Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失，题干不全，答案请选A)
Section Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (10 points)
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this
section. For each sentence there are four choices marked
A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes
the ,gen-tence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on
the ANSWER SHEET I with a pen-cil.
Whenever the government increases public services,
because more workers are needed to carry out these
New Years Stature of Liberty was designed to be a
beacon for ships and a monument[0.5分]
Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania, a town in the eastern part
of the state, was named
one of the greatest American athletes.[0.5分]
His new appointment takes from the beginning of next
I would just as soon you the book yesterday.[0.5分]
They always kept on good with their next-door
neighbors for the childrens sake.[0.5分]
If you your demand, then maybe you will have more
chance of getting what you want.[0.5分]
Color-blind people often find it difficult to between
blue and green.[0.5分]
The forecast for this evening is wind and rain, the
outlook for tomorrow is fine and sunny.[0.5分]
The village is only __ by river.[0.5分]
It was Smith who called while I was out.[0.5分]
__ the silkworm produces a fluid internally and then
forces it out through tiny holes in its body.[0.5分]
are fed into a tape-recorder, they magnetize the
particles on the tape in varying patterns.[0.5分]
Because of electric waves
Amoebas are small to be seen without a microscope.[0.5分]
The nectarine is a fruit __ like a peach.[0.5分]
__ kinds of dinosaurs were dying out all through the
Age of Reptiles is true.[0.5分]
_________to blame for the many troubles you have
He noticed the helicopter hovering over the field. Then
to his astonishment, he saw a rope ladder_________out
and three men climbing down it.[0.5分]
The physicist has made a discovery,____of great
importance to the progress of sci-ence and technology.[0.5分]
As it turned out to be a small house party, we so
Section Ⅲ Cloze (5 points)
Directions: For each numbered blank in the following
passage, there are four choices marked A,B, C, and D.
Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER
It is the firm belief of astronomers that there are living
creatures on other planets. It is also their earnest wish
that some day 41 may be made with such living creatures by
sending messages in the form of radio signals. The 42 of
communicating with people on other plan-ets may one day
come 43 since radio telescopes have now been invited .
Scientific project of various kinds are now being launched
to 44 signals or to receive sig-nals from distant planets.
The question now arises: What sort of message should be
sent so that it could be understood? To send a message in
any language would be impractical 45 it would certainly
not be intelligible.
It is the opinion of scientists that a signal in the 46 of
a simple arithmetic sequence might be understood.
Scientists think that pictures might also be understood,
so it would be a good idea to send pictures of the people
47 our planet.
Pictures of domestic animals together with 48 crops we
raise for our food might also be 49. Pictures of houses
and buildings might convey further information about our
life and society.
As time goes on, TV pictures might be sent, which would
further acquaint the beings on other planets 50 life and
the level of civilization on our planet.
Section Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each
passage is followed by some questions or un-finished
statements. For each of them there are for choices marked
A, B, C, andD. You should decide on the best choice and
blacken the corresponding letter on theANSWER SHEET1 whit
Questions 51 to 54 are based on the foUowing passage:
Despite a cooling of the economy, high technology
companies are still crying out for skilled workers. The
Information Technology Association of America projects
that more than 800,000 technology jobs will go unfilled
next year. The lack of qualified workers poses a huge
threat to the U.S. economy.
The most commonly cited reason for this state of affairs
is that the countrys agrarian-age education system,
separated from the needs of the business world, fails to
prepare students in the primary and secondary grades for
twenty-first-century work. Yet an inadequate and outmod-ed
education system is only part of the problem. A less
tangible but equally powerful cause is an antique
classification system that divides the workforce into two
camps: white-collar knowl-edge workers and blue-collar
Blue-collar workers emerged in the United States during
the Industrial Age as work migra-ted from farms to
factories. White-collar office workers became a
significant class in the twenti-eth century, outnumbering
their blue-collar brethren by mid-century. But the white
or blue par-adigm has clearly outlived its utility.
Corporations increasingly require a new layer of knowledge
worker: a highly skilled multi-disciplinarian who combines
the mind of the white-collar worker with the hands of the
blue-collar employee. Armed with a solid grounding in
mathematics and science ( physics, chemistry, and
biology), these “gold-collar” workers-so named for their
contributions to their companies and to the economy, as
well as for their personal earning abili-ty-apply that
knowledge to technology. Of course, the gold-collar worker
already exists in a wide range of jobs across a wide range
of businesses: think of the maintenance technician who
tests and repairs aircraft systems at American Airlines;
the network administrator who manages systems and network
operations at P&G; the advanced-manufacturing technician
But until American business recognizes these people as a
new class of worker, one whose collar is neither blue nor
white, demands that schools do a better job of preparing
employees for the twenty-first-century workforce will be
According to the passage the lack of qualified workers[2分]
makes a cooling of the economy.
decreases the costs of high technology companies.
emphasizes the importance of unfilled jobs.
hinders the development of U. S. economy.
From the second paragraph we learn that[2分]
the workforce classification is as serious as thereason of education system.
twenty-first-century work are separated from the needsof the business world.
white-collar worker is only part of the problem ofeducation system.
blue-collar manual laborers are needed in agrarian-aged America.
It can be inferred that the gold-workers differ from white collar and blue collar workers in that they[2分]
wear gold-collar working clothes when they are on duty.
do better in combining their contributions and earningabilities.
grasp the knowledge and engage in labor work as well.
apply the arts knowledge to technology.
The best title for the text maybe[2分]
800,000 Technology Jobs Unfilled.
Schools Fail to Train Gold-workers.
Questions 55 to 58 are based on the following passage:
Computer programmers often remark that computing machines,
with a perfect lack of dis-crimination, will do any
foolish thing they are told to do. The reason for this
lies, of course, in the narrow fixation of the computing
machines "intelligence" on the details of its own percep-
tions its inability to be guided by any large context. In
a psychological description of the com-puter intelligence,
three related adjectives come to mind: single-minded,
literal minded, and simple-minded. Recognizing this, we
should at the same time recognize that this single-mind-
edness, literal-mindedness, and simple-mindedness also
characterize theoretical mathematics,though to a lesser
Since science tries to deal with reality, even the most
precise sciences normally work with more or less
imperfectly understood approximations toward which
scientists must maintain an ap-propriate skepticism. Thus,
for instance, it may come as a shock to mathematicians to
learn that the Schrodinger equation for the hydrogen atom
is not a literally correct description of this atom but
only an approximation to a some that more correct equation
taking account of spin,magnetic dipole, and relativistic
effects and that this corrected equation is itself only an
imper-fect approximation to an infinite set of quantum
field theoretical equations. Physicists, looking at the
original Schrodinger equation, learn to sense in it the
presence of many invisible terms in addition to the
differential terms visible, and this sense inspires an
entirely appropriate disre-gard for the purely technical
features of the equation. This very healthy skepticism is
foreign to the mathematical approach.
Mathematics must deal with well-defined situations. Thus,
mathematicians depend on an intellectual effort outside of
mathematics for the crucial specification of the
approximation that mathematics is to take literally. Give
mathematicians a situation that is the least bit ill-
defined,and they will make it well-defined, perhaps
appropriately, but perhaps inappropriately. In some cases,
the mathematicians’ literal-mindedness may have
unfortunate consequences. The mathematicians turn the
scientists; theoretical assumptions, that is, their
convenient points of analytical emphasis into axioms, and
then take these axioms literally. This brings the danger
that they may also persuade the scientists to take these
axioms literally. The question, central to the scientific
investigation but intensely disturbing in the mathematical
context-what happens if the axioms are relaxed? -is
The physicist rightly dreads precise argument, since an
argument that is convincing only if it is precise loses
all its force if the assumptions on which it is based are
slightly changed,whereas an argument that is convincing
though imprecise may well be stable under small agita-
tions of its underlying assumptions.
The author discusses computing machines in the first
paragraph primarily in order to[2分]
indicate the dangers inherent in relying to a great extent on machines.
illustrate his views about the approach of mathematicians to problem solving.
compare the work of mathematicians with that of computer programmers.
provide one definition of intelligence.
According to the passage, scientists are skeptical
toward their equations because scientists[2分]
work to explain real, rather than theoretical or
know that well defined problems are often the most
difficult to solve.
are unable to express their data in terms of multiple
are unwilling to relax the axioms they have developed.
According to the passage, mathematicians present a
danger to scientists because[2分]
Mathematicians may provide theories that are
incompatible with those already devel-oped by scientists.
Mathematicians may define situations in a way that is
incomprehensible to scientists.
Mathematicians may convince scientists that theoretical
assumptions are facts.
scientists may come to believe that axiomatic
statements are untrue.
The author suggests that the approach of physicists to
solving scientific problems is[2分]
practical for scientific purposes.
detrimental to scientific progress.
unimportant in most situations.
expedient, but of little long-term value.
Questions 59 to 62 are based on the following passage:
At an office in Hampton, Virginia, in the east of the
United States, a team of ten net-sav-vy workers scours the
web for sexual content, from basic sex education to sex
acts. This “quali-ty assurance” team is making sure that
the blocking component of Symantecs Norton Internet
Security 2000 computer program remains effective. This is
because there is widespread parental concern about
blocking websites with sexual content from children.
Website blocking is nothing new-services like Net Nanny
and programs like Cyber Patrol and Guard Dog have been
around for a few years now, protecting children and
reassuring par-ents that only wholesome websites are
accessed by the youngsters. Net Nanny and Cyber Patrol
will prevent access to any questionable sites when the
program is in place.
Now Symantec says it has created a new category in
consumer software with a package that combines website
blocking with a "firewall, protecting your computer from
hackers, snoopers and viruses, as well as preventing
inadvertent disclosure of personal data.
In short, Norton Internet Security ( NIS), as the program
is called, is designed to serve as the guardian of your
digital health, keeping the bad things out and the private
The Symantec program can be configured in many ways, -the
website blocking, for exam-ple, can be set to be either
selectively permissive or total in its banning of
websites, or switched off entirely. Also, Symantecs list
of no-go areas, which on the CD now stand at a-round
36,000 addressed, is not confined to sex sites. The team
in Virginia is also on the look-out for sites advocating
drugs, or which contain references to violence or
gambling, and keeps a watch on chat rooms, e-mail
services, entertainment portals-even job search and
financial pa-ges. These sites can be blocked by the
Computer users can also refresh the address list online
with the live update feature which is used by Norton Anti-
Virus (which is bundled with NIS) to load the latest virus
This service is free for the first year but, including
virus definition updates, it costs $ US 19.95 a year
The system is not perfect, however. Limited testing found
the blocking of some “question-able” sites was not
comprehensive. Trying to get access to a well-known US
site such as Play-boy results in an immediate blocking
message with a standard invitation to report an
“incorrectly categorized” site. By contrast, you could
find in other countries such as New Zealand a sex site
which declared itself to be "dedicated to providing sexual
material, imaged, and any thing a little bit unusual for
sex enthusiasts all over the country".
We can infer from paragraph 1 that[2分]
the net-savvy workers are interested in searching the
web for sexual content
this quality assurance team have difficulty in making
sure that the blocking component effective for the
the parents all over the world do not want the sexual
websites to be blocked
the parents all over the world concern that their
children will be harmed by the sexual websites
The functions of NIS is NOT to[2分]
protect computers from virus
protect personal data from inadvertently disclosed
protect computers from being invaded by other persons
forbid other people sharing your personal data
Which is NOT included in the Symantecs list of no-go
Which the following statement is true according to the
The program cannot only block the harmful websites
computer users but also refresh the address list.
The NIS program is free, but you should pay $19.95 per
year for the virus update.
Both the program and virus update are free.
Computer users should pay $19.95 every year the time
they begin to use the program.
Questions 63 to 65 are based on the following passage:
The decline of civility and good manners may be worrying
people more than crime, accord-ing to Gentility Recalled,
edited by Digby Anderson, which laments the breakdown of
tradition-al codes that once regulated social conduct. It
criticizes the fact that “manners” are scorned as
repressive and outdated.
The result, according to Mr. Anderson--director of the
Social Affairs Unit, an independ-ent think-tank--is a
society characterized by rudeness: loutish behavior on the
streets, jostling in crowds, impolite shop assistants and
Mr. Anderson says the cumulative effect of these-
apparently trivial, but often offensive-is to make
everyday life uneasy, unpredictable and unpleasant. As
they are encountered far more often than crime, they can
cause more anxiety than crime.
The book has contributions from 12 academics in
disciplines ranging from medicine to soci-ology and charts
what it calls the “coarsening” of Britain. Old-fashioned
terms such as “gentle-man” and “lady” have lost all
meaningful resonance and need to be re-evaluated, it says.
Ra-chel Trickett, honorary fellow and former principal of
St. Hughs College, Oxford, says that thenotion of
a "lady" protects women rather than demeaning them.
Caroline Moore, the first woman fellow of Peterhouse,
Cambridge, points out that “gentle-man is now used only
with irony or derision. The popular view of a gentleman is
poised some-where between the imbecile parasite and the
villainous one: between Woostcresque chinless wonders, and
those heartless capitalist toffs who are.., the stock-in-
trade of television.”
She argues that the concept is neither class-bound nor
rigid; conventions of gentlemanly behavior enable a man to
act naturally as and individual within shared assumptions
while taking his place in society.
For Anthony OHear, professor of philosophy at the
University of Bradford, manners are closely associated
with the different forms of behavior appropriate to age
and status. They curb both the impetuosity of youth and
the bitterness of old age.
Egalitarianism, he says, has led to people failing to act
their age. “We have vice-chancel-lors with earrings,
aristocrats as hippies.. , the trendy vicar on his
Dr Bruce Charhon, a lecturer in public health medicine in
Newcastle upon Tyne, takes is-sue with the excessive
informality of relations between professionals such as
doctors and bank managers, and their clients. He says this
has eroded the distance and respect necessary in such
relationships. For Tristam Engelhardt, professor of
medicine in Houston, Texas, says manners are bound to
“Manners express a particular set of values,” he says.
“Good manners interpret and transform social reality.
They provide social orientation.”
According to the passage, the decline of good manners
is more worrying because[2分]
it leads to more crime in society.
people view manners as old-fashioned.
rudeness on the street cannot be stemmed out.
it can seriously affect our daily life.
Rachel Trickett seems to indicate the term “lady”[2分]
has acquired a different meaning.
is too old-
fashioned to use.
is preferred by feminists.
victimizes women in
According to Caroline Moore, the media has projected a
image of the gentle-man.[2分]
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and then
give short answers to the five ques-tions. Write your
answers on the ANSWER SHEET 2.
Most Americans spend far more of their leisure time with
the mass media than in any other occupation. In addition,
most of us hear, see, or read some of the media while
engaged in oth-er activities. Thus an extremely large
number of our waking hours are spent with the mass media.
Of all the media, television is clearly dominant, with
newspapers a close second, at least as a source of news
and other information. Our exposure to all media is
important, howev-er, because all of them contribute
materials for the construction of that world in our heads.
For most people, increased use of one medium does not
decrease use of another. In fact, in certain eases, and
especially for certain purposes, the mere one uses one
medium, the more likely one is to use others.
There are various factors that can cause you to expose
yourself to the media selectively, a-voiding much of the
material with which you disagree. Some of that selective
exposure is proba-bly due to the psychological pressure
you feel to avoid the discomfort caused by confrontation
with facts and ideas contrary to your beliefs, attitudes,
or behavior..However, some selective exposure is not due
to the pressure for consistency but to other factors, such
as your age, edu-cation, and even the area in which you
live and the people with whom you associate.
Quite a different sort of factor that affects your media
experiences is the social context of expo-sure: whether
you are alone or with others when you are exposed to a
medium; whether you are at home, at the office, in a
theater, and so on. These contexts are as much as a
potential part of the message you will form as film images
on the screen or words on the page. In addition,that
social context affects-both directly and indirectly-the
media and the media content to which you become exposed.
New friends or colleagues get you interested in different
things. Other members of the family often select media
content that you would not have selected, and you be-come
exposed to it.
These various factors have se much influence on your media
exposure that so little of that exposure is planned.
In what condition do people sometimes tend to use more
When one uses on medium frequently, he may use more
What is the significance of peoples exposure to media?[2分]
Mans exposure to media contribute materials for the
his value and outlook of life.
Why are newspapers considered as an important medium
according to the passage?[2分]
Newspaper contains the source of news and information.
Apart from personal preferences, what determines ones
choice of the media and media content?[2分]
Social context of exposure
What is the conclusion drawn from the passage about
the peoples exposure to media?[2分]
Section Ⅴ Translation ( 10 points)
Directions: In this section there is a passage in English.
Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and
write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET 2.
(71)Faced with more overseas commitments and fewer
resources, the US is increasingly relying on private
military companies to do some of its most difficult
These arent the mercenaries who parachute into hot spots,
guns blazing, for cold cash.
But theyre controversial nonetheless.
(72) Over the past 10 years, private military companies,
or PMCs, have quietly taken a central role in the
exporting of security, strategy, and training for foreign
In the process, PMCs are raising questions about the
privatization of foreign policy, and whether a
profitseeking company can be accountable with limited
government oversight. (73)Oftentimes the companies are
training armies in disorder areas and once granted an
export license, they are minimally supervised.
(74) “The worry tends to have less to do with the people
involved than it has to do with the policy in place,”
says Deborah Avant, a George Washington University expert
who is writ-ing a book on PMCs.“Its a tool for foreign
policy in a less public way-and that is not a good thing
in the long term.”
Most recently, for example, the State Department approved
a license for a us company to help bolsters security in
Equatorial Guinea, an African country of half a million
people that is run by a military dictator and has no us
(75) Defenders of the PMCs note that they are staffed
mostly by retired military officials and have eased the
pressure on US troops, which are increasingly burdened by
foreign interven-tions and peacekeeping missions.
David Isenberg, an arms-control analyst at DynMeridian, a
consulting firm, says, PMCs are often used in these
borderline situations, when working through official
channels is either too cumbersome or politically
difficult. "The administration likes it because it avoids
the pros-pect of creating a furor if something goes
wrong." he says.
Section Ⅵ Writing (15 points)
Directions: In this section, you are asked to write ct
composition entitled what is Do children in a large family
have more or fewer advantages than those in a family with
one or two children? Your composition should be based on
the outline given below. You composition should be about
120 words. Remember to write clearly on the ANSWER
The children in a large family have more advantages than those in a small family. My o-pinion is based on the following reasons.
First, it is obvious that the children in a large family can be brought up better than those in a family with only one or two children. Everyone needs the care of others, especially when he is young. If he has some brothers or sisters, he will get more care from the family members.For example, if he meets with some difficulty, his elder brothers or sisters can always lend him a hand. If he is the only child in the family, he cannot get the benefit. Second, the children in a big family are usually more cooperative with others outside the family circle. The children in a big family can always learn something from the elder. The younger can have chances to play not only with their elder brother and sisters but also with the friends of their elders’.
As a result a cooperative spirit sprouts in their minds. In contrast, the children in a small family often play alone. As a result they are always unsociable and uncooperative with the people outside the family.As it is said above, the children in a large family really get more benefits than those in a small family.