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2013年职称英语(综合类C级)考前预测押题试卷
试卷编号:204910
录入者 :For You
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:100分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
A new system of quality control was brought in to overcome the defects in the firm's products.[1分]
invested
introduced
installed
insisted
2.
The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.[1分]
develop
disappear
link
renew
3.
There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance.[1分]
beats
matches
maintains
announces
4.
The government is debating the education laws.[1分]
discussing
defeating
delaying
declining
5.
They had a far better yield than any other farm miles away around this year.[1分]
goods
soil
climate
harvest
6.
The city has decided to do away with all the old buildings in its center.[1分]
get rid of
set up
repair
paint
7.
During the past ten years there have been dramatic changes in the international situation.[1分]
permanent
powerful
striking
practical
8.
It is out of the question that the inspector will come tomorrow.[1分]
impossible
possible
probable
likely
9.
Techniques to employ the energy of the sun are being developed.[1分]
convert
store
use
receive
10.
Since the Great Depression, the United States government has protected farmers from damaging drops in grain prices.[1分]
slight
surprising
sudden
harmful
11.
Cement was seldom used in building the Middle Ages.[1分]
crudely
rarely
originally
occasionally
12.
Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.[1分]
conventionally
obviously
especially
inevitably
13.
We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the champion.[1分]
amazed
amounted
amused
approached
14.
There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.[1分]
a steady
a plentiful
an extra
a stable
15.
The most crucial problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.[1分]
puzzling
difficult
terrifying
urgent
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
TV Games Shows
One of the most fascinating things about television is the size of the audience. A novel can be on the "best sellers" list with a sale of fewer than 100, 000 copies, but a popular TV show might have 70 million TV viewers. TV can make anything or anyone well known overnight.
This is the principle behind "quiz"or "game" shows, which put ordinary people on TV to play a game for the prize and money. A quiz show can make anyone a star, and it can give away thousands of dollars just for fun. But all of this money can create problems. For instance, in the 1950s, quiz shows were very popular in the U. S. and almost everyone watched them. Charles Van Doren, an English instructor, became rich and famous after winning money on several shows. He even had a career as a television personality. But one of the losers proved that Charles Van Doren was cheating. It turned out that the show's producers, who were pulling the strings, gave the answers to the most popular contestants beforehand. Why? Because if the audience didn't like the person who won the game, they turned the show off. Based on his story, a movie under the title "Quiz Show" is on 40 years later.
Charles Van Doren is no longer involved with TV. But game shows are still here, though they aren't taken as seriously. In fact, some of them try to be as ridiculous as possible. There are shows that send strangers on vacation trips together, or that try to cause newly-married couples to fight on TV,or that punish losers by humiliating them. The entertainment now is to see what people will do just to
be on TV. People still win money, but the real prize is to be in front of an audience of millions.
16.
TV can make a beggar world-famous overnight.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
The principle behind "quiz" or "game" shows is to put ordinary people on TV to play a game for prizes and money.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Prizes and money are usually provided by TV stars and large companies.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
One of the TV personalities, Charles Van Doren was proved to be cheating by persuading the Show's producers to give him the answers beforehand.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
The huge scandal of cheating in TV games shows was not exposed until 40 years later in the movie "Quiz Show".[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
Nowadays game shows are not treated as seriously as they used to be.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
Winners of present-day TV game shows no longer get money from the shows.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。
The Paper Chase
1 "Running a house is a lot like running a business. " says Stephanie Denton, a professional or ganizer based in Cincinnati, Ohio, who specializes in both residential and commercial paperwork and record keeping. To get a successful grip on organizing documents, bills, and other materials, Denton suggests the following tips:
2 Create a space in which you can always do your paperwork. This is perhaps the most important element of a successful system. If you can't devote an entire desk to the task, at least invest in a rolling file cart to store active paperwork and a two drawer file cabinet for family records. Store the rolling file cart wherever it is most convenient and comfortable to do your work, whether that is the kitchen, of
flee, or family room.
3 When in doubt, throw it out. The first step to implementing a workable filing system is to eliminate paper you don't use, don't need, or that you could easily access again elsewhere. Throw out duplicate statements, old catalogs, and all of the coupons, mailings, or offerings you'll never have an opportunity to use or even read.
4 Set aside two days a month to pay bills. If a monthly due date doesn't fit into your cycle, call up the creditor and suggest a more convenient date. Keep two manila folders at the {rent of your system for current bills -one to correspond with each bill-paying day-and file all incoming bills. Keep a list in the front of each folder of what needs to be paid in case the invoice never arrives or gets misplaced.
5 Think of your filing system not as a rigid tool, but as a living, breathing system that can accommodate your changing needs. A good filing system is both mentally and physically flexible. Everyone's needs are different, says Denton, but when devising a filling system, ask yourself: "Where would I look for this?" Create main headings for your filing system, such as Investments, Taxes, Children, and so forth, and file individual folders under the main headings. Never overstuff your files.
A.Find a place to work on
B.Implementing a workable filing system
C.What is a good filing system
D.How to invest in a rolling file cart
E.Get rid of unimportant things
F.Dealing with bills
23.
Paragraph 2__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
24.
Paragraph 3__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
25.
Paragraph 4__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.
Paragraph 5__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A.they are useless
B.in paper chase
C.that it is easily reached
D.that different people have different requirements
E.they are not comfortable
F.in investing in coupons
27.
Stephanie Denton is expert__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
28.
You can put your file cart anywhere you like, on condition__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.
Coupons should be thrown away because__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.
"Mentally flexible" indicates the fact__________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。
第一篇The Barbie Dolls
In the mid-1940's, the young ambitious duo Ruth and Elliot Handler, owned a company that made wooden pictures frames. It was in 1945 that Ruth and Elliot Handler joined with their close friend Harold Mattson to form a company that would be known for the most famous and successful doll ever created. This company would be named Mattel, MATT for Mattson, and El. for Elliot.
In the mid 1950's, while visiting Switzerland, Ruth Handler purchased a German Lilli doll. Lilli was a shapely, pretty fashion doll first made in 1955. She was originally fashioned after a famous cartoon character in the West German Newsletter, Build.
Lilli is the doll that would inspire Ruth Handler to design the Barbie doll. With the help of her technicians and engineers at Mattel, Barbie was born. Ruth then hired Charlotte Johnson, a fashion designer, to create Barbies wardrobe. It was in 19,58 that the patent for garbie was obtained. This would be a fashion doll unlike any of her time. She would be long/imbed, shapely, beautiful, and only 11. 5 inches tall, Ruth and Elliot would name their new fashion doll after their own daughter, Barbie.
In 19,59, the Barbie doll would make her way to the New York Toy Show and receive a cool reception from the toy buyers.
Barhie has undergone a lot of changes over the years and has managed to keep up with current trends in hairstyles, makeup and clothing. She is a reflection of the history of fashion since her introduction to the toy market.
Barhie has a universal appeal and collectors both young and old enjoy time spent and memories made with their dolls.
31.
When Ruth and Elliot Handler was young, they had a strong desire[3分]
to go to school
to take photos
to make frames
to be highly successful
32.
Who owned MATTEI.?[3分]
Mattson.
Elliot.
Harold Mattson and Elliot Handler.
Harold Mattson, Ruth and Ellion Handler.
33.
It can be inferred from the second paragraph that Lilli was fashioned after[3分]
Build.
a German doll.
a pretty girl.
a shapely woman.
34.
Where did Ruth Handlers inspiration for the design of the Barbie doll come from?[3分]
Barbie.
Lilli.
Charlotte Johnson.
A fashion designer.
35.
Which of the following statements is NOT true of the Barbie doll?[3分]
She does not attract young men.
She has undergone many changes over the years.
She is 11.5 inches tall.
She has managed to keep up with fashion.
第二篇 Sleep
We all know that the normal human daily cycle of activity is of some 7-8 hours' sleep allernating with some 16-17 hours' wakefulness and that, broadly speaking, the sleep normally coincides with the hours of darkness. Our present concern is with how easily and to what extent this cycle can be modified.
The question is no more academic one. The case, for example, with which people can change from working in the day to working at night is a question of growing importance in industry where automation calls insistently for round-the-clock working of machines. It normally takes from five days to one week for a person to adapt to a reversed routine of sleep and wakefulness, sleeping during the day and working at night. Unfortunately it is often the case in industry that shifts are changed every week; a person may work from 12 midnight to 8 a. m. one week , 8 a. m. to 4 p. m. the next, and 4 p. m. to 12 midnight the third and so on. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine than he has to change to another, so that much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very efficiently.
One answer would seem to be longer periods on each shift, a month, or even three months. Recent research by Bonier of the Netherlands, however, has shows that people on such systems will revert to their normal habits of sleep and wakefulness during the weekend and that this is quite enough to destroy any adaptation to night work built up during the week.
The only real solution appears to be to hand over the night shift to a corps of permanent night workers whose nocturnal wakefulness may persist through all weekend and holidays. An interesting study of the domestic life and health of night-shift workers was carried out by Brown. She found a high incidence of disturbed sleep, digestive disorder and domestic disruption among those on alternating day and night shifts, but no abnormal occurrence of these symptoms among those on permanent night work.
36.
The question raised in paragraph 1 is "no more academic one"[3分]
because Bonjer's findings are different from Browns.
because sleep normally coincides with the hours of darkness.
because some people can change their sleeping habits easily.
because shift work in industry requires people to change their sleeping habits.
37.
According to the passage, the main problem about night work is that[3分]
people hate the inconvenience of working on night shifts.
your life is disturbed by changing from day to night routines and back.
not all industries work at the same hours.
it is difficult to find a corps of good night workers.
38.
According to the passage, the best solution on the problem seems to be[3分]
not to change shifts from one week to the next.
to make periods on each shift longer.
to employ people who will always work at night.
to find ways of selecting people who adapt quickly.
39.
In the second paragraph, “the third" means[3分]
the third week.
the third shift.
a third of the time.
the third routine.
40.
In the last sentence of the second paragraph, "another" means[3分]
another routine.
another shift.
another week.
another person.
第三篇 Sino-Japan Animosity Lessens
Chinese and Japanese people view each other slightly more positively than last year, according to a survey released on Wednesday at a press conference in Beijing.
The survey is jointly sponsored by China Daily and Genron NPO, a Japanese think tank similar to the American Council on Foreign Relations. It also found overwhelming agreement in both countries that Sino-Japanese relations were important.
The survey is a part of the Beijing-Tokyo Forum, an annual gathering of senior government officials and representatives from Chinese and Japanese NGOs designed to improve communication and understanding between the two countries.
Conducted every year for five years now. the survey focused on two different groups of people: ordinary citizens, and intellectuals. In China, lhe intellectual group was comprised mainly of university students from well-known schools like Peking University. In Japan, the "intellectual" group was mainly made tip of previous members of Genron NPO.
Among ordinary Chinese polled, 35.7 percent said they have "very good" or "relatively good" impressions of Japan, a 5.5-percentage-point increase compared with last year. 45.2 percent of Chinese students had a positive impression of Japan. two percentage points more than last year. Only 26.6 percent of Japanese have a positive impression of China, however.
Still, an overwhelming majority of the respondents from each country said Sino-Japanesc relations were "important" and wanted their leaders to deepen talks and cooperation with each other.
But 51.9 percent of ordinary people and 42.4 percent of students in China said they saw no change in relations between the two countries over the last year. In Japan, 64.8 percent of those ordinary people and 53.4 percent of intellectuals surveyed shared the view that there was no improvement in bilateral ties this year.tlistorical issues and territorial disputes remain two major obstacles to improving bilateral relations, the survey found. What concerns the Chinese most are historical issues, visits by Japanese officials to Yasukuni Shrine, and the Nanjing Massacre.
Perceptions on economic and trade relations have improved, though. About 47 percent of ordinary
Japanese said China had been "helpful" this year in fighting the global economic crisis, compared with just 30 percent last year. The percent of Japanese intellectuals who said Chinese economic growth was good for Japan increased from 65.8 percent to 81. 4 percent this year.
Cooperation in East Asian issues, trade and investment, energy, and the environment and climate change top the list of common concerns that people in China and Japan want their leaders to talk about in bilateral meetings, the survey found.
Civil exchanges were regarded by the most people from the both countries as an important way to improve relations. 90.7 percent of the students and 85.7 percent of the ordinary people in China and 95.8% of intellectuals and 74.8% of the ordinary people in Japan viewed civil exchanges as "important" or "relatively important".
Chinese and Japanese both learn about each other's countries mostly through television news and newspapers, the survey found.
41.
Which of the following statements about the survey is true?[3分]
The survey was conducted on Wednesday at a press conference in Beijing.
The survey is jointly sponsored by China Daily, Genron NPO and the American Council on Foreign Relations.
The survey found that people in both China and Japan generally agree that the relalionship between the two countries is important.
The survey mainly focused on two different groups of people, ordinary citizens, and the university students.
42.
According to the passage, the Beijing-Tokyo Forum[3分]
is held every year in Beijing.
aims at promoting communication between the two countries.
mainly attracts representatives from the governments of the two countries.
releases a survey on Sino-Japanese relation every five years.
43.
In the last year, of ordinary Chinese and of Chinese students have a positive impression of Japan.[3分]
35.7; 45.2
51.9; 42.4
5.5; 26.6
30.2; 43.2
44.
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the major obstacles to improving bilateral ties?[3分]
territorial disputes
trade frictions
visits by Japanese officials to Yasukuni Shrine
the Nanjing Massacre
45.
The survey found that[3分]
most Japanese had good or relatively good impressions of China.
the bilateral relationship was perceived as being improved over last year by the majority of respondents from the both countries.
an overwhelming majority of the respondents from each country believed that the Civil exchanges were an important way to improve relations.
The territorial issue ranked among the top list of common concerns that people in both countries want their leaders to talk about in bilateral meetings.
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
Ants as a Barometer of Ecological Change
At picnics, ants are pests. But they have their uses. In industries such as mining, farming and forestry, they can help gauge the health of the environment by just crawling around and being antsy.
It has been recognized for decades that ants-which are highly sensitive to ecological change can provide a near-perfect barometer of the state of an ecosystem. Only certain species, for instance,will continue to thrive at a forest site that has been cleared of trees.46__________And still others will move in and take up residence.
By looking at which species populate a deforested area, scientists can determine how "stressed" the land is. 47__________Ants are used simply because they are so common and comprise so many species.
Where mine sites are being restored, for example, some ant species will recolonize the stripped land more quickly than others. 48__________Australian mining company Capricorn Coal Management has been successfully using ant surveys for years to determine the rate of recovery of land that it is replanting near its German Creek mine in Queensland.
Ant surveys also have been used with mine-site recovery projects in Africa and Brazil, where warm climates encourage dense and diverse ant populations. "We found it worked extremely well there," says Jonathan Majer, a professor of environmental biology. Yet the surveys are perfectly suited to climates throughout Asia, he says, because ants are so common throughout the region. As Majer puts it:"That's the great thing about ants. "
Ant surveys are so highly-regarded as ecological indicators that governments worldwide accept their results when assessing the environmental impact of mining and tree harvesting. 49 __________Why not? Because many companies can't afford the expense or the laboratory time needed to sift results for a comprehensive survey. The cost stems, also, from the scarcity of ant specialists,50__________
A.This allowed scientists to gauge the pace and progress of the ecological recovery.
B.Yet in other businesses, such as farming and property development, ant surveys aren't used widely.
C.Employing those people are expensive.
D.They do this by sorting the ants, counting their numbers and comparing the results with those of earlier surveys.
E.The evolution of ant species may have a strong impact on our ecosystem.
F.Others will die out for lack of food.
46.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
47.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
48.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
Traffic in Our Cities
The volume of traffic in many cities in the world today continues to expand. This causes many problems, including serious air pollution, lengthy delays, and the greater risk 51__________accidents. Clearly, something must be done, but it is often difficult to 52__________people to change their habits and leave,their cars at home.
One possible 53__________is to make it more expensive for people to use their cars by 54__________charges for parking and 55__________tougher fines for anyone who 56__________the law. In addition, drivers could be required to pay for using particular routes at different times of the day. This system, 57__________ as "road pricing", is already being introduced in a 58__________ of cities, using a special electronic card 59__________to the windscreen of the car.
Another way of 60__________with the problem is to provide cheap parking on the 61__________of the city,and strictly control the number of vehicles allowed into the centre. Drivers and their passengers then use a special bus service for the 62 __________stage of their journey.
Of course, the most important 63__________is to provide good public transport. However, to get people to 64__________the comfort of their cars, public transport must be felt to be reliable, convenient and comfortable, with fares 65__________at an acceptable level.
51.
 [1分]
of
for
about
by
52.
 [1分]
make
arrange
suggest
persuade
53.
 [1分]
approach
manner
custom
style
54.
 [1分]
enlarging
increasing
growing
developing
55.
 [1分]
carrying down
putting off
bringing in
taking away
56.
 [1分]
crosses
refuses
breaks
cracks
57.
 [1分]
named
seen
called
known
58.
 [1分]
quantity
number
total
sum
59.
 [1分]
fixed
joined
built
placed
60.
 [1分]
doing
handling
dealing
solving
61.
 [1分]
outskirts
border
outside
limit
62.
 [1分]
late
end
complete
final
63.
 [1分]
thought
thing
work
event
64.
 [1分]
pass on
throw away
give up
leave out
65.
 [1分]
taken
kept
given
stood

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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