TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2007)
TIME LIMIT: 130 MIN
PART I DICTATION（15 MIN.）
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.[5分]
PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION（15 MIN）
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of each conversation you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
Which of the following is NOT needed for the Lost Property Form?[0.5分]
From the conversation we know that Mark Adams comes from?[0.5分]
What will Mark Adams do the day after tomorrow?[0.5分]
To come to the office again.
To wait for the phone call.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of each conversation you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
Members of the club are required to[0.5分]
register when they arrive.
bring up to three guests.
show membership cards on arrival.
Which of the following details about the changing rooms is NOT correct?[0.5分]
There is a charge for the use of the locker.
Showers are installed in the changing rooms.
Lockers are located in the changing rooms.
Lockers are used to store personal belongings.
According the club rules, members can play[0.5分]
within the booked time only.
longer than the booked time.
Which of the following details is NOT correct?[0.5分]
Players can eat in the club room.
Players have to leave the club by ten o’clock.
The courts are closed earlier than the club room.
Players can use both the club room and the courts.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of each conversation you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
At the university Mr. Robinson specialized in[0.5分]
Mr. Robinson worked for the Indian Government because of[0.5分]
After Mr. Robinson returned from India, he[0.5分]
changed jobs several times.
went to live in Manchester.
did similar work as in India.
became head of a research team.
SECTION B PASSAGES
In this section you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of each passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions .Now listen to the passage.
According to the talk, the owner of a bike has to[0.5分]
register his bike immediately.
put his bike on a list at once.
have it stamped with a number.
report to the police station.
The speaker in the talk recommends[0.5分]
two locks for an expensive bike.
a good lock for an expensive bike.
cheap locks for cheap bikes.
good locks for cheap bikes.
What is the main idea of the talk?[0.5分]
How to have the bike stamped.
How to protect your bike.
How to report your lost bike to the police.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of each passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage.
Which course(s) runs or run for one hour each time?[0.5分]
Examination Skills class.
All of the three courses.
Which course(s) does or do NOT require enrolment beforehand?[0.5分]
Examination Skills class.
All of the three courses.
Which course(s) is(are) designed especially for students of economics and social sciences?[0.5分]
Examination Skills class.
All of the three courses.
Which course(s) is(are) the shortest?[0.5分]
Examination Skills class.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of each passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the passage.
How old was Leonardo da Vinci when he moved to Milan?[0.5分]
Throughout his life, Leonardo da Vinci worked as all the following EXCEPT[0.5分]
Where did Leonardo da Vinci die?[0.5分]
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
Questions 21 to 22are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
Who has to leave the Gaza Strip and the West Bank?[0.5分]
The Israeli Prime Minister.
How many settlements would have to be removed altogether in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank?[0.5分]
Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions .Now listen to the news.
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the news?[0.5分]
The agreement has to be approved by Romania.
The agreement has to be approved by Bulgaria.
The agreement has to be approved by some EU states.
The agreement has to be approved by all the EU states.
Romania and Bulgaria cannot join the EU in 2007 unless they carry out reforms in the following areas EXCEPT[0.5分]
Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
What is the theme of the forum?[0.5分]
Global business community.
Economic prospects in China.
Business and government in China.
According to the news, the first forum was held[0.5分]
Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
About ________ of the 15,000 visitors on the opening day of Hong Kong Disneyland came from the mainland.[0.5分]
According to the news, residents in _______ showed least interest in visiting the theme park.[0.5分]
Question 29and 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
What is the news mainly about?[0.5分]
The ferry boat was designed to carry ______ passengers.[0.5分]
PART IV CLOZE（15 MIN）
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
Until I took Dr Offutt’s class in DeMatha High school , I was an underachieving student,but I left that class (31)_______never to underachieve again.He not only
Taught me to think,he convinced me,(32)________by example as words that it was my moral (33)_______to do so and to serve others.(34)_____of us could know how our relationship would(35)_______over the years .When I came back to DeMatha to
teach English, I worked for Dr Offutt,the department chair.My discussions with him were like graduate seminars in adolescent(36)______,classroom management and school leadership.
After several years,I was (37) _______department chair,and our relationship (38)________ again. I thought that it might be (39)______chairing the department ,since all of my (40)______English teachers were(41)_______there,but Dr. Offutt supported me
(42)_______.He knew when to give me advice(43)_______curriculum,texts personnel ,and when to let me (44)______my own course.In 1997,I needed his (45)______about leaving DeMatha to become principal at another school.(46)_______he had asked me to stay at DeMatha,I might have .(47)_______,he encouraged me to seize the opportunity.
Five years ago ,I became the principal of DeMatha.(48)________,Dr Offutt was there for me,letting me know that I could (49)_______him. I have learned from him that great teachers have an inexhaustible(50)________of lessons to teach.
PART IV GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY（15 MIN）
There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
There are as good fish in the sea _____ever came out of it.[0.5分]
All the President’s Men ______one of the important books for historians who study the Watergate Scandal.[0.5分]
’you ______ borrow my notes provided you take care of them,’ I told my friend.[0.5分]
If only the patient ______a different treatment instead of using the antibiotics, he might still be alive now.[0.5分]
Linda was _____the experiment a month ago, but she changed her mind at the last minute.[0.5分]
She _____fifty or so when I first met her at the conference.[0.5分]
It is not ______much the language as the background that makes the book difficult to understand.[0.5分]
The committee has anticipated the problems that ________in the road construction project.[0.5分]
The student said there were a few points in the essay he _______impossible to comprehend.[0.5分]
He would have finished his college education, but he _______to quit and find a job to support his family.[0.5分]
The research requires more money than ________.[0.5分]
Overpopulation poses a terrible threat to the human race. Yet it is probably ________a threat to the human race than environmental destruction.[0.5分]
It is not uncommon for there _______problems of communication between the old and the young.[0.5分]
________at in his way, the situation doesn’t seem so desperate.[0.5分]
It is absolutely essential that William________ his study in spite of some learning difficulties.[0.5分]
The painting he bought at the street market the other day was a_______ forgery.[0.5分]
She’s always been kind to me –I can’t just turn ______on her now that she needs my help.[0.5分]
The bar in the club is for the ______use of its members.[0.5分]
The tuition fees are ______to students coming from low-income families.[0.5分]
The medical experts warned the authorities of the danger of diseases in the _______of the earthquake.[0.5分]
This sort of rude behavior in public hardly ______a person in your position.[0.5分]
I must leave now._______, if you want that book I’ll bring it next time.[0.5分]
After a long delay, she ______replying to my e-mail.[0.5分]
Personal computers are no longer something beyond the ordinary people; they are________
available these days.[0.5分]
In my first year at the university I learnt the _______of journalism.[0.5分]
According to the new tax law, any money earned over that level is taxed at the ______of
Thousands of _______at the stadium came to their feet to pay tribute to an outstanding performance.[0.5分]
We stood still, gazing out over the limitless ______of the dessert.[0.5分]
Doctor often ______uneasiness in the people they deal with.[0.5分]
Mary sat at the table, looked at the plate and ______her lips.[0.5分]
PART V READING COMPREHENSION（25 MIN）
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
If you like the idea of staying with a family, living in house might be the answer. Good
landladies---those who are superb cooks and launderers, are figures as popular in fiction as the bad ones who terrorize their guest and overcharge them at the slightest opportunity. The truth is probably somewhere between the two extremes. If you are lucky, the food will be adequate, some of your laundry may be done for you and you will have a reasonable amount of comfort and companionship .For the less fortune ,house rules may restrict the freedom to invite friends to visit, and shared cooking and bathroom facilities can be frustrating and row-provoking if tidy and untidy guest are living under the same roof.
The same disadvantages can apply to flat sharing, with the added difficulties that arise from deciding who pays for what, and in what proportion. One person may spend hours on the phone, while another rarely makes calls. If you want privacy with guest , how do you persuade the others to go out; how do you persuade them to leave you in peace, especially if you are student and want to study?
Conversely, flat sharing can be very cheap, there will always be someone to talk to and go out with, and the chores, in theory, can be shared.
According to the passage, landladies are ________[2分]
very popular with their guest.
What is the additional disadvantage of flat sharing ?[2分]
Problems of sharing and paying.
Differences in living habits.
Shared cooking and bathroom facilities.
Restriction to invite friends to visit.
What is NOT mentioned as a benefit of flat sharing?[2分]
There is peace and quiet.
(1) Traveling through the country a couple of weeks ago on business, I was listening to the talk of the late UK writer Douglas Adams’ master work “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” on the radio and thought-¬¬I know, I’ll pick up the next hitchhikers I see and ask them what the state of real hitching is today in Britain.
(2)I drove and drove on main roads and side roads for the next few days and never saw a single one.
(3)When I was in my teens and 20s, hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers took me all over Europe, North America, Asia and southern Africa, Some of the lift-givers became friends, many provided hospitality on the road.
(4)Not only did you find out much more about a country than when traveling by train or plane, but there was that elements of excitement about where you would finish up that night.
Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture. It has books and songs about it .So what has happened to it?
(5)A few years ago, I was asked the same question about hitching in a column of a newspaper. Hundreds of people from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking.
(6)Rural Ireland was recommended as f friendly place for hitching, as was Quebec, Canada-“if you don’t mind being criticized for not speaking French”.
(7)But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in some places, the general feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed.
(8)With so much news about crime in the media, people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we need to be so wary both to hitch and to give a lift?
(9)In Poland in the 1960s,according to a Polish woman who e-mail me ,＂the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker’s Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers, so each time a driver picked somebody; he or she received a coupon. At the end of the season, drivers who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes. Everyone was hitchhiking then”.
(10)Surely this is a good idea for society. Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down barriers between strangers. It would help fight global warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels. It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant lessons in geography, history, politics and sociology.
(11)A century before Douglas Adams wrote his “Hitchhiker’s Guide”, another adventure story writer, Robert Louis Stevenson, gave us that what should be the hitchhiker’s motto:＂To travel hopefully is a better thing than to arrive.” What better time than putting a holiday weekend into practice. Either put it to the test yourself, or help out someone who is trying to travel hopefully with thumb outstretched.
In which paragraph(s) does the writer comment on his experience of hitchhiking?[2分]
What is the current situation of hitchhiking?[2分]
It is popular in some parts of the world.
It is popular throughout the west.
It is popular only in the North Amercia.
It’s still popular in Poland.
What is the writer’s attitude towards the practice in Poland?[2分]
The writer has mentioned all the following benefits of hitchhiking EXCEPT[2分]
promoting mutual respect between strangers.
increasing one’s confidence in strangers.
＂Either put it to the test yourself…”in Paragraph (11) means[2分]
to experience the hopefulness.
I am afraid to sleep. I have been afraid to sleep for the last few weeks. I am so tired that, finally, I do sleep, but only for a few minutes. It is not a bad dream that wakes me ; it is the reality I took with me into sleep . I try to think of something else.
Immediately the woman in the marketplace comes into my mind.
I was on my way to dinner last night when I saw her . She was selling skirts. She moved with the same ease and loveliness I often saw in the women of Laos. Her long black hair was as shiny as the black silk of the skirts she was selling. In her hair, she wore three silk ribbons, blue, green, and white. They reminded me of my childhood and how my girlfriends and I used to spend hours braiding ribbons into our hair.
I don’t know the word for “ribbons”, so I put my hand to my own hair and , with three fingers against my head , I looked at her ribbons and said “Beautiful.” She lowered her eyes and said nothing. I wasn’t sure if she understood me (I don’t speak Laotian very well).
I looked back down at the skirts. They had designs in them: squares and triangles and circles of pink and green silk. They were very pretty. I decided to buy one of those skirts, and I began to bargain with her over the price. It is the custom to bargain in Asia. In Laos bargaining is done in soft voices and easy moves with the sort of quiet peacefulness.
She smiled, more with her eyes than with her lips. She was pleased by the few words I was able to say in her language, although they were mostly numbers, and she saw that I understood something about the soft playfulness of bargaining. We shook our heads in disagreement over the price; then, immediately, we made another offer and then another shake of the head. She was so pleased that unexpectedly, she accepted the last offer I made. But it was too soon. The price was too low. She was being too generous and wouldn’t make enough money. I moved quickly and picked up two more skirts and paid for all three at the price set; that way I was able to pay her three times as much before she had a chance to lower the price for the larger purchase. She smiled openly then, and, for the first time in months, my spirit lifted. I almost felt happy.
The feeling stayed with me while she wrapped the skirts in a newspaper and handed them to me. When I left, though, the feeling left, too. It was as though it stayed behind in marketplace. I left tears in my throat. I wanted to cry. I didn’t, of course.
I have learned to defend myself against what is hard; without knowing it, I have also learned to defend myself against what is soft and what should be easy.
I get up, light a candle and want to look at the skirts. They are still in the newspaper that the woman wrapped them in. I remove the paper, and raise the skirts up to look at them again before I pack them. Something falls to floor. I reach down and feel something cool in my hand. I move close to the candlelight to see what I have. There are five long silk ribbons in my hand, all different colors. The woman in the marketplace! She has given these ribbons to me!
There is no defense against a generous spirit, and this time I cry, and very hard, as if I could make up for all the months that I didn’t cry.
According to the writer, the woman in the marketplace[2分]
was pleasant and attractive.
was selling skirts ribbons.
recognized her immediately.
Which of the following in NOT correct?[2分]
The writer was not used to bargaining.
People in Asia always bargain when buying things.
Bargaining in Laos was quiet and peaceful.
The writer was ready to bargain with the woman.
The writer assumed that the woman accepted the last offer mainly because woman[2分]
thought that the last offer was reasonable.
thought she could still make much money.
was glad that the writer knew their way of bargaining.
was tired of bargaining with the writer any more.
Why did the writer finally decide to buy three skirts?[2分]
The skirts were cheap and pretty.
She liked the patterns on the skirts.
She wanted to do something as compensation.
She was fed up with further bargaining with the woman.
When did the writer left the marketplace, she wanted to cry, but did not because[2分]
she had learned to stay cool and unfeeling.
she was afraid of crying in public.
she had learned to face difficulties bravely.
she had to show in public that she was strong.
Why did the writer cry eventually when she looked at the skirts again?[2分]
she suddenly felt very sad.
she liked the ribbons so much.
she was overcome by emotion.
she felt sorry for the woman.
The kids are hanging out. I pass small bands of students, in my way to work these mornings. They have become a familiar part of the summer landscape.
These kids are not old enough for jobs. Nor are they rich enough for camp. They are school children without school. The calendar called the school year ran out on them a few weeks ago. Once supervised by teachers and principals, they now appear to be “self care”.
Passing them is like passing through a time zone. For much of our history, after all, Americans arranged the school year around the needs of work and family. In 19th-century cities, schools were open seven or eight hours a day, 11 months a year. In rural America, the year was arranged around the growing season. Now, only 3 percent of families follow the agricultural model, but nearly all schools are scheduled as if our children went home early to milk the cows and took months off to work the crops. Now, three-quarters of the mothers of school-age children work, but the calendar is written as if they were home waiting for the school bus.
The six-hour day, the 180-day school year is regarded as something holy. But when parents work an eight-hour day and a 240-day year, it means something different. It means that many kids go home to empty houses. It means that, in the summer, they hang out.
“We have a huge mismatch between the school calendar and realities of family life,” says Dr. Ernest Boyer, head of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.
Dr. Boyer is one of many who believe that a radical revision of the school calendar is inevitable.＂School, whether we like it or not, is educational. It always has been.”
His is not popular idea. Schools are routinely burdened with the job of solving all our social problems. Can they be asked to meet the needs of our work and family lives?
It may be easier to promote a linger school year on its educational merits and, indeed, the educational case is compelling. Despite the complaints and studies about our kids’ lack of learning, the United State still has a shorter school year than any industrial nation. In most of Europe, the school year is 220 days. In Japan, it is 240 days long. While classroom time alone doesn’t produce a well-educated child, learning takes time and more learning takes more time. The long summers of forgetting take a toll.
The opposition to a longer school year comes from families that want to and can provide other experiences for their children. It comes from teachers. It comes from tradition. And surely from kids. But the most important part of the conflict has been over the money.
Which of the following is an opinion of the author?[2分]
＂The kids are hanging out.”
＂They are school children without school.”
＂These kids are not old enough for jobs.”
“The calendar called the school year ran out on them a few weeks ago.”
The current American school calendar was developed in the 19th century according to[2分]
the growing season on nation’s form.
the labour demands of the industrial age.
teachers’ demands for more vacation time.
parents’ demands for other experiences for their kids.
The author thinks that the current school calendar[2分]
Why was Dr. Boy’s idea unpopular?[2分]
He argues for the role of school in solving social problems.
He supports the current school calendar.
He thinks that school year and family life should be considered separately.
He strongly believes in the educational role of school.
“The long summers of forgetting take a toll ”in the last paragraph but one means that[2分]
long summer vacation slows down the progress go learning.
long summer vacation has been abandoned in Europe.
long summers result in less learning time.
long summers are a result of tradition.
The main purpose of the passage is[2分]
to describe how American children spend their summer.
to explain the needs of the modern working families.
to discuss the problems of the current school calendar.
to persuade parents to stay at home to look after their kids.
PART VI WRITING（45 MIN）
SECTION A COMPOSITION [35 MIN.]
Nowadays the Internet has become part of people’s life , and million of young people have made friends online.
Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:
Is It Wise to Make Friends Online
You are to write in three parts.
In the first part, state what you think is the best way.
In the second part, support your view with one or two reasons.
In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.[10分]
Is It Wise to Make Friends Online?
Internet, as one of the most important inventions of the twentieth century, has greatly changed our life. Nowadays, more and more young people have many friends online, which, as far as I am concerned, has more benefits than negative efforts.
Firstly, Internet enlarges our circle of friends considerably. No other ways of communication enable us to makes friends all around the world as easily as Internet does. As long as we can speak English or other foreign languages, we are able to chat with Americans, Japanese as well as European people, and therefore, to broaden our views by exposing ourselves to various cultures and experiences. Apart from that, we tend to be more honest and straightforward when we make online friends than in real life. Since in the cyberspace, we cannot see others’ faces, we do not have to worry about the negative results brought by direct communication. For instance, we are free to air our opinions on some sensitive issues of the society, and share our little secrets with our online friends with ease. In this way, online friendship gives rise to more openness and less stress or pressure at the same time.
While many people argue that making friends online is not stable or even dangerous, I posit that embracing this technological innovation by becoming a true netizen is definitely a wise choice.
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN.]
Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:
Your classmate, Jimmy, is head of the university’s swimming club. He has invited you to join the club, but you like some other sport. Write him a note, declining and explaining why.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.[5分]
April 22, 2007
Thank you so much for inviting me to join the swimming club. I’d like to but I’m afraid I cannot. To learn tennis has long been my dream and the best tennis teacher will be leaving next year. So this is the last chance for me and I would like very much to seize it.