Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失，题干不全，答案请选A)
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 23 are based on the following passage:
The Caledonian Market in London is a clearing house of the junk (旧货、废弃物 ) of the universe. Here, rubbish is a commodity and rubbish picking is a sport. Somebody, somewhere, wanted these things, perhaps just to look at. You learn here the incredible obscurity of human needs and desires. People grope (摸索), with fascinated curiosity, among the turnedout debris (废墟) of thousands of attic rooms. Junk pours in twice a week, year in and year out. The Market is the penultimate (倒数第二的) resting place of banished vases, musical instruments that will not play, sewing machines that will not sew, paralyzed perambulator, epileptic bicycles and numerous other articles from which all morale and hope have long departed. There are stories of fortunes being picked up in the Market. Once seven hundred gold sovereigns were found in a secret drawer of a crazy old bureau. And book buyers have discovered valuable editions of Milton and Dickens and Carlyla. There is nothing one can not buy in the Market.
The title below that best expresses the idea of this passage is ____.[1分]
Why People Buy What They Do
Reflections on A Famous Junk Market
The Cause for Fascinated Curiosity
What Happens to Attic Debris
The articles for sale in the Caledonian Market ____.[1分]
are collected 100 times a year
reveal obscure needs and desires
bring fortune to the buyers
From the style of this passage one might assume that it was taken from____.[1分]
directions for a stage setting
Questions 24 to 30 are based on the following passage:
A llelomimetic behavior may be defined as behavior in which two or more individual animals do the same thing, with some degree of mutual simulation and coordination. It can only involve in species with sense organs that are well enough developed so that continuous sensory contact can be maintained. It is found primarily in vertebrates(脊椎动物), in those species that are diurnal, and usually in those that spend much of their lives in the air, in open water or on open plains.
In birds, allelomimetic behavior is the rule rather than the exception, though it may occasionally be limited to particular seasons of the year as it is in the redwing blackbird. Its principal function is that of providing safety from predators(掠食者), partly because the flock can rely on many pairs of eyes to watch for enemies, and partly because if one bird reacts to danger, the whole flock is warned.
Among mammals, allelomimetic behavior is very rare in rodents(啮齿动物), which almost never move in flocks or herds. Even when they are artificially crowded together, they do not conform in their movements. On the other hand, such behavior is a major system among largehoofed mammals,such as sheep.
In the packhunting carnivores(食肉类飞禽), allelomimetic behavior has another function of cooperative hunting for large prey(被捕食者) animals,such as moose. Wolves also defend their dens as a group against larger predators, such as bears.
Finally, allelomimetic behavior is highly developed among most primate groups, where it has the principal function of providing warning against predators,as though combined defensive behavior is also seen in troops of baboons(狒狒).
The main topic of the passage is the ____.[1分]
value of allelomimetic behavior in vertebrate and invertebrate species
definition and distribution of allelomimetic behavior
relationship of allelomimetic behavior to the survival of the fittest
personality factors that determine when an individual animal will show allelomimetic behavior
Which of the following places is the most likely setting for allelomimetic behavior?[1分]
The author implies that allelomimetic behavior occurs most often among animals that ____.[1分]
are less intelligent than their enemies
have one sense organ that dominates perception
Which of the following is the most clear example of allelomimetic?[1分]
Bears hunting for carnivores.
Cattle fleeing from a fire.
Horses running at a racetrack.
Dogs working with police officers.
According to the passage the primary function of allelomimetic behavior in bird is to ____.[1分]
defend nests against predators
According to the passage, what happens to the behavior of rodents when they are artificially crowded together?[1分]
Their allelomimetic behavior increases.
Continuous cooperation between them is maintained.
They become aggressive and attack each other.
They show little allelomimetic behavior.
Which of the following groups of human beings would probably show the greatest amount of allelomimetic behavior?[1分]
A group of students taking a test.
Tennis players competing in a tournament.
A patrol of soldiers scouting for the enemy.
Drivers waiting for a traffic light to change.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
The American Heart Association and other groups have said for many years that people could reduce the chance of suffering a heart attack by eating less of the foods rich in cholesterol(胆固醇). These include such foods as meats, milk products and eggs. The Heart Association noted a number of studies which show that nations where people eat a lot of high cholesterol foods have a higher number of deaths from heart disease.
However, the new report disagrees. It was made by the Food and Nutrition Board of the United States National Academy of Sciences. The new report by a team of 15 scientists said there is no evidence to link cholesterol in food directly to heart disease. It noted seven major studies involving people whose diet was changed to include only foods low in cholesterol. The studies found only a very small reduction in the number of heart attacks and there was no reduction in the number of heart attack deaths.
Other studies have shown similar results. They found that a change to low cholesterol foods will have only a minor effect on the amount of cholesterol in a
person's blood and only a minor effect on the number of deaths.
Medical scientists hope that two huge new studies may settle the cholesterol dispute. The tests are designed to learn if low cholesterol foods or anticholesterol drugs, or both, can reduce the amount of the substance in the blood and reduce the chance of a heart attack. The two new studies will be finished in the next year or two.
The new Academy of Sciences report also discussed other possible links between food and disease. The scientists, in general, they are deeply concerned about some of the recent advice given about food. They noted that a number of private groups, government agencies and several popular books have advised that people can prevent heart disease, cancer and other sicknesses by changing the kinds of foods they eat. The new report said there is often no good scientific evidence to support such advice. In fact, the scientists said such ideas often produce only false hopes or unnecessary fears.
According to the passage, people could reduce the chance of suffering heart attack by ____. [1分]
eating less foods with a lot of cholesterol
eating less of low cholesterol foods
eating a lot of high cholesterol foods
High cholesterol foods include ____.[1分]
eggs, meats and milk products
potatoes, green vegetables and tomatoes
Some scientists believe that there is no evidence that cholestrol in food is directly linked to ____.[1分]
Medical scientists believe that ____.[1分]
tests have been designed to settle the cholesterol dispute
drugs have been tested to reduce the amount of the substance in blood
low cholesterol foods or anticholesterol drugs or both can reduce thechance of a heart attack
none of the statements mentioned above is correct
Which of the following statements in NOT true?[1分]
One can avoid a heart disease by eating less foods with little cholesterol.
One can avoid a heart disease by taking the doctor's advice to eat low cholesterol foods and anticholesterol drugs or both.
There has been good scientific evidence that cholesterol foods can produce the chance of suffering a heart disease.
People usually believe that cholesterol foods are directly linked to heart disease.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The most interesting architectural phenomenon of the 1970's was the enthusiasm for refurbishing old buildings. Obviously, this was not an entirely new phenomenon. What is new is the wholesale interest in reusing the past, in recycling, in adaptive rehabilitation. A few trial efforts, such as Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco, proved their financial viability in the 1960's, but it was in the 1970's, with strong government support through tax incentives and rapid depreciation, as well as growing interest in ecology issues, that recycling became a major factor on the urban scene.
One of the most comprehensive ventures was the restoration and transformation of Boston's eighteenth century Faneuil Hall and the Quincy Market, designed in 1824. This section had fallen on hard times, but beginning with the construction of a new city hall immediately adjacent, it has returned to life with the intelligent reuse of these fine old buildings under the design leadership of Benjamin Thompson. He has provided a marvelous setting for dining, shopping, professional offices, and simply walking.
Butler Square, in Minneapolis, examplifies major changes in its complex of offices, commercial space, and public amenities carved out of a massive pile designed in 1906 as a hardware warehouse. The exciting interior timber structure of the building was highlighted by cutting light courts through the interior and adding large skylights.
San Antonio, Texas, offers an object lesson for numerous other cities combating urban decay. Rather than bringing in the bulldozers, San Antonio's leaders rehabilitated existing structures, while simultaneously cleaning up the San Antonio River, which meanders through the business district.
What is the main idea of the passage?[1分]
During the 1970's, old buildings in many cities were recycled for modernuse.
Recent interest in ecology issues has led to the cleaning up of many rivers.
The San Antonio example shows that bulldozers are not the way to fight urban decay.
Strong government support has made adaptive rehabilitation a reality inBoston.
What is the space at Quincy Market now used for?[1分]
Sports and recreational facilities.
Commercial and industrial warehouses.
Restaurants, offices, and stores.
According to the passage, Benjamin Thompson was the designer for a project in ____.[1分]
When was the Butler Square building originally built?[1分]
In the eighteenth century.
In the early nineteenth century.
In the late nineteenth century.
In the early twentieth century.
What is the author's opinion of the San Antonio project?[1分]
It is clearly the best of the projects discussed.
It is a good project that could be copied in other cities.
The extensive use of bulldozers made the project unnecessarily costly.
The work done on the river was more important than the work done on thebuildings.
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B）,C）and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
The undersea world is wellknown as a source of natural beauty and a ____ to human fantasy.[1分]
Too many hotels have been built and this has ____ down prices, making holidays cheaper.[1分]
The climber was ____ from the top of the cliff on arope held by his friends.[1分]
We can't understand Uncle George, for he always ____ whatever he says.[1分]
You haven't really answered the question, for what you said is not ____.[1分]
Always a clear diplomat, he ____ one potential eney of his country against another, so he kept them divided.[1分]
His illness would ____ his progress of study.[1分]
A beautiful autumn day like this ____ for the wet summer we have had.[1分]
Do you have a ____ of ownership for this car?[1分]
Ronny's steps ____, and there was a moment of absolute silence.[1分]
After practising for several weeks, Peter decided to ___.[1分]
When the pipe broke, the water ____ out violently.[1分]
Few people ____ this department store because it didn't sell good clothing.[1分]
The ____ between them has been made.[1分]
It's hard to ____ someone so selfish.[1分]
The apple tree ____ the field, dropping its flowers on the grass.[1分]
Why are you always so ____? You never smile or look cheerful.[1分]
You must remember to ____ all your belongs out of this classroom today.[1分]
The ____, while worrying, does not mean a total loss, as the jewels were insured for $ 30,000.[1分]
I have often wondered who first ____ that simple but profound truth.[1分]
We'd better wait inside until the storm ____.[1分]
I have not found my book yet; in fact, I am not sure ____ I could have done with it.[1分]
His mother bought a ____ chunk of meat.[1分]
He was interested only in the story and ____ all those passages of landscape description.[1分]
If you don't return the article to the shop within a week, you will ____ the chance of getting your money back.[1分]
The winter was close ____, she had no clothes, and now she was out of work.[1分]
Jim and Mike tried to move the large rock but they could not ____ it.[1分]
His ____ and experience make him an excellent person for this job.[1分]
In that year the ____ of infectious diseases in the United Kingdom was high.[1分]
I think I've grasped your main proposals, but would you mind ____ them once again?[1分]
Part Ⅳ Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In the passage there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash (/) in the blank.
Every year, many foreign students go to America to study English.
Some of them will participate in a homestay program and live with an American family. However, others will take a different decision. They will live with friends from their own country. I believe that if a foreign student looks at both possibilities, he will decide to live with an American family. Even though there are one or two drawbacks to the homestay way, there are far more benefits.
In making his decision about how to live in the United States, the foreign student is smart to consider one or two disadvantages to live with an American family. First of all, he must realize that he is going to feel homesick at first. Living in an American home with people of other language and culture may cause this feeling to increase. Also, the American family could become very protective of him. They may ask him where he is going, when he leaves home and when he will return. Despite of these two disadvantages, there is a stronger argument in favor of living with Americans.
By living in an American home, the student has an opportunity to become familiar with American customs and culture. For instance, he will learn the importance of family closeness. He can see how the children communicate with their parents and how the parents educate their children. He will not feel like a stranger because the American family will help him adjusting to a new life. In an American home, he can learn English fast. Family members can help him with his homeworks.
When he speaks English, they can point out his errors. In this way, he can learn English naturally.
Although there are some disadvantage to live with an American family, there are heavier benefits. If the foreign student at first realizes the value of learning about a new culture and improving his English at the same time, he will find
studying there a very big experience.
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic “The 1998 Summer Flood”. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
The 1998 Summer Flood
The calamitous floods this year claimed the lives of more than three thousand
people, 1,320 being killed along the Yangtse River. The deluge in the summer flooded 21 million hectares of land in 29 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. Direct economic losses caused by the floods have hit 166.6 billion yuan (U.S.$20 billion). Jianxi, Hunan, Hubei, Heilongjang and Jilin provinces and the Inner Mogolian Autonomous Region have suffered the most serious damages.
President Jiang Zemin and the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCCP) were greatly concerned about the floods. President Jiang and other top
leaders went personally to the antiflood front and directed troops and civilians to fight against the floods. Jiang ordered the troops to give their all to safeguard the dykes. The battle against the summer flood involved 8 million people and 274,000 soldiers and armed police. Soldiers and local residents battled courageously and worked tenaciously to hold back raging flood waters and achieved an ultimate victory. They protected the safety of levees, major cities along the rivers and main railway lines and saved untold lives. As President Jiang said, “We have successfully waged a ‘People's War' in advance of the new century.”
The monumental success will have farreaching significance in terms of helping to maintain the social stability required by reform, opening up and modernization construction. The victory has once again clearly revealed the cohesiveness and tenacity of the forces of the Communist Party of China and its leaders, the superiority of socialism and the reliability of our army. The victory over the 1998 summer flood also shows that the Chinese people and army, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, is invincible. They can overcome any difficulties and hardships to win successes in advance of the new century.