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2012年度全国职称英语等级考试全真模拟试题卫生类C级(一)
试卷编号:148293
录入者 :让梦飞翔(新兴中学)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:90分钟
 
 
第一部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
(改编自往年真题,考查的词没有变,题干和选项有改动)
下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
1.
Conversation is one of the pleasures of life.[1分]
Talk
Fight
Debate
Speech
2.
Please call him as soon as you see the message.[1分]
visit
phone
invite
ask
3.
Magnificent villas are found throughout Italy.[1分]
Ancient
Huge
Splendid
Modern
4.
Many factory workers find their jobs tiresome.[1分]
difficult
pointless
profitable
boring
5.
The police could not find a motive for the murder.[1分]
reason
answer
excuse
result
6.
They proposed to make an arrangement beforehand.[1分]
stated
ordered
required
suggested
7.
He drank a massive amount of alcohol.[1分]
fearlessly
silently
large
deliberately
8.
It will astonish you to hear what I paid for this ring.[1分]
delight
surprise
frighten
scare
9.
Money is the root of all evil.[1分]
cause
result
force
basic
10.
Old people don’t like to vary their habits.[1分]
choose
change
decide
reject
11.
The leaders of modern architecture have characteristically been vigorous and articulate thinkers in whose minds architectural theory is linked to ideas of social reform.[1分]
defined by
related to
applied to
reinforced by
12.
The room downstairs is very dull.[1分]
beautiful
bright
dark
gorgeous
13.
He hated his stepfather and eventually ran away from home.[1分]
naturally
nicely
finally
unwillingly
14.
Earthquakes occur frequently in Japan.[1分]
spread
appear
break
happen
15.
Summer weather of ninety degrees or more has been reported off and on in Fort Yokon, Alaska.[1分]
back and forth
as of late
on the spot
now and then
第二部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息在文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。
Breakfast
    Studies show that children who eat breakfast do better in school It doesn't take much further thought to believe that adults will feel better and perform better at work as well. Whether you work at home,on the farm,at the office,at school,or on the road,it is not a good idea to skip(故意略去)breakfast.
    If we don't eat breakfast, we are likely to become fired when our brains and bodies run low on fuel. By mid—morning,a lot of us grab a cup of coffee,or wolf down a sugary candy bar to wake up again. This might work for a few minutes,but by lunchtime we are hungry, bad—tempered,and perhaps our mood might make us a 1ittle more likely to make unhealthy choices at lunch. Eating a good breakfast sets the tone for the rest of the day.
    People who eat breakfast are generally more likely to maintain a healthy weight. Many people believe that they will lose weight if they skip meals,but that isn't a good idea. The body expects to be refueled a few times a day,so start with a healthy breakfast.
    A healthy breakfast should contain some protein(蛋白质)and some fiber(纤维).Protein can come from meat,eggs,beans, or soy(大豆).Fiber can be found in whole cereals(谷物),grains or in fruits. A good example of a healthy breakfast might be something simple like a hardboiled egg,an orange,and a bowl of whole grain cereal with soy milk.
16.
Adults who eat breakfast will perform better at work.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
17.
It is okay to skip breakfast if you work at home.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
18.
Men are more likely to skip breakfast than women.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
19.
A person who skips breakfast is more likely to eat unhealthily at lunch[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
20.
Skipping breakfast is a good strategy for losing weight[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
21.
A simple breakfast cannot be a healthy breakfast[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
22.
People who eat breakfast are seldom in a bad mood.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not Mentioned
第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2,3,5,6段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
The Meaning of dreams
    1.Dreams play an important role in our lives. If they can be correctly explained, we can come to understand ourselves better. Here, we look at four common dreams and what they potentially symbolize.
    2.I can see their laughing faces…laughing at me. But they aren’t as smart. If they were, they’d be up here flying with me! This dream has both positive and negative connotations(涵义). On the positive side, the dream may express a strong desire to travel and get away from everyday routine. It can be interpreted as a powerful desire to achieve. On the other hand, this dream can mean the person has a problem or is afraid of something and they wish to escape. The dream could represent an inferiority complex(自卑情结), which the dreamer attempts to escape from by putting themselves up above others.
3.I’m moving from fast now, but it’s still behind me. Doesn’t matter how fast I go, I still can’t escape. Although this is a traditional symbol of health and vitality(生命力) like the other one, it can also suggest the dreamer is trying to escape from danger. Usually, fear is prominent emotion. By running hard, the dreamer can possibly escape the threat. However, they can also stumble(蹒跚) or worse still stop moving altogether. This makes dream even more terrifying(恐怖的). One possible interpretation suggests that the dream is under pressure in their everyday life….
    4.I'm sweating and my heart is beating. I'm trapped in my own bed. In this dream, the person is often standing on a high, exposed place such as on the top of a tower, or on the edge of a cliff. The overwhelming(强烈的) feeling changes from anxiety to loss of control. There is nothing to stop the person, and the feeling as they go over the edge can be horrifyingly(恐怖地) real. Fortunately, just before hitting the ground, the dreamer awakens with a sense of enormous relief. This dream suggests that the dreamer is afraid of losing control and has a fear of failure or even death.
    5.The wind is pushing me and I slip. There's nothing I can do...nothing I can hold on to. This symbol is associated with fear: suddenly the dreaming loses all power of movement. They try hard to move their arms and legs, but they simply cannot. Frozen in a terrifying situation with no escape, they became more and more terrified as the seconds go by. Another frequent context for this dream is failing to do something in Public, often something which you are normally very good at, such as your job. Not only is this extremely embarrassing, but it also shows a deep-seated phobia(恐惧) of losing a job and a livelihood.
23.
Paragraph 2________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
24.
Paragraph 3________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
25.
Paragraph 4________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.
Paragraph 5________[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A.Dream of climbing trees
B.Dream of diving into the water
C.Dream of running hard
D.Dream of falling down
E.Dream of being pushed away
F.Dream of flying into the air
27.
If a person puts himself up above others in the dream, he may____.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
28.
If a person dreams of being chased by others, he may ____.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.
If a person dreams of going over the edge of a cliff, he may ____.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.
If a person dreams of failing to do something in public, he may _ ___.[1分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
A.be afraid of losing his job in real life
B.feel inferior in reality
C.feel lonely in everyday life
D.feel tired in real life
E.be under pressure in everyday life
F.be afraid of losing control in real life

第四部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

第一篇            Calling for Safe Celebrations
    Last Fourth of July,Pete,a 14-year-old boy,was enjoying the lit-up skies and loud booms from the fireworks (烟花)being set off in his neighborhood. Suddenly,the evening took a terrible turn. A bottle rocket shot into his eye,immediately causing him terrible pain His family rushed him to the emergency room for treatment. As a result of the injury,Pete developed glaucoma (青光眼)and cataracts (白内障)。 Today,Pete has permanent vision loss in his injured eye because of his bottle rocket injury.
    June is Fireworks Eye Safety Awareness Month,and through its EyeSmart  campaign the American Academy of Ophthalmology (眼科学)wants to remind consumers to leave fireworks to professionals (专业人员)。 “There is nothing worse than a Fourth of July celebration ruined by someone being hit in the eye with a bottle rocket,” said Dr John C. Hagan,clinical correspondent for the Academy and an ophthalmologist at Discover Vision Centers in Kansas City. “A safe celebration means letting trained professionals handle fireworks while you enjoy the show.”
    According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission,more than 9,000 fireworks-related injuries happen each year. Of these,nearly-half are head-related injuries,with nearly 30 percent of these injuries to the eye. One-fourth of fireworks eye injuries result in permanent vision loss or blindness. Children are the most common victims of firework abuse (伤害),with those fifteen years old or younger accounting for 50 percent of fireworks eye injuries in the United States. Dr Hagan estimates that his practice sees more than 30 injuries each year from fireworks.
    Even fireworks that many people consider safe represent a threat to the eyes. For children under the age of five,apparently harmless sparklers (花炮)account for one-third of all fireworks injuries. Sparklers can burn at nearly 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit (华氏)。
31.
What happened to Pete last Fourth of July?[3分]
He was burned in a house fire.
He was hurt in a fight.
He was caught in a heavy rain.
He was hit in the eye
32.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology calls on consumers to[3分]
stop celebrating the Fourth of July
celebrate the Fourth of July with fireworks.
set off fireworks together with trained professionals.
leave fireworks to professionals in their celebrations.
33.
How many fireworks eye injuries occur in the US each year?[3分]
About 9000.
About 4500.
About 1350.
About 30.
34.
Fireworks eye injuries can lead to all of the following EXCEPT[3分]
blindness.
hand-related injuries.
permanent vision loss.
glaucoma and cataracts.
35.
Which is NOT true of sparklers?[3分]
They are harmless to very young children.
They are considered safe by many people.
They are a threat to the eyes.
They can burn at very high degrees Fahrenheit
第二篇          Stop Eating Too Much
    “Clean your plate!” and “Be a member of the clean—plate club!” Just about every kid in the US has heard this from a parent or grandparent。Often,it's accompanied by an appeal:“Just think about those starving orphans(孤儿)in Africa T”Sure,we should be grateful for。every bite of food.Unfortunately, many people in the US take too many bites.Instead of staying“clean the.plate”,perhaps we should save some food for tomorrow.
    According to news reports,US restaurants are partly to blame for the growing bellies(肚子).A waiter puts a plate of food in front of each customer,with two to four times the amount recommended by the government,according to a USA Today story.Americans traditionally associate quantity with value and most restaurants try to give them that.They prefer to have customers complain about too much food rather than too little.
    Barbara Rolls,a nutrition(营养)professor at Pennsylvania State University, told USA Today that restaurant portion sizes began to grow in the 1 970s,the same time that the American waistline(腰围)began to expand.
    Health experts have tried to get many restaurants to serve smaller portions. Now,apparently,some customers are cal¨n白for‘this“too.The restaurant industry trade magazine QSR reported last month that 57 percent of more than 4,000 people surveyed believed restaurants served portions that were too large;23 percent had no opinion;20percent disagreed.But a closer look at the survey indicates that many Americans who can’t afford fine dining still prefer large portions.Seventy percent of those earning at least $1 50,000 per year prefer smaller portions;but only 45 percent of those earning less than$25,000 want smaller.
    It's not that working class Americans don’t want to eat healthy.It's just that,after long hours at low—paying jobs,getting less on their plate hardly seems like a good deal.They live from paycheck(薪金支票)to paycheck,happy to save a little money for next year’s Christmas presents.
36.
Parents in the United States tend to ask their children[3分]
to save food for tomorrow.
to wash the dishes
not to eat too much.
not to waste food.
37.
Why do American restaurants serve large portions?[3分]
Because Americans have big bellies.
Because Americans associate quantity with value。
Because Americans are good eaters.
Because Americans are too weak.
38.
What happened in the 1970s?[3分]
The US government called on its people to reduce their weight.
Health experts persuaded restaurants to serve smaller portions.
The American waistline started to expand.
The United States produced more grain than needed.
39.
What does the survey indicate?[3分]
Twenty percent of Americans want smaller portions.
Many low-income Americans want large portions.
Fifty--seven percent of Americans want large portions.
Forty--five percent of Americans want smaller portions.
40.
Which of the following is NOT true 0f working class Americans?[3分]
They work long hours.http://ks.exam8.com
They live from paycheck to paycheck.
They want to save money for presents.
They don’t want to be healthy eaters.
第三篇    How to Be a Successful Businessperson
     Have you ever wondered why some people are successful in business and others are not? Here's a story about one successful businessperson. He started out washing dishes and today he owns 168 restaurants.
    Zubair -Kazi was born in Bhatkal, a small town in southwest India. His dream was to be an airplane pilot, and when he was 16 years old, he learned to fly a small plane.
At the age of 23 and with just a little money in his pocket, Mr. Kazi moved to the United States. He hoped to get a job in the airplane industry in California. Instead, he ended up working for a company that rented cars.
    While Mr. Kazi was working at the car rental(祖赁的) company, he frequently ate at a nearby KFC restaurant. To save money on food, he decided to get a job with KFC. For two months, he worked as a cook's assistant. His job was to clean the kitchen and help the cook. "I didn't like it," Mr. Kazi says, "but I always did the best I could."
    One day, Mr. Kazi's two co-workers failed to come to work. That day, Mr. Kazi did the work of all three people in the kitchen. This really impressed the owners of the restaurant.
A.few months later, the owners needed a manager for a new restaurant. They gave the job to Mr. Kazi. He worked hard as the manager and soon the restaurant was making a profit.
    A few years later, Mr. Kazi heard about a restaurant that was losing money. The restaurant was dirty inside and the food was terrible. Mr. Kazi borrowed money from a bank and bought the restaurant. For the first six months, Mr. Kazi worked in the restaurant from 8 a.m. t0 10 p.m., seven days a week. He and his wife cleaned up the restaurant, remodeled the front of the building, and improved the cooking. They also tried hard to please the customers. lf someone had to wait more than ten minutes for their food, Mrs. Kazi gave them a free soda. Before long the restaurant was making a profit.
    A year later, Mr. Kazi sold his restaurant for a profit. With the money he earned, he bought three more restaurants that were losing money. Again,' he cleaned them up, improved the food, and retrained the employees. Before long these restaurants were making a profit, too.
Today Mr. Kazi owns 168 restaurants, but he isn't planning to stop there. He's looking for more poorly managed restaurants to buy. "I love it when I go to buy a restaurant and find it's a mess," Mr. Kazi says. "The only way it can go is up."
41.
When Mr. Kazi was young, his dream was to[3分]
sell cars
own a restaurant
be an airplane pilot
become a good cook
42.
Mr. Kazi decided work with KFC to[3分]
learn how to cook
save money for a car
save money on food
learn how to run a restaurant
43.
Mr. Kazi became the manager of a new restaurant because[3分]
his co-workers praised him
he was a good cook
he knew how to run a restaurant
he worked very hard
44.
To save a failing restaurant, Mr. Kazi did all the following things, EXCEPT[3分]
advertize for it
clean it up
improve the food
retrain the employees
45.
In the last paragraph, “It’s a mess” means[3分]
it’s small
it’s dirty
it’s profitable
it’s cheap
第五部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
You Need Courage!
    Shortly after I began a career in business, I learned that Carl Weatherup, president of PepsiCo (百事可乐公司), was speaking at the University of Colorado. I tracked down the person handling his schedule and managed to get myself an appointment.___(46)_____
So there I was sitting outside the university's auditorium, waiting for the president of PepsiCo. I could hear him talking to the students……, and talking, and talking. ___(47)_____He was now five minutes over, which dropped my time with him down to 10 minutes. Decision time.
    I wrote a note on the back of my business card, reminding him that he had a meeting "You have a meeting with Jeff Hoye at 2:30 p.m." I took a deep breath, pushed open the doors of the auditorium and walked straight up the middle aisle (过道) toward him as he talked. Mr. Weatherup stopped. ___(48)_____ Just before I reached the door, I heard him tell the group that he was running late. He thanked them for their attention, wished them luck and walked out to where I was now sitting, holding my breath.
    He looked at the card and then at me. "Let me guess," he said. "You're Jeff." He smiled. ___(49)_____He spent the next 30 minutes offering me his time; some wonderful stories that I still use, and an invitation to visit him and his group in New York. But what he gave me that value the most was the encouragement to continue to do as I had done. ___(50)____ When things need to happen, you either have the nerve to act or you don't.

A.I began breathing again and we grabbed (霸占) an office right there at school and closed the door.
B.As I sat listening to him, I knew that I could trust him, and that he deserved every bit of loyalty I could give to him.
C.I became alarmed: his talk wasn't ending when it should have
D.He said that it took nerve for me to interrupt him, and that nerve was the key to success in the business world.
E.I was told, however, that he was on a tight schedule and only had 15 minutes available after his talk to the business class.
F.I handed him the card then I turned and walked out the way I came.
46.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
47.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
48.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
50.
 [2分]
 
 
 
 
 
 
第六部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
Influenza
    Influenza has been with us a long time. According to some Greek writers  51 medical history, the outbreak of 412 B.C. was of influenza. The same has been suggested of the sickness  52  swept through the Greek army attacking Syracuse in 395 B.C. Flu is a disease that moves most quickly among people living in  53  conditions, hence, it is likely to attack armies.
    54 the nineteenth century there were five widespread outbreaks of influenza. The last of the five 55 in 1889 and marked the beginning of the story of influenza in our time.  56  the recent outbreak, it started in Asia.
    For more than forty years before that outbreak, influenza had steadily __57__and was believed to be dying out. A new group of outbreaks was 58 by the great outbreak of 1889-1890 and for the next quarter of a century influenza remains a constant threat.
    In April 918 flu broke among American troops stationed in France. It quickly spread through all the ___59  but caused relatively few deaths. Four months later, however, a second outbreak started which _60___ to be a killer. It killed not only the old and already sick but also healthy young adults. It ___61  through every country in the world, only a few distant islands in the South Atlantic and the Pacific remaining __62__. It brought the life of whole countries to stop, food 63 stopped and work loss was very great. Before the great outbreak ended, it had killed ___64  15 million people. Thereafter there have been several great outbreaks throughout the world. It is thus __65__that influenza is a terrible infection that we have to pay more attention to.
51.
 [1分]
by
on
to
with
52.
 [1分]
where
that
why
who
53.
 [1分]
local
good
crowded
rich
54.
 [1分]
Since
During
Among
For
55.
 [1分]
changed
happened
Among
For
56.
 [1分]
Like
As
Along
Before
57.
 [1分]
increased
interrupted
decreased
kept
58.
 [1分]
introduced
controlled
prevented
reported
59.
 [1分]
armies
villagers
farmers
enemies
60.
 [1分]
ceased
wanted
proved
failed
61.
 [1分]
got
put
went
looked
62.
 [1分]
uncounted
unused
untouched
unchanged
63.
 [1分]
sources
shortages
purchases
supplies
64.
 [1分]
last
most
all
least
65.
 [1分]
clear
strange
impossible
wise

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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