Part ⅠListening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the
end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the
conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question the
re will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Example:You will hear:W: I certainly hope the library wi
ll be open this Saturday.
M:The sign says library hours! Week days 8 am. to 9 pm. On Saturdays 9 t
o 5, closed Sunday.
Q: When will the library be open on Saturday?
You will read:
A.8 am. to 9 am.
B.5 am. to 9 pm.
C.9 am. to 5 pm.
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about library hours. On w
eek days the library is open from 8 am. to 9 pm. On Saturdays it is open from 9 a
m. to 5 pm. Therefore C) “9 am. to 5 pm.” is the correct answer. You should cho
ose C) on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］ ［C］［D］
Both of them enjoyed it.
Neither of them liked it.
He liked it but his wife didn’t.
He wife liked it but he didn’t.
Mary wouldn’t call the woman again.
Mary would call next time she came to town.
That she hoped to come for dinner next time she came to town.
Paul’s failing his science course.
Paul’s problem in the course of science.
Paul’s special help in school science.
He is a professional musician.
On the other side of town.
The library closes at 10.
The library closes at 11.
It ran into another car.
It left the road and stopped in a field.
SECTION B Compound Dictation
Directions:In this section you will hear a passage three times. During the First reading you should listen carefully for a general idea of the whole passage. Then listen to the passage again. When the first part of the passage is being read, you should fill in the missing word during the pause at each blank . After listening to the second part of the passage you are required to write downthe main points according to what you have just heard. Finally, when the passageis read the third time you can check what you have written.
Electronic mail systems are either computerized or noncomputerized . Important among the computerized systems are the(11)____ones organized into(12)____of various sizes. Most noncomputerized electronic mail system such as(13)____units of various kinds are simple, turnkey systems that require little effort to(14)____. Though often of value in (15)____applications, these systems have only interim(间歇) worth in office automation unless they can be electronically integrated.
Communication in an EMS is either synchronous or nonsynchronous.People involved in synchronous communication must(16)____, such as (17)____.A nonsynchronous system(18)____at different times.
Electronic systems output soft copy or hard copy. Soft copy(19)____,but many applications will(20)____.
Cbe available at the same absolute time
Cduring a telephone call
C frees its users from this time constraint; sender and reduction (s ) may be involved
Cis preferred for its ease of manipulation and reduction in paper handling
Ccontinue to require hard copy for some time to come
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
It happened in the late fall of 1939 when, after a Nazi submarine had penetrated
the British sea defense around the Firth of Forth and damaged a British cruiser, Reston and a colleague contrived to get the news past British censorship. They
cabled a series of seemingly harmless sentences to The Time’s editors in New York, having first sent a message instructing the editors to regard only the last
word of each sentence. Thus they were able to convey enough words to spell out the story. The fact that the news or the submarine attack was printed In New York
before it had appeared in the British press sparked a big controversy that led to an investigation by Scotland Yard and British Military Intelligence. But it took the investigators eight weeks to decipher. The Times’s reporters’ code, an embarrassingly slow bit of detective work, and when it was finally solved the incident had died and little was done about it. The Time’s editors in New York, though they had given the story very prominent play, later expressed dismay that the reporters had risked so much for so little; and the incident left Reston deeply distressed. It was so out of character for him to have become involved in sucha thing. The tactics were questionable and, though the United States was not yet in the war, Britain was already established as America’s close ally and breaking British censorship seemed both an irresponsible and unpatriotic thing to do.
The episode recounted in the passage took place____.[1分]
just prior to the outbreak of the Second World War
before Britain entered the Second World War
before the United States entered the Second World War
While the United States was in the Second World War
The plan for evading British censorship of the submarine story was thought up by____.[1分]
The Times’s editors and one reporter
The Times’s editors and two reporters
It was clear that British censorship rules had been broken because the story was____.[1分]
first published in New York
published nowhere but in The Times
uncomplimentary to the British
much fuller in its Times version than elsewhere
According to the author, the British did little about the story’s publication mainly because____.[1分]
everyone responsible had apologized for what had happened
it took the authorities too long to figure out how the censors had been outwitted
Scotland Yard and British Military Intelligence disagreed about who was at fault
they were afraid to admit that the censors had been so easily fooled
The passage indicates that eventually everyone involved came to regard the publication of the story in The Times as a____.[1分]
cheap journalistic trick
brilliant journalistic maneuver
proper exercise of the freedom of the press
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
I came across an old country guide the other day .It listed all the tradesmen in each village in my part of the country, and it was impressive to see the great variety of services which were available on one’s own doorstep in the late Victorian countryside.
Nowadays a superficial traveler in rural England might conclude that the only village radesmen still flourishing were either selling frozen food to the inhabitants or selling antiques to visitors. Nevertheless, this would really be a false impression. Admittedly there has been a contraction of village commerce, but its vigour is still remarkable.
Our local grocer’s shop, for example, is actually expanding in spite of the competition from supermarkets in the nearest town. Women sensibly prefer to go there and exchange the local news while doing their shopping, instead of queuing up(anonymously) at a supermarket. And the proprietor knows well that personal service has a substantial cash value.
His prices may be a bit higher than those in the town, but he will deliver anything at any time .His assistants think nothing of bicycling down the village street in their lunch hour to take a piece of cheese to an old age pensioner who sent her order by word of mouth with a friend who happened to be passing , the more affluent customers telephone their shopping lists and the goods are on their doorsteps within an hour. They have only to knit at a fancy for some commodity outside the usual stock and the grocer, a red-faced figure, instantly obtains it from them.
The village gains from this sort of enterprise, of course. But I also find it satisfactory because a village shop offers one of the few ways in which a modest individualist can still get along in the world without attaching himself to the big battalions of industry or commerce.
Most of the village shopkeepers I know, at any rate, are decidedly individualist in their ways. For example, our shoemaker is a formidable figure: a thickset, irritable man whom children treat with marked respect , knowing that an illjudged word can provoke an angry eruption at any time. He stares with smouldering contempt at the pairs of cheap, massproduced shoes taken to him for repair: has it come to this, he seems to be saying, that he , a craftsman, should have to waste his skills upon such trash? But we all know he will in fact do excellent work upon them . And he makes beautiful shoes for those who can afford such luxury.
The writer considered the old country guide interesting because he found in it____.[1分]
the names of so many of the shops in the village around
the many people selling to, and doing jobs for, residents in local villages at the time it appeared
the variety of shops and services available in Victorian days in Britain
information about all the jobs there were in his own and surrounding villages at the time it appeared
The local grocer’s shop is expanding even though____.[1分]
women spend a lot of their time there just gossiping
town shops are larger and rather cheaper
people like to shop where they are less well-known
people get personal service in his shop
The writer implies that one disadvantage of town shops is that____.[1分]
people cannot telephone them
their staff may take less trouble to satisfy customers
one has to queue up in them
The writer appreciates the village shop because____.[1分]
he welcomes competition with organized business
he likes the ides that a humble person can be successful
this is a case of individual success in a world of increasing
he welcomes an example of private enterprise surviving in an age of giant companies
What is the village shoemaker’s reaction to mass-produced shoes?[1分]
He considers they are not worth the effort of mending properly.
He is angry with the customers for bringing in such rubbish.
He despises their quality.
He feels exasperated because people waste their money on inferior shoes.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
During the early years of this century, wheat was seen as the very lifeblood of Western Canada. When the crops were good, the economy was good; when the crops failed, there was depression. People on city streets watched the yields and the price of wheat with almost as much feeling as if they were growers. The marketing of wheat became an increasingly favorite topic of conversation.
War set the stage for the most dramatic events in marketing the western crop. For years, farmers mistrusted speculative grain selling as carried on through the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.Wheat prices were generally low in the autumn, but farmers could not wait for markets to improve. It had happened too often that they sold their wheat soon after harvest when farm debts were coming due, only to see prices rising and speculators getting rich. On various occasions, producer groups asked for firmer controls, but governments had no wish to become involved, at least not until wartime wheat prices threatened to run wild.
Anxious to check inflation and rising living costs, the federal government appointed a board of grain supervisors to handle deliveries from the crops of l9l7 and l9l8. Grain Exchange trading was suspended, and farmers sold at prices fixed by the board. To handle the crop of 1919, the government appointed the first Canadian Wheat Board, with full authority to buy, sell, and set prices.
The author uses the term “lifeblood" (line 1) to indicate that wheat
difficult to produce in large quantities
susceptible to many parasites
essential to the health of the country
expensive to gather and transport
According to the passage, most farmers’ debts had to be paid____.[1分]
when the autumn harvest had just been completed
because wheat prices were high
as soon as the Winnipeg Grain Exchange demanded payment
when crop failure caused depression
According to the passage, wheat prices became unmanageable because of conditions caused by____.[1分]
In line 11, the word “check” could best be replaced by which of the following?[1分]
According to the passage, a preliminary step in the creation of the Canadian Wheat Board was the appointment of____.[1分]
the Winnipeg Grain Exchange
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The most interesting architectural phenomenon of the 1970’s was the enthusiasm for refurbishing old buildings. Obviously, this was not an entirely new phenomenon. What is new is the wholesale interest in reusing the past, in recycling, inadaptive rehabilitation. A few trial efforts, such as Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco, proved their financial viability in the 1960’s, but it was in the 1970’s, with strong government support through tax incentives and rapid depreciation, as well as growing interest in ecology issues, that recycling became a major factor on the urban scene.
One of the most comprehensive ventures was the restoration and transformation of
Boston’s eighteenth century Faneuil Hall and the Quincy Market, designed in 1824.This section had fallen on hard times, but beginning with the construction of a new city hall immediately adjacent, it has returned to life with the intelligent reuse of these fine old buildings under the design leadership of Benjamin Thompson. He has provided a marvelous setting for dining, shopping, professional offices, and simply walking.
Butler Square, in Minneapolis, exemplifies major changes in its complex of offices, commercial space, and public amenities carved out of a massive pile designed in 1906 as a hardware warehouse. The exciting interior timber structure of thebuilding was highlighted by cutting light courts through the interior and addinglarge skylights.
San Antonio, Texas, offers an object lesson for numerous other cities combating urban decay. Rather than bringing in the bulldozers, San Antonion’s leaders rehabilitated existing structures,while simultaneously cleaning up the San Antonio River,which meanders through the business district.
What is main idea of the passage?[1分]
During the 1970’s, old building in many cities were recycled for modern use.
Recent interest in ecology issues has led to the cleaning up of many rivers.
The San Antonio example shows that bulldozers are not the way to fighturban decay.
Strong government support has made adaptive rehabilitation a reality in Boston.
What is the space at Quincy Market now used for?[1分]
Sports and recreational facilities.
Commercial and industrial warehouses.
Restaurants, offices, and stores.
According to the passage, Benjamin Thompson was the designer for a project in____.[1分]
When was the Butler Square building originally built? [1分]
In the eighteenth century.
In the early nineteenth century.
In the late nineteenth century.
In the early twentieth century.
What is the author’s opinion of the San Antonio project?[1分]
It is clearly the best of the projects discussed.
It is a good project that could be copied in other cities.
The extensive use of bulldozers made the project unnecessarily costly.
The work done on the river was more important than the work done on the buildings.
Part ⅢVocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C)and D).Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Some useful ideas were suggested while the social committee was____the club’s programme for the coming season.[1分]
Since it is too late to change my mind now, I am____to carrying out the plan.[1分]
Most good writers use every means at their____to make the reader’s way smooth and easy.[1分]
We did not have time to read the whole novel, so the teacher prepared a____for us.[1分]
She felt very____when her husband forgot her birthday.[1分]
He is looking after three orphans____ his own six children, so now he has nine children to provide for.[1分]
He is paving the garden____with flat stones of various shapes.[1分]
The____of sea water into drinking water is a complicated problem.[1分]
They wanted to know whether the terms had been____.[1分]
It is well-known that the retired workers in our country are____free medical care.[1分]
The farmers were more anxious for rain than the people in the city because they had more at____.[1分]
Although we had told them not to keep us waiting ,they made no____to speed up deliveries .[1分]
Before you run____other people, it is as well to consider your own faults.[1分]
If you have finished with these tools, I wish you’d____ them____ .[1分]
The Andersons have not____yet and I doubt if they will now.[1分]
We had to start at exactly the same time ,so we had our watches____.[1分]
The government____the people to be economical of oil consumption.[1分]
Too many hotels have been built and this has____down prices, making holidays cheaper.[1分]
Ronny’s steps____, and there was a moment of absolute silence.[1分]
It’s hard to ____someone so selfish.[1分]
If you don’t return the article to the shop within a week, you will____the chance of getting your money back.[1分]
The mechanic is____employed on repairing cars.[1分]
It is important that people from different cultures come to understand each other and develop____trust. Only when people trust each other is cooperation possible.[1分]
Tom wants to be a lawyer because he feels it is a very____occupation, and he has always wanted to hold a high position in society.[1分]
The____of the stock market in 1929 signaled the beginning of the Depression.[1分]
Prices continued to rise while wages remained low____the Government became increasingly unpopular.[1分]
Texas____one twelfth of the continental land mass of the United States.[1分]
The Indians see little____for success and become frustrated, because they usually go to inferior school and often cannot adjust to life in the city.[1分]
The plane was fatally crippled when the rear cargo door was____in flight.[1分]
After the children’s party she had to spend two hours____the sitting room.[1分]
Part ⅣShort Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).
George Washington Carver showed that plant life was more than just food for animals and humans. Carver’s first step was to analyze plant parts to find out what they were made of. He then combined these simpler isolated substances with other substances to create new products.
The branch of chemistry that studies and finds ways to use raw materials from farm products to make industrial products is called chemurgy. Carver was one of the first and greatest chemurgists of all time. Today the science of chemurgy is better known as the science of synthetics. Each day people depend on and use synthetic materials made from raw materials. All his life Carver battled against the disposal of waste materials, and warned of the growing need to develop substitutes for the natural substances being used up by humans.
Carver never cared about getting credit for the new products he created. He never tried to patent his discoveries or get wealthy from them. He turned down many offers to leave Tuskegee Institute to become a rich scientist in private industry. Thomas Edison, inventor of the electric light, offered him a laboratory in Detroit to carry out food research. When the United States government made him a collaborator in the Mycology and Plant Disease Survey of the Department of Agriculture, he accepted the position with the understanding that he wouldn’t have to leave Tuskegee. An authority on plant diseases-especially of the fungus variety-Carver sent hundreds of specimens to the United States Department of Agriculture
. At the peak of his career, Carver’s fame and influence were known on every continent.
What is the main topic of this passage?____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____. [3分]
The work and career of George Washington Carver /Carver
’s work and career.
Carver battled all his life against the disposal of waste materials,
and proposed that substitutes be developed to____ ____ ____ ____
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.[3分]
replace natural substances being used up by humans
According to the passage, chemurgy can be defined as the____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.[3分]
development of industrial products from farm products
Why does the author mention Thomas Edison’s offer to Carver?____
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.[3分]
To illustrate（show）one of Carver’s many opportunities
One of Carver’s main concern is most similar to what of present-day
causes?____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____
Recycling of used materials / To reuse the used materials
Part ⅤWriting (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a comp
osition on the topic “Value Time, Value Life”. You should write at least 150 w
ords and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
Value Time, Value Life
As an old saying goes, “An inch of time equals an inch of gold. Gold can be reg
ained if it is gone, but time will never return when it passed.” Perhaps time i
s unlimited in some degree, but man’s life is limited. So time at man’s dispos
al is extremely limited. Thus it comes to the point that man must value his time
. To value his time means to value his life.
How to value our time? Some suggest that we make full use of our time to do good
things for the people and the whole society. Being young men, we should not rel
ax our efforts to engage in our studies. Lose no time in the study of all profe
ssions required so as to dedicate ourselves to the realization of the four moder
nizations. As Comrade Lei Feng says, “Plunge my limited life into the unlimited
service of the people”.
But it is a great pity that there are more than a few young men who are not awar
e of the value of time. They spend their treasure time in drinking, dancing, idl
ing and even gambling. They don’t realize that they are killing part of their v
To value our time,we should first of all develop a good habit of saving time. Ne
ver leave today’s work for tomorrow. Get rid of laziness and establish a correc
t view point of life. Arrange our time scientifically. “Work while you work, pl
ay while you play.” That will make your life happy.[HT]