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大学英语四级模拟题13
试卷编号:144027
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
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Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by so
me questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

Some radio singals were heard in 1967.They were coming from a point in the sky where there was unknown star.They were coming very regularly,too:about once a seco
nd,if they were controlled by clock.
The scientists who heard the signals did not tell anybody else.They were rather afraid to tell in case they frightened people.The signals were coming from a very small body—no bigger,perhaps than the earth.Was that why no light could be seen from it?Or were the signals coming from a planet that belonged to some other star?There was no end to the questions,but the scientists kept the news secret.“Perhaps there are intelligent beings out there.”they thought,“who are trying to send messages to other planets,or to us?So the news was not given to the newspaper.Instead,the scientists studied the signals and searched for others like them...Well,all that happened in 1967 and 1968.Since then scientists have learnt more about those strange,regular,radio signals.And they have told the story,of course.
The signals do not come from a planet;they come from a new kind of star called a “pulsar””.About a hundred other pulsars have now been found,and most of them
are very like the first one.
Pulsars are strong radio stars.They are the smallest but the heaviest stars we know at present.A handful of pulsar would weigh a few thousand tons.Their light—if they give much light—is too small for us to see.But we can be sure of this,no intelligent beings are living on them.
21.
The radio signals discussed in this passage____.[1分]
were regular
were controlled by a clock
were heard in 1967 only
were secret messages 
22.
The radio singals were sent by____.[1分]
a satellite
a planet
a sky body which was unknown at that time
intelligent beings who were unknown at that time 
23.
The scientists did not tell people about the signals because____.[1分]
the singals stood for secret messages
people would ask them too many questions
they did not want to frighten people
they stood for unimportant messages 
24.
A pulsar is____.[1分]
a small heavy star which sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen 
a small heavy planet which sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen 
a small heavy satellite which sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen
a small intelligent being who sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen
25.
Which of the following is true?[1分]
One of the pulsars found by scientists sends radio signals.
Pulsar began to send radio singals in 1967.
Scientists have searched for pulsars for many years but found none.
Scientists have found many pulsars since 1967. 
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

Over vast areas of every continent,the rainfall and vegetation necessary for life are disappearing.Already more than 40 percent of the earth's land is desert or
desertlike.About 628 million people—one out of seven—live in these dry regions.In the past,they have managed to survive,but with difficulty.[ZZ(Z]Now largely through problems caused by modern life,their existence is threatened by the slow,steady spread of the earth's deserts.
Scientists still do not understand all the complex problems of the desert,but there have been many ideas for saving the land.Sandi Arabia has planted 10 million
trees to help keep the sand from taking over fertile areas.The Israelis are aga
in using some of the water collection systems left by the ancient people in the
Negev desert.They plan to water their orchards with the extra water.Some Sahel farmers still raise cattle on their poor farm land,but before the cattle are sold,
they are taken to greener lands in the south to get fat.
26.
What is the article mainly concerned?[1分]
The problem of spreading desert.
The rainfall and vegetation in desert areas.
The water collection systems.
The difference between modern life and ancient life. 
27.
“one out of seven” refers to____.[1分]
more than a third of the lands' earth
the percentage of the earth's land that is desert-like
the number of people who live in dry regions
a day of a week 
28.
In paragraph 2,“they are taken to the greener lands in the south.”They
refers to____.[1分]
the Sahel farm land
the farmers
the cattles
the trees 
29.
How many ideas for saving the land are described?[1分]
Five.
Two.
Four.
Three. 
30.
Which of the following statements is true, according to the passage?[1分]
The earth's desert are slowly spreading.
One out of 10 people lives in dry regions.
Their life in the desert is threatened now by traditional problems.
New water wells can solve the problem in Africa's desert. 
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Telephone, television, radio, and telegraph all help people communicate with
each other. Because of these devices, ideas and news of events spread quickly all
over the world. For example, within seconds, people can know the results of an
election in another country. An international football match comes into the homes
of everyone with a television set.News of a disaster such as an earthquake or a
flood can bring help from distant countries within hours, help is on the way. Because of modern technology like the satellites that travel around the world, information travels fast.
How has this speed of communication changed the world? To many people,the world has become smaller. Of course this does not mean that the world is actually physically smaller. It means that the world seems smaller. Two hundred years ago,communication between the continents took a long time. All news was carried on ships that took weeks or even months to cross the ocean. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,it took six weeks for news from Europe to reach America.This time difference influenced people's actions. For example, one battle, or fight, in the War of 1812 between England and the United States could have been avoided. A peace agreement had already been signed. Peace was made in England, but the news of peace took six weeks to reach America. During these six weeks, the large and serious Battle of New Orleans was fought. Many people lost their lives after a peace treaty had been signed.They would not have died if news had come in time.In the past,communication took much time than it does now.
There was a good reason why the world seemed so much larger than it does today.
31.
News spreads fast because of____.[1分]
modern transportation
new technology
the change of the world
a peace agreement 
32.
According to this passage,____is very important to people in a disaster area.[1分]
fast communication
modern technology
latest news
new ideas 
33.
Which of the following statements is true?[1分]
The world now seems smaller because of faster communication.
The world is actually smaller today.
The world is changing its size.
The distance between England and America has changed since the War of 1812 
34.
Two hundred years ago,news between the continents was carried____.[1分]
by telephone and telegraph
by land
by air
by sea 
35.
The New Orleans Battle could have been avoided if the peace agreement had been signed____.[1分]
by both sides
in time
in America
in England 
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

The concept of personal choice in relation to health behaviors is an important one.An estimated 90 percent of all illnesses may be preventable if individuals would make sound personal health choices based upon current medical knowledge.
We all enjoy our freedom of choice and do not like to see it restricted when it is within the legal and moral boundaries of society.[ZZ)]The structure of American society allows us to make almost all our own personal decisions that may concern our health.If we so desire,we can smoke,drink excessively, refuse to wear seat
belts,eat whatever foods we want,and live a completely sedentary life-style without any excuse.The freedom to make such personal decisions is a fundamental aspect of our society,although the wisdom of these decisions can be questioned.Personal choices relative to health often cause a difficulty.As one example,a teenager may know the facts relative to smoking cigarettes and health but may be pressured by friends into believing it is the socially accepted thing to do.A multitude of factors,both inherited and environmental,influence the development of healthrelated behaviors,and it is beyond the scope of this text to discuss all these factors as they may affect any given individual.However,the decision to adopt a particular health-related behavior is usually one of personal choices.
There are healthy choices and there are unhealthy choices.In discussing the moral of personal choice,Fries and Crapo drew a comparison.[ZZ(Z]They suggest that to knowingly give oneself over to a behavior that has a statistical probability of shortening life is similar to attempting suicide.[ZZ)]Thus,for those individuals
who are interested in preserving both the quality and quantity of life,personal health choices should reflect those behaviors that are associated with statistical probability of increased vitality and longevity.
36.
The concept of personal choice concerning health is important because____.[1分]
personal health choices help cure most illnesses
it helps raise the level of our medical knowledge
it is essential to personal freedom in American society
wrong decisions could head to poor health 
37.
To “live a completely sedentary lifestyle”(Para. 1) in the passage means____.”[1分]
to live an inactive life
to live a decent life
to live a life with complete freedom
to live a life of vice 
38.
Sound personal health choice is often difficult to make because____.[1分]
current medical knowledge is still insufficient
there are many factors influencing our decisions
few people are willing to trade the quality of life for longevity
people are usually influenced by the behavior of their friends 
39.
To knowingly allow oneself to pursue unhealthy habits is compared by Fries and Crapo to____.[1分]
improving the quality of one's life
limiting one's personal health choice
deliberately ending one's life
breaking the rules of social behavior 
40.
According to Fries and Crapo sound health choices should be based on____.[1分]
personal decisions
laws of society
statistical evidence
opinions of friends 
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)

Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.
____he thought of it,the stars seemed always large and clear before the dawn of Christmas Day.[1分]
As for
Now that
Because
As soon as 
42.
A thought____him like a silver dagger.[1分]
beat
hit
struck
pondered 
43.
I'll____this afternoon.[1分]
get the radio fixed
get the radio to be fixed
get the radio being fixed
get the radio fixing 
44.
Who is____personnel at present?[1分]
in the charge of
under charge of
under the charge of
in charge of 
45.
Tell him to turn down the TV.It's____my nerves.[1分]
get over
get in
get crazy with
get on 
46.
The family decided to raise two cows and five sheep____the chickens,ducks and rabbits.[1分]
except
besides
beside
except for 
47.
I woke up,____that he had gone.[1分]
only finding
only having found
only to find
only to have found 
48.
The project____by the time you come to China again.[1分]
will be completed
will have been completed
is to be completed
is going to be completed 
49.
In the course of the work,we____lots of difficulties.[1分]
met with
saw
got into
came across 
50.
____his accent,he must be from the south.[1分]
Judged by
Being judged from
Judging from
Being judged by 
51.
The boy____his father.[1分]
was accused of having killed
was accused to have killed
was accused of killing
was accused to kill 
52.
Missing the train means____for an hour.[1分]
waiting
to wait
to be waiting
have to wait 
53.
Something extraordinary happened in that hospital.A man,who was declared
clinically dead,suddenly____.[1分]
returned to life
restored to life
came to life
survived 
54.
They are glad to see the children____in the daycare center.[1分]
well taken care
being well taken care of
well looked after
being well looked after 
55.
She is a woman of rare gifts.Her performance last night was indeed very____.[1分]
impressed
impressive
impressing
impression 
56.
The road being built was scheduled to____traffic on May Day.[1分]
be close to
be closed to
be open to
be opened to 
57.
It was more than fifteen years ago____I entered the laboratory of Professor Agassiz.[1分]
when
that
in which
since 
58.
____than it began raining.[1分]
Hardly had he reached home
Hardly did he reach home
No sooner did he reach home
No sooner had he reached home 
59.
The man's life____if he had been sent to a better hospital.[1分]
might have been saved
may have been saved
was to be saved
should be saved 
60.
Everybody looked____the direction of the explosion.[1分]
to
from
in
into 
61.
This is a____young writer.He has published quite a few good stories in recent years.[1分]
promised
looking forward
promising
clever 
62.
The doctor insists that the patient____.[1分]
must be operated
should be operated
be operated on
needs operating on 
63.
It sounds as if the telephone____.[1分]
were ringing
was ringing.
has being ringing
is ringing 
64.
The family looked on helplessly as their house____.[1分]
burning down
was burned down
was burning down
burned down 
65.
What is the____language in India?[1分]
office
official
officially
officer 
66.
He____twenty times,striking a match each time to look at his old watch.[1分]
had waked
was awake
must have waked
was waken 
67.
There he bought____chocolate for his daughter,and then he had____bee
rs in the bar not far from the school.[1分]
a bar of...a couple of
a piece of...a bottle of
a dozen of...a couple of
a cubic of...a tin of 
68.
With his big fleshy nose he____his grandpa.[1分]
looks like
takes after
looks after
resembles 
69.
The ____majority were in support of this bill so it was passed without
much difficulty.[1分]
overflowing
overtaking
overloading
overwhelming 
70.
The actress____the terms of her contract and was sued by the producer.[1分]
isolated
signed
implemented
violated 
Part Ⅳ Translation from English into Chinese (15 minutes)

Directions:
In this part,there are five items which you should translate into Chinese,each item consisting of one or two sentences.These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in Part Three of the Test Paper.You are allowed 15 minutes to do the translation.You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
71.
(Passage 1 Para.1)They were rather afraid to tell in case they frightened people.[3分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 他们害怕说出来以免在老百姓中造成恐惧。
72.
(Passage 2 Para.1)Now largely through problems caused by modern life,their existence is threatened by the slow,steady spread of the earth's deserts.[3分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 现在主要因为现代生活导致的一些问题,他们的生存受到逐步而缓慢的沙漠扩散的威胁。
73.
(Passage 3 Para.1)Because of modern technology like the satellite that travel around the world,information travels fast. [3分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 由于类似于绕地球运行的卫星这样的现代技术,信息传递速度更快了。
74.
(Passage 4 Para.1)We all enjoy our freedom of choice and do not like to see it restricted when it is within the legal and moral boundaries of society.[3分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 我们都希望享有自由选择权,而不希望这种权利在社会的司法和道德界限内受到限制。
75.
(Passage 4 Para.1)They suggest that to knowingly give oneself over to a behavior that has a statistical probability of shortening life is similar to attempting suicide. [3分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 他们认为明知某行为根据统计会减短寿命而为之无异于自杀。
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
1.
Directions:〖YY)〗 〖WTBZ〗For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition with the title ON Friendship.Your composition should be no less than 120 words.Remember to write your composition neatly.You should also base your composition on the outline below.
1.The need for friends
2.True friendship
3.My principle in making friends[25分]
参考答案:
Writing Sample
As a human being,one can hardly do without a friend.Society is made up of individuals,and making friends is a very important part in our life.Friends can give you a lot.First,if you have trouble with some problems,you can consult your good
friends and exchange opinions.Thus,you will feel comfortable and encouraged.Secondly,if you wish to do some physical exercises,such as playing table tennis,you could play with friends and have a good time.
But what is true friendship?Some people think friends are people whom they can play with.In my opinion,a friend in need is a friend indeed.True friendship can encourage you when you are in difficulties.A true friend not only shares with you
your joy and happiness but also your trouble and anxiety.When you need him,he
will give you a hand and spare no efforts.
As far as I'm concerned,I wish to make as many friends as possible.The world is
a big family,and we will feel relaxed in a friendly atmosphere.I wish some day we can all be friends.

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