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大学英语六级模拟题11
试卷编号:144243
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
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Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) 

Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

There are two methods of fighting, the one by law, the other by force; the first
method is that of men, the second of beasts; but as the first method is often
insufficient, one must have recourse to the second. It is, therefore, necessary
for a prince to know well how to use both the beast and the man. This was covertly taught to rulers by ancient writers, who related how Achilles and many others
of those ancient princes were given to Chiron the centaur to be brought up and educated under his discipline. The parable of this semianimal, semihuman teacher is meant to indicate that a prince must know how to use both natures, and that the one without the other is not durable.

A prince, being thus obliged to know well how to act as a beast, must imitate the fox, and the lion, for the lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox
cannot defend himself from wolves. Those that wish to be only lions do not understand this. Therefore, a prudent ruler ought not to keep faith when by doing so
it would be against his interest, and when the reasons which made him bind himself no longer exist. If men were all good, this precept would not be good ; but
as they are bad, and would not observe their faith with you, so you are not bound to keep faith with them. Nor have legitimate grounds ever failed a prince who
wished to show colorable excuse for the nonfulfilment of his promise. Of this one could furnish an infinite number of examples, and show how many times peace has been broken, and how many promises rendered worthless, by the faithlessness of princes, and those that have best been able to imitate the fox have succeeded best. But it is necessary to be able to disguise this character well, and to be a great feigner and dissembler, and men are so simple and so ready to obey present necessities, that the one who deceives will always find those who allow themselves to be deceived.
21.
The author of the passage does not believe that ____.[1分]
people can protect themselves
the truth makes men free
leaders have to be consistent
princes are human
22.
The lion represents those who are ____.[1分]
too trusting
strong and careful
reliant on force
lacking in intelligence
23.
The fox, in this passage, is ____.[1分]
admired for his trickery
no match for the lion
pitied for his trick
considered worthless
24.
The writer suggests that a successful leader must ____.[1分]
be prudent and faithful
cheat and lie
have principle to guide his actions
tell the people the truth about his opponent
25.
The writer would approve an unsuccessful political candidate ____.[1分]
gave up all his opportunities
promised to try again next time
overthrew the government by force
told the people the truth about his opponent
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

The forest from which Man takes his timber is the tallest and most impressive plant community on Earth. In terms of Man's brief life it appears permanent and unchanging, save for the seasonal growth and fall of the leaves, but to forester it represents the climax of a long succession of events.No wooded landscape we see today has been forest for all time. Plants have minimum requirements of temperature and moisture and, in ages past, virtually every part of Earth's surface has at some time been either too dry or too cold for plants to survive. However, as soon as climatic conditions change in favour of plant life, a fascinating sequence of changes occurs, called a primary succession.

First to colonize the barren land are the lowly lichens, surviving on bare rock.
Slowly, the acids produced by these organisms crack the rock surface, plant debris accumulates, and mosses establish a shallow roothold. Ferns may follow and, with short grasses and shrubs, gradually form a covering of plant life. Roots probe even deeper into the developing soil and eventually large shrubs give way to the first trees. These grow rapidly, cutting off sunlight from the smaller plants, and soon establish complete domination—closing their ranks and forming a climax community which may endure for thousands of years.

Yet even this community is not everlasting. Fire may destroy it outright and settlers may cut it down to gain land for pasture or cultivation. If the land is then abandoned, a secondary succession will take over, developing much faster on the more hospitable soil. Shrubs and trees are among the early invaders, their seeds carried by the wind, by birds and lodged in the coats of mammals.For as long as it stands and thrives, the forest is a vast machine, storing energy and many elements essential for life.
26.
What does the forest strike mankind as permanent?[1分]
The trees are in community.
The forest is renewed each season.
Man's life is short in comparison.
It is an essential part our lives.
27.
What has sometimes caused plants to die out of the past?[1分]
Interference from foresters.
Variations in climate.
The absence of wooded land.
The introduction of new type of plants.
28.
In a “primary succession', what makes it possible for mosses to take root?[1分]
The type of rock.
The amount of sunlight.
The amount of moisture.
The effect of lichens.
29.
What conditions are needed for shrubs to become established?[1分]
Ferns must take root.
The ground must be covered with grass.
More soil must accumulate.
Smaller plants must die out.
30.
Why is a “secondary succession” quicker?[1分]
The ground is more suitable.
There is more space for new plants.
Birds and animals bring new seeds.
It is supported by the forest.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Grandma Moses is among the most celebrated twentiethcentury painters of the United States, yet she had barely started painting before she was in her late seventies. As she once said of herself: “I would never sit back in a rocking chair, waiting for someone to help me.” No one could have had a more productive age.
 She was born Anna Mary Robertson on a farm in New York State, one of five boys and five girls.(“We came in bunches, like radishes.”) At twelve she left home and was in domestic service until, at twentyseven, she married Thomas Moses, the hired hand of one of her employers. They farmed most of their lives, first in Virginia and then in New York State, at Eagle Bridge. She had ten children, of whom five survived; her husband died in 1927.Grandma Moses painted a little as a child and made embroidery pictures as a hobby, but only switched to oils in old age because her hands had become too stiff to sew and she wanted to keep busy and pass the time. Her pictures were first sold at the local drugstore and at a fair, and were soon spotted by a dealer who bought everything she painted. Three of the pictures were exhibited in the Museum of Modern Art, and in 1940 she had her first exhibition in New York. Between the1930's and her death she produced some 2,000 pictures: detailed and lively portrayals of the rural life she had known for so long, with a marvelous sense of color and form. “I think really hard till I think of something really pretty, and then I paint it.” she said.
31.
Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?[1分]
Grandma Moses: A Biographical Sketch
The Children of Grandma Moses
Grandma Moses: Her Best Exhibition
Grandma Moses and Other Older Artists
32.
According to the passage, Grandma Moses began to paint because she wanted to ____. [1分]
decorate her home
keep active
improve her salary 
gain an international reputation
33.
From Grandma Moses' description of herself in the first paragraph, it can be inferred that she was ____.[1分]
independent
pretty
wealthy
timid
34.
Grandma Moses spent most of her life ____.[1分]
nursing
painting
embroidering
farming
35.
In line 14, the word “spotted” could best be replaced by ____.[1分]
speckled
featured
noticed
damaged
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

The producers of instant coffee found their product strongly resisted in the market places despite their manifest (明显的) advantages. Furthermore, the advertising expenditure for instant coffee was far greater than that for regular coffee.

Efforts were made to find the cause of the consumers' seemingly unreasonable resistance to the product. The reason given by most people was dislike for the taste. The producers suspected that there might be deeper reasons, however. This was confirmed by one of motivation research's classic studies, one often cited in the trade. Mason Haire, of the University of California, constructed two shopping lists that were identical except for one item. There were six items common to both lists: hamburger, carrots(胡萝卜), baking powder, bread, canned peaches and potatoes, with the brands or amounts specified. The seventh item, in the fifth place on both lists, read “11b. Maxwell House coffee” on one list and “Nescafe instant coffee” on the other. One list was given to each person in a group of fifty women, and the other list to those in another group of the same size. The women were asked to study their lists and then to describe, as far as they could, the kind of woman (“personality and character”) who would draw up that shopping list. Nearly half of those who had received the list including instant coffee described a housewife who was lazy and a poor planner. On the other hand, only one woman in the other group described the housewife, who had included regular coffee on her list, as lazy; only six of that group suggested that she was a poor planner. Eight women felt that the instantcoffee user was probably not a good wife! No one in the other group drew such a conclusion about the housewife who intended to buy regular coffee.
36.
The fact that producers found resistance to their product despite the fact that they spent more advertising money on instant than regular coffee shows that ____.[1分]
advertising does not assure favorable sales result
companies spent more money on advertising than they should
people pay little attention to advertising
the more one advertises the better the sales picture
37.
In this instance, the purpose of motivation research was to discover ____.[1分]
why people drink coffee
why instant coffee did not taste good
why regular coffee was successful
the real reason why people would not buy instant coffee
38.
This investigation indicated that ____.[1分]
50 percent of housewives are lazy
housewives who use instant coffee are lazy
many women believe that wives who use instant coffee are lazy
wives who use regular coffee are good planners
39.
On the results of this test, the producers probably revised their advertising to show a ____.[1分]
lazy housewife using regular coffee
hardworking housewife using instant coffee
lazy housewife using instant coffee
man obviously enjoying the taste of instant coffee
40.
Implied but not stated:____.[1分]
Despite its advantages, most people disliked instant coffee because of its taste.
The advertising expenditure for instant coffee was greater than that for regular coffee.
Very often we do not know the real reasons for doing things.
Taste is the principal factor in determining what we buy.
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B),C)and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41.
After leaving school, Nigel decided to ____ in the army.[1分]
enroll
sign
register
enlist
42.
Even at that early stage the school felt that she ____ a good chance of passing her exams.[1分]
stood
achieved
possessed
took
43.
Although the coach had not thought her a good tennis player at first, she ____ to be a champion.[1分]
came round
turned out
turned up
came out
44.
If she hadn't ____ on the last question, her score on the test would have been perfect.[1分]
slipped up
slept up
spilt up
slipped on
45.
The ____ of new scientific discoveries to industrial production methods usually makes jobs easier to do.[1分]
addition
association
application
affection
46.
The government ____ the people to be economical of oil consumption.[1分]
call in
call up
call on
call off
47.
It's possible to ____ from all the information given to us and to make various decisions.[1分]
enclose
generalize
tackle
withdraw
48.
She gets along very well with everyone; so she is the most ____ member of our family.[1分]
rusty
impetuous 
compatible
imperious
49.
Immigrants, fleeing from political and religious persecution, came from nonindustrialized ____ industrialized countries.[1分]
also
and too 
as well as
and both
50.
Mary is by no means learned; nor is she good at any practical trade. The
only ____ she possesses is her beauty.[1分]
something valuable
asset
something pleasing
womanly virtue
51.
He received a ____ from the university in order to continue his research.[1分]
credit
grant
prize
reward
52.
Several of the offshore islands are ____ now that we have a motorboat.[1分]
available
accessible
convenient
achievable
53.
The World Health Organization fights against ____ diseases all over the world.[1分]
inevitable
influential 
infectious
inferior
54.
Of course, for years they ____ moving to the country, getting away from the stress of city life, but nothing ever came out of that talk.[1分]
talked to
talked of
talked over
talked round
55.
The Indians see little ____ for success and become frustrated, because they usually go to inferior school and often cannot adjust to life in the city.[1分]
priority
instinct
insurance
prospect
56.
Millions have been made by states, organizations, corporations and individuals ____ gambling activities, and new millionaires are constantly created.[1分]
sponsoring
charging
interesting
founding
57.
Mother hasn't ____ you for quite some time. She is beginning to think you must be ill.[1分]
heard out
heard of
heard about
heard from
58.
The three climbers can employ a guide to ____ them on their way up the mountain.[1分]
guide
conduct
lead
bring 
59.
It was a horrible ride through pouring rain,____ he had a puncture and for the last hour had to push the bicycle.[1分]
as a matter of fact
even so
to make matters worse
in fact
60.
Being without funds, Owen ____ some means of obtaining financial help.[1分]
cast back
cast out
cast about
cast off
61.
The British ____ with the French in building a plane that neither could afford by itself.[1分]
associated
cooperated
communicated
conflicted
62.
The thief ____ to shot her if she screamed.[1分]
banished
implied
indicated
threatened
63.
Sorry, no, I wasn't talking to you. I ____ just ____.[1分]
was…thinking aloud
was…thinking ahead
was…thinking out
was…thinking of
64.
Only thoroughly unpleasant people leave the ____ of their picnics to spoil the appearance of the countryside.[1分]
remains
remainder
rest
remnants
65.
The headlights of the approaching car were so ____ that the cyclist had to stop riding.[1分]
gleaming
dazzling
visible
light
66.
Whenever anything ____ happens, crowd of people is certain to gather.[1分]
famous
sensational
noted
emotional
67.
One of the attractive features of the course was the way the practical work had been ____ with the theoretical aspects of the subject.[1分]
embraced
adjusted
alternated
integrated
68.
He was usually very kind so that his sudden ____ greatly surprised us.[1分]
heartiness
unhappiness 
harshness
uprightness
69.
One reason why science is so respected these days is that the image of the scientist is of one who collects data in a(n) ____ search for truth.[1分]
immense
impartial
punctual
proportional
70.
They are ____ in work, well aware a careless mistake will cost the company millions of pounds.[1分]
rather casual
pretty slow 
meticulous
really considerate
Part Ⅳ Short Answer Questions (15 minutes)

Directions:In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words ( not exceeding 10words ).
Students who score high in achievement needs tend to make higher grades in college than those who score low. When degree aptitude for college work, as indicated by College Entrance Examination Board Tests, is held constant, engineering students who score high in achievement needs tend to make higher grades in college than the aptitude test scores would indicate.
We can define this need as the habitual desire to do useful work well. It is a salient influence characteristic of those who need little supervision. Their desire for accomplishment is a stronger motivation than any stimulation the supervisor can provide. Individuals who function in terms of this drive do not “bluff” in regard to a job that they fail to do well.
Some employees have a strong drive for success in their work; others are satisfied when they make a living. Those who want to feel that they are successful have high aspiration for themselves. Thoughts concerning the achievement drive are often prominent in the evaluations made by the typical employment interviewer who interviews college seniors for executive training. He wants to find out whether the senior has a strong drive to get ahead or merely to hold a job. Research indicates that some who do get ahead have an even stronger drive to avoid failure.
Questions: (答题尽量简短,超过10个词要扣分。每条横线限写一个英语单词,标点符号不占空格。 )
71.
What is the main subject of this passage?[2分]
参考答案:
individual motivation for work
72.
How can individuals obtain high achievement scores?[2分]
参考答案:
by working well alone
73.
According to the passage, individuals with a strong drive to succeed will____.[2分]
参考答案:
accept responsibilities for themselves or be responsible for themselves
74.
What quality do employment interviewers look for in college seniors for executive training?[2分]
参考答案:
high achievement needs
75.
What motivates some seniors to succeed?[2分]
参考答案:
they are afraid of failing
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
1.
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic “The First Impression of My Roommate”. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline
( given in Chinese) below:
1.这是我在大学的第一天。
2.他(她)就是我的同学。
3.我仔细打量了他(她),发现……[30分]
参考答案:
 Sample Writing
The First Impression of My Roommate
It was my first day at the institute. I got into the building where I was goi
ng to live, and looked door after door for my name. At last I found it. In the room, there was already a student making his bed.
After we said “how do you do?” to each other, he continued his work, paying no more attention to me. I looked around the room and found that it had been thoroughly cleaned. No doubt it was he who had done it.
I looked at him. He was thin, short and dark. His hair was like a bundle of straw. His dirty clothes and tired look told me that he had had a long journey. His clothes were made of cheap cloth, and he wore a pair of rubber shoes, which were very unfashionable. He was not a very smart freshmen at all.
The second time he spoke, his accent told me that he was from the south. “Shall I help you to get your luggage from the office?”
I did not refuse since I really needed help. He was quick in movement. He walked out of the room and was soon far ahead of me to the office.
“ A good guy, ” I said to myself. “ I will make friends with him ” , and I hurried and caught up with him.

≡ 本试卷共计76题,此处为结束标志。
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