [1分]
deal
bargain
surprise
people
54.
 [1分]
before
after
as
by
55.
 [1分]
exhausting
boring
enjoyable
graceful

≡ 本试卷共计55题,此处为结束标志。
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