Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失，题干不全，答案请选A)
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
Directions: There are four passages in this part.Each passage is
followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Joblessness is far more than an economic misfortune.It can be a psychological disaster for the unemployed and their families.It can cause illness,divide families and create a downward spiral of feelings of worthlessness and lack of selfesteem.According to research done by M. Harvery Brenner,associate professor of health at Johns Hopkins University,every 1% increase in the unemployment rate translates into 37,000 deaths over the next 6 years,including over 20,000 deaths from heart attcks,900 suicides and nearly 500 deaths from cirrhosis of the liver.In addition,Brenner estimates that 7,500 unemployed or their families will be admitted to prison after committing a crime or to a mental hospital.“The impact goeswell beyond the individual who loses a job,”said Brenner.“stress caused by economic factors affects our national life at every level.”
Men who have been socialized as the family breadwinner are especially hard hit by unemployment.They suffer greater depression and anxiety and have a higher possibility of psychotic behavior than men who are employed.“Nine months seems to be a crucial point when hope and patience give out,”said a leading psychologist.
After that,“illness,suicide,alcoholism,divorce,and even crime grow at epidemic
Left without a job,many workers feel they have nothing to look forward to.They miss their coworkers and the routine of going to work.For many,the sense of hopelessness grows worse every time they are rejected for a new job.When this happens often enough,the rejection unemployed workers feel may be exacerbated if some friends and neighbors avoid them as if they had a contagious disease.
According to the passage,which of the following is NOT true?[1分]
Joblessness is an economic misfortune.
Joblessness is a psychological disaster for the unemployed and their families.
Joblessness can cause the unemployed to commit suicide.
Joblessness is a contagious disease.
In what way does the unemployment affect the unemplayed and their families?[1分]
it creates a feeling of worthlessness and lack of selfesteem.
According to M. Harvey Brenner's research,if there is 1% increase in the unemployment rate,how many people will die from cirrhosis of the liver?[1分]
If a man has been unemployed for a year,he ____.[1分]
will be happy and relieved.
What is the best title for this passage?[1分]
How to Treat The Unemployed
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Ironically,in the United States,a country of immigrants,prejudice and discrimination continue to be serious problems.There was often tension between each established group of immigrants and each succeeding group.As each group became more financially successful,and more powerful,they excluded newcomers from full participation in the society.Prejudice and discrimination are part of our history,however,this prejudicial treatment of different groups is nowhere more unjust than with black Americans.
Blacks had distinct disadvantages.For the most part,they came to the “land of opportunity”as slaves and they were not free to keep their heritage and cultural traditions.Unlike most European immigrants,blacks did not have the protection of a support group;sometimes slaveowners separated members of the same family.
They could not mix easily with the established society either because of their skin color.It was difficult for them to adapt to the American culture.Even after they became free people,they still experienced discrimination in employment,housing,education,and even in public facilities,such as restroom.
Prejudice and discrimination____.[1分]
have been existing in the American society
don't exclude new immigrants from participation in the society
are mainly caused by the slavery
Established and succeeding immigrants____.[1分]
were reluctant to help newcomers to adapt to the new surroundings
were willing to support newcomers financially
were great helpers of slaves and Indians
were treated unequally by American Indians
One of the reasons why black Americans could not easily mix in American society is____.[1分]
that most Americans are immigrants
that they speak their language differently from Americans
that they were free to keep their heritage
The author specifically mentions that____.[1分]
black Americans are most prejudicially treated in the U.S.
discrimination in the South was not more obvious than in the North
the situation of blacks is almost the same today as it was in the 1930s
after blacks became free people they didn't experience discrimination inemployment and public facilities
The attitude of the author is____.[1分]
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
About 50 years ago the idea of disabled people doing sports was never heard of.But when the annual games for the disabled were started at Stroke Mandeville,England in 1948 by Sir Ludwig Guttmann,the situation began to change.Sir Ludwig Guttmann,who had been driven to England in 1939 from Nazi Germany,had been asked by the British government to set up an injuries centre at stoke Mandeville Hospital near London.His ideas about treating injuries included sports for the disabled.
In the first games just two teams of injured soldiers took part.The next year,1949,five teams took part.From those beginnings things developed fast.Teams now come from abroad to Stoke Mandeville every year.In 1960 the first Olympics for the Disabled were held in Rome.Now,every four years the Olympic Games for the Disabled are held,if possible,in the same place as the normal Olympic Games，although they are organized separately.In other years Games for the Disabled are still held at Stoke Mandeville.In the 1984 wheelchair Olympic Games,1604 wheelchair athletes from about 40 countries took part.Unfortunately,they were held at Stoke Mandeville and not in Los Angeles,along with the other Olympics.
The Games have been a great success in promoting international friendship and understanding,and in proving that being disabled does not mean you can't enjoy sports.One small source of disappointment for those who organize and take part in the games,however,has been the unwillingness of the International Olympic Committee to include the disabled events at the Olympic Games for the ablebodied.Perhaps a few more years are still needed to convince those fortunate enough not to be disabled that their disabled fellow athletes should not be excluded.
The first games for the disabled were held____after Sir Ludwing Guttmann arrived in England.[1分]
Beside Stoke Mandeville,surely the games for the disabled were once held in____.[1分]
In paragraph 2,the word “athlete” means____.[1分]
people who support the games
people who watch the games
people who organize the games
people who compete in the games
Which of the following statements is NOT true?[1分]
Sir Ludwig Guttmann is an early organizer of the games for the disabled.
Sir Ludwig Guttmann is an injured soldier.
Sir Ludwig Guttmann is from Germany.
Sir Ludwig Guttmann is welcomed by the British.
From the passage we may conclude that writer is____.[1分]
one of the organizers of the games for the disabled
a disabled who once took part in the games
against holding the games for the disabled
in favor of holding the game for the disabled
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The modern sailing ship was developed by a man who never went to sea.
He was Prince Henry of Portugal,the younger son of the Partuguese king and an English princess.
Prince Henry lived in the fifteenth century.As a boy he became devoted to the sea,and he dedicated himself to improving the design of ships and the methods of sailing them.In 1416,when he was twentytwo,Henry founded a school for mariners,
to which he invited everyone who could help him—Jewish astronomers,Italian and Spanish sailors,and Arab mathematicians and map makers who knew to use the crudecompass of the day and could improve it.
Henry's goal was to design and equip vessels that would be capable of making long ocean voyages without having to hug the shore.The caravel carried more sail and was longer and slimmer than any ship then made,yet was tough enough to withstand gales at sea.He also developed the carrack,which was a slower ship,but one that was capable of carrying more cargo.
To Prince Henry the world owes credit for development of craft that made oceanic exploration possible.He lives in history as Henry the Navigator.
Henry the Navigator was a member of the royal family of____.[1分]
Prince Henry started his school for the purpose of____.[1分]
improving ship design and sailing methods
studying astronomy and mathematics
improving his own skill as a sailor
The teachers in Prince Henry's school seem to have been____.[1分]
members of the royal family
astronomers,sailors and map makers
Prince Henry's goal was to design vessels that could____.[1分]
make long deepsea voyages
travel faster than those in use at that time
explore the coastline of Portugal
carry larger crews and more cargo than existing one
The best title for this passage is[1分]
The First Modern Sailing Vessels
Prince Henry's Role in History
The First School for Sailors
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
They say that the workers have to____if they are treated as slaves without human rights.[1分]
The wedding ring is a symbol of____love,because a circle has no beginning or end.[1分]
The sun is so much bigger than the earth that it would____over a million earth to fill a ball as big as a sun.[1分]
To him,Boston was a place____brought back to mind painful memories.[1分]
It is a good reading habit for you to ____some new words in the dictionary.[1分]
We always have problem____dealing with the changing world.[1分]
Every people here is allowed to have his____at the meeting.[1分]
He told me that the number of students attending the meeting ____over 100.[1分]
At my signal a taxi____beside me.[1分]
The football match was televised____from the Worker's Stadium.[1分]
Would you please____your radio a little?I am trying to read.[1分]
The welfare system____insurance from cradle to grave has been well praised.[1分]
Mr. Brown____some tea.[1分]
reminded Mrs. Brown to take
reminded Mrs. Brown of tooking
Generally speaking,men are____stronger than women.[1分]
Generally a good knowledge of reading techniques or skills can help improve reading comprehension____.[1分]
The Hotel____$100 for a single room with bath a night.[1分]
It is all her own doing,so she will have to____the consequences.[1分]
I major in English and____in some other subjects.[1分]
He went by____his bicycle a few minutes ago.[1分]
My English teacher encouraged me to____a place at university.[1分]
The factory was____owing to the shortage of raw materials.[1分]
He____his feet on the ground to shake off the snow from his boots before he entered the house.[1分]
Either my wife or I____able to persuade my daughter to change her mind.[1分]
Professor Zhao was invited to____the speech.[1分]
Let's think of a situation____this idiom can be used.[1分]
He is ____for his dishonesty in business matters.[1分]
Fire is____in water.[1分]
All was darkness____an occasional glimmer in the distance.[1分]
When seeing us they stopped ____with us.[1分]
If you can prove to the court that Johnson has____robery,he will be found guilty.[1分]
Part Ⅳ Short Answer Questions
Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements in less than 10 words.
Have you ever been asked to take a polygraph test for a job?A polygraph,also called a lie detector,is a device that is used to find out if someone is telling a lie.It is based on the belief that lying causes certain physical reactions.These reactions,which include a change in blood pressure and pulse rate,are measured by
Lie detector tests are often used in court and in the workplace.However,a law th
at went effect in December 1988 limits the ways that employers can use these tests.Employers can no longer use them to screen(审查) people who are applying for
jobs.The only exception is for those who want government jobs as security guards or drug handlers.Also,managers can no longer ask workers to take such tests unless there is reasonable suspicion that the worker has stolen or damaged property.This will curb tests for suspected offenses,such as drug use or sexual harassm
ent,and for workers who were merely in the area of a theft.Bosses who request lie detector tests will have to tell workers why they are suspected of an offense.
Also,they may not ask questions that degrade workers,such as questions about their sex lives.
In any case,according to the new law,the test is now voluntary:You can't be fired for refusing to take it.If you have been forced to take a polygraph test,or if
you are not being given a promotion because you have refused to take the test,
you can sue the company or file a complaint with the Department of Labor.The Department of Labor can fine employers up to $10,000.
What is the passage mainly about?[2分]
the polygraph test
How does the polygraph work?[2分]
It measures people's blood pressure and pulse rate.
The law of December,1988 prohibits employers from examing people who apply for jobs except ____[2分]
those who apply for serious government jobs.
Nowadays the bosses can ask the workers to take the polygraph tests only
under the condition that ____[2分]
there is reasonable suspicion for the offenses.
Under the new law,if a boss forces his worker to take a polygraph test,w
hat punishment will he get?[2分]
a fine below $10,000.
Directions: For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the following outline (given in Chinese).The suggested title is: Private schools in China.You should write no less than 150 words for your composition. [30分]
Private School in China
More and more private schools are booming in China.It can produce a smarter generation of Chinese children and promote the integration of education with the development of science and technology and of the economy.
Private school can give a better education due to many reasons.Firstly,private schools can give both students and teachers as much freedom as possible because they are granted more autonomy.Students are free to choose their favorite specialities according to their hobbies,which can better display their talents and skills.Teachers have the freedom to adjust their study to the demands of human resources market.Secondly,private school invite many scholars,professors and experienced teachers who have high ideological and educational levels.They possess excellent modern facilities like audiovisual centers,computer rooms and large libaries,which can bring all potential of students in full play and can cultviate first-class human resources with high effeciency and high quality.Thirdly,private schools can be regarded as a good guide to consumption.Some parents resolutely invest heavily in getting their children well educated instead of spending much money on luxuries for them.This might be one of the contributing factors for raising the educational level of the nation as a whole.
Of course,the tuition in private schools is much too high for most of us to pay.
However,with the development of the reform and the improvement of our living standard,more and more people will be able to afford to pay the tuition for their children.