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大学英语四级模拟题14
试卷编号:144026
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:90
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
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Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Questions 21 to 25 arebased on the following passage:

We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money, but most mistakes are about people. “Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen?” “When I got that great job, did Jim really feel good about it, as a friend? Or did he envy my luck?” “And Paul — why didn't I pick up that he was friendly just because I had a car?” When we look back, doubts like these can make us feel bad. But when we look back, it's too late.
Why do we go wrong about our friends — or our enemies? Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning. And if we don't really listen, we miss the feeling behind the words. Suppose someone tells you, “You're a lucky dog.” Is he really on your side? If he says, “You're a lucky guy” or “You're a lucky gal,” that's being friendly. But “lucky dog”? There's a bit of envy in those words. Maybe he doesn't see it himself. But bringing in the “
dog” bit puts you down a little. What he may be saying is that he doesn't think you deserve your luck.
“Just think of all the things you have to be thankful for” is another noise that says one thing and means another. It could mean that the speaker is trying to get you to see your problem as part of your life as a whole. But is he? Wrapped up in this phrase is the thought that your problem isn't important. It's telling you to think of all the starving people in the world when you haven't got a date for Saturday night.
How can you tell the real meaning behind someone's words? One way is to take a good look at the person talking. Do his words fit the way he looks? Does
what he says square with the tone of voice? His posture? The look in his
eyes? Stop and think. The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people say to you may save another mistake.
21.
When the writer recalls the things that happened between him and his friends, he ____.[1分]
feels happy, thinking of how nice his friends were to him
feels he may not have “read” his friends' true feelings correctly
thinks it was a mistake to view Jim as a friend
is sorry that his friends let him down
22.
By saying “You're a lucky dog.”, the speaker ____.[1分]
is just being friendly
expresses the same meaning as “You're a lucky guy.” or“You ' re a lucky gal.”
is humorous to apply the word “dog” to people
has a hidden jealous feeling behind the words
23.
In listening to a person, the important thing is ____.[1分]
to notice his tone, his posture, and the look in his eye
to listen to how he pronounces his words
to check his words against his manner, his tone of voice, and his posture
not to believe what he says
24.
If you followed the advice of the writer, you would ____.[1分]
weigh carefully what people say to determine their real meaning
get along well with people
trust what other people say
have no doubts about our friends
25.
This passage tries to tell you how to ____.[1分]
avoid mistakes about both money and people
say things elegantly
avoid mistakes in understanding what people tell you
keep people friendly without trusting them
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

    Sleep is part of a person's daily activity cycle. There are several different stages of sleep, and they too occur in cycles. If you are an average sleeper,
your sleep cycle is as follows. When you first drift off into slumber (安睡), y
our eyes will roll about a bit, your temperature will drop slightly, your muscles will relax, and your breathing were slow and become quite regular. Your brain waves slow down a bit too, with the alpha rhythm of rather fast waves predominating for the first few minutes. This is called stage 1 sleep. For the next half hour or so, as you relax more and more, you will drift down through stage 2 and stage 3 sleep. The lower your stage of sleep, the slower
your brain waves will be. Then about 40 to 60 minutes after you lose consciousness you will have reached the deepest sleep of all. Your brain waves will show the large slow waves that are known as the delta rhythm. This is stage 4 sleep.
    You do not remain at this deep fourth stage all night long, but instead about 80 minutes after you fall into slumber, your brain activity level will increase again slightly. The delta rhythm will disappear, to be replaced by the  activity pattern of brain waves. Your eyes will begin to dart around under your closed eyelids (眼皮) as if you were looking at something occurring in front of you. This period of rapid eye movement lasts for some 8 to 15 minutes
and is called REM sleep. It is during REM sleep period, your body will soon relax again, your breathing will grow slow and regular once more, and you will slip gently back from stage 1 to stage 4 sleep — only to rise once again to the surface of near consciousness some 80 minutes later.
26.
The stages of sleep take on ____.[1分]
an irregular aspect.
a regular aspect
a punctual aspect
a similar aspect
27.
Stage 4 sleep lasts ____.[1分]
about 80 minutes
about 4060 minutes
about 30 munutes
about 2040 minutes
28.
The brain waves are the slowest during ____.[1分]
stage 1
stage 2 and stage 3
stage 4
REM sleep
29.
In the second paragraph the word “dart” means ____.[1分]
glare
move rapidly or suddenly
stop moving
gaze
30.
One of the features of REM sleep is that ____.[1分]
there are large slow waves, though rapid for the first few minutes
you have the deepest sleep
there are no brain waves
the brain waves are a little fast and the brain becomes a littleactive
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

    Designing a lens can be compared to playing chess. In chess a player tries to trap his opponent's king in a series of moves. In creating a lens a lens designer attempts to “trap” light by forcing all the rays arising from a single point in the subject to focus on a single point in the image, as a consequence of their passing through a series of transparent( 透明的) elements with precisely curved surfaces. Since in both cases the ultimate goal and the means by which it can be attained are known, one is tempted to think there will be a single best decision at any point along the way. The number of possible consequences flowing from any one decision is so large, however, as to bevirtually, if not actually, infinite. Therefore in lens design, as inchess, perfect solutions to a problem are beyond reach. Although this article will be concerned only with the design of photographic lenses, the same principles apply to all lenses.
    The lens designer has one enormous advantage over the chess player: the designer is free to call on any available source of help to guide him through the staggering number of possibilities. Most of that help once came from mathematics and physics, but recently computer technology, information theory,chemistry, industrial engineering and psychophysics have all contributed to making the lens designer's job immeasurably more productive. Some of the lens
es on the market today were inconceivable a decade ago. Others whose design is as much as a century old can now be massproduced at low cost. With the development of automatic production methods, lenses are made by the millions, both out of glass and out of plastics. Today's lenses are better than the best lenses used by the great photographers of the past.Moreover, their price may lower, in spite of the fact that 19thcentury craftsmen worked for only a few dollars a week and today's lenses are more complex. The lens designer cannot fail to be grateful for the science and technology that have made his work easier and his creations more widely available, but he is also humbled: it is no longer practical for a fine photographic lens to be designed from beginning to end by a single human mind.
31.
Lens design and chess playing are similar in that ____.[1分]
the final goal and the means by which it can be reached are kno
wn
perfect solutions to a problem can be found
any one decision at any point along the way to the goal can bring
numerous possible results
both A and C
32.
The final goal of designing a lens is ____.[1分]
to trap the opponent's lenses
to focus light with lenses
to handmake lenses at low cost
to reflect light by means of curved surfaces
33.
After the passage the author will talk about ____.[1分]
the principles of designing lenses
techniques of making contact lenses
the design of photographic lenses
styles of lenses
34.
Which of the following words cannot be used to describe
today's lenses?[1分]
More delicate.
Cheaper.
Numerous.
Unpopular.
35.
Lens designers today ____.[1分]
have a large source of help to fall back on
receive a low salary
are less respectable than those of the past
are not decisive in the lens design
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

Part Ⅰ starts with a brief introductory chapter and then takes up Style and Organization, covering them in that order because skill or lack of skill in style affects all writing, while much technical writing is so short as to offer no problems of organization. These chapters are followed by one on Mechanics, covering matters of form that are peculiar to technical writing or else crop up in it with abnormal frequency.
The chapter on Special Problems, which follows, performs a dual function. It provides writing assignments that may be used while the study of style, organization, and mechanics is still under way, and it explains ways of handling certain problems that may arise during the writing of reports, proposals, and other longer forms. We have also expanded the treatment of technical articles — recognizing the potential contribution of article writing to the career of the writer and the value of the article to science and technology.
In Part Ⅱ, a change of emphasis at one point is reflected in the new title
for Chapter 8, Nonformal Reports — Their Variation in Form and Purpose, which was formerly called Special Types of Reports. Though certain special types of reports are still discussed, additional emphasis is given to the fact that there does not exist any universally accepted set of types, under
which all reports can be classified.
Two other extensive changes have been made in Part Ⅱ: The chapter on Proposals, which first appeared in the second edition, has been rewritten and substantially expanded so as to cover that important subject more thoroughly. Also, an entirely new chapter, Oral Presentation of Technical Information, has been added. Though a study of this chapter is no substitute for training in public speaking, we believe that its recommendations can nevertheless be of substantial assistance to those who use this book on the numerous occasions when they will be called upon to present their ideas in person before a small group or a large audience.
36.
The passage is most probably a preface to ____.[1分]
a technical writing handbook
a handbook on composition
a book on a literary writing
a scientific paper
37.
In part I, the writer arranges the chapters in the order
of ____.[1分]
Introduction—Organization—Special Problems—Style—Nonformal Reports
Introduction—Style—Organization—Special Types of Reports—Mechanics
Introduction—Style—Organization—Mechanics—Special Problems
Introduction—Style—Proposals—Special Problems—Mechanics
38.
You can find some writing exercises in ____.[1分]
the chapter on Organization
the chapter on Style
the chapter on Special Problems
the chapter on Proposals
39.
According to the passage, the chapter on Oral Presentation
of Technical Information appears in ____ of the book.[1分]
Part Ⅰ of the first edition
Part Ⅱ of the second edition
Part Ⅰ of the second edition
Part Ⅱ of the third edition
40.
Which of the following is not true of Part Ⅱ of the new edition?[1分]
There isn't the chapter on Special Types of Reports.
The chapter on Oral Presentation of Technical Information is rewritten and expanded.
The chapter on Proposals is a revised chapter.
There is a change of the title of Chapter 8.
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
(20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41.
____ allow the vegetable to go bad, he sold them at half price.[1分]
More than
Rather than
Other than
Better than
42.
Today, housework has been made much easier by electrical ____.[1分]
facilities
appliances
instruments
equipment
43.
He ____ him what he asked.[1分]
denied
refuted
ignored
deprived
44.
The book does not ____ children.[1分]
submit to
appeal to
confess to
consent to
45.
We have every size of shoe in ____.[1分]
storing
stock
sale
shop
46.
I ____ this man with receiving stolen goods.[1分]
accuse
charge
scold
blame
47.
You've made a mistake—you've ____ the word.[1分]
left out
left off
left behind
left for
48.
Scientists first ____ the idea of the atomic bomb in the 1930s.[1分]
competed
conceived
consumed
concealed
49.
You may take an oral or written exam ____ what you prefer.[1分]
according as
according to
accordingly
in accord
50.
The desks and seats can be ____ to the height of any child.[1分]
adopted
shifted
adjusted
corrected
51.
No further discussion ____ , the meeting was brought to a close.[1分]
arising
raising
arousing
rising
52.
____ , the British working class is better off today than it was a generation ago.[1分]
By and large
In detail
By no means
By and by
53.
Every man has the right to live where he wants to, ____ the colour of his skin.[1分]
regardless of
prior to
in case of
for the sake of
54.
The potato crop of 1946 was ____ that of 1945.[1分]
superior than
superior to
more superior to
more superior than
55.
Books are ____ to scholars.[1分]
indispensable
indifferent
bound to
accustomed to
56.
____ such a difficult task, we must redouble our efforts.[1分]
To face with
We are facing
Faced with
Facing with
57.
Either of these young ladies ____ perfectly qualified to teach Greek, Latin and French.[1分]
were
are
is
have been
58.
Your hair needed ____ ;I am glad you had it cut.[1分]
cut
cutting
to cut
being cut
59.
Studying hard is more rewarding ____.[1分]
than to be lazy
than being lazy
than to be like a lazy person
than it is to be lazy
60.
The Latin class had twenty students, ____ had had much
better language training than I.[1分]
most of which
which
most of them
most of whom
61.
I wish that he ____ to the movies with me yesterday.[1分]
went
could go
was gone
could have gone
62.
____ , the more necessary it is to break it up into a
number of parts which the reader can visualize.[1分]
The more complex a subject becomes
The more becomes a subject complex
A subject becomes the more complex
The more subjects become essential
63.
Close the door, ____ ?[1分]
will you
do you
shall you
don't you
64.
____ at the railway station when it began to rain.[1分]
Hardly had he arrived
Hardly he had arrived
No sooner did he arrive
No sooner arrived he
65.
The storm ____ , they had to live in a cave.[1分]
has destroyed their hut
to destroy their hut
having destroyed their hut
being destroyed
66.
____ the number of paid holidays enjoyed by most employees in the company, three weeks of vacation seems generous.[1分]
Compared with
Compared
Comparing with
Comparing
67.
It was going to be some time ____ he would see his father again.[1分]
since
when
until
before
68.
He is younger than ____.[1分]
any other boy in the class
any boy in the class
all boys in the class
you and me as well as the class
69.
The establishment of the company shall start from the day
____
the business license of the company is issued.[1分]
which
on which
in which
whenever
70.
You ____ me because I didn't say that.[1分]
must misunderstand
must be misunderstanding
must have misunderstood
had to misunderstand
Part Ⅳ Translation from English into Chinese (15 minutes)

Directions:
In this part, there are five items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension of the Test Paper. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
71.
You do not remain at this deep fourth stage all night long, but instead about 80 minutes after you fall into slumber, your brain activity level will increase again slightly.(Passage 2, Para.2, the First Sentence)[2分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 但你并不是整夜都保持这种第四阶段的沉睡状态,入睡后大约80分钟左右,你的大脑活动会再度略有加强。
72.
In creating a lens a lens designer attempts to “trap” light by forcing all the rays arising from a single point in the subject to focus on a single point in the image, as a consequence of their passing through a series of transparent (透明的) elements with precisely curved surfaces.(Passage 3, Para.1, the Third Sentence)[2分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 创造镜片时,镜片设计者试图“捕捉”光线,他们迫使源自物体某个点的所有光线穿过一组曲度准确的透镜,结果光线集中在影像的一个点上。
73.
The number of possible consequences flowing from any one decision is so large, however, as to be virtually, if not actually, infinite.(Passage 3, Para.1,the Fifth Sentence)[2分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 然而,每做一个决定可能产生的结果数目之大,如果不是实际上的话,简直是无限的。
74.
We have also expanded the treatment of technical articles — recognizing the potential contribution of article writing to the career of the writer and the value of the article to science and technology.(Passage 4,Para.2,the Last Sentence)[2分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 我们亦扩充了处理专业技术文章的方法——是由于我们
认识到文章写作对写作者职业的潜在贡献以及对科学技术的价值。
75.
Though a study of this chapter is no substitute for training in public speaking, we believe that its recommendations can nevertheless be of substantial assistance to those who use this book on the numerous occasions when they will be called upon to present their ideas in person before a small group or a large audience.(Passage 4, Para.4,the Last Sentence)[2分]
参考答案:
【参考译文】 虽然学习此章节不能替代对公开发言的训练,然而我们
相信此章节中的建议对那些使用此书的人大有裨益,他们在许多场合下被请求在一小群人或许多听众面前亲自陈述自己的意见。
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
1.
Directions:In this section you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled “Layoffs(下岗) in Stateowned Enterprises”. The first sentence is given to you. Your composition should be no less than 100 words. Remember that the contents of the outline should be included in your composition. You should write your composition on the Answer Sheet.
Layoffs in Stateowned Enterprises
1.下岗是改革的需要;
2.下岗会带来的问题;
3.如何对待下岗所带来的问题;[20分]
参考答案:
 

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