Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: How to Become Confident? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese.
How to Become Confident[15分]
How to Become Confident
In modern society, it is of great importance for one to face the society confidently. However, college students are reluctant to come out of their shells to meet various challenges. They tend to shun great opportunities to make friends with fellow students, for lack of confidence. Besides, they are unconfident in their abilities, other than be confident enough to present their opinions and show off their personalities, particularly in public.
As a consequence, it is imperative for the colleges and universities to take concrete steps. In the first place, the school concerned should enhance the awareness of college students that confidence in oneself is of utmost significance to them. In the second place, the university teachers should frequently group students to take part in class activities to enhance their confidence. Lastly, fellow students should encourage each other to keep confident and optimistic in their daily life, even faced with difficulties.
Hence, it is of vital significance for us to be confident under whatsoever circumstances. All of us have to confront a variety of challenges in the years to come. It is worthwhile to notice that some confident students may draw lessons from failure and be brave to deal with the problems and achieve success, while others are desperately frustrated. When most college students are aware of the significance of confidence in oneself, they may lead a confident, happy and fulfilled life in future.
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1 For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Ten Best Places to Experience Music
In an extract from Lonely Planet’s 1000 Ultimate Experiences, we take you to the ten best places on the planet to shake a tail feather.
Grand Ole Opry, USA
This country-music phenomenon is actually a Saturday night, live radio broadcast that goes out on Nashville’s WSM station. It’s been around since 1925, making it the USA’s longest continuous radio show, and takes place at Nashville’s 4400-seat Grand Ole Opry House. Each year thousands of good-ole boys and girls from around the globe got on down to Tennessee to get a load of the legendary show that has played host to numerous country music legends – Waylon Jennings, Hank Williams, Patsy Cline, Johnny Cash – and others, like Keith Urban. Plan your trip at www.opry.com; tickets range from around US$70–400.
Berlin cabaret, Germany
For many people the words ‘decadent’, ‘cabaret (小酒馆爵士乐)’ and ‘Berlin’ go together like ‘oil’, ‘terror’ and ‘war’. German cabaret began in the ‘20s and was a lot darker than its sultry French equivalent – more satirical, more political, a reflection of the horrors of warfare. Today, although the scene just isn’t what it used to be, Berliner cabaret still offers something of that edge (along with leggy, high-kicking girls, of course), as well as the giddy thrill of being transported back to a time when art actually mattered. The Kit Kat Club is postmodern cabaret; open Friday, Saturday and Sunday, with Friday nights the best for genuine fetishists (崇拜者).
The absorbing documentary Buena Vista Social Club (1999) implanted Cuban music into the global consciousness, and today many pilgrims travel to Havana to experience the evocation of a time before collectivisation, before poverty and isolation. They say the music there is connected to the hips (it’s a prototype of salsa), but that’s not all you can hear in Havana’s bars and streets: rumba, salsa (of course) and Latin jazz will also shake your hips. The Salon Rosada in Marianao lets you listen to unreal Saturday night tunes from a balcony overlooking a sea of dancers; entry is US$10 for non-Cubans or US$0.25 for locals.
Carling Weekend, Reading, England
With a few decades of music history under its belt, the Reading festival is a worthy pilgrimage for fans of alternative pop, rock, rap and hiphop. The three-day event can feel like a home away from home (if your home has 10-million-watt speakers). Once your campsite is set up, head to a stage (there are six) and lose your mind with 60,000 other people. If an act doesn’t measure up, contribute to a barrage of empty plastic bottles, a festival tradition. If you love the act, follow it to Leeds the next day, where a sister festival is held concurrently. Tickets usually go on sale in March; standard day passes cost around £70; swat the line up at www.readingfestival.com and www.leedsmusicfestival.com.
Mention the words ‘Ibiza’ and ‘dance music’ these days and you might get another word: ‘dated’. But this small island off Spain’s eastern coast is pretty much where it all began. In the late ‘80s British DJs would play at Ibiza’s Ecstasy-fuelled clubs before importing the hedonistic vibe (快乐主义的氛围) back to England, where house music and techno (数字音乐) were taking off; the rest is history. Ibizan clubs are a lot more commercial now, but the atmosphere is still undeniably riotous, self-indulgent and pleasure seeking. Privilege is the world’s ‘massivist’ club; it’s 4km from Ibiza Town but offers a free bus shuttle departing every 30 minutes (midnight–6am) from Ibiza harbour.
New Orleans Jazz Festival, USA
Also known as ‘Jazz Fest’, this 10-day gala event spread across 12 stages attracts 650,000 people per year and pretty much defines the spirit and heritage of New Orleans. It’s eclectic, featuring gospel, funk, zydeco (西达科蓝调), rock and Caribbean in addition to jazz, but the best endorsement is the stellar roster (明星名单) of acts it has staged, including Fats Domino, Dr John, Allen Toussaint, Aretha Franklin, Miles Davis, Bob Dylan, Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Santana, Sarah Vaughan, Paul Simon, BB King, Joni Mitchell, James Brown, Willie Nelson, The Temptations, Van Morrison, LL Cool J, Gladys Knight and Youssou N’Dour. Standard one-day tickets are US$50 at the gate (US$40 if booked online), with more pricey (昂贵的) VIP options available; check listings and options at www.nojazzfest.com.
They say Dakar is the Paris of French West Africa, a cultural hub with intellectuals and artists aplenty. Fittingly, it has a throbbing live-music scene, powered by mbalax, a cross-hatching of Latin and Caribbean music with African drumming. Beloved Senegalese musician Youssou N’Dour is the most famous exponent of mbalax, but there are others who have followed his lead, including Baaba Maal and Cheikh Lo. Mbalax performances are addictive: the sight of a 10-piece band completely absorbed in the music while delirious punters (投注者) stuff cash into the musicians’ mouths and pockets is one not easily forgotten. Local and international legend Seck hosts live mbalax nights at the Kilimanjaro club, next to the Soumbedioune fish market.
Strauss, Schubert, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Schönberg and Mahler… These giants of classical music all at some stage lived or made music in Vienna, and their legacy is celebrated in the city with an annual performance season lasting from September to June, plus an additional nine festivals per year, special events and one-off performances. For lovers of classical music, what could be finer than experiencing a world-class recital by the Vienna Philharmonic in the stately Wiener Konzerthaus – in the city where it all began? The Wiener Konzerthaus is a short stroll from the U4 Stadtpark Station. Public transport is free with a valid concert ticket for two hours prior to a performance.
Many come to London for the music, whether they want to party hard in a super club like Ministry or Fabric; chill to an adventurous, possibly stoned (喝酒或吸毒的) DJ in some too-cool-for-school bar; or head to one of London’s unbeatable (无与伦比的) live-music venues. Think of the scenes that London has incubated, like punk, rave (狂野) and drum and bass, and the many ultrafamous London bands like Bowie, the Stones, the Clash, the Pistols… Punk started here, and continues to live here; get the latest gig (演出) listings at www.eroding.org.uk.
Austin, Texas, USA
Texas dubs itself the ‘Live Music Capital of the World’, which is a bit cheeky considering the claims of other cities like London. How many famous bands from Austin can you name off the top of your head? Now how many can you think of from London? Alright, calm down – let’s not get into one of these kinds of fights. Let’s just agree that live music is terribly important to Austin, and respect the fact that it has more live-music venues per capita than Nashville, Las Vegas, New York City, Memphis or Los Angeles. Get info about Austin online at www.unlockaustin.com, which features news and reviews of the city’s live-music talent and venues.
What kind of music can people enjoy in Tennessee?[1分]
radio program about Nashville.
a Grand Ole Opry kind of music.
shows of grand jazz musicians.
many shows of country music.
Which of the following items is closely related to German Cabaret?[1分]
What can people experience in the city of Havana?[1分]
a type of music which reflects the past.
music having been implanted into Cuba.
music written about modern Cuban society.
Latin jazz before poverty and isolation.
Which of the following is true about the Reading festival in England?[1分]
It is very quiet with alternative pop, rock, rap, and hiphop.
You can find one home for yourself during the festival.
You can show your dissatisfaction with a performance.
You can camp in Leeds to enjoy one of the six performances.
How is music in Ibiza, Spain described?[1分]
It is a music blended by house music weith techno.
It has exerted great influence on the British music.
It may bring great pleasure to its large audience
Many British DJs contributed a lot to its development.
What is known about New Orleans Jazz Festival?[1分]
It is one of the greatest 10-ten event featuring jazz.
Stars like Fats Domino will perform during the fest.
There will be 12 stages for jazz shows in New Orleans.
It staged performances by a great many celebrities.
Dakar, Senegal, is famous all over the world for _____.[1分]
Part III Listening Comprehension (35minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Lisa might get one from another person.
Lisa called to invite him to do some sports.
Lisa has called someone else this morning.
Lisa used to job on the playground all alone.
There are few students in class meetings nowadays.
It is ok for the woman to hang on though it is cold.
The weather forecast is too bad for one to take it.
The cold weather will come to an end very soon.
Talking about the school.
Get a new pair of glasses.
Not to wear glasses in daily life.
Not to sit the back of the room.
Wear glasses whenever he likes.
The weather gets too warm for one to be careful.
The road is too bad for her to walk steadily.
She can guess the weather will get warmer.
She is not careful enough to walk properly.
Preparing for cooking a meal for himeself.
Closing a serious business deal over a meal.
Getting prepared for dealing with someone.
Getting hungry before starting his supper.
They may talk Lucy out of practicing, and playing basketball.
They are becoming very concerned with Lucy’s scores.
They are going to forbid Lucy to play basketball games.
They are about to warn Lucy of the importance of exams.
A little shade may harm the appearance of the flowers.
They are not flourishing due to their appearance.
It is better to move the flowers to a new place.
It needs more care to keep the flowers in bloom.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Peter’s recent favorite sports.
Things going on with a boxer.
Achievements of a former boxer.
Life experience of a heavyweight boxer.
When he was 20 years old.
When he was 38 years old.
When he got the titles of championship.
When he first decided to be a champion.
To come back onto the stage when possible.
To practice harder to defeat his opponents.
To continue his career as a heavyweight boxer.
To move his home and open a boxing gym.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Best alternatives available for choosing a place to spend holidays.
What incentives travel agents can get from business partners.
The fierce competition among hotels, restaurants, and services.
Best strategies for travel agents’ clients to bargain over prices.
10 percent of commissions from its partners.
Based on the rule “first come, first served”.
About 10 percent of his total expense.
More than 15 percent of the total expense.
It is unfair for the clients.
It is too much to put up with.
It is a secret for travel agents.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some question. Both the passage and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Drugs may cause health problems.
Drugs may cause violent crimes.
Taking prescription drugs may cause traffic accidents.
Drugs are of affordable prices.
Doctors are willing to sell drugs to college students.
Drugs are causing the rise of serious assault.
Drugs are easily got in medical institution.
Drug use is even more serious in high schools than in colleges.
Drinking alcohol is not as popular as before.
There are more high schools students than students who take drugs.
Half high school students have access to drugs.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
65% of millionaires come from middle class families.
Most millionaires have been wealthy for more than 15 years.
Most millionaires are working for big high tech companies.
Most millionaires are brought up in middle class families.
use cash instead of coupons.
spend 84% of their income to buy luxury goods.
They think the financial crisis has been exaggerated.
They stopped to shop in expensive markets.
They became more conscious about spending money.
They worked much harder to accumulate family wealth.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
He is good at imagining things in the universe.
He can do very complex thinking.
He is hard to be dealt with.
He is one of the most brilliant people on earth.
He prefers making friends with aliens to interacting with Native Amreicans.
He supports further exploration of the outer space
He takes a negative attitude towards making friends with aliens.
He is very philosophical about outer space aliens.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blank numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own word. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Since starting my (36) for entering a business school, I have heard a number of my fellow classmates discuss why an entry test is a precondition for many business schools as part of the (37) process. Although some of them are resigned to the fact that this is something they just need to do, others are extremely puzzled as to why this is (38) .
An argument that seems to be popular is why anyone who holds a university and perhaps a (39) degree and who has at least three to four years of work (40) should take another test to prove himself.
Admission into a business school is quite a (41) process and the GMAT is just one of the (42) looked at by business schools to select (43) .
and what we each thought were the main challenges in learning a new language. (45) , not because it was too complicated for them to grasp, but mainly because they didn’t know what a verb and a subject were in English!
It was probably then that I began to consider why a verbal and quantitative knowledge test is necessary as part of the admission process to a business school.
(46) , so once you remember why multiplying an odd with an odd number will always result in an odd number, or why words such as ‘therefore’ and ‘as a result’ introduce a conclusion to a certain argument, everything else will follow with practice.
Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write our answers on Answer Sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
As the economy continues to brighten, a growing number of employers are once again hiring. What’s more, the gains aren’t limited to certain sectors. Rather, a broad swath of companies within the Fortune 500 -- from health care providers to retailers to defense contractors to insurers -- are looking to fill 60,000 openings.
The businesses include some of the best known in the U.S., such as Sears Holdings (SHLD) which is looking to fill nearly 22,000 positions; HCA and Northrop Grumman (NOC), 4,000 each; UnitedHealth Group (UNH), 3,200; and New York Life, more than 3,500, according to Fortune.
The uptick is being driven in part by better-than-expected profits that are helping to fill corporate coffers. Among big banks, many of which laid off thousands of workers after the 2008 financial crisis, JPMorgan Chase (JPM), the nation’s second-largest bank, has announced plans to hire nearly 9,000 new employees.
Other big banks are likely hiring, too, says John Challenger, CEO at Challenger, Gray & Christmas, a Chicago-based employment services firm. Looking strictly at operating income, he says, “many of those banks are doing very well.”
Another sector showing signs of much improved hiring is technology. Challenger points to Intel (INTC), the world’s largest chip maker, which plans to add up to 2,000 positions in manufacturing, and research and development. And the sector is expected to see more growth. Amid the recession, many firms halted spending.
But with the lifespan of many tech components limited to two or three years, a growing number of firms will find it necessary to loosen the purse strings and upgrade. “That’s a real job creator,” Challenger says, not only for manufacturers and developers, but for service personnel who come to work at corporate offices to install such components.
If the job picture appears more robust than just a few weeks, that’s because it’s human to be overly pessimistic during and immediately after a recession, Challenger says. “Especially in this recession. It’s been a long and difficult and slow moving recession (衰退)” that really struck at core sectors of the economy. That’s way different from dot-com bubble that burst about a decade ago.
While there has been some job growth in manufacturing, Challenger says there haven’t been substantial gains. Still, that’s better than bleeding jobs. A cheaper dollar on world markets is helping by making U.S.-made goods cheaper abroad, but still the sector faces big challenges, such as foreign competition and the lingering effects of the recession.
The increase of job openings is partly the result of .[1分]
How did the financial crisis affect big banks in 2008?[2分]
What is the purpose of the author’s mentioning Intel in the passage?[2分]
is the main reason that cause a great demand for technology companies, manufacturers and developers, even technical service personnel.[2分]
This recession which began in 2008 is different from the crisis in the dot-com sector 10 years ago because .[2分]
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line thought the centre.
Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage.
The Sunday Times Rich List suggests that the combined wealth of Britain’s 1,000 richest people rose by more than £77bn to £333.5bn, with the number of billionaires up from 43 to 53. That still leaves the list relatively poorer than at its peak in 2008, when the combined total was nearly £413bn and there were said to be 75 billionaires. But it still means that the richest 1,000 people are more than three times richer than they were in 1997, when their combined wealth was less than £100bn.
Heading the top 10 – as he has for the last six years – is the steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal, whose fortune doubled from £10.8bn to £22.4bn last year, following the resurgence in steel prices. Roman Abramovich remained second, seeing his fortune rise by 6%, which in his case meant an extra £400m, to £7.4bn.
The Queen these days ranks no higher than 245th, with a fortune estimated at £290m. The author JK Rowling, whose Harry Potter series rescued her from penury just 13 years ago, is now said to be worth £519m, thanks partly to royalties and the marketing of the franchise (专营权), which will culminate in a Wizarding World theme park opening in Florida in June. She has also been the source of wealth for others: Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson and other actors or actresses in the Harry Potter films.
The rich list calculates that the richest woman is a former Miss UK, Kirsty Bertarelli, married to Ernesto Bertarelli, whose family owned a Swiss pharmaceuticals company before selling to the German group Merck four years ago. The couple are said to have a combined wealth of £5.95bn, up £950m, some of which they channel into their charitable foundation.
The report’s author, Philip Beresford, says that although some tycoons are relocating – one, Guy Hands, now operates from Guernsey rather than Sevenoaks, and another, Jim Ratcliffe, has moved his chemical company to Lausanne in order to save an estimated £100m in annual tax – their departure has been offset (抵销) by the arrival of foreign tycoons: 24 of the 53 billionaires are foreign-born. Among them is Arsenal shareholder Alisher Usmanov, a steel and mining investor, whose wealth placed him in 6th place, up from 18th, with a fortune of £4.7bn, up 213%.
Staggering as some of the wealth is, it pales in comparison with the world’s richest list, which brings the Mittals in at only ninth place, some way behind the US Walton family, owners of the Walmart supermarket chain, whose wealth is calculated at the equivalent of £53.3bn. Carlos Slim Helu, the Mexican telecoms magnate, has £34.1bn, and Bill Gates of Microsoft £33.8bn.
Compared to the year of 2008, what’s about the richest 1’000 people in Britain change now?[1分]
They are paying more attention to their health.
Their wealth has reduced to a lower level.
The number of billionaires among them increased.
They are even poorer than they were in 1997.
What can be inferred from the passage about the steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal?[1分]
He was badly affected by the haunting financial recession.
He does not care about the hanging economical problems.
He is not the wealthiest businessman at all in the world.
He tends to avoid watching films featuring Harry Potter.
Which of the following statements is true about J. K. Rowling?[1分]
She is said to run a business about a Harry Potter theme park.
She helped other actors to get rich by selling the franchise.
She was highly praised by the actors and actresses around her.
She was not successful until she began writing Harry Potter.
Miss UK in this passage _______________________.[1分]
owns a Swiss pharmaceuticals company.
married Ernesto Bertarelli four year ago.
may be keen on doing charitable work.
enjoys great popularity in Great Britain.
In the world’s richest list, there are some rich people who ________.[1分]
may be much richer than Britain’s riches people.
are born and raised in foreign countries other than UK.
are in worse financial situations than British billionaires.
are becoming poorer than they were several years ago.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
A sharply divided federal appeals court on Monday exposed Wal-Mart Stores Inc. to billions of dollars in legal damages when it ruled a massive lawsuit alleging gender discrimination over pay for female workers can go to trial.
The Court said the world’s largest private employer will have to face charges that it pays women less than men for the same jobs and that female employees receive fewer promotions and have to wait longer for those promotions than male counterparts.
Wal-Mart successfully convinced the court that women who allege discrimination should file individual lawsuits. Wal-Mart employs 2.1 million workers in 8,000 stores worldwide and argued that the conventional rules of class action suits should not apply because each outlet operates as an independent business. Since it doesn’t have a companywide policy of discrimination, Wal-Mart argued that women alleging gender bias should file individual lawsuits against individual stores.
The ruling was a “big black eye for Wal-Mart, and it’s not going to heal anytime in the near future,” said retail consultant Burt P. Flickinger. Flickinger said the ruling could turn off women shoppers - the company’s critical base - at a time it faces increased pressure from a host of competitors, ranging from Kroger to J.C. Penney.
Wal-Mart’s fourth-quarter results, announced in February, showed that total sales at its U.S. Walmart stores fell for the first time since the company went public in 1969. The company also reported its third consecutive quarter of declines in sales at stores opened at least a year. Sales at stores opened at least a year are considered a key indicator of a retailer’s health.
Wal-Mart’s top lawyer Jeff Gearhart said the company disagreed with the ruling and was considering its next step, which could include an appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.
“We do not believe the claims alleged by the six individuals who brought this suit are representative of the experiences of our female associates,” said Gearhart, an executive vice president. “Wal-Mart is an excellent place for women to work and fosters female leadership among our associates and in the larger business world.”
Unions and other critics have long complained that Wal-Mart’s workplace practices needed improvement, especially in the areas of diversity and career advancement. The company employs 1.4 million workers in the United States and the unions claim the company’s labor practices are widely followed.
Wal-Mart responded to the pressure last year at its annual shareholders’ meeting by announcing a plan to address the issue of promoting women, creating a “global council” comprised of 14 Wal-Mart female executives.
“We are proud of the strides we have made to advance and support our female associates and have been recognized for our efforts to advance women through a number of awards and accolades (荣誉),” Gearhart said.
Why did happen to Wal-Mart?[1分]
A court was sharply divided on the issue of Wal-Mart issue.
Wal-Mart suffered a great loss after its failure in a lawsuit.
Wal-Mart was the largest private employer hiring women.
It was accused of discrimination against female workers.
What does Wal-Mart suggest women alleging gender bias to do proper?[1分]
It is better for them to file lawsuit against the store for which they work.
It is more proper for women workers to collect enough evidence before suing.
It is advisable for women workers to sign contracts about salary and promotion.
It is appropriate for women workers to start to operate an independent business.
What does the author mean by the phrase “a big black eye” (Line1, Para.4)?[1分]
A large and attractive eye.
What does Jeff Gearhart look at the lawsuit against Wal-Mart?[1分]
It helps women worker to get promotions.
It is not fair and does not make any sense.
It enhances women workers’ leadership.
It benefits women workers in the world.
How do unions and other critics view Wal-Mart’s workplace practices?[1分]
There are many women receiving awards and praise.
There has been improving as for career advancement.
There is much to be desired in its workplace practices.
There will be a great economic loss in Wal-Mart stores.
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
It is time for worries in the eurozone. Confidence in the ability of political leaders to solve Greece’s financial crisis is ___62___ rapidly. The slowing down of German’s economy has ___63___ Greek bonds (债券，债票), and worries are spreading about other countries on Europe’s ___64___ countries, such as Portugal.
The chance has been missed for a swift, ___65___ response that would have ended all the alarm - Greece’s problems ___66___ pretty clear late last year, and four months on, the negotiations are still continuing. So, a piece of news today from Royal Bank of Scotland ___67___ the final option to end the crisis, shows the negative mood about Greece’s problems.
Royal Bank of Scotland (in short RBS) suggests the European Central Bank (ECB) ___68___ help to ___69___ Greece. So far, the Frankfurt-based institution has not ___70___ a central role in emergency rescue ___71___ - this is a financial crisis, after all. But RBS says it could announce it was accepting all eurozone government bonds, ___72___ of their credit rating. That would send a ___73___ that the ECB, at ___74___ could help Greece in one way or another.
The “best option” to help Greece __75__ would be for the ECB to actually buy its government bonds. __76__ other central banks, the ECB avoided purchases to help the economy out of its difficulties in the months that after the __77__ of Lehman Brothers in September 2008. But RBS argues that “the ECB could __78__ such action __79__ it come to the conclusion that the problem has now reached such a scale that the whole of the European region is __80__ threat. The ECB is an euro area institution and will defend the region using all the tools available.”
Many governing council members of ECB would see the purchase of government bonds as a serious compromise that plunged the ECB into trouble and ___81___ its independence. For the eurozone, there are no easy ways out.
Part VI Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.