Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example:You will hear:
M: When shall we start our work, Jane?
W: Tomorrow at 9 o'clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.
Q: For how long can they work?
You will read:
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)"5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］［C］ ［D］
The man can have his camera fixed here.
The woman will probably fix the man's camera herself.
The man will buy a new camera.
The woman suggests that the camera should have been brought in earlier.
Jack vacuumed the living room but not the bathroom.
Jack cleaned the bathroom but not the living room.
Jack cleaned neither the living room nor the bathroom because he is exhausted.
Jack cleaned both the living room and the bathroom.
One student received a higher grade than he did.
He will have to take a number of exams later.
The test is more difficult than he expected.
Several students in his class have received top grade.
He failed to finish the experiment that day.
He hasn't had time to do the experiment.
He did only part of the experiment.
The experiment turned out well.
He does not know who Alice is.
He has found a job as a messenger.
He does not want to deliver the note.
He does not know who Alice is.
Look for cats with the man.
Meet the man at the cat exhibit.
Watch the program on TV.
Whether the woman needs his help.
Whether the woman has any pets.
Where the woman is going.
Whether the woman can take care of his pet.
The man hasn't caused a problem.
The man should have returned the book earlier.
She will probably won't do well on the coming Monday's test.
The man should have been more thoughtful.
The man is asking the woman for help.
The man wants to get a new position.
The woman is instructing the man how to write a letter application.
The man has left the woman a good impression.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear one question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
What is mainly talked about in the passage?[0.5分]
How to distinguish people's faces.
How to describe people's personality.
How to distinguish people both inward and outward.
How to differ good persons from bad persons.
Why is the animal "pigeon" mentioned in the passage?[0.5分]
To give an example that both human beings and animals can recognize faces.
To tell how a skilled writer could describe all the features of different people.
To indicate how pigeons and people look different.
To show how faces are like fingers.
What does the author of this passage most probably do?[0.5分]
According to the passage, how do people usually classify a person into certain type?[0.5分]
His physical appearance and his action.
His way of speaking and behaving.
His learning and behaviour.
His way of acting and thinking.
Why are divorces so common at present?[0.5分]
Because it is difficult to maintain a marriage.
Because people like watching TV programs.
Because people prefer freedom to self-discipline.
Because our society is permissive towards divorces.
Which of the following cannot be sacrificed in a marriage?[0.5分]
The freedom to have other sexual relations.
The desire to follow every of one's impulse.
The will to keep his or her own income.
The wish to be his or her true self.
How to maintain a good marriage?[0.5分]
A man and a woman should follow every of their own impulse respectively.
A good marriage takes some level of compromise between the husband and the wife.
A man and a woman should both have to endure dreadful self-sacrifice of the soul.
A man and a woman should stop growing or changing.
Which of the following is the best title of the passage?[0.5分]
Which type of loneliness is NOT mentioned in the passage?[0.5分]
Why is a person's social contacts one important factor in loneliness?[0.5分]
We need our friends to share similar interests and activities.
We need our teachers to guide us.
We need co-workers to help us.
A lonely person's popularity may be increased with more social contacts.
Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Many of the most damaging and life threatening types of weather torrential rains, severe thunderstorms, and tornadoes（龙卷风）- begin quickly, strike suddenly, and disappear rapidly, destroying small regions while leaving neighbouring areas untouched. Such event as a tornado struck the northeastern section of Edmonton, Alberta, in July 1987. Total damages from the tornado exceeded $250 million, the highest ever for any Canadian storm.
Conventional computer models of the atmosphere have limited value in predicting short lived local storms like the Edmonton tornado, because the available weather data are generally not detailed enough to allow computers to study carefully the subtle（微妙的）atmospheric changes that come before these storms. In most nations, for example, weather-balloon observations are taken just once every twelve hours at locations typically separated by hundreds of miles. With such limited data, conventional forecasting models do a much better job predicting general weather conditions over large regions than they do forecasting specific local events.
Until recently, the observation intensive approach needed for accurate, very short-range forecasts, or "Nowcasts," was not feasible. The cost of equipping and operating many thousands of conventional weather stations was extremely high, and the difficulties involved in rapidly collecting and processing the raw weather data from such a network were hard to overcome.
Fortunately, scientific and technological advances have overcome most of these problems. Radar systems, automated weather instruments, and satellites are all capable of making detailed, nearly continuous observation over large regions at a relatively low cost. Communications satellites can transmit data around the world cheaply and instantaneously, and modern computers can quickly compile and analyze this large volume of weather information.
Meteorologists（气象学者）and computer scientists now work together to design computer programs and video equipment capable of transforming raw weather data into words, symbols, and vivid graphic displays that forecasters can interpret easily and quickly. As meteorologists have begun using these new technologies in weather forecasting offices, Nowcasting is becoming a reality.
The word "exceeded" in paragraph 1 most probably means ____.[1分]
Conventional computer models of the atmosphere fails to predict such a short-lived tornado because____.[1分]
the computer is not used to forecast specific local events
the computers are not advanced enough to predict it
the weather data people collect are often wrong
weather conditions in some small regions are not available
According to the passage, the word "Nowcast" (paragraph 3) means ____.[1分]
a way of collecting raw weather data
a forecast which can predict the weather conditions in the small area in an accurate way
a network to collect instant weather data
a more advanced system of weather observation
According to the passage, ____ is the key factor to making "Nowcasts" a reality.[1分]
scientific and technological advances such as radar, or satellites
advanced computer programs
According to the author, the passage mainly deals with ____.[1分]
a tornado in Edmonton, Alberta
the disadvantage of conventional computer models of the weather forecast
a breakthrough in weather forecast
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Bringing up children is a hard work, and you are often to blame for any bad behavior of your children. If so, Judith Rich Harris has good news for you. Parents, she argues, have no important long-term effects on the development of the personality of their children. Far more important are their playground friends and neighborhood. Ms. Harris takes to hitting the assumption, which has dominated developmental psychology for almost half a century.
Ms. Harris's attack on the developmentalists' "nature" argument looks likely to reinforce doubts that the profession was already having. If parents matter, why is it that two adopted children, reared in the same home, are no more similar in personality than two adopted children reared in separate homes? Or that a pair of identical twins, reared in the same home, are no more alike than a pair of identical twins reared in different homes?
Difficult as it is to track the precise effects of parental upbringing, it may be harder to measure the exact influence of the peer（同龄人）group in childhood and adolescence. Ms. Harris points to how children from immigrant homes soon learn not to speak at school in the way their parents speak. But acquiring a language is surely a skill, rather than a characteristic of the sort developmental psychologists hunt for. Certainly it is different from growing up tensely or relaxed, or from learning to be honest or hard-working or generous. Easy though it may be to prove that parents have little impact on those qualities, it will be hard to prove that peers have vastly more.
Moreover, mum and dad surely cannot be ditched completely. Young adults may, as Ms. Harris argues, be keen to appear like their peers. But even in those early years, parents have the power to open doors: they may initially choose the peers with whom their young associate, and pick that influential neighborhood. Moreover, most people suspect that they come to resemble their parents more in middle age, and that people's child bearing habits may be formed partly by what their parents did. So the balance of influences is probably complicated, as most parents already suspected without being able to demonstrate it scientifically. Even if it turns out that the genes they pass on and the friends their children play with matter as much as affection, discipline and good example, parents are not completely off the hook.
According to Ms. Harris, ____.[1分]
parents are to blame for any bad behavior of their children
parents will affect greatly the children's life in the long run
nature rather than nurture has a significant effect on children's personality development
children's personality is shaped by their friends and neighbors
Which of the following views is consistent with what the developmentalists hold?[1分]
Children are more influenced by their peers than by their parents.
Twins are quite different if they are reared in two separate families.
Identical twins reared in the same home are different in personality.
Nurture has a less significant effect on children's personality development.
According to Para. 3, which of the following statements is TRUE?[1分]
It is harder to track the precise effects of parental upbringing than the exact influence of the peer group in children.
Immigrant children tend to discard the way their parents speak quickly when they go to school.
It has been proved that peers have more impact on children's qualities such as to be honest or hard-working or generous.
It is easier for children to acquire a language at school than at home.
The word "ditched" ( Line 1,Para. 4) could best be replaced by ____.[1分]
What is the author's main purpose?[1分]
To highly praise Ms. Harris's work.
To counter Ms. Harris's work.
To objectively report on Ms. Harris's work.
To critically comment on Ms. Harris's work.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Microsoft is no longer the world's biggest company by market capitalization. Three other U.S. companies have overtaken the software giant in terms of stock market value. The firm's value has gone down sharply by 41% so far this year, from nearly $600 billion to $358 billion. Much of the reason for the fall has been the uncertainty prompted by the on-going anti-trust case. It has been overtaken by General Electric, now worth $506 bn, Intel, worth $441 bn and Cisco Systems, $436 bn.
Over the past year Microsoft shares have moved downwards from a high of $120 to $68 in early trading on 7 June. Meanwhile rival Cisco has seen its share price rise by $25 to more than $60 as the company has gained its role in providing the hardware for the Internet. And for most of the year it has been competing with computer chip maker Intel for the second place. Intel's Pentium chips are widely used in personal computers worldwide.
The company that now holds the title of the world's biggest company is an industrial giant which makes everything from toasters to jet engines. GE has sales of $110 bn-nearly ten times that of Microsoft and 340,000 employees worldwide. It has seen its profits grow by 15% a year to $11 bn. GE Capital Services, its financial subsidiary, make up nearly half its sales. GE produces power generation systems, locomotive, medical imaging equipment and electrical appliances. It also owns the U.S. television network NBC and its financial news subsidiary, CNBC, and ironically, a joint venture with Microsoft to provide news on the Internet.
Microsoft's shares now face a further period of uncertainty as the company's legal battle continues. It could also face difficulty in recruiting and retaining employees whose pay has been boosted by their share options. The Seattle based firm is likely to go to an appeals court on any rulings. It could suffer further losses from lawsuits brought by competitors, who would be able to claim triple（三倍）damages for any losses suffered. And with its energy and resources tied up in the lawsuits, the company may find it difficult to continue to innovate in the future, or move so aggressively to buy up competitors.
Microsoft's shares are devalued drastically owing to ____.[1分]
fierce competition from rivals
its involvement in a lawsuit（诉讼）
the decrease in sales volume
Cisco Systems' share price has risen considerably ____. [1分]
after it has overtaken part of Microsoft's shares
after it has beaten Intel and risen to the second place
since it has gained a firm footing in the market
because it is developing jointly with Microsoft
Which is now the second biggest company in the United States?[1分]
Which of the following companies is owned by General Electric and Microsoft together?[1分]
Why is it difficult for Microsoft to retain employees?[1分]
Because it faces an uncertain future.
Because it will have problem innovating itself.
Because it will have problem paying them.
Because it may be bought up by its competitors one day.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Paradise Lost is Milton's masterpiece. Its story is taken from the Bible, about "the fall of man", that is, how Adam and Eve are tempted by Satan to disobey God by eating the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge, and how they are punished by God and driven out of Paradise. In Milton's words, the purpose of writing the epic is to "justify the ways of God to men", but apparently, Milton is uttering his intense hatred of cruelness of the ruler in the poem. By depicting Satan and his followers as well as their fiery utterance and brave actions, Milton is showing a Puritan's（清教徒的）revolt against the dictator and against the established Catholics and the Anglican Church.
In the poem God is no better than a cruel and selfish ruler, seated on a throne with a group of angels about him singing songs to praise him. His long speeches are not pleasing at all. He is cruel and unjust in punishing Satan. His angels are stupid. But Satan is by far the most striking character in the poem, who rises against God and, though defeated, still persists in his fighting.
Adam and Eve shows Milton's belief in the power of man. God denies them a chance to pursue for knowledge. It is this longing for knowledge that opens before mankind a wide road to intelligent and active life. It has been noted by many critics that Milton's revolutionary feelings makes him forget religious doctrines（教条）. The angels who surround the God never think of expressing any opinions of their own, and they never seem to have any opinions of their own. The image of God surrounded by such angels resembles the court of an absolute monarch（君主）. But Satan and his followers, who freely discuss all issues in council, remind us of a Republican Parliament.
This passage is most probably ____.[1分]
a review of Milton's Paradise Lost
an introduction of what Paradise Lost is about
a depiction of the cruelness of the British ruler
part of an introduction to English literature
According to the passage, Milton ____.[1分]
describes Satan as a Puritan
is satisfied with the British ruler
calls on people to fight against the dictator
In the poem, Satan is described as ____.[1分]
contrary to what is depicted in the Bible
Which of the following can NOT be inferred from this passage?[1分]
If Adam and Eve had not eaten the forbidden fruit, human being would be ignorant until now.
God acts like a dictator.
Satan and his followers are parliament members in the poem.
The angels are depicted as stupid in the poem.
According to this passage, Paradise Lost is written for the purpose of ____.[1分]
praising God for the creation of the world
criticizing the cruelness of British ruler
changing people's unfavourable impression of Satan
expressing his support for the fight of Satan
Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
It is common knowledge that soldiers have to endure the ____ during a war.[1分]
They ____ those who didn't conform to their ideas, and made advantage of those who agreed with them.[1分]
In an attempt to duplicate the painting style of the late 1800's, amateur photographer Julia Margaret Cameron ____ blurred her images to achieve a softer line.[1分]
To my great surprise, the sweater I bought last week ____ a great deal after it was washed in hot water.[1分]
Among the deaf and dumb ____ may be carried on by means of the finger alphabet.[1分]
The meeting was ____ over by the mayor to discuss the tax raise in the city.[1分]
____ of accusing his neighbor of dishonesty, the man hoped that he could avoid blame by apologizing.[1分]
The author of the report is well ____ with the problems in the hospital because he has been working there for many years.[1分]
At post offices one buys stamps, leaves ____ letters, sends parcels or money orders, etc.[1分]
In this workshop they ____ a vehicle in less than half an hour.[1分]
No matter how little money we have, we should get into the habit of ____some in the bank regularly.[1分]
The lovely picture ____ me of my happy childhood.[1分]
I couldn't finish my paper because the computer ____.[1分]
During the next few weeks the scientists will be discussing the problem of how to ____ and control earthquakes.[1分]
You can't smoke here; it's ____.[1分]
It is useless to attempt to ____ from every danger: some risks must be taken.[1分]
The newly-formed United States took as its emblem a bald eagle with ____ wings.[1分]
From the cheers and shouts of ____, I guessed that she was winning the race.[1分]
Only guests of the hotel enjoy the ____ of using the private beach.[1分]
Mary usually does things with little care, she is ____.[1分]
Heavy fog made the morning light ____.[1分]
The travel industry plays a major role in the ____ of business, recreation, and family life.[1分]
He was dismissed for failing to ____ with the school regulations.[1分]
Some science students reach a high ____of English competence in communication.[1分]
Everyone should be ____ innocent until it is proved that he is guilty.[1分]
The sick person has taken a ____ for the better.[1分]
Unfortunately he couldn't ____ for the loss.[1分]
Most science-fiction writers seek to persuade readers that the world they have created is ____ and is derived from scientific principles.[1分]
A guided missile consists basically of a warhead attached to a tube like body. A rocket or a jet engine may ____ the missile.[1分]
In judging his behavior, I hope that he committee will ____ his stage performance into account.[1分]
Short Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).
The communications explosion is on the scale of the rail, automobile or telephone revolution. Very soon you'll be able to record your entire life electronically-anything a microphone or a camera can sense you'll be able to store. In particular, the number of images a person captures in a lifetime is set to rise exponentially. The thousand images a year I take of my children on a digital camera are all precious to me. In a generation's time, my children's children will have total image documentation of their entire lives - a visual log of tremendous personal value. By then we'll be wrestling with another question: how we control all the electronic devices connected to the Internet: trillions of PCs, laptops, palm pilots, cell phones and other gadgets. In Cambridge, we're already working on millimeter-square computing and sensing devices that can be linked to the Internet through the radio network. This sort of connectivity will expand dramatically as microscopic communications devices become dirt-cheap and multiple. Just imagine what the paint on the wall could do if it had this sort of communications dust in it: change colour, play music, show movies or even speak to you.
Falling costs raise other possibilities too. Because launching space vehicles is about to become very much cheaper, the number of satellites is likely to go up exponentially. There's lots of space up there so we could have millions of them. And if you have millions of low-orbit satellites you can establish a global communications network that completely does away with towers and masts. If the satellites worked on the cellular principle so you got spatial reuse of frequencies, system capacity would be amazing.
How do you characterize the future development of communications? [2分]
Explode dramatically like the rail, automobile or telephone revolution.
What does the word "images" most probably refer to?[2分]
It most probably refers to "Pictures".
What's the tone of this passage?[2分]
The author is writing in an excited tone.
What will be the price of communications devices like?[2分]
Communication devices will become dirt-cheap.
What will happen to the current towers and masts of future global communications network?[2分]
They might be replaced by low-orbit satellites.
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic:"What Do You Think of Challenge?".
You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
With the fast development of the world, more and more challenge is in store for us. Challenge means not only hardship, but also opportunity. Since we are young people and have bright future before us, we should have the right attitude towards challenge.
By nature, challenge is an inspiration to our creative power and an opportunity to achieve success. The most important thing is to deal with challenge properly.First, you must be well prepared for challenge at any time, because you can never, in most cases, expect when it comes precisely. Second, when it really comes, you should be courageous enough to take it. No pains, no gains. Only through hard work can you achieve success. Finally, adequate knowledge is called for to meet challenge. Science and technology are developing at a tremendous rate and those who can not follow its pace will be eliminated by the society.
Living in the modern society today, no one can avoid challenges. We are obliged to prepare ourselves adequately for challenges by accumulating enough knowledge and by building a strong body. Only by means of this can we adapt ourselves to the life style of capital cities.