TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2004)
TIME LIMIT: 140 MIN.
Part I WRITING (45 MIN)
SECTION A COMPOSITION(35 MIN)
Nowadays young people tend to phone more often than write to each other. So, some say that phones will kill letter writing. What is your opinion?
Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:
WILL PHONES KILL LETTER WRITING?
You are to write in three parts.
In the first part, state specifically what your view is.
In the second part, support your view with one or two reasons.
In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.[15分]
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING (10 MIN)
Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:
Your friend, Jane, has failed in the final exam, and is feeling very unhappy about it. Write a note to comfort her and give her some encouragement.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.[5.5分]
PART II DICTATION (15 MIN)
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times: During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO.[7分]
PART III LISTENING COMPREHENSION (20 MIN)
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.
SECTION A STATEMENT
In this section you will hear seven statements. At the end of each statement you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.
Where is Lily working now?[0.5分]
In the police department.
Passengers must check in to board Flight 5125 by ________.[0.5分]
Which of the following statements is true?[0.5分]
There is a strike across the country.
Many trains have been cancelled.
A few trains have been cancelled.
There is a strike in the North Region.
The death and missing numbers in the floods are respectively ________.[0.5分]
What is John supposed to do on Sunday?[0.5分]
What do we know about Mary Jackson?[0.5分]
She is the speaker's friend.
What do we know about the speaker?[0.5分]
The speaker can get good tips.
The speaker pays for the meals.
The speaker can get good wages.
The speaker lives comfortably.
What will the speaker probably do next?[0.5分]
To investigate the matter.
SECTION B CONVERSATION
In this section, you will hear nine short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.
When will they discuss the agenda?[0.5分]
What can be inferred about the woman?[0.5分]
She'll be travelling during the vacation.
She'll be working during the vacation.
She's looking forward to going home.
She will offer her help to Jane.
What is the cause of their complaint?[0.5分]
What can be concluded about Janet?[0.5分]
She has come to the party.
She is hosting the party.
Where does the conversation probably take place?[0.5分]
What does the woman intend to do?[0.5分]
Apply for a job with PICC.
What are the man and woman doing?[0.5分]
What does the man mean?[0.5分]
He hopes the party will be successful.
He will see the woman around five.
He is eager to help the woman.
He is unenthusiastic about the party.
What is NOT a change to the literature class?[0.5分]
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
Questions 18 and 19 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.
Now listen to the news.
The journalist was brought to court because ________.[0.5分]
he was working for a British newspaper
he published an untrue story
the story was published in Britain
he was working with other foreign journalists
How did the lawyer defend for the journalist?[0.5分]
He was an American journalist.
He worked for a British newspaper.
His story was published elsewhere.
Foreigners are not subject to local laws.
Questions 20 and 21 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.
Now listen to the news.
Afghanistan's first match will be against ________.[0.5分]
Which of the following statements is NOT true?[0.5分]
The announcement was made by AFA.
Afghanistan was a founding member of AFC.
Afghanistan had been in chaos for long.
The football player were under 23.
Question 22 and 23 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.
Now listen to the news.
The expected life-span of Beijing residents has gone up by ________ compared with that a decade earlier.[0.5分]
The ________ mortality rate had gone up greatly during the past 10 years.[0.5分]
Questions 24 and 25 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.
Now listen to the news.
According to Pakistan's President, the chances of the two countries going to war were ________.[0.5分]
Recent tensions between the two countries were a direct result of ________.[0.5分]
killings in the two countries
PART IV CLOZE (15 MIN)
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
The normal human daily cycle of activity is of some 7-8 hours' sleep alternation with some 16-17 hours' wakefulness and that the sleep normally coincides 26 the hours of darkness. Our present concern is with how easily and to what extent this 27 can be modified.
The question is no mere academic one. The ease with which people can change from working in the day to working at night is a 28 of growing importance in industry where automation 29 round-the-clock working of machines. It normally 30 from five days to one week for a person to adapt to a 31 routine of sleep and wakefulness, sleeping during the day and working at night. 32 , it is often the case in industry that shifts are changed every week. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine 33 he has to change to another, 34 much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very 35 .
One answer would seem to be 36 periods on each shift, a month, or even three months. 37 , recent research has shown that people on such systems will revert to go back to their 38 habits of sleep and wakefulness during the week-end and that this is quite enough to destroy any 39 to night work built up during the week. The only real solution appears to be to hand over the night shift to those permanent night workers whose 40 may persist through all week-ends and holidays.
PART V GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY (15 MIN)
There are twenty-five items in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D.Choose one that best completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
That trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn't bothered by his loudness ________ by his lack of talent.[0.5分]
________, I'll marry him all the same.[0.5分]
The government has promised to do ________ lies in its power to ease the hardships of the victims in the flood-stricken area.[0.5分]
________ if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand?[0.5分]
Would you have been surprised.
If not ________ with the respect he feels due to him, Jack gets very ill-tempered and grumbles all the time.[0.5分]
It is imperative that students ________ their term papers on time.[0.5分]
The less the surface of the ground yields to the weight of a fully-loaded truck, ________ to the truck.[0.5分]
The Minister of Finance is believed ________ of imposing new taxes to raise extra revenue.[0.5分]
Issues of price, place, promotion, and product are ________ conventional concerns in planning marketing strategies.[0.5分]
________ both sides accept the agreement ________ a lasting peace be established in this region.[0.5分]
Mr. Wells, together with all the members of his family, ________ for Europe this afternoon.[0.5分]
It was suggested that all government ministers should ________ information on their financial interests.[0.5分]
As my exams are coming next week, I'll take advantage of the weekend to ________ on some reading.[0.5分]
I'm surprised they are no longer on speaking terms. It's not like either of them to bear a ________.[0.5分]
Mary hopes to be ________ from hospital next week.[0.5分]
Once a picture is proved to be a forgery, it becomes quite ________.[0.5分]
Jimmy earns his living by ________ works of art in the museum.[0.5分]
I couldn't sleep last night because the tap in the bathroom was ________.[0.5分]
The book gives a brief ________ of the course of his research up till now.[0.5分]
She was sanding outside in the snow, ________ with cold.[0.5分]
All the rooms on the second floor have nicely ________ carpets, which are included in the price of the house.[0.5分]
He plays tinnis to the ________ of all other sports.[0.5分]
She answered with an ________ "No" to the request that she attend the public hearing.[0.5分]
Everyone who has visited the city agrees that it is ________ with life.[0.5分]
We met Mary and her husband at a party two months ago. ________ we've had no further communication.[0.5分]
PART VI READING COMPREHENSION (30 MIN)
SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION (25 MIN)
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
It often happens that a number of applicants with almost identical qualifications and experience all apply for the same position. In their educational background, special skills and work experience, there is little, if anything, to choose between half a dozen candidates. How then does the employer make a choice? Usually on the basis of an interview.
There are many arguments for and against the interview as a selection procedure. The main argument against it is that it results in a wholly subjective decision. As often as not, emplyers do not choose the best candidate, they choose the candidate who makes a good first impression on them. Some employers, of course, reply to this argument by saying that they have become so experienced in interviewing staff that they are able to make a sound assessment of each candidate's likely performance. The main argument in favour of the interview – and it is, perhaps, a good argument – is that an employer is concerned not only with a candidate's ability, but with the suitability of his or her personality for the particular work situation. Many employers, for example, will overlook occasional inefficiencies from their secretary provided she has a pleasant personality.
It is perhas true to say, therefore, that the real purpose of an interview is not to assess the assssable aspects of each candidate but to make a guess at the more intangible things, such as personality, character and social ability. Unfortunately, both for the employers and applicants for jobs, there are many people of great ability who simply do not interview well. There are also, of course, people who interview extremely well, but are later found to be very unsatisfactory employees. Candidates who interview well tend to be quietly confident, but never boastful; direct and straightforward in their questions and answers; cheerful and friendly, but never over-familiar; and sincerely enthusiastic and optimistic. Candidates who interview badly tend to be at either end of the spectrum of human behaviour. They are either very shy or over-confident. They show either a lack of enthusiasm or an excess of it. They either talk too little or never stop talking. They are either over-polite or rudely abrupt.
We can infer from the passage that an employer might tolerate his secretary's occasional mistakes, if the latter is ________.[2分]
What is the author's attitude towards the interview as a selection procedure?[2分]
According to the passage, people argue over the interview as a selection procedure mainly because they have ________.[2分]
different selection procedures
different puposes in the interview
different standards for competence
different experiences in interviews
The purpose of the last paragraph is to indicate ________.[2分]
a link between success in interview and personality
connections between work abilities and personality
differences in interview experience
differences in personal behaviour
Every year thousands of people are arrested and taken to court for shop-lifting. In Britain alone, about HK$3,000,000's worth of goods are stolen from shops every week. This amounts to something like HK$150 million a year, and represents about 4 per cent of the shops' total stock. As a result of this "shrinkage" as the shops call it, the honest public has to pay higher prices.
Shop-lifters can be divided into three main categories: the professionals, the deliberate amateur, and the people who just can't help themselves. The professionals do not pose much of a problem for the store detectives, who, assisted by closed circuit television, two-way mirrors and various other technological devices, can usually cope with them. The professionals tend to go for high value goods in parts of the shops where security measures are tightest. And, in any case, they account for only a small percentage of the total losses due to shop-lifting.
The same applies to the deliberate amateur who is, so to speak, a professional in training. Most of them get caught sooner or later, and they are dealt with severely by the courts.
The real problem is the person who gives way to a sudden temptation and is in all other respects an honest and law-abiding citizen. Contrary to what one would expect, this kind of shop-lifter is rarely poor. He does not steal because he needs the goods and cannot afford to pay for them. He steals because he simply cannot stop himself. And there are countless others who, because of age, sickness or plain absent-mindedness, simply forget to pay for what they take from the shops. When caught, all are liable to prosecution, and the decision whether to send for the police or not is in the hands of the store manager.
In order to prevent the quite incredible growth in ship-lifting offences, some stores, in fact, are doing their best to separate the thieves from the confused by prohibiting customers from taking bags into the store. However, what is most worrying about the whole problem is, perhaps, that it is yet another instance of the innocent majority being penalized and inconvenienced because of the actions of a small minority. It is the aircraft hijack situation in another form. Because of the possibility of one passenger in a million boarding an aircraft with a weapon, the other 999,999 passengers must subject themselves to searches and delays. Unless the situation in the shops improves, in ten years' time we may all have to subject ourselves to a body-search every time we go into a store to buy a tin of beans!
Why does the honest public have to pay higher prices when they go to the shops?[2分]
There is a "shrinkage" in market values.
Many goods are not available.
Goods in many shops lack variety.
There are many cases of shop-lifting.
The third group of people steal things because they ________.[2分]
can not resist the temptation.
can not afford to pay for goods
According to the passage, law-abiding citizens ________.[2分]
can possibly steal things because of their poverty
can possibly take away goods without paying
have never stolen goods from the supermarkets
are difficult to be caught when they steal things
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the main types of shop-lifting?[2分]
A big percentage of the total losses are caused by the professionals.
The deliberate amateurs will be punished severely if they get caught.
People would expect that those who can't help themselves are poor.
The professionals don't cause a lot of trouble to the store detectives.
The aircraft hijack situation is used in order to show that ________.[2分]
"the professionals do not pose much of a problem for the stores"
some people "somply forget to pay for what they take from the shops"
"the honest public has to pay higher prices"
the third type of shop-lifters are dangerous people
My bones have been aching again, as they often do in humid weather. They ache like history: things long done with, that still remain as pain. When the ache is bad enough it keeps me from sleeping. Every night I yearn for sleep, I strive for it; yet it flutters on ahead of me like a curtain. There are sleeping pills, of course, but the doctor has warned me against them.
Last night, after what seemed hours of damp turmoil, I got up and crept slipperless down the staris, feeling my way in the faint street light that came through the window. Once safely arrived at the bottom, I walked into the kitchen and looked around in the refrigerator. There was nothing much I wanted to eat: the remains of a bunch of celery, a blue-tinged heel of bread, a lemon going soft. I've fallen into the habits of the solitary; my meals are snatched and random. Furtive snacks, furtive treats and picnics. I made do with some peanut butter, scooped directly from the jar with a forefinger: why dirty a spoon?
Standing there with the jar in one hand and my finger in my mouth, I had the feeling that someone was about to walk into the room – some other woman, the unseen, valid owner – and ask me what in hell I was doing in her kitchen. I've had it before, the sense that even in the course of my most legitimate and daily actions – peeling a banana, brushing my teeth – I am trespassing.
At night the house was more than ever like a stranger's. I wandered through the front room, the dining room, the parlour, hand on the wall for balance. My various possessions were floating in their own pools of shadow, denying my ownership of them. I looked them over with a burglar's eye, deciding what might be worth the risk of stealing, what on the other hand I would leave behind. Robbers would take the obvious things – the silver teapot that was my grandmother's, perhaps the hand-painted china. The television set. Nothing I really want.
The author could not fall asleep because ________.[2分]
it was too damp in the bedroom
she had run out of sleeping pills
she was in very poor health
The author did not like the food in the refrigerator because it was NOT ________.[2分]
By "At night the house was more than ever like a stranger's" (Line 1, Para. 4), the author probably means that ________.[2分]
the house was too dark at night
ther were unfamiliar rooms in the house
she felt much more lonely at night
the furniture there didn't belong to her
The chief problem in coping with foreign motorists is not so much remembering that they are different from yourself, but that they are enormously variable. Cross a frontier without adjusting and you can be in deep trouble.
One of the greatest gulfs separating the driving nations is the Atlantic Ocean. More precisely, it is the mental distance between the European and the American motorist, particularly the South American motorist. Compare, for example, an English driver at a set of traffic lights with a Brazilian.
Very rarely will an Englishman try to anticipate the green light by moving off prematurely. You will find the occasional sharpie who watches for the amber to come up on the adjacent set of lights. However, he will not go until he receives the lawful signal. Brazilians view the thing quite differently. If, in fact, they see traffic lights at all, they regard them as a kind of roadside decoration.
The natives of North America are much more disciplined. They demonstrate this in their addiction to driving in one lane and sticking to it – even if it means settling behind some great truck for many miles.
To prevent other drivers from falling into reckless ways, American motorists try always to stay close behind the vehicle in front which can make it impossible, when all the vehicles are moving at about 55 mph, to make a real lane change. European visitors are constantly falling into this trap. They return to the Old World still flapping their arms in frustration because while driving in the State in their car they kept failing to get off the highway when they wanted to and were swept along to the next city.
However, one nation above all others lives scrupulously by its traffic regulations – the Swiss. In Switzerland, if you were simply to anticipate a traffic light, the chances are that the motorist behind you would take your number and report you to the police. What is more, the police would visit you; and you would be convicted. The Swiss take their rules of the road so seriously that a diver can be ordered to appear in court and charged for speeding on hearsay alone, and very likely found guilty. There are slight regional variations among the French, German and Italian speaking areas, but it is generally safe to assume that any car bearing a CH sticker will be driven with a high degree of discipline.
The fact that the Brazilians regard traffic lights as a kind of roadside decoration suggests that ________.[2分]
traffic lights are part of street scenery
they simply ignore traffic lights
they want to put them at roadsides
there are very few traffic lights
The second and third paragraphs focus on the difference between ________.[2分]
the Atlantic Ocean and other oceans
English drivers and American drivers.
European drivers and American drivers.
European drivers and South American drivers.
The phrase "anticipate the green light" (Line 1, Para. 3) is closest in meaning to ________.[2分]
wait for the green light to be on
forbid others to move before the green light
move off before the green light is on
follow others when the green light is on
SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING (5 MIN)
In this section there are seven passages with a total of ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your answer sheet.
First read the following question.
This paper will mainly discuss ________.[1分]
China's economic policies in general.
China's special economic zones.
significance of investment in China
China's recent development.
Now, go through TEXT E quickly and answer question 81.
Over the past decade, there have been a lot of changes in China's economic policies. Like other developing countries which are attempting to become more export-orientated, China has started to set up free trade zones. These zones are called "Special Economic Zones" (SEZ's) and feature various incentives designed to encourage foreign investment. What is the significance of these zones? Have they really played an important role in the development of significance of these zones? Have they really played an important role in the development of the economy of China? In this paper I first describe the background to the establishment of these zones. Then I describe some of the aims and characteristics of the SEZ's. Lastly, I attempt to assess the significance of the SEZ's in the development of the wider Chinese economy.
First read the following question.
This is a letter of ________.[1分]
Now, go through TEXT F quickly and answer question 82.
Your shipment of twelve thousand "Smart" watches was received by our company this morning. However, we wish to make a number of complaints concerning the serious delay in delivery and your failure to carry out our instructions with regard to this order.
Late delivery of the goods has caused us to disappoint several of our most valued customers.
The second complaint concerns the mismatch in colour between the watches we ordered and those delivered.
As a result of the above problems, therefore, we feel that the most suitable course of action is to return to you unpaid any of the goods considered unsatisfactory. We look forward to your prompt reply.
Johnson & Sons Ltd.
First read the following question.
The purpose of the pamphlet is to show ________.[1分]
how much money the card holder can take at a cash machine
how many more benefits the card holder can now enjoy
how card holders can use cash machines of other banks
how travelers canuse cash machines when abroad
Now, go through TEXT G quickly and answer question 83.
NEW DESIGN, MORE BENEFITS
Here is your new Cashpoint Card. You can use it in exactly the same way as your present card, and the Plus sign means you can take money from your account at even more cash machines.
At any of the 2,400 Lloyds Bank Cashpoint machines in the UK you can take out up to ￡200 a day so long as there is enough money in your account and check how much money is in your account, and order a new statement.
You can also use the cash machines of the Bank of Scotland, Barclays Bank and the Royal Bank of Scotland.
When you are abroad, you can take out up to ￡200 a day in local currency from most machines with a VISA or Plus sign-so long as there is enough money in your account.
First read the following question.
From its contents' page, we know that the book mainly discusses ________.[1分]
German development policy.
German development assistance.
German development agencies.
Now, go through TEXT H quickly and answer question 84.
Chapter One Basic elements: Principles and general framework of German development policy 1
Domestic conditions and development:
Basic criteria for German development policy 6
Chapter Two Priority concerns of German development policy:
Povery, education, environmental protection 9
Strategies for reducing poverty 13
Environmental protection and resource conservation 33
Chapter Three Implementation of German development policy:
Organization, instruments and procedures 50
Bilateral German development assistance 58
Financial cooperation 63
Technical cooperation 68
Manpower cooperation 71
Development assistance at EU level 76
Multilateral development assistance 81
First read the following questions.
Where is the museum's main entrance?[1分]
If you want to see stuffed fish and birds, which floor should you go to?[1分]
Now, go through TEXT I quickly and answer questions 85 and 86.
The Museum of Natural History is one of the most interesting museums at the University of Kansas. The museum opened in 1903, and its first exhibit was L. L. Dyche's collection of stuffed animals. Today, the museum has over 130 exhibits on four floors.
The first thing visitors see from the museum's main entrance on the fourth floor is a very large display called a panorama. This exhibit of North American plants and animals was L. L. Dyche's collection. Down one floor is a large collection of fossils found in the Kansas area. On the fifth floor, visitors can learn about North American Indians. Going up one more floor, visitors can see a working beehive, live snakes, stuffed fish and birds, and many other displays of Kansas plants and animals.
First read the following questions.
Wher is Cambridge?[1分]
In the North End in Boston.
In the suburbs of Boston.
Near Beacon Hill in Boston.
Near Faneuil Hall in Boston.
How do most people get around in Boston?[1分]
Now, go through TEXT J quickly and answer questions 87 and 88.
Boston is a beautiful big city with historical landmarks, museums and cultural sites. There are a number of fine arts venues and more than 50 colleges and universities in the area, including Harvard in Cambridge, one of the bigger Botson suburbs.
To see 372-year-old Boston, put on your tennis shoes and tour the streets on foot. Most of the city's sights can be seen within a five-square-mile area in the North End, the historic center of the city. Most people use the city's subway to get around. From Faneuil Hall to Beacon Hill to Harvard, Paul Revere's house or the site of the Boston Massacre, visitors can find a huge chunk of the nation's heritage in one afternoon.
First read the following questions.
How many exhibits does Old Shoes Museum have?[1分]
Which of the following can NOT be seen inside the aquarium?[1分]
The underwater viewing tunnel.
Large themed exhibition areas.
More than 10,000 precious fish.
Now, go through TEXT K quickly and answer questions 89 and 90.
Old Shoes Museum
Bai Lu Tang, the only comprehensive museum of old shoes in China, is the best place to appreciate the history of Chinese footwear and its place in national culture. Among more than its place in national culture. Among more than 1,000 pieces, the most representative are the three-inch embroidered shoes, accessories and old photos. These rare treasure are very artistic and enjoyable. Yang Shaorong, the curator, has exhibited his collection in countries like Canada and Singapore.
Place: Room 501, No 8, Lane 780,Hongzhou Lu
Time: 9:30 am-5:30 pm
The Ocean Aquarium, located near the Oriental TV Tower, is one of the largest in Asia, and features the longest underwater viewing tunnel at 155metres. The aquarium is divided into eight zones with 28 large themed exhibition areas, displaying more than 300 species and a total of more than 10,000 precious fish around the world.
Time: 9:00 am-9:00 pm