Part ⅠListening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the
end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both th
e conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question th
ere will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Example:You will hear:W:I certainly hope the library will be
open this Saturday.
M:The sign says library hours! Week days 8 am. to 9 pm. On Saturdays 9 to
5, closed Sunday.
Q: When will the library be open on Saturday?
You will read:
A.8 am. to 9 am.
B.5 am. to 9 pm.
C.9 am. to 5 pm.
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about library hours. On w
eek days the library is open from 8 am. to 9 pm. On Saturdays it is open from 9
am. to 5 pm. Therefore C) “9 am. to 5 pm.” is the correct answer. You should c
hoose C) on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］ ［C］［D］
She spends hertime shopping.
She gets interested in what she is reading.
She doesn’t wake up intime.
Make a twoweek long trip.
Look for their next door neighbour’s house.
Because he wants to meet the woman’s aunt.
Because he thought he was not informed.
Because the woman does not want him to join her.
Because the woman goes to her aunt’s place too frequently.
She will borrow the books for him.
She doesn’t want to borrow the books with her card.
She wants to use Fred’s card.
He is going to be operated on at 9 o’clock.
He is under operation now.
He already had his operation.
Directions:In this section you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of
each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the question
s will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best
answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the correspond
ing letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have heard.
He wanted to be a journalist.
He liked the climate there.
He wanted to get away from the army.
He was sent there by his father.
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have heard.
She was a young girl with dark hair.
She was a well-dressed girl.
She was wearing her outdoor clothes.
A lot of letters and papers
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have heard.
Something in the Bermuda Triangle is strange.
On the location of the Bermuda Triangle.
On what people often talked about.
That ships and planes appeared again.
Along the Coast of Africa.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
One day in 1935 the management of Britian’s Southern Railway (as it was then called) announced its intention to close the branch line from Lynton to Barnstable in North Devon. The proposal was received by the local inhabitants with angry protest. For them, the tall-chimneyed locomotives and the little flower-bordered stations of Devon had become as much of an institution as the village church or tavern. Moreover, the line ran through the heart of a popular tourist district. What would the holidaymaker do without it? Closing down the railway line had been unthinkable, yet now some busybody official in remote London was threatening to
destroy it with a stroke of the pen.
Mounting local opposition resulted in a meeting at Barnstaple, where the crowed
was joined by very vocal protestors from the other end of the line at Lynton.The
meeting seemed to be going well for the railway supporters until the chairman politely inquired how many people from Lynton had traveled to Barnstaple by train. Out of the embarrassed silence that followed emerged the painful truth that, to a man, those who had come from Lynton to fight for the railway had come by highway. The fate of the Lynton and Barnstaple branch line was sealed.
This sad little story is typical of the attitude of many Englishmen toward their
railways. Dissatisfied with the age of sheet metal, plastics, and reinforced concrete in which we find ourselves, we long more and more for the substantial, self-confident, and inspired products of the Victorian era. Of that age, Britain’s railways are the most eloquent and enduring reminders.
One of the arguments against closing the railway line was that____. [1分]
fewer tourists would come into the area
people from outlying districts would be unable to attend religious services
the economy of the people would suffer greatly
it would be difficult to get from Lynton to Barnstaple
Who objected to the closing of the railway branch line?[1分]
Workers of the Southern Railway.
People of both Barnstaple and Lynton.
The management of the Southern Railway.
What is the author’s reaction to the people who called the town meeting?[1分]
He is amused by their political efforts.
He is sympathetic to their cause.
He is encouraged by their success.
He is critical of their attitudes.
The author seems to think that railways are reminders of the____.[1分]
personal concern and solid beauty of a past age
ugliness and oppression that modern society has overcome
benefits that the machine age has brought to man
growing dislike in England of the Victorian age
The passage suggests that the Southern Railway of Britain is now .[1分]
controlled by the local people
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Federal Reserve System, central banking system of the United States, popularly called the Fed. A central bank serves as the banker to both the banking community and the government; it also issues the national currency, conducts monetary policy, and plays a major role in supervision and regulation of banks and bank holding companies. In the U.S. these functions are the responsibilities of keyofficials of the Federal Reserve System: the Board of Governors, located in Washington, D.C., and the top officers of the 12 district Federal Reserve banks, lo
cated throughout the nation. The Fed’s actions, described below, generally have a significant effect on the U.S. interest rates and, subsequently, on stock, bond, and other financial markets.
The Federal Reserve’s basic powers are concentrated in the Board of Governors, which is paramount in all policy issues concerning bank regulation and supervision and in most aspects of monetary control. The board enunciates the Fed’s policies on both monetary and banking matters. Because the board is not an operating agency, most of the day-to-day implementation of policies decisions is left to the district Federal Reserve banks, stock in which is owned by the commercial banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Ownership in this inst
ance, however, does not imply control; the Board of Governors and the heads of
the Reserve banks orient their policies to the public interest rather than to the benefit of the private banking system.
The U.S. banking system’s regulatory apparatus is complex; the authority of the Federal Reserve is shared in some instances for example, in mergers or the examination of banks with other federal agencies such as the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Cooperation (FDIC). In the criticalarea of regulating the nation’s money supply in accordance with national economic goals, however, the Federal Reserve is independent within the government. Income and expenditures of the Federal Reserve banks and of the Board of Governorsare not subject to the congressional appropriation process; the Federal Reserve
is subject to the congressional appropriation process; the Federal Reserve is self-financing. Its income($20.2 billion in 1992) comes mainly from Reserve bank holdings of income-earning securities, primarily those of the U.S. government. Outlays ($1.5 billion in 1992) are mostly for operational expenses in providing services to the government and for expenditures connected with regulation and monetary policy. In 1992 the Federal Reserve returned $16.8 billion in earnings to the U.S. Treasury.
The Fed of the United States____.[1分]
functions as China Bank
is the counterpart of People’s Bank of China
is subject to the banking community and government
has 13 top officers who can influence the American financial market
The fact that stock in the Fed belongs to commercial banks____.[1分]
doesn’t mean the latter is in control
means the latter is in control
means the latter is subjected to the Reserve banks
means the Reserve banks orient the latter’s policies
Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?[1分]
The Fed is a very big, complex and significant system which comprises many local banks.
All the commercial banks are not the components of Federal Reserve System.
Board of Governors is the supreme policy-makers of Federal Reserve System.
District Reserve banks rather than Board of Governors perform the daytoday policies.
The authority of the Federal Reserve____.[1分]
has to be shared with other establishmentsis
is exclusive at other times
isn’t limited by comptroller of the Currency and FDIC
is limited by Board of Governors
Income of the Board of Governors____.[1分]
is borrowed from the U.S. Treasury
is used by the government to make various policies
comes from the U.S. Treasury
is not granted by the government
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
The year 1400 opened with more peacefulness than usual in England. Only a few months before Richard Ⅱ weak, wicked, and treacherous had been deposed, and HenryIV declared king in his stead. But it was only a seeming peacefulness, lasting for but a little while; for though King Henry proved himself a just and a merciful man,as justice and mercy went with the men of iron of those days——and though he did not care to shed blood needlessly, there were many noble families who had been benefited by King Richard during his reign, and who had lost somewhat o
f their power and prestige from the coming in of the new king.
Among these were a number of great lords who had been degraded from their former titles and estates, from which degradation King Richard had lifted them. They planned to fall upon King Henry and his followers and to massacre them during a great tournament which was being held at Oxford. And they might have succeeded had not one of their own members betrayed them.
But Henry did not appear at the lists; whereupon, knowing that he had been lodging at Widnsor with only a few attendants, the conspirators marched there against him. In the meantime, the king had been warned of the plot, so that instead of finding him in the royal castle, they discovered through their scouts that he had hurried to London, and that he was marching against them at the head of a considerable army. So nothing was left but flight. One and another, they were all caught and some killed. Those few who found friends faithful and bold enough to afford them shelter dragged those friends down in their own ruin.
What does the author seem to think of King Henry ?[1分]
He was the best king England had ever had.
He was a better ruler than King Richard.
He was unfair and cowardly.
He was just as evil as King Richard.
How did King Henry find out about the plot ?[1分]
His scouts discovered it.
He saw the conspirators coming.
One of the conspirators told him.
He found a copy of the conspirators’ plan.
Why did the nobles wish to kill King Henry?[1分]
Henry had taken away power given to them by King Richard.
Henry was weak, treacherous, and wicked.
Henry had needlessly killed members of their families.
Henry had killed King Richard.
It can be inferred that Richard II’s reign was____.[1分]
The main purpose of the passage is to____.[1分]
prove that Richard II was a bad king
explain the customs of fifteenth-century England
describe some typical English kings
discuss the conspiracy against Henry IV
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
“I have considered the structure of all volant animals, and find the folding continuity of the bat’s wings most easily accommodated to the human form. Upon this model I shall begin my task tomorrow, and in a year expect to tower into the air beyond the malice or pursuit of man. But I will work only on this condition,that the art shall not be divulged, and that you shall not require me to make wings for any but ourselves.”
“Why,” said Rasselas.“should you envy others so great an advantage? All skillought to be exerted for universal good; every man has owed much to others, and ought to repay the kindness that he has received.” “If men were all virtuous,” returned the artist.“I should with great alacrity teach them all to fly. But, what would be the security of the good, if the bad could at pleasure invade them from the sky? Against an army sailing through the clouds neither wall, nor mountains, nor seas, could afford any security. A flight of northern savages might
hover in the wind, and light at once with irresistible violence upon the capital of a fruitful region that was rolling under them. Even this valley, the retreat of princes, the abode of happiness, might be violated by the sudden descent of some of the naked nations that swarm on the coast of the southern sea.”
The point of view of Rasselas is one that encourages____.[1分]
The person to whom Rasselas is speaking is____.[1分]
The attitude of the person giving his point of view is one of____.[1分]
In this selection, the author is employing the literary device of___.[1分]
Worldwide peace, according to the passage, could come about by____ .[1分]
eliminating evil tendencies
establishing firm controls
Part ⅢVocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B）,C）and D).Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the AnswerSheet with a single line through the centre.
You can’t be____careful in making the decision as it was such acritical case.[1分]
I don’t know if the story is true, but I’ll try to____it.[1分]
She always____ the smell of fresh bread with her grandmother, who loved baking.[1分]
We can’t understand Uncle Geodge, for he always____ whatever he says.[1分]
John is so ____that nobody else gets a chance to say anything.[1分]
The officer inspected our passports and travel papers and____us because our vacation certificates were missing.[1分]
Allen placed too much____on sports and not enough on his studies.[1分]
He____spends his holidays in the mountains though occasionally he goes to the seaside instead.[1分]
Every society has its own peculiar customs and____of acting.[1分]
When Robert discovered that the company was engaged in dishonest business, he immediately____ all connections with it.[1分]
He is ordered to____the flag in the morning.[1分]
Library patrons can either hunt through the card files or go to the librarian if they have____ related to book listings.[1分]
He failed to carry out some of the provisions of the contract, and now he has to____ the consequences.[1分]
My student found the book____it provided them with an abundance of information on the subject.[1分]
The Olympic Games was being televised____from Los Angeles.[1分]
The pilot must have been completely ____to fly in this weather.[1分]
The sky looks lighter. I think the weather is____.[1分]
If she hadn’t____on the last question, her score on the test would
have been perfect.[1分]
It’s possible to____from all the information given to us and to make various decisions.[1分]
Mary is by no means learned; nor is she good at any practical trade.
The only____ she possesses is her beauty.[1分]
Millions have been made by states, organizations, corporations and in
dividuals____ gambling activities, and new millionaires are constantly created.[1分]
The climber was____from the top of the cliff on a rope held by his friends.[1分]
Do you have a____of ownership for this car?[1分]
When the pipe broke, the water____out violently.[1分]
The____between them has been made.[1分]
The police don’t know who____for the accident.[1分]
She worships the sun and____ she always spends her holidays in Greece.[1分]
You must remember not to____from the point when you write an essay.[1分]
I am sure her decision will be fair and just, for she has had a reputation for being____.[1分]
I know what he is____. Just wait and see if he’ll ask youfor a loan.[1分]
Part ⅣShort Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).
Tides are created mainly by the pull of the moon on the earth. The moon’s pull causes water in the oceans to be a little deeper at a point closest to the moon and also at a point farthest from the moon, on the opposite side of the earth. These two tidal “waves” follow the apparent movement of the moon around the earth and strike nearly every coast line at intervals of about twelve hours and twenty-five minutes. After reaching a high point, the water level goes down gradually for a little more than six hours and then begins to rise toward a new high point. Hence, most coast lines have two tides a day, and the tides occur fifty minutes later each day. Differences in the coast line and in channels in the ocean b
ottom may change the times that the tidal wave reaches different points along the same coast line. The difference in water level between high and low tide varies from day to day according to the relative positions of the sun and the moon because the sun also exerts a pull on the earth, although it is only about half as strong as the pull of the moon. When the sun and the moon are pulling along the same line, the tides rise higher, and when they pull at right angles to one another, the tide is lower. The formation of the coast line and variations in the weather are additional factors which can affect the height of tides. Some sections of the coast are shaped in such a way as to cause much higher tides than are experienced in other areas. A strong wind blowing toward the shore may also causetides to be higher.
The time that high tide occurs at a particular place is affected by all of the position of the moon, channels in the sea bottom variations in the coast line EXCEPT ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______.[3分]
the direction of the wind
What is the accurate statement about the pull of the sun on the earth?______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______.[3分]
It is about half the pull of the moon/about half the pull of the moon
If one high tide occurs at 1:00 am, the next high tide at the same point will occur at about______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______.[3分]
1:25 p.m.the same day
The height of the tide is affected by the position of the sun, the direction of the wind, variations in the coast line EXCEPT______ ______ ____________ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______.[3分]
channels in the ocean bottom
If the pull of the sun equaled the pull of the moon tides would ______
______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______.[3分]
be lighter than they are now
Part ⅤWriting (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic “Water”. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
No one doubts the importance of water. Human beings live on water, animals live on water, plants live on water and all living things live on water. In short, nowater, no life. You can’t imagine what would happen if there were no waterin the world!
China is one of the countries in the world who is badly short of water. Its water problem has become more acute in recent years with the increase of water consumption and pollution. In big cities, the water problem has become even worse. Asindustry has developed, large quantities of water have been or are being consumed or polluted. With the growth of population, more and more water is needed. The most serious problem China is facing is water pollution. It has spread to rivers, lakes, and even the seas or oceans. When dry weather comes, the water problem will go from bad to worse.
In order to survive, man has to be wise enough to treasure water and try to prevent it from being polluted. Man should also know that all resources in the worldare limited, including water. Man should reasonably explore water and make gooduse of it. Otherwise man will be punished by nature. To treasure water is to treasure life. To protect our environment is to protect ourselves.