Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example:You will hear:
M: When shall we start our work, Jane?
W: Tomorrow at 9 o'clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.
Q: For how long can they work?
You will read:
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)"5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］［C］ ［D］
The man should try to be more understanding.
The man's wife should be more understanding.
The man's negative attitude may be derived from his childhood.
The pessimism of man's wife may be the result of her past experiences.
The two speakers are classmates.
The man is majoring in elementary education.
The woman is majoring in elementary education.
The two speakers got to know each other in a class.
She's got a stomachache.
She feels perfectly fine.
She's going to get married.
She's going to have a baby.
It is the best city he's ever visited.
It was worse than he had expected.
It is difficult to get around in the city.
The hotel service is terrible in the city.
To stop them immediately.
To give some explanation.
The woman is the man's boss.
The man is the woman's husband.
The woman is the headmaster of a school.
The woman wants to know something about a student.
They are attending a concert.
They are negotiating about a price.
They are planning to go for a date.
They are buying something for their firm.
The man is a football fan.
The man needs the woman's help.
The man didn't watch TV last night.
The man often has power failure at home.
Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.\;
Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and (11)____; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12)____ thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing (13)____ clothes?\;
It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14)____. A person's selfconcept is (15)____ in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people's (16)____. In general, the way people think about themselves has a (17)____ effect on all areas of their lives.\;
Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18)____. A shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one:"you're just saying that to make me feel good. I know it's not true."(19)____.\;
Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20)____. People's expectations of themselves must be realistic. Living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy.
They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise.
It is clear that， while self-awareness is a healthy quality， overdoing it is harmful.
Since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-esteem， it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
When Kathie Gifford's face was splashed across the newspapers in 1996 after her lucrative line of Walmart clothing was exposed as the work of underpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown, the Department of Labor and the White House teamed up to condemn such practices. With much fanfare, President Clinton's administration launched the "No Sweat" campaign, which pressured retailers and manufacturers to submit to periodic independent inspection of their workplace conditions.
This campaign urged manufacturers to sign the Workplace Code of Conduct, a promise to selfregulate that has since been adopted by a handful of retailers and many of the nation's largest manufacturers, including Nike and L.L. Bean. However, the Department of Defense, which has a $ 1 billion garment business that would make it the country's 14th largest retail apparel outlet, has not signed the Code of Conduct. In addition, it has not agreed to demand that its contractors submit to periodic inspections.
Because the Department of Defense has not agreed to adhere to the code, the job of stopping publicsector sweatshops falls to the Department of Labor. Federal contractors that persist in violating wage laws or safety and health codes can lose their lucrative taxpayerfinanced contracts. But Suzanne Seiden, a deputy administrator at the Department of Labor, says that to her knowledge, the department has never applied that rule to government apparel manufacturers. "I just assume that they are adhering to safety and health requirements," she says. According to records obtained by Mother Jones, through a Freedom of Information Act request, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited Lion 32 times for safety and health violations in the past 12 years.
What is this passgage mainly concerned with?[1分]
The functions of the Department of Labor in America.
A serious problem threatening American economy.
The successful attempt of regulating sweatshops in America.
The seriousness of the problem of sweatshops in America.
According to the passage, Kathie Gifford ____.[1分]
was one of the underpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown
was one of the wellpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown
made much money from cheap laborers in New York City's Chinatown
wrote a newspaper article exposing the practice of employing cheap laborers
The underlined phrase "to submit to" is closest in meaning to ____.[1分]
to welcome warmheartedly
Which of the following statements about the Department of Defense is true?[1分]
It will become the country's 14th largest retail apparel manufacturer.
It hasn't acted according to the Workplace Code of Conduct.
It has demanded its contractors to sign the Workplace Code of Conduct.
It has teamed up with the Department of Labor to launch a campaign.
What was the purpose of President Clinton's administration launching the "No Sweat" campaign?[1分]
To urge manufacturers to obey the Workplace Code of Conduct.
To remind the manufacturers of the Workplace Code of Conduct.
To urge the Department of Labor to take its responsibility.
To urge the Department of Defense to inspect manufacturers.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
The term investment portfolio conjures up visions of the truly rich-the Rockefellers, the WalMart Waltons, Bill Gates. But today, everyone-from the Philadelphia firefighter, his parttime receptionist wife and their three children, to the single Los Angeles lawyer starting out on his own-needs a portfolio.
A portfolio is simply a collection of financial assets. It may include real estate, rare stamps and coins, precious metals and even artworks. But those are for people with expertise. What most of us need to know about are stocks, bonds and cash (including such cash equivalents as moneymarket funds).
How do you decide what part of your portfolio should go to each of the big three? Begin by understanding that stocks pay higher returns but are more risky; bonds and cash pay lower returns but are less risky.
Research by Ibbotson Associates, for example, shows that largecompany stocks, on average, have returned 11.2 percent annually since 1926. Over the same period, by comparison, bonds have returned an annual average of 5.3 percent and cash, 3.8 percent.
But shortterm risk is another matter. In 1974, a oneyear $1000 investment in the stock market would have declined to $735.
With bonds, there are two kinds of risk: that the borrower won't pay you back and that the money you'll get won't be worth very much. The U.S. government stands behind treasury bonds, so the credit risk is almost nil. But the inflation risk remains. Say you buy a $1000 bond maturing in ten years. If inflation averages about seven percent over that time, then the $1000 you receive at maturity can only buy $500 worth of today's goods.
With cash, the inflation risk is lower, since over a long period you can keep rolling over your CDs every year (or more often). If inflation rises, interest rates rise to compensate.
As a result, the single most imortant rule in building a portfolio is this: If you don't need the money for a long time, then put it into stocks. If you need it soon, put it into bonds and cash.
This passage is intended to give advice on ____.[1分]
how to avoid inflation risks
what kinds of bonds to buy
how to get rich by investing in stock market
how to become richer by spreading the risk
The author mentions such millionaires as the Rockefellers and Bill Gates to show that ____.[1分]
they are examples for us on our road to wealth
a portfolio is essential to financial success
they are really rich people
they started out on their own
Which of the following statements will the author support?[1分]
Everybody can get rich with some financial assets.
The credit risk for treasury bonds is extremely high.
It's no use trying to know the advantages of stocks, bonds and cash.
Everybody should realize the importance of distribution of their financial assets.
The word "returns" in paragraph three can be best replaced by "____."[1分]
The author of the passage points out that ____.[1分]
keeping cash is the only way to avoid risks
the longer you own a stock, the more you lost
the high rate of profit and high rate of risk coexist in stocks
the best way to accumulate wealth is by investing in stocks
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
There were two widely divergent influences on the early development of statistical methods. Statistics had a mother who was dedicated to keeping orderly records of governmental units (state and statistics come from the same Latin root, status) and a gentlemanly gambling father who relied on mathematics to increase his skill at playing the odds in games of chance. The influence of the mother on the offspring, statistics, is represented by counting, measuring, describing, tabulating, ordering, and the taking of censuses-all of which led to modern descriptive statistics. From the influence of the father came modern inferential statistics, which is based squarely on theories of probability.
Descriptive statistics involves tabulating, depicting, and describing collections of data. These data may be either quantitative, such as measures of height, intelligence, or grade level-variables that are characterized by an underlying continuum-or the data many represent qualitative variables, such as sex, college major, or personality type. Large masses of data must generally undergo a process of summarization or reducing to comprehensibly form the properties of an otherwise unwieldy mass of data.
Inferential statistics is a formalized body of methods for solving another class of problems that present great difficulties for the unaided human mind. This general class of problems characteristically involves attempts to make predictions using a sample of observations. For example, a school superintendent wishes to determine the proportion of children in a large school system who come to school without breakfast, have been vaccinated for flu, or whatever. Having a little knowledge of statistics, the superintendent would know that it is unnecessary and inefficiency to question each child; the proportion for the entire district could be estimated fairly accurately from a sample of as few as 100 children. Thus, the purpose of inferential statistics is to predict or estimate characteristics of a population from a knowledge of the characteristics of only a sample of the population.
What is the passage mainly concerned with?[1分]
Development and application of statistics.
Origin of descriptive statistics.
Limitations of inferential statistics.
Importance of statistics.
Describing and tabulating are associated with ____.[1分]
inefficiency of counting
Which of the following statements is true about descriptive statistics?[1分]
It combines quantitative variables and qualitative variables.
It can be used to deal with only quantitative variables.
It helps to summarize properties of a group of data.
It helps to make predictions using a sample of observations.
The word "unwieldy" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ____.[1分]
A sample of a population is often examined for the following purposes except ____.[1分]
to make a more accurate prediction of trend
to improve efficiency and avoid unnecessary work
to save the trouble of approaching every members
to predict characteristics of the entire population
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The Japanese are fascinated by automata and new inventions. Japanese children are used to friendly robots in their comics, in toys, and in TV animated cartoons. When as adults they join the workforce,robots mean that there is no need to import cheap foreign labor, as happens in many other parts of the world. There is no need for humans to put up with dirty, minddeadening mechanical work the robot does it all without complaint, around the clock. Robots don't go on strike over tea breaks they don't have tea, or any other kind of breaks:they work, day and night, without having to be paid overtime, without making mistakes. Human tasks are subject to human error: robot error seldom or never occurs except as a result of human error!
In Japan, robots are almost respected for their virtues. When a new robot is introduced to a small suburban factory, a Shinto priest is invited to inaugurate it. He inaugurates the robot with words along the lines of "Welcome to our coworker, we hope you'll help him settle in." No one laughs.
FANUC demonstrates the Japanese tendency to conform particularly strikingly. The founder of FANUC, Dr. Inaba, has created an army that makes no distinction between bluecollar, whitecollar and steelcollar worker: everyone, including the warlord himself, is dressed in yellow clothing issued free by the company. Perhaps to make up for the boring nature of the work, there are a number of other company perks. Company benefits, including pay, are much higher than in similar companies in Japan. Travel to and from work is provided free in the company's yellow buses. However, workers are expected to put in demanding unpaid "overtime." There is a clock in the product development laboratory set to run at ten times the normal speed, the remind everyone that the company is on a war footing.
As we watched Dr. Inaba's yellow helicopter soar away to Narita airport, we couldn't help thinking that his dream of world domination in robotics and allied applications might be more elegantly achieved if he had also thought to program his robots to whistle while they work.
According to the author, which of the following is not true to the Japanese?[1分]
Robots mean there is no need to import cheap foreign labor.
Robots mean that humans needn't do dirty and noisy work.
Robots mean there are no strikes nor overtimes.
Robots mean there is no mistake in any form.
What can be inferred form the words "He inaugurates the robot with words along the lines of 'Welcome to our coworker, we hope you'll help him settle in.'No one laughs."?[1分]
The Japanese has no sense of humor while at work.
The Japanese does not understand the words of the Shinto priest.
The Japanese shows a true respect for robots.
The Japanese goes too far in their respect for robots.
Which of the following is not true about FANUC?[1分]
Workers receive higher pay for working overtime.
Workers enjoy free travel to and from work.
Workers are doing boring, sometimes demanding work.
Workers are reminded of being on a war footing.
What is not implied in the following works "we couldn't help thinking that his dream of world domination in robotics and allied applications might be more elegantly achieved if he had also thought to program his robots to whistle while they work."?[1分]
Our technology is not yet up to the needs of Dr. Inaba's dream.
Dr. Inaba's dream of world domination in robotics lacks humanity.
Dr. Inaba's dream of allied applications is too practical.
The author is in favor of Dr. Inaba's dream.
What does "our coworker" refer to in the sentence "Welcome to our coworker, we hope you'll help him settle in?"[1分]
Japanese workers who attend the inauguration.
The people who have invented the robot.
Japanese workers in general.
Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked. A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Since the most commonly accepted test is the TOEFL exam, most institutions will expect a ____ TOEFL score for admission.[1分]
It was believed that his death ____ with the robbery of the bank downtown.[1分]
Does Emerson find his career full and ____ as a basketball player?[1分]
The local government gave the first ____ to education after the war.[1分]
The professor ____ his habit of getting up early in the morning to do writing all his life.[1分]
The news of our team winning the match was really ____, and millions
of people came out to celebrate the victory.[1分]
What the government should do urgently is to take actions to ____ the economy.[1分]
The explosion in the mine was ____ by a careless miner who lit a match.[1分]
The mass newspaper depended significantly more on advertising ____ than did their predecessors.[1分]
Some minerals are quite common, others are regionally ____, and still others are rare on the earth.[1分]
The most successful way to solve the language problem while a foreign
play is being performed is ____ translation.[1分]
The hostess ____ in the contract that the rent should be paid in cash at the beginning of each month.[1分]
This year, the number of accidents has ____ that of last year.[1分]
You must ____ yourself or they will continue to bully you, so you will go on living in disgrace.[1分]
While both plans were perfectly sensible, only one seemed ____ in China's particular situation.[1分]
A good teacher must know how to ____ his ideas to the students, as generally agreed by educational experts.[1分]
If you keep on taking on more work than you can do, your health will ____.[1分]
The director tried to wave aside these issues as ____ details that would be settled later.[1分]
As one of the youngest professors in the university, Miss King is certainly on the ____ of a brilliant career.[1分]
During the famine of 1943, millions of peasants ____ to the cities because they could not make a living in the countryside.[1分]
I'm sorry to inform you that you application has been declined. Our manager thought you were not ____ for the post.[1分]
Visitors to Britain are sometimes surprised to learn that newspapers there have such a large ____.[1分]
This line was carrying equal number of eastbound and westbound trains, and they ____ regularly.[1分]
The three astronauts have splashed down in the Pacific Ocean, only six
miles from the aircraft carrier that was ____ for the recovery mission.[1分]
Pubs have fanciful names like "The Red Lion" or "The Pig and Whistle" and they often have picutre on a signboard outside to ____ the name.[1分]
There are two main requirements before the fifthgeneration computer can become a reality and it is these that scientists are ____.[1分]
College students in this city have set up "the Cleaner Air Society"
to help urban citizens become aware of the ____ to our environment.[1分]
When you get a minor burn, pour some cold water on it, which will help
____ the pain of the burn.[1分]
The library published a colletion of books recently made ____ to the public.[1分]
For 14 years after her spouse's death, she saw the ____ meaning of her life as nourishing her son and safeguarding her husband's works.[1分]
Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions:This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash (/) in the blank.
Television is rapidly becoming the literatures of our periods.Many of
the arguments having used for the study of literature as a school subject
are valid for ∧ study of television. 3.the
Poverty exists because our society is an unequal one, and there are powerful
political pressures to keep it that way. Any attempt to redistributing wealth and in 71.____
come in the United States will inevitably be opposed by powerful middle and upper
class interests. People can be relatively rich only if you are relatively poor, and as 72.____
power is mainly in the hands of the rich, public policies reflect their interests than 73.____
those of the poor.
As Mr. Herbert Gans has pointed out, poverty is actually functional from the
point of view of the nonpoor. Poverty ensures that dirty work gets doing. If there 74.____
were no poor poeple to scrub floors and empty bedpans, there jobs will have to be 75.____
rewarded with high incomes before anyone would touch them. Poverty creates jobs
for many of the nonpoor, such as police officers, welfare workers, and government
bureaucrats. Poverty makes life easier for the rich by providing them with cookers, 76.____
gardeners, and other workers to perform basic chores when their employers enjoy 77.____
more pleasurable activities. Poverty provides a market for more inferior goods and 78.____
service, such as dayold bread, rundown automobiles, or the advice of competent 79.____
physicians and lawyers. Poverty also provides a group that can be made to absorb
the costs of change. It is just that poverty is an inevitable outcome of the American
economic system, in which the poor are politically powerless to influence or change. 80.____
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: How to Cope with Personal Crisis.
You should write at least 150 words and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
How to Deal with Personal Crisis
How to Deal with Personal Crisis
Since different person may come across different crisis， it is difficult to answer why personal crisis will happen and what leads to the situation. It depends. But the main origins and causes can be concluded in the following three aspects： lack of strong mind and personal incompetence to overcome difficulty， disadvantageous surroundings， and bad luck. Only when one person does well in all these three aspects， can he or she avoid personal crisis.
But anyway， All is not lost that is in danger. Every cloud has a silver lining. One will surely come out from the crisis if he masters the right methods. At first， he should envisage the crisis with the right eye. And then， he should be strongly-minded and be perseverant all the time. Thirdly， he should try his best to improve relation with his boss， colleagues， partners， friends， and his family members in order to get a better surrounding. At last， he should try to grasp every chance to make progress. In this way， the crisis can be transferred to success.