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大学英语四级模拟题3
试卷编号:144335
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
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Section Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (10 points)
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this
section. For each sentence there are four choices marked
A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes
the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the
ANSWER SHEET 1 with a pen-cil.
21.
John says that his present job does not provide him
with enough______for his organizing ability.[1分]
range
scope
space
capacity
22.
Because of the draught, the ground quickly_______the
little rain that fell last night.[1分]
absorbed
soaked
digested
drained
23.
The extent of the harmful effect of weeds on animals
depends on the soil_____the plants grow.[1分]
in which
which
which in
in
24.
This was conducted to find out how many people prefer
butter.[1分]
examination
inspect
survey
analysis
25.
_____relatively costly, the engine is highly efficient
and needs servicing infrequently.[1分]
It is
Even
Even though
There is
26.
The unpleasant taste in his mouth for hours.[1分]
rested
prolonged
lingered
waited
27.
His health failing,_____in 1903.[1分]
So Johnson went on leave from army
the army gave Johnson leave
Johnson went on leave from the army
when the army gave Johnson leave
28.
If you put too many potatoes in that bag, it will[1分]
separate
crack
burst
collapse
29.
There is pressure on the American government to the
number of immigrants per-mitted to settle in the U. S.[1分]
limit
refrain
confine
decrease
30.
The city suffered damage as a result of the earthquake.[1分]
considered
considerate
considerable
considering
31.
The accusation left him quite with rage.[1分]
quiet
silent
mute
speechless
32.
Two of the children have to sleep in one bed, but the
other three have ones.[1分]
similar
singular
different
separate
33.
Topics for composition should be to the experiences
and interests of the students.[1分]
concerned
dependent
connecting
relevant
34.
He thinks about nothing but playing chess. Hes
completely to it.[1分]
addicted
ascribed
tempted
overcome
35.
The idea of traveling through space to other planets
interests many people today.[1分]
a
the
/
one
36.
When you have finished with that video tape, dont
forget to put it in my drawer,_____?[1分]
do you
will you
dont you
wont you
37.
The government is trying to do something to better
understanding between the two countries.[1分]
raise
promote
heighten
increase
38.
The little man was one meter fifty high.[1分]
almost more than
hardly more than
nearly more than
as much as
39.
You___her in her office last Friday: shes been out of
town for two weeks.[1分]
neednt have seen
must have seen
might have seen
cant have seen
40.
_____ you are familiar with the authors ideas, try
reading all the sections as quickly as you possibly can.[1分]
Now that
Ever since
So that
As long as
Section Ⅲ Cloze (5 points)
Directions: For each numbered blank in the following
passage, there are four choices marked A,B, C, and D.
Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER
SHEET1.

A narrowing of your work interests is implied almost any
transition from a study environment to managerial or
professional work. In the humanities and social sciences
you will at best reuse only a fraction of the material 41
in three or four years study. In most career paths
academic knowledge only forms a background to much more 42
decision-making. Even with a “training” form of degree,
only a few of the procedures or methods encountered in
your studies are 43 to be continuously relevant in your
work. Partly this reflects the greater specialization of
most work tasks compared with studying. Many graduates are
not content with the loss of variety involved 44
transferring from degree stud} in at least four or five
subjects a year to very standardized job demands. Academic
work values individual inventiveness, originality, and the
cultivation of a different “style” as an index of self-
realization and self-development. Emphasis is placed on 45
new ideas and knowledge, assembling adequate information
to make a rational decision, appreciating basic 46 and
theories, and getting involved in fundamental
controversies and debates. The humanistic values of higher
education encourages the feeling of being engaged in a
process with a self-developmental rhythm. 47 even if your
employers pursue enlightened personnel development
politics and invest heavily in “human capital” --for
example, by rotating graduate trainees to 48 their work
experiences –you are Still likely to notice and feel 49
about some major restrictions of your 50 and activities
compared with a study environment.
41.
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covering
covered
being covered
having covered
42.
 [0.5分]
applied
to be applied
applying
to be applied to
43.
 [0.5分]
definitely
agreeable
reliable
likely
44.
 [0.5分]
in
on
of
about
45.
 [0.5分]
absorbing
to absorb
generating
to generate
46.
 [0.5分]
believes
concepts
religions
thiths
47.
 [0.5分]
By contrast
That is
Therefore
Meanwhile
48.
 [0.5分]
improve
introduce
vary
gain
49.
 [0.5分]
strange
ashamed
funny
sorry
50.
 [0.5分]
hobbies
interests
subjects
concerns
Section Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Part A
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each
passage is followed by some questions or un-finished
statements. For each of them there are for choices marked
A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and
blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET 1
with a pencil.

Questions 51 to 54 are based on the foUowing passage:
For most of the 1990s, CEOs at old economy companies
struggled to turn slow-moving organizations into nimbler,
more flexible outfits. Truth is, real transformations are
the exception rather than the rule. Changing the core
values, the attitudes, and the fundamental relationships
of a vast organization is overwhelmingly difficult. Thats
why an army of academics and consult-ants held it up as a
paragon of management virtue in the late 1990s. Enron
seemed to have transformed itself from a stodgy utility to
a fast-moving enterprise.

If only that were true. Many of the same academics are now
busy studying the cultural and leadership lessons from
Enron. Their conclusion so far: Enron didnt fail just
because of improper accounting or corruption at the top.
It also failed because of its entrepreneurial culture-the
very reason Enron attracted so much acclaim. The emphasis
on earnings growth and individual initiative, together
with an absence of the usual corporate balances, shifted
the culture from one that rewarded aggressive strategy to
one that increasingly relied on unethical cheating. This
was a company that simply placed a lot of bad bets on
businesses that werent so promising to begin with.

Jeffrey K. Skilling assumed Enron CEO in early 2001. His
recipe for changing the compa-ny was right out of the New
Economy Playbook. Layers of management were canceled.
Hundreds of outsiders were recruited and encouraged to
bring new thinking to a tradition-bound business. The
company abolished seniority-based salaries and offered
huge cash bonuses and stock to top performers. Young
people, many just out of undergraduate or MBA programs,
were handed extraordinary authority, able to make $ 5
million decisions without higher approval.

“In larger companies like IBM, even though there is a
movement toward youth, there are still enough older people
around to mentor them,” says James OToole, professor at
the Center for Effective Organizations at the University
of Southern California. “At Enron, you had a bunch of
kids running loose without adult supervision.”
51.
From the first paragraph, we learn that in the 1990s[2分]
CEOs tried to change the function of old companies.
Most of the large companies underwent some real changes.
Enron became the example of new efficient management.
the rules to transform the old companies are exceptional.
52.
Enron would not fail if the company[2分]
made full use of individual inventiveness.
paid top performers more money and bonus.
rewarded aggressive strategy.
relied on absence of cooperate balance.
53.
Professor O’Toole use the example of IMB to argue that[2分]
"loose and tight" theory is too theoretical to put into use.
the entrepreneurial culture of IBM worships tight supervision.
the young staff in Enron should be governed.
old staff in Enron are in chaos compared with IBM.
54.
From the text, we can see that towards the management
of Enron, the writer seems[2分]
positive.
negative.
indifferent.
sensitive.
Questions 55 to 58 are based on the following passage:
“I want to criticize the social system, and to show it at
work, at its most intense.” Virginia Woolf’s provocative
statement about her intentions in writing Mrs. Dalloway
has regularly been ignored by the critics, since it
highlights an aspect of her literary interests very
different from the traditional picture of the “poetic”
novelist concerned with examining states of reverie and
vision and with following the intricate pathways of
individual consciousness. But Virginia Woolf was a
realistic as well as a poetic novelist, a satirist and
social critic as well as a visionary: literary critics
cavalier dismissal of Woolfs social vision will not
withstand scrutiny.

In her novels, Woolf is deeply engaged by the questions of
how individuals are shaped (or deformed) by their social
environments, how historical forces impinge on peoples
lives, how class, wealth, and gender help to determine
peoples fates. Most of her novels are rooted in a
realistically rendered social setting and in a precise
historical time.

Woolfs focus on society has not been generally recognized
because of her intense antipathy to propaganda in art. The
pictures of reformers in her novels are usually satiric or
sharply critical. Even when Woolf is fundamentally
sympathetic to their causes, she portrays people anxious
to reform their society and possessed of a message or
program as arrogant or dishonest, unaware of how their
political ideas serve their own psychological needs. (Her
Writers Diary notes:“the only honest people are the
artists.“ whereas ”these social reformers and
philanthropists”... , harbor... , discreditable desires
under the disguise of loving their kind... Woolf detested
what she called “preaching” in fiction, too, and
criticized novelist D. H. Lawrence (among others) for
working by this method.

Woolfs own social criticism is expressed in the language
of observation rather than in direct commentary, since for
her, fiction is a contemplative, not an active art. She
describes phenomena and provides materials for a judgement
about society and social issues: it is the readers work
to put the observations together and understand the
coherent point of view behind them. As a moralist, Woolf
works by indirection, subtly undermining officially
accepted mores,mocking, suggesting, calling into question,
rather than asserting, advocating, bearing witness:hers is
the satirists art.

Woolfs literary models were acute social observers like
Chekhov and Chaucer. As she put it in The Common
Reader, "It is safe to say that not a single law has been
framed or one stone set upon another because of anything
Chaucer said or wrote; and yet, as we read him, we are
absorbing morality at every pore." Like Chaucer, Woolf
chose to understand as well as to judge, to know her
society root and branch-a decision crucial in order to
produce art rather than polemic.
55.
Which of the following would be the most appropriate
title for the passage?[2分]
Virginia Woolf: Critic and Commentator on the Twentieth-
Century Novel
Trends in Contemporary Reform Movements as a Key to
Understanding Virginia Woolfs Novels
Society as Allegory for the Individual in the Novels of
Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolfs Novels: Critical Reflections on the
Individual and on Society
56.
It can be inferred from the passage that Woolf chose
Chaucer as a literary model because she believed that[2分]
Chaucer was the first English author to focus on
society as a whole as well as on individual characters
Chaucer was an honest and forthright author, whereas
novelists like D. H. Lawrence did not sincerely wish to
change society
Chaucer was more concerned with understanding his
society than with calling its accepted mores into question
Chaucers writing was greatly, if subtly, effective in
influencing the moral attitudes of his readers
57.
The author implies that a major element of the
satirists art is the satirists[2分]
consistent adherence to a position of lofty disdain
when viewing the foibles of humanity
insistence on the helplessness of individuals against
the social forces that seek to determine an individuals
fate
cynical disbelief that visionaries can either enlighten
or improve their societies
refusal to indulge in polemic when presenting social
mores to readers for their scrutiny
58.
The passage supplies information for answering which
of the following questions?[2分]
Have literary critics ignored the social criticism
inherent in the works of Chekhov and Chaucer?
Does tile author believe that Woolf is solely an
introspective and visionary novelist?
What are the social causes with which Woolf shows
herself to be sympathetic in her writings?
Was D.H. Lawrence as concerned as Woolf was with
creating realistic settings for his novels7
Questions 59 to 62 are based on the following passage:
The biggest problem facing Chile as it promotes itself as
a tourist destination to be reckoned with, is that it is
at the end of the earth. It is too far south to be a
convenient stop on the way to anywhere else and is much
farther than a relatively cheap half-days flight away
from the big tourist markets, unlike Mexico, for example.
Chile, therefore, is having to fight hard to attract
tourists, to convince travelers that it is worth coming
halfway round the world to visit. But it is succeeding,
not only in existing mar-kets like the USA and Western
Europe but in new territories, in particular the Far East.
Mar-kets closer to home, however, are not being forgotten.
More than 50% of visitors to Chile still come from its
nearest neighbor, Argentina, where the cost of living is
much higher.

Chiles great strength as a tourist destination is its
geographical diversity. The trump card is the Andes
mountain range. There are a number of excellent ski
resorts within one hours drive of the capital, Santiago,
and the national parks in the south are home to rare
animal and plant species.

However, infrastructure development in these areas is
limited. The ski resorts do not have as many lifts as
their European counterparts and the poor quality of roads
in the south means that only the most determined travelers
see the best of the national parks.

Air links between Chile and the rest of the world are, at
present, relatively poor. While Chiles two largest
airlines have extensive networks within South America,
they operate only a Small number of routes to the United
States and Europe, while services to Asia are almost
nonexistent.

Internal transport links are being improved and luxury
hotels are being built in one of its national parks. Nor
is development being restricted to the Andes. Easter
Island and Chiles Antarctic Territory are also on the
list of areas where the Government believes it can create
tourist markets.

But the rush to open hitherto inaccessible areas to mass
tourism is not being welcomed by everyone. Indigenous and
environmental groups, including Green peace, say that many
parts of the Andes will suffer if they become over-
developed. There is a genuine fear that areas of Chile
will suffer the cultural destruction witnessed in Mexico
and European resorts.

The policy of opening up Antarctica to tourism is also
politically sensitive. Chile already has permanent
settlements on the ice and many people see the decision to
allow tourists there as a political move, enhancing
Santiagos territorial claim over part of Antarctica.

The Chilean Government has promised to respect the
environment as it seeks to bring tourism to these areas.
But there are immense commercial pressures to exploit the
countrys tourism potential. The Government will have to
monitor developments closely if it is genuinely concerned
in creating a balanced, controlled industry and if the
price of an increasingly lucrative tourist market is not
going to mean the loss of many of Chiles natural riches.
59.
Chile is disadvantaged in the promotion of its tourism by[2分]
geographical location.
guerrilla warfare.
political instability.
street crime.
60.
According to the author, Chiles greatest attraction is[2分]
the unspoih beaches.
the dry and hot desert.
the famous mountain range.
the high standard of services.
61.
According to the passage, in which area improvement is already under way?[2分]
Facilities in the ski resorts.
Domestic transport system.
Air services to Asia.
Road network in the south.
62.
The objection to the development of Chiles tourism
might be all except that it[2分]
is ambitious and unrealistic.
is politically
sensitive.
will bring harm to culture.
will cause pollution in
the area.
Questions 63 to 65 are based on the following passage:
Why should anyone buy the latest volume in the ever-
expanding Dictionary of National Biography? I do not mean
that it is bad, as the reviewers will agree. But it will
cost you 65 pounds. And have you got the rest of volumes?
You need the basic 22 plus the largely decennial
supplements to bring the total to 31. Of course, it will
be answered, public and academic libraries will want the
new volume. After all, it adds 1,068 lives of people who
escaped the net of the original compilers. Yet in 10
years time a revised version of the whole volumes, called
the New Dictionary of National Biography, will be
published. Its editor, Professor Colin Matthew, tells me
that he will have room for about 50,000 lives, some 13,000
more than in the current DNB. This rather puts the 1,068
in Missing Persons in the shade.

When Dr. Nicholls wrote to The Spectator in 1989 asking
for names of people whom readers had looked up in the DNB
and had been disappointed not to find, she says that she
received some 100,000 suggestions. (Well, she had written
to "other quality newspapers" too. ) As soon as her
committee had reduced the numbers down, the professional
problems of an editor began. Contributors didnt file copy
on time; some who did sent too much: 50,000 words in-stead
of 500 is a record, according to Dr. Nicholls.

There remains the dinner-party game of whos in, whos
out. That is a game that the re-viewers have played and
will continue to play. Criminals were my initial worry.
After all, the original edition of the DNB boasted: Male
factors whose crimes excite a permanent interest have
received hardly less attention than benefactors. Mr. John
Gross clearly had similar anxieties,for he complains that,
while the murderer Christie is in, Crippen is out. One
might say in reply that the injustice of the hanging of
Evans instead of Christie was a force in the repeal of
capital punishment in Britain, as Ludovie Kennedy (the
author of Christies entry in Missing Persons) notes. But
then Crippen was reputed as the first murderer to be
caught by telegraphy (he had tried to escape by ship to
America).

It is surprising to find Max Miller excluded when really
not very memorable names get in.

There has been a conscious effort to put in artists and
architects from the Middle Ages. About their lives not
much is always known. Of Hugo, a 12th-century illuminator
whose dates of birth and death are not recorded, his
biographer comments: "Whether or not Hugo was a wall-paint-
er, the records of his activities as carver and manuscript
painter attest to his versatility". Then Sere had to be
more women, too ( 12 per cent, against the original DNBs
3% ), such as Roy Strongs subject, the Tudor painter
Levina Teerlinc, of whom he remarks: “Her most character-
istic feature is a head attached to a too small, spindly
body. Her technique remained awkward,thin and often
cursory”.
63.
The writer suggests that there is no sense in buying
the latest volume ~[2分]
because it is not worth the price
because it has fewer entries than before
unless one has all the volumes in his collection
unless an expanded DNB will come out shortly
64.
On the issue of who should be included in the DNB, the
writer seems to suggest that[2分]
the editors had clear rules to follow
there were too many criminals in the entries
the editors clearly favored benefactors
the editors were irrational in their choices
65.
Crippen was absent from the DNB[2分]
because he escaped to the U. S.
because death sentence had been abolished
for reasons not clarified
because of the editors mistake
Part B
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and then
give short answers to the five ques-tions. Write your
answers on the ANSWER SHEET 2.

A growing worlds population and the discoveries of
science may alter this pattern of distri-bution in the
future. As men slowly learn to master disease, control
floods, prevent famines,and stop wars, fewer people die
every year; and in consequence the population of the world
is steadily increasing.

When numbers rise, the extra mouths must be fed. New lands
must be bought under culti-vation, or land already fanned
made to yield larger crops. In some areas the accessible
land is largely so intensively cultivated that it will be
difficult to make it provide more food. In some areas the
population is so dense that the land is parceled out in
units too tiny to allow for much improvement in farming
methods. Were a large of this fanning population drawn off
into indus-trial occupations, the land might be fanned
much more productively by modem methods.

There is now a race for science, technology, and industry
to keep the output of food rising faster than the number
of people to be fed. New strains of crops are being
developed which will thrive in unfavorable climates: there
are now farms beyond the Arctic Circle in Siberia and
North America; irrigation and dry-fanning methods bring
arid lands under the plough, dams hold back the waters of
great rivers to ensure water for the fields in all seasons
and to provide e-lectric power for new industries;
industrial chemicals to destroy locusts and many plant
disea-ses. Every year some new means is devised to
increase or to protect the food of the world.
66.
Why is the worlds population growing?[2分]
参考答案:
Because people are living longer.
67.
On what condition might the land be more productively
fanned?[2分]
参考答案:
If the units of land were made much larger.
68.
How has it been made possible that there are now farms
beyond the Arctic Circle?[2分]
参考答案:
By producing new strains of crops.
69.
What does the word “strains” (Line 2, Para. 3 ) mean?[2分]
参考答案:
Types.
70.
What does the passage focus on?[2分]
参考答案:
Food production.
Section V Translation ( 10 points)
Directions: In this section there is a passage in English.

Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and
write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET2.
(71) Its not for nothing that scientists are in such a
footrace to get the human genes mapped. Theres more than
just knowledge at stake, after all theres money. Who
walks away with most of the booty wont be decided in labs
or universities, however, but in courts and pa-tent
offices.

(72) Though decoding the entire human genetic print is
still a few years away, scientists have begun laying claim
to the stretches of DNA whose codes they have succeeded in
splitting.In recent years researchers have flooded the
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office with applica-tions for
thousands of genes and gene fragments-and they have
stirred a lot of controversy in the process.

(73) The biggest problem with patenting genes is that
while scientists have at least a gen-eral idea of what
specific strands of genetic coding do, often its just
that-general. Investigators do sometimes succeed in
isolating a single, crisp gene with a single known
function. Often,however, researchers trying to map genes
get no further than marking off fragmentary stretches of
DNA that may be thousands of bases in length. (74) These
so-called expressed sequence tags may have real genetic
information embedded in them, but determining where those
units are and what their structure is takes more digging.
( 75 ) Geneticists have lately been filing patent
applications for these ESTs anyway, figuring that its
best to protect their reward now and go deeper around in
it later. In a science that pri-zes precision above all
else, this can be an odd way to do business. “I would
guess that in many cases the scientists didnt even
examine all the material,” says Bruce Lehman, commis-
sioner of the Patent and Trademark Office.
71.
 [2分]
参考答案:
科学家们以竞走的速度来绘制人类基因组简图不是没有目的的。
72.
 [2分]
参考答案:
尽管离破译整个人类基因蓝图还有几年时间,科学家们已开始对脱氧核糖
核酸(DNA)片段提出专利要求,这些DNA的密码已被他们成功地破译
了。
73.
 [2分]
参考答案:
申请基因专利的最大问题就是:尽管
科学家们对于基因编码的特定部分的功能有一个大体理解,然而这种
了解也仅是笼统的。
74.
 [2分]
参考答案:
这些所谓的已表达的序列标签可能携带有真正
的基因信息,但确定这些小块在什么地方及它们的结构是什么样子需
要更多的挖掘探究。
75.
 [2分]
参考答案:
不管怎样,基因学家们近来一直在为已表达的序列标签(ESTs)
申请专利,认为现在最好把他们的成果保护起来,以后再对其进行深
入探索。
Section Ⅵ Writing (15 points)
1.
Directions: In this section, you are asked to write a
composition entitled what is Are Higher Grades the Best
Proof of a Persons Ability ? Your composition should be
based on the outline given below. You composition should
be about 120 words. Remember to write clearly on the
ANSWER SHEET 2.
Outline:
1.你对这一问题的看法
2.你的原因
3.总结全文[15分]
参考答案:
参考范文
Are Higher Grades the Best Proof of a Persons Ability?
Grades are very important for most students. They will not
get jobs without good marks.
Higher-grade students are considered as winners while
lower-grade ones are looked on as los-ers. However, in my
opinion, higher grades are not the proof of a persons
ability.
In our life we often find such kind of phenomenon: some
students may be top students at school, but they are at a
loss as to how to deal with a practical matter. Some
students are well trained in exam techniques rather than
well educated. They can get higher marks than others,yet
they can hardly adapt themselves to social life.
From what is said above, we can see grades are not the
only measure of a persons ability.
Here are some other standards suggested to evaluate a
persons true ability: A man of ability loves his course
and thinks for himself. A man of ability can adapt himself
better to his future life and get more responsibilities
and produce greater social value.

≡ 本试卷共计76题,此处为结束标志。
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