Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失，题干不全，答案请选A)
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
There are two methods of fighting, the one by law, the other by force; the first
method is that of men, the second of beasts; but as the first method is often
insufficient, one must have recourse to the second. It is, therefore, necessary
for a prince to know well how to use both the beast and the man. This was covertly taught to rulers by ancient writers, who related how Achilles and many others
of those ancient princes were given to Chiron the centaur to be brought up and educated under his discipline. The parable of this semianimal, semihuman teacher is meant to indicate that a prince must know how to use both natures, and that the one without the other is not durable.
A prince, being thus obliged to know well how to act as a beast, must imitate the fox, and the lion, for the lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox
cannot defend himself from wolves. Those that wish to be only lions do not understand this. Therefore, a prudent ruler ought not to keep faith when by doing so
it would be against his interest, and when the reasons which made him bind himself no longer exist. If men were all good, this precept would not be good ; but
as they are bad, and would not observe their faith with you, so you are not bound to keep faith with them. Nor have legitimate grounds ever failed a prince who
wished to show colorable excuse for the nonfulfilment of his promise. Of this one could furnish an infinite number of examples, and show how many times peace has been broken, and how many promises rendered worthless, by the faithlessness of princes, and those that have best been able to imitate the fox have succeeded best. But it is necessary to be able to disguise this character well, and to be a great feigner and dissembler, and men are so simple and so ready to obey present necessities, that the one who deceives will always find those who allow themselves to be deceived.
The author of the passage does not believe that ____.[1分]
people can protect themselves
the truth makes men free
leaders have to be consistent
The lion represents those who are ____.[1分]
The fox, in this passage, is ____.[1分]
The writer suggests that a successful leader must ____.[1分]
have principle to guide his actions
tell the people the truth about his opponent
The writer would approve an unsuccessful political candidate ____.[1分]
gave up all his opportunities
promised to try again next time
overthrew the government by force
told the people the truth about his opponent
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
The forest from which Man takes his timber is the tallest and most impressive plant community on Earth. In terms of Man's brief life it appears permanent and unchanging, save for the seasonal growth and fall of the leaves, but to forester it represents the climax of a long succession of events.No wooded landscape we see today has been forest for all time. Plants have minimum requirements of temperature and moisture and, in ages past, virtually every part of Earth's surface has at some time been either too dry or too cold for plants to survive. However, as soon as climatic conditions change in favour of plant life, a fascinating sequence of changes occurs, called a primary succession.
First to colonize the barren land are the lowly lichens, surviving on bare rock.
Slowly, the acids produced by these organisms crack the rock surface, plant debris accumulates, and mosses establish a shallow roothold. Ferns may follow and, with short grasses and shrubs, gradually form a covering of plant life. Roots probe even deeper into the developing soil and eventually large shrubs give way to the first trees. These grow rapidly, cutting off sunlight from the smaller plants, and soon establish complete domination—closing their ranks and forming a climax community which may endure for thousands of years.
Yet even this community is not everlasting. Fire may destroy it outright and settlers may cut it down to gain land for pasture or cultivation. If the land is then abandoned, a secondary succession will take over, developing much faster on the more hospitable soil. Shrubs and trees are among the early invaders, their seeds carried by the wind, by birds and lodged in the coats of mammals.For as long as it stands and thrives, the forest is a vast machine, storing energy and many elements essential for life.
What does the forest strike mankind as permanent?[1分]
The trees are in community.
The forest is renewed each season.
Man's life is short in comparison.
It is an essential part our lives.
What has sometimes caused plants to die out of the past?[1分]
Interference from foresters.
The absence of wooded land.
The introduction of new type of plants.
In a “primary succession', what makes it possible for mosses to take root?[1分]
What conditions are needed for shrubs to become established?[1分]
The ground must be covered with grass.
More soil must accumulate.
Smaller plants must die out.
Why is a “secondary succession” quicker?[1分]
The ground is more suitable.
There is more space for new plants.
Birds and animals bring new seeds.
It is supported by the forest.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Grandma Moses is among the most celebrated twentiethcentury painters of the United States, yet she had barely started painting before she was in her late seventies. As she once said of herself: “I would never sit back in a rocking chair, waiting for someone to help me.” No one could have had a more productive age.
She was born Anna Mary Robertson on a farm in New York State, one of five boys and five girls.(“We came in bunches, like radishes.”) At twelve she left home and was in domestic service until, at twentyseven, she married Thomas Moses, the hired hand of one of her employers. They farmed most of their lives, first in Virginia and then in New York State, at Eagle Bridge. She had ten children, of whom five survived; her husband died in 1927.Grandma Moses painted a little as a child and made embroidery pictures as a hobby, but only switched to oils in old age because her hands had become too stiff to sew and she wanted to keep busy and pass the time. Her pictures were first sold at the local drugstore and at a fair, and were soon spotted by a dealer who bought everything she painted. Three of the pictures were exhibited in the Museum of Modern Art, and in 1940 she had her first exhibition in New York. Between the1930's and her death she produced some 2,000 pictures: detailed and lively portrayals of the rural life she had known for so long, with a marvelous sense of color and form. “I think really hard till I think of something really pretty, and then I paint it.” she said.
Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?[1分]
Grandma Moses: A Biographical Sketch
The Children of Grandma Moses
Grandma Moses: Her Best Exhibition
Grandma Moses and Other Older Artists
According to the passage, Grandma Moses began to paint because she wanted to ____. [1分]
gain an international reputation
From Grandma Moses' description of herself in the first paragraph, it can be inferred that she was ____.[1分]
Grandma Moses spent most of her life ____.[1分]
In line 14, the word “spotted” could best be replaced by ____.[1分]
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The producers of instant coffee found their product strongly resisted in the market places despite their manifest (明显的) advantages. Furthermore, the advertising expenditure for instant coffee was far greater than that for regular coffee.
Efforts were made to find the cause of the consumers' seemingly unreasonable resistance to the product. The reason given by most people was dislike for the taste. The producers suspected that there might be deeper reasons, however. This was confirmed by one of motivation research's classic studies, one often cited in the trade. Mason Haire, of the University of California, constructed two shopping lists that were identical except for one item. There were six items common to both lists: hamburger, carrots(胡萝卜), baking powder, bread, canned peaches and potatoes, with the brands or amounts specified. The seventh item, in the fifth place on both lists, read “11b. Maxwell House coffee” on one list and “Nescafe instant coffee” on the other. One list was given to each person in a group of fifty women, and the other list to those in another group of the same size. The women were asked to study their lists and then to describe, as far as they could, the kind of woman (“personality and character”) who would draw up that shopping list. Nearly half of those who had received the list including instant coffee described a housewife who was lazy and a poor planner. On the other hand, only one woman in the other group described the housewife, who had included regular coffee on her list, as lazy; only six of that group suggested that she was a poor planner. Eight women felt that the instantcoffee user was probably not a good wife! No one in the other group drew such a conclusion about the housewife who intended to buy regular coffee.
The fact that producers found resistance to their product despite the fact that they spent more advertising money on instant than regular coffee shows that ____.[1分]
advertising does not assure favorable sales result
companies spent more money on advertising than they should
people pay little attention to advertising
the more one advertises the better the sales picture
In this instance, the purpose of motivation research was to discover ____.[1分]
why instant coffee did not taste good
why regular coffee was successful
the real reason why people would not buy instant coffee
This investigation indicated that ____.[1分]
50 percent of housewives are lazy
housewives who use instant coffee are lazy
many women believe that wives who use instant coffee are lazy
wives who use regular coffee are good planners
On the results of this test, the producers probably revised their advertising to show a ____.[1分]
lazy housewife using regular coffee
hardworking housewife using instant coffee
lazy housewife using instant coffee
man obviously enjoying the taste of instant coffee
Implied but not stated:____.[1分]
Despite its advantages, most people disliked instant coffee because of its taste.
The advertising expenditure for instant coffee was greater than that for regular coffee.
Very often we do not know the real reasons for doing things.
Taste is the principal factor in determining what we buy.
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B）,C）and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
After leaving school, Nigel decided to ____ in the army.[1分]
Even at that early stage the school felt that she ____ a good chance of passing her exams.[1分]
Although the coach had not thought her a good tennis player at first, she ____ to be a champion.[1分]
If she hadn't ____ on the last question, her score on the test would have been perfect.[1分]
The ____ of new scientific discoveries to industrial production methods usually makes jobs easier to do.[1分]
The government ____ the people to be economical of oil consumption.[1分]
It's possible to ____ from all the information given to us and to make various decisions.[1分]
She gets along very well with everyone; so she is the most ____ member of our family.[1分]
Immigrants, fleeing from political and religious persecution, came from nonindustrialized ____ industrialized countries.[1分]
Mary is by no means learned; nor is she good at any practical trade. The
only ____ she possesses is her beauty.[1分]
He received a ____ from the university in order to continue his research.[1分]
Several of the offshore islands are ____ now that we have a motorboat.[1分]
The World Health Organization fights against ____ diseases all over the world.[1分]
Of course, for years they ____ moving to the country, getting away from the stress of city life, but nothing ever came out of that talk.[1分]
The Indians see little ____ for success and become frustrated, because they usually go to inferior school and often cannot adjust to life in the city.[1分]
Millions have been made by states, organizations, corporations and individuals ____ gambling activities, and new millionaires are constantly created.[1分]
Mother hasn't ____ you for quite some time. She is beginning to think you must be ill.[1分]
The three climbers can employ a guide to ____ them on their way up the mountain.[1分]
It was a horrible ride through pouring rain,____ he had a puncture and for the last hour had to push the bicycle.[1分]
Being without funds, Owen ____ some means of obtaining financial help.[1分]
The British ____ with the French in building a plane that neither could afford by itself.[1分]
The thief ____ to shot her if she screamed.[1分]
Sorry, no, I wasn't talking to you. I ____ just ____.[1分]
Only thoroughly unpleasant people leave the ____ of their picnics to spoil the appearance of the countryside.[1分]
The headlights of the approaching car were so ____ that the cyclist had to stop riding.[1分]
Whenever anything ____ happens, crowd of people is certain to gather.[1分]
One of the attractive features of the course was the way the practical work had been ____ with the theoretical aspects of the subject.[1分]
He was usually very kind so that his sudden ____ greatly surprised us.[1分]
One reason why science is so respected these days is that the image of the scientist is of one who collects data in a(n) ____ search for truth.[1分]
They are ____ in work, well aware a careless mistake will cost the company millions of pounds.[1分]
Part Ⅳ Short Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words ( not exceeding 10words ).
Students who score high in achievement needs tend to make higher grades in college than those who score low. When degree aptitude for college work, as indicated by College Entrance Examination Board Tests, is held constant, engineering students who score high in achievement needs tend to make higher grades in college than the aptitude test scores would indicate.
We can define this need as the habitual desire to do useful work well. It is a salient influence characteristic of those who need little supervision. Their desire for accomplishment is a stronger motivation than any stimulation the supervisor can provide. Individuals who function in terms of this drive do not “bluff” in regard to a job that they fail to do well.
Some employees have a strong drive for success in their work; others are satisfied when they make a living. Those who want to feel that they are successful have high aspiration for themselves. Thoughts concerning the achievement drive are often prominent in the evaluations made by the typical employment interviewer who interviews college seniors for executive training. He wants to find out whether the senior has a strong drive to get ahead or merely to hold a job. Research indicates that some who do get ahead have an even stronger drive to avoid failure.
Questions: (答题尽量简短，超过10个词要扣分。每条横线限写一个英语单词，标点符号不占空格。 )
What is the main subject of this passage?[2分]
individual motivation for work
How can individuals obtain high achievement scores?[2分]
by working well alone
According to the passage, individuals with a strong drive to succeed will____.[2分]
accept responsibilities for themselves or be responsible for themselves
What quality do employment interviewers look for in college seniors for executive training?[2分]
high achievement needs
What motivates some seniors to succeed?[2分]
they are afraid of failing
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic “The First Impression of My Roommate”. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline
( given in Chinese) below:
The First Impression of My Roommate
It was my first day at the institute. I got into the building where I was goi
ng to live, and looked door after door for my name. At last I found it. In the room, there was already a student making his bed.
After we said “how do you do?” to each other, he continued his work, paying no more attention to me. I looked around the room and found that it had been thoroughly cleaned. No doubt it was he who had done it.
I looked at him. He was thin, short and dark. His hair was like a bundle of straw. His dirty clothes and tired look told me that he had had a long journey. His clothes were made of cheap cloth, and he wore a pair of rubber shoes, which were very unfashionable. He was not a very smart freshmen at all.
The second time he spoke, his accent told me that he was from the south. “Shall I help you to get your luggage from the office?”
I did not refuse since I really needed help. He was quick in movement. He walked out of the room and was soon far ahead of me to the office.
“ A good guy, ” I said to myself. “ I will make friends with him ” , and I hurried and caught up with him.