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大学英语六级模拟题18
试卷编号:144166
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part ⅠListening Comprehension (20 minutes)

SECTION A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the
end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question th
ere will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Example: You will hear:W:I certainly hope the library wi
ll be open this Saturday.
M:The sign says library hours! Week days 8 am. to 9pm. On Saturdays 9 to
5, closed Sunday.
Q: When will the library be open on Saturday?
You will read:
A.8 am. to 9 am.
B.5 am. to 9 pm.
C.9 am. to 5 pm.
D.closed
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about library hours. On w
eek days the library is open from 8 am. to 9 pm. On Saturdays it is open from 9 a
m. to 5 pm. Therefore C) “9 am. to 5 pm.” is the correct answer. You should cho
ose C) on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C][D]
1.
 [0.5分]
The food there is very good.
It is closed on Tuesdays.
He could not find it.
It is not as good as the station place.
2.
 [0.5分]
Tomorrow.
Any time but tonight.
Never.
It is not clear when he will want to see more.
3.
 [0.5分]
Rest.
Special treatment.
Special medicine.
Operation.
4.
 [0.5分]
He does not think Pierre is a good artist.
Pierre is alway
s busy painting.
His art has improved.
He has no talent.
5.
 [0.5分]
She knows where it is.
She wants to go shopping.
He should ask where it is.
He has to look more carefully.
6.
 [0.5分]
Yes, after his trip.
No, he has no money.
When he plans for it.
No, his old one is good.
7.
 [0.5分]
He really doesn’t know.
He thinks the weather will not make any difference.
He thinks they will lose if the weather is bad.
He has no opinion on the matter.
8.
 [0.5分]
She agrees with him partially.
She doesn’t agree with him
She advises him to be more careful.
She suggests that he be str
ict with his son.
9.
 [0.5分]
After Christmas holidays.
During the Christmas season.
During a sale.
In the spring.
10.
 [0.5分]
John should not talk to Bill any more.
John should take Bill’s remarks seriously.
John should tell Bill not to think negatively.
John should pay little attention to what Bill says.
SECTION B
Directions: In this section you will hear 3 short passages. At the end o
f each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions
will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best a
nswer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the correspondi
ng letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage 1
Questions11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11.
 [0.5分]
That they were unlimited.
That they should be carefully conserved.
That they were declining.
That they were used up.
12.
 [0.5分]
Sea resources decline more rapidly than other resources.
Fishing is important to industry.
Fish is an important food source.
Fish is more threatened than other animals.
13.
 [0.5分]
The decline would have no effect.
The decline would affect only Europe.
The decline would have a global effect.
The decline would affect only America.
14.
 [0.5分]
Animals about which conservationists are already concerned.
Animals that will some day supply food.
Animals that depend on fish for their food supply.
Animals that have been saved through the efforts of conservationists.
Passage 2
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15.
 [0.5分]
In the San Francisco area.
On the island of Nimi.
In the Pacific Ocean.
Along the U. S. coast.
16.
 [0.5分]
The earthquake was serious.
New earthquakes are not expected.
An island was destroyed by the earthquake.
The earthquake was mild.
17.
 [0.5分]
They will be of high intensity.
They will occur along the coast.
Earthquakes of unknown intensity will occur there.
They are predicted 100 miles away.
Passage 3
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18.
 [0.5分]
The advantages of refrigeration.
Cooking food in the summer.
Food spoilage in the summer.
Fun in the summer.
19.
 [0.5分]
Cookies.
Chickens.
Eggs.
Ice cream.
20.
 [0.5分]
Eat it immediately.
Try a little.
Throw it away.
Cook it thoroughly.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions:There are four passages in this part. Each passage i
s followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there ar
e four choices marked A), B), C) and D) . You should decide on the best choice a
nd mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through
the centre.

Passage 1
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
 
Television is one of today’s most powerful and widespread means of mass communi
cation. It directly influences our lives on both a short and long-term basis; it
brings worldwide situations into our homes; it affords extensive opportunities
for acquiring higher education ;and it performs these tasks in a convenient yet
effective manner. We are all aware of the popularly accepted applications of tel
evision ,particularly those relative to entertainment and news broadcasting. Tel
evision, however, has also been a vital link in unmanned deep space exploration
(such as the Voyager I and Ⅱ missions), in providing visions from hazardous are
as (such as proximity to radioactive materials or environments) in underwater res
earch, in viewing storms moving across a metropolitan area (the camera being pla
ced in a weather-protective enclosure near the top of a tower), etc. The earth’
s weather satellites also use television cameras for viewing cloud cover and mov
ements from 20,000 miles in space. Infrared filters are used for night views, an
d several systems include a spinningmirror arrangement to permit wide-area views
from the camera. Realizing the unlimited applications for today’s television,
one may thus logically ponder the true benefits of confining most of our video a
ctivities to the mass-entertainment field.
 
Conventional television broadcasting within the United States centres around fre
e enterprise and public ownership.This requires funding by commercial sponsors,
and thus functions in a revenue-producing business manner. Television in USSR-su
bjected areas, conversely, is a governmemt-owned and maintained arrangement. Whi
le such arrangements eliminate the need for commercial sponsorship,it also has t
he possibility of limiting the type of programs available to viewers(a number of
purely entertainment programs similar to the classic “Bewitched”, however, hav
e been seen on these government-controlled networks. All isn’t as gray and dism
al as the uninformed might unnecessarily visualize).
 
A highly modified form of television called Slow-Scan TV is presently being used
by many Amateur Radio operators to provide direct visual communications with al
most any area of the world .This unique visual mode recently allowed people on t
he tiny South Pacific country of Pitcairn Island to view, for the first time in
their lives, distant areas and people of the world . The chief radio Amateur and
communications officer of Pitcairn, incidentally, is the legendary Tom Christia
n-great, great grandson of Tom Christian of “Mutiny on the Bounty” fame. Radio
Amateurs in many lands worked together for several months establishing visual c
apabilities for Pitcairners. The results have proven spectacular, yet the visual
capabilities have only been used for health education, or welfare purposes. Com
mercial TV is still unknown to natives of that tiny country.
 
Numerous other forms of television and visual communication have also been used
on a semi-restricted basis. This indicates the many untapped areas of video and
television which may soon be exploited on a more widespread basis. The old clich
é of a picture being worth a thousand words truly has merit.
21.
According to the passage, applications of television are easily accepte
d in ______ .[1分]
metropolitan area
deep space exploration
programs about entertainment and news
remote areas
22.
Which of the following statements is true in the eyes of the writer?[1分]
Applications of television are beneficial to big cities.
Applications of television are believed to be good activities.
Applications of television are restricted to television systems.
Applications of television do benefit to the mass entertainment fiel
d.
23.
According to the passage television in USSR ______ .[1分]
is limited to a revenue-producing business manner
requires funding by commercial sponsors 
puts away the need of commercial aid 
is badly in need of commercial help
24.
In the passage, the author tries to tell us purely entertainment progra
ms similar to the classic “Bewitched” ______ .[1分]
are as good as those in the U.S.
have been seen on many government-controlled networks
are as gray and dismal as the uninformed might unnecessarily visualize
are not as gloomy as the uninformed might unnecessarily visulize
25.
The author’s attitude toward television programs is ______ .[1分]
positive
indifferent
critical
dangerous
Passage 2

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
The forest from which Man takes his timber is the tallest and most impressive pl
ant community on Earth. In terms of Man’s brief life it appears permanent and un
changing, save for the seasonal growth and fall of the leaves, but to forester i
t represents the climax of a long succession of events.
 
No wooded landscape we see today has been forest for all time. Plants have minim
um requirements of temperature and moisture and, in ages past, virtually every p
art of Earth’s surface has at some time been either too dry or too cold for plan
ts to survive. However, as soon as climatic conditions change in favour of plant
life, a fascinating sequence of changes occurs, called a primary succession. 
 
First to colonize the barren land are the lowly lichens, surviving on bare rock.
Slowly, the acids produced by these organisms crack the rock surface, plant deb
ris accumulates, and mosses establish a shallow root-hold. Ferns may follow and,
with short grasses and shrubs, gradually form a covering of plant life. Roots p
robe even deeper into the developing soil and eventually large shrubs give way t
o the first trees. These grow rapidly, cutting off sunlight from the smaller pla
nts, and soon establish complete domination-closing their ranks and forming a cl
imax community which may endure for thousands of years. 
 
Yet even this community is not everlasting. Fire may destroy it outright and set
tlers may cut it down to gain land for pasture or cultivation. If the land is th
en abandoned, a secondary succession will take over, developing much faster on t
he more hospitable soil. Shrubs and trees are among the early invaders, their se
eds carried by the wind, by birds and lodged in the coats of mammals. 
 
For as long as it stands and thrives, the forest is a vast machine, storing ener
gy and many elements essential for life.
26.
What does the forest strike mankind as permanent?[1分]
The trees are in community.
The forest is renewed each season.
Man’s life is short in comparison.
It is an essential part of our lives.
27.
What has sometimes caused plants to die out of the past?[1分]
Interference from foresters.
Variations in climate.
The absence of wooded land.
The introduction of new type of plants.
28.
In a “primary succession”, what makes it possible for mosses to take
root?[1分]
The type of rock.
The amount of sunlight.
The amount of moisture.
The effect of lichens.
29.
What conditions are needed for shrubs to become established?[1分]
Ferns must take root.
The ground must be covered with grass.
More soil must accumulate.
Smaller plants must die out.
30.
Why is a “secondary succession” quicker?[1分]
The ground is more suitable.
There is more space for new plants.
Birds and animals bring new seeds.
It is supported by the forest.[ZK)]
Passage 3
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Feather cloaks are the most spectacular of all objects of native Hawaiian manufa
cture. In the highly stratified society of the islands before their discovery by
Captain James Cook in 1788, the cloaks were never very numerous, but powerful c
hiefs often acquired several through inheritance or as battle prizes.
 
Although the feathers were gathered by the common people to defray part of their
taxes,and women were permitted to clean and sort them,only men of high rank, su
rrounded by sacred taboos, were allowed to make the cloaks. The manufact
uring process involved tying small bunches of red, yellow, green, or black feath
ers with olona fiber. Large cloaks like the royal robe worn by Kamehameha I , th
e first king of all the islands, required some half-million feathers.
 
Today these cloaks are ethnological treasures, but to the early ship captain the
y were little more than seemingly plentiful curiosities that the Hawaiians highl
y valued but gave away or traded for such trifles as iron knives. In turn, the E
uropeans traded these curiosities. This practice began with Cook’s officers, wh
o traded the cloak now in Leningrad in exchange for provisions.
 
In 1825, Lord Byron, commander of the British ship Blonde, predicted that “the
splendid war-cloak” would soon be more easily found in Europe than in Hawaii. B
righam found only five in Hawaii when he made his featherwork survey in 1899. To
day twenty of the fifty known cloaks are still in the British Isles.
31.
The early ship captains who visited Hawaii were ______ .[1分]
convinced of the usefulness of the feather cloaks
inclined to overestimate the availability of the feather cloaks
aware of the historical and cultural significance of the feather cloaks
curious about what the natives thought of the feather cloaks
32.
The passage suggests that Hawaiian feather cloaks were made only by [CD#4] .[1分]
ordinary citizens
men of high status
battle prisoners
trader
33.
Feathers used in making cloaks were gathered mainly by ______ .[1分]
high-ranking women
high-ranking men
people of low rank
powerful male chiefs
34.
It is clear from the passage that before the arrival of Captain Cook Ha
waiian society was ______ .[1分]
lacking in religious organization
peaceful and prosperous
rigidly class structured
lacking in practical skills
35.
Why would the feather cloaks be more easily found in European countries
than in Hawaii?[1分]
They were brought out by Captain James Cook.
They were traded in exchange for supply of food and drinks.
They were fewer feather cloaks found in Hawaii.
They were brought out by Brigham.
Passage 4

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
 
The brain is organized into different regions, each responsible for different
functions, and in humans this organization is very marked. The largest parts of
the brain are the cerebral hemispheres, which occupy most of the interior of the
skull. They are layered structures, the most complex being the outer layer, know
n as the cerebral cortex (大脑皮层), where the nerve cells are extremely densely
packed to allow great interconnectivity. Its function is not fully understood,
but we can get some indication of its purpose from studies of animals that have
had it removed. A dog, for example, can still move in a coordinated manner, will
eat and sleep, and even bark if it is disturbed. However, it also becomes blin
d and loses its sense of smell-more significantly, perhaps, it loses all interes
t in its environment, not responding to people or to its name, nor to other dogs
, even of the opposite sex. It also loses all ability to learn. In effect, it lo
ses the characteristics that we generally refer to as indicating intelligence-aw
areness, interest
and interaction with an environment, and an ability to adapt and learn. Thus th
e cerebral cortex seems to be the seat of the higher order functions of the brai
n, and the core of intelligence.
 
The cerebral cortex has been the subject of investigation by researchers for man
y years, and is slowly revealing its secrets. It demonstrates a localization of
functions, in that different areas of the cortex fulfill different functions, su
chas motion control, hearing ,and vision. The visual part of the cortex is especi
ally interesting. In the visual cortex, electrical stimulation of the cells can
produce the sensation of light, and detailed analysis has shown that specific la
yers of neurons are sensitive to particular orientations of input stimuli, so th
at one layer responds maximally to horizontal lines, while another responds to v
ertical ones. Although much of this structure is genetically predetermined, th
e orientation-specific layout of the cells appears to be learnt at an early stag
e. Animals brought up in an environment of purely horizontal lines do not develo
p neuron structures that respond to vertical orientations, showing that these st
ructures are developed due to environmental input and not purely from genetic pr
edetermination. This is called self-organization of the visual cortex since th
ere is no external teacher to guide the development of these structures.
36.
The organization of brain is characterized by ____ .[1分]
the interior of the skull
different regions responsible for different functions
the outer layer-the cerebral cortex
the nerve cells densely packed
37.
According to the passage, a dog can still move in a coorinated manner,
will eat and sleep, and even bark when ____ is (are) removed.[1分]
nerve cells
the skull
the hemispheres
the cerebral cortex
38.
The word “seat” in line 10 of the first paragraph means ____.[1分]
a chair
part of the body
place where something is or where something is carried on 
cortex
39.
The visual part of the cortex is especially interesting because____.[1分]
specific layers of neurons are sensitive to particular orientations of input stimuli.
much of the structure is genetically predetermined
horizontal lines are stimulated
vertical lines are stimulated
40.
Which of the following headings is the best title for this passage?[1分]
The Cerebral Cortex.
The specific Layers of Neurons.
The Organization of the Brain.
The Cerebral Hemispheres.
Part ⅢVocabulary (20 minutes)

Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each senten
ce there are four choices marked A)、B)、C)and D) Chose the ONE that best comp
letes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with
a single line through the centre.
41.
He always takes a ____with him to clean the windscreen of his car.[1分]
garment
cloth
clothing
stuff
42.
If Bob thinks our plan will succeed, it probably will, his ____ar
e usually correct.[1分]
acclaims
hunches
mottoes
suspensions
43.
Do very young children really ____ foreign travel?[1分]
appreciate
benefit
delight
evaluate
44.
All the parts of these washing machines are ____ , so that it is very convenient to replace them.[1分]
normalized
modernized
mechanized
standardized
45.
Jim’s close ____ to his brother made people mistake them for one another. [1分]
accuracy
membership
probability
resemblance
46.
His audience did not find these works easy to understand, though today we find them more ____ .[1分]
fantastic
comprehensible
favoured
notorious
47.
He cannot ____ ignorance as his excuse; he should have known what
was happening in his own department.[1分]
insist
plead
refer
defend
48.
The old ____ that took them to the island was not very comfortable.[1分]
engine
pier
oar
ferry
49.
The managing director took the ____ for the accident, although it
was not really his fault.[1分]
guilt
blame
charge
accusation
50.
It is strictly ____ that access to confidential documents is deni
ed to all but a few.[1分]
secured
forbidden
regulated
determined
51.
Man’s understanding and his mastering of matter and energy ____ his claim to superiority; provide him with the basis for enriching and deepening human experience.[1分]
designate
deserve
justify
illustrate
52.
The story that follows ____ two famous characters of the Rocky Mountain gold rush days.[1分]
concerns
states
proclaims
relates
53.
The club members voted to ____ the ban on smoking.[1分]
refrain
recess
resides
repeal
54.
The police officer issued a ____ for the man’s arrest.[1分]
legend
parcel
receipt
warrant
55.
No matter how angry he was he would never ____ to violence.[1分]
resolve
resign
exert
resort
56.
Too much ____to Xrays can cause skin burns, cancer or other dama
ge to the body .[1分]
disclosure
exhibition
contact
exposure 
57.
The manager gave one of the salesgirls an accusing look for her ____ attitude toward customers.[1分]
impartial
mild
hostile
opposing 
58.
When confronted with such questions ,my mind goes ____, and I can hardly remember my own date of birth.[1分]
dim
blank
faint
vain 
59.
When he had finished playing,the child was made to ____ all the toys he had brought out everywhere .[1分]
put away
put up
put out
put off
60.
The survival ____ of the seedlings was so low that the experimenters
almost lost their hope .[1分]
ratio
degree
duty
rate 
61.
His son expected to ____ a business.[1分]
reside
construct
eliminate
set up
62.
Did your parents ____ the work you have done?[1分]
commend
command
consent
mumble
63.
It was felt that he lacked the ____ to pursue a difficult task to the very end.[1分]
engagement
persuasion
commitment
preservation
64.
The undersea world is well-known as a source of natural beauty and a____to human fantasy.[1分]
gleam
magnitude
faction
stimulus
65.
Only thoroughly unpleasant people leave the ____ of their picnics to
spoil the appearance of the countryside.[1分]
remains
remainder
rest
remnants
66.
It’s possible to become a general by ____ the ranks.[1分]
moving about
moving ahead
moving up
moving out
67.
These birds ____ northwards in spring and southwards in fall.[1分]
immigrate
migrate
emigrate
remove
68.
You are not allowed to ____ advertisements on this wall without special permission.[1分]
put on
put up
put down
put out
69.
Many old houses have been____ in order that new big buildings may be
built.[1分]
levelled
collapsed
felled
demolished
70.
Your argument ____ that Britain is still a great power, but this is no longer the case.[1分]
outlines
presupposes
concerns
presents
Part ⅣTranslation-Chinese into English (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part there are five underlined sentences which are required to be translated into English. Read them carefully and refer to the passage so as to identify their meanings in the context.
71.
中国同美国在过去十年内所形成的战略伙伴关系(the strategic partnership),随着这次舒尔茨(George Shultz)国务卿(Secretary of State) 的北京之行而解体(give away)。人们认识到这两个国家根本就不是天然盟友。[3分]
参考答案:
The strategic partnership that China and U. S. spent most o
f the
past decade fashioning has given away with the visit to Beijing of Secretary of
State, George Shultz to the realization that the two countries are simply not n
atural allies.
72.
两国都把苏联看作对自己的威胁;但由于看法不同,而动机又相差甚远,所以原打算发展成一种“出于利害关系的联盟”(alliance of interests),也已宣告失败。[3分]
参考答案:
Each perceives the Soviet Union as threatening its security, but
in such different ways and for such different reasons that efforts to develop a
projected “alliance of interests”have failed.
73.
舒尔茨离开北京之前也表示,他不认为中美关系主要是基于战略的考虑,尽管从1972年理查德?尼克松总统打开去中国的通路,直到1979年1月1日吉米?卡特总统同中国建立正式外交关系,美国的动机无可辩驳地就是如此。[3分]
参考答案:
Before his departure, Mr.Shultz rejected the idea of Chines
e-Ame
rican relations based primarily on strategic considerations, although this was u
ndeniably the American motive from President Richard Nixon’s opening to China in
1972 through President Jimmy Carter’s establishment of full diplomatic relatio
ns on Jan 1, 1979.
74.
两国之间原来设想(envisage)的战略合作,特别是鉴于越南人(Vietnamese)人侵柬埔寨(Cambodia)和苏联(Soviet Union)人侵阿富汗(Afghanistan),这种设想尤为突出,但却从未实现过。[3分]
参考答案:
But the strategic cooperation both countries envisaged, part
icular
ly in light of the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia and Soviet occupation of Afgh
anistan, never materialized.
75.
在过去四年里,中国成了美国的主要贸易伙伴之一,华盛顿愿意同北京搞好关系,但是,既然事实上最好的可能性也不过是一种正常关系而已,美国也就只得听之任之了。[3分]
参考答案:
Washington would like good relations with Beijing, which ha
s become a major U. S. trading partner in the past four years, but is resigned t
o the fact that normal relations are all there can be.
Part ⅤWriting (30 minutes)
1.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a com
position on the topic “Health”. You should write at least 150 words and you s
hould base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese ) below:
1.健康的重要性,没有健康就没有幸福,没有健康就没有一切,健康是事业成功的基础。
2.如何保持一个健康的体魄。
3.树立健康意识,争取健康、事业双丰收。[25分]
参考答案:
Sample Writing
Health
Nothing is more valuable to man than his health.
It is clear that good health is the foundation of happiness.If a man is sic
k most of his life,he can hardly be said to be a happy one.He may be always de
pressed and perhaps pessimistic.Illness may deprive him of confidence,vigor an
d chances to enjoy the world.
Health is also the foundation of one’s success.Sickness may make it impossi
ble for a man to pursue his career effectively.On the other hand if one is in g
ood health he can go all out to overcome the obstacles on his way to success. 
In order to maintain and build up our health,we should exercise every day t
o strengthen our muscles.We should also keep good hours.Getting up early, we c
an take breath of the fresh morning air which helps us a lot.As the old saying
goes: Early to rise and early to go to bed makes one happy and healthy.It is eq
ually important to remember the proverb “Prevention is better than cure.”If we
pay attention to our health, we can reduce the chances of getting sick.
Health is more important than wealth. Those who are rich but lose their heal
th are no more fortunate than those who are poor.If you want your dreams to co
me true, please be sure that health is the most important part of your success.

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