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大学英语四级模拟题12
试卷编号:144040
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
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Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Acculturation, which begins at birth, is the process of teaching new generations of children the customs and values of the parents' culture. How people treat newborns, for example, can be indicative of cultural values. In the United States it is not uncommon for parents to put a newborn in a separate room that belongs only to the child. This helps to preserve parents' privacy and allows the child to get used to having his or her own room, which is seen as a first step toward personal independence. Americans traditionally have held independence and a closely related value, individualism, in high esteem. Parents try to instill these prevailing values in their children. American English expresses these value preferences: children should "cut the (umbilical) cord" and are encouraged not to be "tied to their mothers' apron strings." In the process of their socialization children learn to "look out for number one" and to "stand on their own two feet".
Many children are taught at a very early age to make decisions and be responsible for their actions. Often children work for money outside the home as a first step to establishing autonomy. Nine-or ten-year-old children may deliver newspapers in their neighborhoods and save or spend their earnings. Teenagers (13 to 18 years) may baby-sit neighbors' homes in order to earn a few dollar a week. Receiving a weekly allowance at an early age teaches children to budget their money, preparing them for future financial independence. Many parents believe that managing money helps children learn responsibility as well as appreciate the value of money.
21.
According to this passage, the way people treat newborns _____.[1分]
is a sign of their customs
is an indication of their level of knowledge
symbolizes their social system
varies from culture to culture
22.
The expression, "to cut the cord", is used to show that _____.[1分]
children don't like their parents
parents don't feel close to their children
parents would not like to live together with their children
independence from one's family is an important personal goal in USA
23.
Children who are "tied to the apron strings" _____.[1分]
are caught in their mothers' aprons
must always wear an apron when they eat
are very dependent on their mothers
are independent from their parents
24.
American people often let their children work for money outside the home at a very early age because _____.[1分]
children have to earn money to help the family
they need more money
they want them to begin establishing autonomy
children have to save money for future use
25.
It can be inferred from this passage that _____.[1分]
Americans are money lovers
Americans admire independence
Americans are good at decision-making
Americans are all responsible
Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Many people believe that the glare from snow causes snowblindness. Yet, dark glasses or not, they find themselves suffering from headaches and watering eyes, and even snowblindness, when exposed to several hours of "snow light".
The United States Army has now determined that glare from snow does not cause snowblindness in troops in a snow-covered country. Rather, a man's eyes frequently find nothing to focus on in a broad expanse of barren snow-covered terrain. So his gaze continually shifts and jumps back and forth over the entire landscape in search of something to look at. Finding nothing, hour after hour, the eyes never stop searching and the eyeballs become sore and the eye muscles ache. Nature offsets this irritation by producing more and more fluid which covers the eyeballs. The fluid covers the eyeball in increasing quantity until vision blurs, then is obscured, and the result is total, even though temporary, snowblindness.
Experiments led to the Army to a simple method of overcoming this problem. Scouts ahead of a main body of troops are trained to shake snow from evergreen bushes, creating a dotted line as they cross completely snow-covered landscape. Even the scouts themselves throw lightweight, dark colored objects ahead on which they too can focus. The men following can then see something. Their gaze is arrested. Their eyes focus on a bush and having found something to see, stop scouring the snow-blanketed landscape. By focusing their attention on one object at a time, the men can cross the snow without becoming hopelessly snowblind or lost. In this way the problem of crossing a solid white terrain is overcome.
26.
To prevent headache, watering eyes and blindness caused by the glare from snow, dark glasses are _____.[1分]
indispensable
useful
ineffective
available
27.
When the eyes are sore tears are produced to _____.[1分]
clear the vision
remedy snowblindness
ease the irritation
loosen the muscles
28.
Snowblindness may be avoided by _____.[1分]
concentrating on the solid white terrain
searching for something to look at in snow-covered terrain
providing the eyes with something to focus on
covering the eyeballs with fluid
29.
The eyeballs become sore and the eye muscles ache because _____.[1分]
tears cover the eyeballs
the eyes are irritated by blinding sunlight
the eyes are irritated by blinding snow
there is nothing to focus on
30.
A suitable title for the passage would be _____.[1分]
Snowblindness and How to Overcome It
Nature's Cure for Snowblindness
Soldiers in the Snow
Snow Vision
Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
Until the 1980s, the American homeless population comprised mainly older males. Today, homelessness strikes much younger part of society. In fact, a 25-city survey by the U.S. Conference of Mayors in 1987 found that families with children make up the fastest growing part of the homeless population. Many homeless children gather in inner cities; this transient and frequently frightened student population creates additional problems-both legal and educational-for already overburdened urban school administrators and teachers.
Estimates of the number of homeless Americans range from 350,000 to three million. Likewise, estimates of the number of homeless school children vary radically. A U.S. Department of Education report, based on state estimates, states that there are 220,000 homeless school-age children, about a third of whom do not attend school on a regular basis. But the National Coalition for the Homeless estimates that there are at least two times as many homeless children, and that less than half of them attend school regularly.
One part of the homeless population that is particularly difficult to count consists of the "throwaway" youths who have been cast off their homes. The Elementary School Center in New York City estimates that there are 1.5 million of them, many of whom are not counted as children because they do not stay in family shelters and tend to live by themselves on the streets.
Federal law, the Stewart McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987, includes a section that addresses the educational needs of homeless children. The educational provisions of the McKinney Act are based on the belief that all homeless children have the right to a free, appropriate education.
31.
In 1987, the American homeless population was made up of _____.[1分]
older males
school children
adults
both A and B
32.
The author implies in the first paragraph that _____.[1分]
the homeless population is growing rapidly
there is serious shortage of school administrators and teachers
homeless children often move from place to place
homeless children usually stay outside schools
33.
The National Coalition for the Homeless estimates that there are _____ homeless children.[1分]
7000,000
350,000
440,000
70,000
34.
One part of the homeless population is difficult to count. The reason might be that _____.[1分]
homeless children live on the streets
homeless children have no parents
the homeless are too young to be counted as children
the homeless children are not taken as members of their families
35.
The aim of the McKinney Act is to _____.[1分]
offer education for homeless children
provide family shelters for homeless children
reduce the number of homeless children
estimate the number of homeless population
Passage Four

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
If women are mercilessly exploited year after year, they have only themselves to blame. Because they tremble at the thought of being seen in public in clothes that are out of fashion, they are always taken advantage of by the designers and the big stores. Clothes which have been worn only a few times have to be put aside because of the change of fashion. When you come to think of it, only a woman is capable of standing in front of a wardrobe(衣柜) packed full of clothes and announcing sadly that she has nothing to wear.
Changing fashions are nothing more than the intentional creation of waste. Many women spend vast sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn. Women who cannot afford to throw away clothing in this way, waste hours of their time altering the dresses they have. Skirts are lengthened or shortened; necklines are lowered or raised, and so on.
No one can claim that the fashion industry contributes anything really important to society. Fashion designers are rarely concerned with vital things like warmth, comfort and durability(耐用). They are only interested in outward appearance and they take advantage of the fact that women will put up with any amount of discomfort, as long as they look right. There can hardly be a man who hasn't at some time in his life smiled at the sight of a woman shaking in a thin dress on a winter day, or delicately picking her way through deep snow in high-heeled shoes.
When comparing men and women in the matter of fashion, the conclusions to be drawn are obvious. Do the constantly changing fashions of women's clothes, one wonders, reflect basic qualities of inconstancy and instability? Men are too clever to let themselves be cheated by fashion designers. Do their unchanging styles of dress reflect basic qualities of stability and reliability? That is for you to decide.
36.
Designers and big stores always make money .[1分]
by mercilessly exploiting women workers in the clothing industry
because they are capable of predicting new fashions
by constantly changing the fashions in women's clothing
because they attach great importance to quality in women's clothing
37.
To the writer, the fact that women alter their old-fashioned dresses is seen as .[1分]
a waste of money
a waste of time
an expression of taste
an expression of creativity
38.
The writer would be less critical if fashion designers placed more stress on the of clothing.[1分]
cost
appearance
comfort
suitability
39.
According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?[1分]
New fashions in clothing are created for the commercial exploitation of women.
The constant changes in women's clothing reflect their strength of character.
The fashion industry makes an important contribution to society.
Fashion designs should not be encouraged since they are only welcomed by women.
40.
By saying "the conclusions to be drawn are obvious" (Lines 1-2, Para. 4) the writer means that .[1分]
women's inconstancy in their choice of clothing is often laughed at
women are better able to put up with discomfort
men are also exploited greatly by fashion designers
men are more stable and reliable in character
Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.
They went to make her feel at home.[1分]
out
about
out of their way
their way
42.
Many species of animals which once lived on the earth are no longer in .[1分]
evidence
effect
essence
existence
43.
China's first automatic four-color glass printer was by a worker-technician.[1分]
discovered
recognized
invented
revealed
44.
When we found out that the village was short of hands for the building of the reservoir, we all went there to .[1分]
help out
lend our hands
give our hands
their rescue
45.
his accent, he must be from the south.[1分]
Concerned
Determined
Judging by
Decided by
46.
This middle school is attached a normal college.[1分]
for
by
to
in
47.
After a while he to inform me of the progress of the work.[1分]
set off
beginning
began with
proceeded
48.
The peasants supply the workers with food, and the workers supply the peasants with manufactured goods.[1分]
at turn
on turn
in turn
by turns
49.
He felt uneasy at the of his mother's illness.[1分]
risk
cost
thought
point
50.
Peasants over 80 percent of the Chinese population.[1分]
make
consist
are composed
constitute
51.
The reactionary policemen broke and arrested many progressive students.[1分]
out
into
in
off
52.
As far as the quality of tones is concerned, this radio-set is quite .[1分]
up to the standard
up to no good
in demand
well up in
53.
The mass of an object is multiplied by the speed of light squared; other words, the speed of light is multiplied by itself.[1分]
by
for
in
with
54.
People do not like such persons who are always the way of others.[1分]
on
by
in
get into
55.
In Japan men usually have to when they reach the age of 55.[1分]
abandon
dismiss
retire
resign
56.
Your father likes to play golf; he's really enthusiastic it.[1分]
by
about
with
on
57.
I ran Alice, who was on her way to see how I was getting along.[1分]
up
out
over
into
58.
He felt quite when he stayed with us.[1分]
pleasantly
anxiously
at ease
easily
59.
In less than a year, he came to terms his life and work there.[1分]
to
with
in
for
60.
I a girl in Hawaii; we write to each other once a month.[1分]
communicate by
drop a line
correspond to
correspond with
61.
He longed to visit Beijing, he dreamed about it.[1分]
much so that
so much so much
much so much that
so much so that
62.
We should read the daily press to keep current events.[1分]
under
track of
faith with
count of
63.
All the people in this village have black hair. They all each other.[1分]
resemble as
resemble with
resemble
resemble from
64.
It's unfortunate that our director simply sat our suggestions and did nothing about it.[1分]
out
in
on
over
65.
The noise was terrible, but I had to live it.[1分]
with
through
down
on
66.
As soon as World War II ended, Einstein urged that atomic energy put to peaceful uses.[1分]
is
would be
was to
be
67.
I spoke to the child kindly him.[1分]
as not frighten
so as not to frighten
for not frightening
in order to not frighten
68.
, she ran out of the room..[1分]
Having tears in her eyes and turned suddenly
With a sudden turn, tearful eyes
Turning suddenly, with tears in her eyes
With tears in her eyes and suddenly turning
69.
We were overjoyed at the news of China her own manmade satellite.[1分]
to have launched
to launch
launched
having launched
70.
enter university one day, I would work very hard.[1分]
Would I ever
Ever would I
Ever should I
should I ever
Part IV Translation (15 minutes)
Directions: Translate the five sentences from the four reading passages into Chinese.
71.
How people treat newborns, for example, can be indicative of cultural values.[2分]
参考答案:
比如说,人们如何对待新生儿可以显示出文化价值观来。
72.
Often children work for money outside the home as a first step to establishing autonomy.[2分]
参考答案:
通常孩子们在家庭以外工作挣钱,做为确立自主性的第一步。
73.
So his gaze continually shifts and jumps back and forth over the entire landscape in search of something to look at.[2分]
参考答案:
所以他的目光一直游移不定,在整个地方来回地跳动以找到可以看的东西。
74.
Estimates of the number of homeless Americans range from 350,000 to three million.[2分]
参考答案:
对无家可归的美国人数目估计最少是350,000人,最多3,000,000人。
75.
Many women spend vast sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn.[2分]
参考答案:
许多妇女每年花费大量金钱购买时装,以替换那些几乎从来没穿过的衣服。
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
1.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic "Honesty Is the Best Policy ". You should write at least 100 words and base your composition on the outlines given below.
1.My understanding of the proverb "Honest Is the Best Policy" (诚实为上策).
2.The results of dishonesty.
3.My conclusion.
Honesty Is the Best Policy[30分]
参考答案:
 略

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