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2013年职称英语(综合类B级)考前预测押题试卷
试卷编号:204911
录入者 :For You
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
She eventually married the most persistent one of her admirers.[1分]
in a way
in due course
in the end
in any case
2.
Five minutes left, the outcome of the match was still in doubt.[1分]
result
judgment
decision
event
3.
The reporter was accused of unprofessional conduct.[1分]
movement
words
principle
behavior
4.
He made a considerable sum of money in real estate.[1分]
large
positive
powerful
realistic
5.
A crowd gathered to see what had happened.[1分]
collected
fixed
divided
assist
6.
If I made a mistake, I will try to remedy it.[1分]
clarify
diagnose
evaporate
correct
7.
We derive information mainly from the Internet.[1分]
deprive
obtain
descend
trace
8.
His sole motive was to make her happy.[1分]
aim
argument
capability
pursuit
9.
He could not tolerate the extremes of heat in the desert.[1分]
bear
hate
like
criticize
10.
These factors interact intimately and cannot be separated.[1分]
tensely
nearly
carefully
closely
11.
She exhibited great powers of endurance during the climb.[1分]
play
send
show
tell
12.
The eternal motion of the stars fascinated him.[1分]
long
never-ending
boring
extensive
13.
She could not answer, it was an immense load off her heart.[1分]
natural
fatal
tiny
enormous
14.
The book made a great impact on its readers.[1分]
force
influence
surprise
power
15.
Accompanied by cheerful music, we began to dance.[1分]
pleasant
colorful
fashionable
different
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
Computer Mouse
The basic computer mouse is an amazingly clever invention with a relatively simple design that allows us to point at things on the computer and it is very productive. Think of all the things you can do
with a mouse like selecting text for copying and pasting, drawing, and even scrolling on the page with the newer mice with the wheel. Most of us use the computer mouse daily without stopping to think how it works until it gets dirty and we have to learn how to clean it. We learn to point at things before we learn to speak, so the mouse is a very natural pointing device. Other computer pointing devices include light pens, graphics tablets and touch screens, but the mouse is still our workhorse.
The computer mouse was invented in 1964 by Douglas Englehart of Stanford University. As computer screens became more popular and arrow keys were used to move around a body of text, it became clear that a pointing device that allowed easier motion through the text and even selection of text would be very useful. The introduction of the mouse, with the Apple Lisa computer in 1983, really started the computer public on the road to relying on the mouse for routine computer tasks.
How does the mouse work? We have to start at the bottom, so think upside down for now. It all starts with the mouse ball. As the mouse ball in the bottom of the mouse rolls over the mouse pad, it presses against and turns two shafts. The shafts are connected to wheels with several small holes in them. The wheels have a pair of small electronic light-emitting devices called light-emitting diodes(LED) mounted on either side. One LED sends a light beam to the LED on the other side. As the wheels spin and a hole rotates by, the light beam gets through to the LED on the other side. But a moment later the light beam is blocked until the next hole is in place. The LED detects a changing pattern of light, converts the pattern into an electronic signal, and sends the signal to the computer through wires in a cable that goes out of the mouse body. This cable is the tail that helps give the mouse its name. The computer interprets the signal to tell it where to position the cursor on the computer screen.
So far we have only discussed the basic computer mouse that most of you probably have or bare used. One problem with this design is that the mouse gets dirty as the ball rolls over the surface and picks up dirt. Eventually you have to clean your mouse. The newer optical mice avoid this problem by having no moving parts.
16.
Most computer users want to know how the computer mouse works.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
According to the author, general computer users need not to know how the computer mouse was invented.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
The computer mouse derives its name from the cable that goes out its body, which looks like the tail of a mouse.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
The key components of a computer mouse are the two LEDs.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
When an ordinary computer mouse gets dirty, it has to be replaced with a new one.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
The most durable computer mice on sale are the IBM ones.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
The optical mouse is superior to the basic one in that the former has no moving parts.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。
Is There a Way to Keep the Britain's Economy Growing
In today's knowledge economy, nations survive on the things they do best. Japanese design electronics while Germans export engineering techniques. The French serve,the best food and Americans make computers.
Britain specializes in the gift of talking. The nation doesn't manufacture much of anything. But it has lawyers,stylists and business consultants who earn their living from talk and more talk. The World Foundation think tank says the UK's four iconic jobs today are not scientists,engineers,teachers and nurses. Instead, they're hairdressers, celebrities, management consultants and managers. But can all
this talking keep the British economy going? The British government thinks it can.
Although the country's trade deficit was more than ~60 billion in 2006 ,UK's largest in the post-war period,officials say the country has nothing to worry about. In fact, Britain does have a world-class pharmaceutical industry'? and it still makes a small sum from selling arms abroad. It also trades services-accountancy, insurance, banking and advertising. The government believes Britain is on the cutting
edge of the knowledge economy. After all, me country of Shakespeare and Wordsworth has a literary tradition of which to be proud. Rock 'n' roll is an English language medium,and there are billions to be made by their cutting-edge bands. In other words, the creative economy has plenty of strength to carry the British economy.
However, creative industries account for only about 4 percent of UK's exports of goods and services. The industries are finding it hard to make a profit,according to a report of the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts The report shows only 38 percent of British companies were engaged in "innovation activities",3 percentage points below the EU average and well below Germany (61 percent) and Sweden (47 percent).In fact,it might be better to call Britain a "servant" economy-there are at least 4 million people "in service". The majority of the population are employed by the rich to cook, clean, and take care of their children. Many graduates are even doing menial jobs for which they do not need a degree. Most employment growth has been, and will continue to be, at the low-skill end of the service sector-in shops,bars,hotels,domestic service and in nursing and care homes.
A to find jobs
B to do low-skill lobs
C to feed its people
D to handle disputes
E to make a profit
F to worry about the British economy
23.
Paragraph 2__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
24.
Paragraph 3__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
25.
Paragraph 4__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.
Paragraph 5__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A  Growth of Economy
B  “Servant” Economy
C  Strength of the Creative Economy
D  Weakness of the Creative Economy
E  Gift of talking
F  Export of Talking Machines
27.
Every country has its own way__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
28.
The British government doesn't seem__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.
The creative industries find it difficult__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.
Many graduates are employed[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。
第一篇 Seeing the World Centuries Aeo
If you enjoy looking through travel books by such familiar authors as Arthur Former or Eugene Fodor,it will not surprise you to lean that travel writing has a long and venerable history. Almost from the earliest annals of recorded time individuals have found ready audiences for their accounts of journeys to strange and exotic locales.
One of the earliest travel writers,a Greek geographer and historian named Strabo,lived around the time of Christ. Though Strabo is known to have traveled from east of the Black Sea west to Italy and as far south as Ethiopia, he also used details gleaned from other writers to extend and enliven his accounts. His multivolumed work Geography provides the only surviving account of the cities,peoples,customs,and geographical peculiarities of the whole known world of his time.
Two other classic travel writers,the Italian Marco Polo and the Moroccan Ibn Battutah,lived in roughly the same time period. Marco Polo traveled to China with his father and uncle in about A. D.1275 and remained there 16 or 17 years,visiting several other countries during his travels. When Marco returned to Italy he dictated his memoirs,including stories he had heard from others,to a scribe,with the resulting book II million being an instant success. Though difficult to attest to the accuracy of all he says,Marco's book impelled Europeans to begin their great voyages of exploration.
Ibn Battutah's interest in travel began on his required Muslim journey to Mecca in 1325,and during his lifetime he journeyed through all the countries where Islam held sway. His travel book the Rihlah is a personalized account of desert journeys, court intrigues, and even the effect of the Back Death in the various lands he visited . In almost 30 years of traveling it is estimated that Ibn Battutah covered more than 75,000 miles.
31.
This passage is mostly about[3分]
why people find travel writing exciting
the literary style of three early travel writers
where three early travel writers went and wrote about
how to write a travel book
32.
Ihn Battutah traveled[3分]
to China
to Ethiopia
throughout the Muslim word
for 16 or 17 years
33.
The books by the three writers were popular because[3分]
they listed good places to stay
they told of strange and exotic locales
they explained the best routes to get to places
all of their stories were firsthand accounts
34.
The overall organization of this passage is through[3分]
chronological order
spatial description
travel writers" personal narratives
persuasive details
35.
In this passage attest means to[3分]
give an examination to
draw a map of
tell lies to
give proof of
第二篇 The Cherokee Nation
Long before the white man came to America, the land belonged to the American Indian nations.The nation of the Cherokees lived in what is now the southeastern part of the United States.
After the white man came, the Cherokees copied many of their ways. One Cherokee named Sequoyah saw how important reading and writing was to the white man. He decided to invent a way to write down the spoken Cherokee language. He began by making word pictures. For each word he drew a picture. But that proved impossible -there were just too many words. Then he took the 85 sounds that made up the language. Using his own imagination and an English spelling book, Sequoyah invented a sign for each sound. His alphabet proved amazingly easy to learn. Before long, many Cherokees knew how to read and write in their own language. By 1828, they were even printing their own news paper.
In 1830, the U. S. Congress passed a law. It allowed the government to remove Indians from their lands. The Cherokees refused to go. They had lived on their lands for centuries. It belonged to them.
Why should they go to a strange land far beyond the Mississippi River?
The army was sent to drive the Cherokees out. Soldiers surrounded their villages and marched them at gunpoint into the western territory. The sick, the old and the small children went in carts, along with their belongings. The rest of the people marched on foot or rode on horseback. It was November, yet many of them still wore their summer clothes. Cold and hungry, the Cherokees were quickly exhausted by the hardships of the journey. Many dropped dead and were buried by the roadside. When the last group arrived in their new home in March 1839, more than 4, 000 had died. It was indeed a march of death.
36.
"The Cherokee Nation used to live[3分]
on the American continent.
in the southeastern part of the US.
beyond the Mississippi River.
in the western territory.
37.
One of the ways that Sequoyah copied from the white man is the way of[3分]
writing down the spoken language.
making word pictures.
teaching his people reading,
printing their own newspaper.
38.
A law was passed in 1830 to[3分]
allow the Cherokees to stay where they were.
send the army to help the Cherokees.
force the Cherokees to move westward.
forbid the Cherokees to read their newspaper.
39.
When the Cherokees began to leave their lands,[3分]
they went in carts.
they went on horseback.
they marched on foot,
all of the above.
40.
Many Cherokees died on their way to their new home mainly because[3分]
they were not willing to go there.
the government did not provide transportation.
they did not have enough food and clothes.
the journey was long and boring.
第三篇 The Family
The structure of a family takes different forms around the world and even in the same society. The family's form changes as it adapts to changing social and economic influences. Until recently, the most common form in North America was the nuclear family, consisting of a married couple with their minor children. The nuclear family is an independent unit. It must be prepared to fend for itself. Individual
family members strongly depend on one another. There is little help from outside the family in emergencies.Elderly relatives of a nuclear family are cared for only if it is possible for the family to do so.
In North America,the elderly often do not live with the family; they live in retirement communities and nursing homes.
There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies, such as North America,and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits,who live in harsh environments.
The nuclear family structure is well adapted to a life of mobility. In harsh conditions , mobility allows the family to hunt for food. For North Americans,the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.
The nuclear family was not always the North American standard. In a more agrarian time, the small nuclear family was usually part of a larger extended family. This might have included grandparents, mother and father, brothers and sisters, uncles, aunts, and cousins. In North America today, there is a dramatic rise in the number of single-parent households. Twice as many households in the United States are headed by divorced, separated, or never-married individuals as arc comprised of nuclear families. The structure of the family, not just in North America, hut throughout the world, continues to change as it adapts to changing conditions.
41.
Another good title for this passage would be[3分]
What Makes a Family?
The I.ife of the Inuits.
Living with Hardship.
The Failure of the Nuclear Family.
42.
A nuclear family is defined as[3分]
a married couple with their minor children
a single father with minor children
parents, grandparents, and children
parents,children,and aunts and uncles
43.
The information in this passage would most likely be found in[3分]
an anthropology textbook
a biology textbook
a mathematics textbook
a geography text book
44.
The information in the first paragraph is presented mainly through[3分]
listing statistics
telling a story
pointing out similarities
pointing out differences
45.
The word mobility means[3分]
money
readiness to move
organization
skill
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原来位置,以恢复文章原貌。
The Value of Motherhood
In shopping malls,the assistants try to push you into buying "a gift to thank her for her unselfish love". When you log onto website,a small pop-up invites you to book a bouquet for her. Commercial warmth and gratitude are the atmosphere being spread around for this special Sunday in May.
46__________The popularity of Mother's Day around the world suggests that Jarvis got all she wanted.In fact, she got more enough to make her horrified.
47__________They buy, among other things, 132 million cards. Mother's Day is the No. 1 holiday for flower purchases. Then there are the various commodities, ranging from jewelry and clothes to cosmeties and washing powder, that take advantage of the promotion opportunities. Because of this, Jarvis spent the last 40 years of her life trying to stop Mother's Day. One protest against the comer cialization Mother's Day even got her arrested-for disturbing the peace, interestingly.
48__________As Ralph Fevre, a reporter at the UK newspaper The Guardian, observe, traditionally "motherhood is something that we do because we think it's right. " But in the logic of commercialism, people need something in exchange for their time and energy. A career serves this purpose better.
49__________So they work hard and play hard. Becoming a mother, however, inevitably handicaps career anticipation.
50__________According to The Guardian,there are twice as many child-free young women as there were a generation ago. Or,they put off the responsibility of parenting until later in their lives.
So,Fevre writes that the meaning of celebrating Mother's Day needs to be updated."It is to persuade people that parenting is a good idea and to honor people for their attempt to be good people. "
A.Commercial warmth and gratitude are the atmosphere being spread as early as 1905, by Anna Jarvis, as a way of recognizing the real value of motherhood.
B.But what's more,commercialism changes young people's attitude towards motherhood.
C.Obviously, the best girl will be a phone call or a visit.
D.According to a research by the US card company Hallmark, 96 percent of American consumers celebrate the holiday.
E.As a result,motherhood has suffered a huge drop in status since the 1950s.
F.In addition, women are being encouraged to pursue any career they desire.
46.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
47.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
48.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
Look on The Bright Side
Do you ever wish you were more optimistic, someone who always 51__________to be successful? Having someone around who always 52__________the worst isn't really a lot of 53__________. We all know someone who sees a single cloud on a sunny day and says ,"It looks 54__________rain. " But if you catch yourself thinking such things,it's important to do something 55__________it.You can change your view of life, 56__________to psychologists. It only takes a little effort ,and you'll find life more rewarding as a 57__________. Optimism, they say, is partly about self-respect and confidence,but it's also a more positive way of looking at life and all it has to 58__________ . Optimists are more 59__________to start new projects and are generally more prepared to take risks.
Upbringing is obviously very important in forming your 60__________to the world. Some people are brought up to 61__________too much on others and grow up forever blaming other people when anything 62__________wrong. Most optimists,on the 63 __________hand, have been brought up not to 64__________failure as the end of the world-they just 65__________with their lives.
51.
 [1分]
counted
expected
felt
waited
52.
 [1分]
worries
cares
fears
doubts
53.
 [1分]
amusement
play
enjoyment
fun
54.
 [1分]
so
to
for
like
55.
 [1分]
with
against
about
over
56.
 [1分]
judging
according
concerning
following
57.
 [1分]
result
reason
purpose
product
58.
 [1分]
supply
suggest
offer
propose
59.
 [1分]
possible
likely
hopeful
welcome
60.
 [1分]
opinion
attitude
view
position
61.
 [1分]
trust
believe
depend
hope
62.
 [1分]
goes
falls
comes
turns
63.
 [1分]
opposite
next
other
far
64.
 [1分]
regard
respect
suppose
think
65.
 [1分]
get up
get on
get out
get over

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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