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大学英语四级模拟题2
试卷编号:144025
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A).
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Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices markedA.,B),C) andD.. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

Every year 100 million holiday—makers are drawn to the Mediterranean.
With onethird of the world's tourist trade, it is the most popular of all the
holiday destinations; it is also the most polluted.
It has only 1 per cent of the world's sea surface, but carries more than half the oil and tar floating on the waters. Thousands of factories pour their poison into the Mediterranean, and almost every city, town and
village on the coast sends its sewage, untreated, into the sea.
The result is that the Mediterranean, which nurtured so many civilizations, is gravely ill—the first of the seas to fall victim to the abilities and attitudes that evolved around it. And the pollution does not merely keep back life of the sea—it threatens the people who inhabit and visit its shores.
 The mournful form of disease is caused by sewage. Eightyfive per cent
of the waste from the Mediterranean's 120 coastal cities is pushed out in
to the waters where their people and visitors bathe and fish. What is more, most cities just drop it in straight off the beach; rare indeed are the places
like Cannes and Tel Aviv which pipe it even half a mile offshore.
Not surprisingly, vast areas of the shallows are awash with bacteria and it
doesn't take long for these to reach people. Professor William Brumfitt of
the Royal Free Hospital once calculated that anyone who goes for a swim in the Mediterranean has a one in seven chance of getting some sort of disease. Other scientists say this is an overestimate; but almost all of them agree that bathers are at risk.
Industry adds its own poisons. Factories cluster round the coastline, and
even the most modern rarely has proper wastetreatment plant. They do as much
damage to the sea as sewage.
But the good news is that the countries of the Mediterranean
have been coming together to work out how to save their common sea.
21.
The causes of the Mediterranean's pollution is ____.[1分]
the oil and tar floating on the water
many factories put their poison into the sea
untreated sewage from the factories and coastal cities
there are some sorts of diseases in the sea
22.
Which of following consequence of a polluted sea is not true according to the passage?[1分]
Bring up so many civilizations.
Various diseases in the sea.
It threatens the inhabitants and travelers.
One in seven chance of getting some sort of disease swimming in the sea.
23.
The word “sewage”refer to ____.[1分]
poison
waste
liquid material
solid material
24.
Why does industry do much damage to the sea?[1分]
Because most factories have proper wastetreatment plants.
Because many factories have not proper wastetreatment plants even the most modern one.
Because just the modern factory has a waste treatment plant.
Because neither ordinary factories nor most modern ones have p
roper wastetreatment plants.
25.
What is the passage mainly about?[1分]
Save the world.
How the people live in the Mediterranean sea.
How the industry dangers the sea.
Beware the dirty sea.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

THE CLASSROOM is a man's world, where boys get twothirds of the teachers'attention — even when they are in a minority— taunt (辱骂) the girls without punishment, and receive praise for sloppy work that would not be tolerated from girls. They are accustomed to being teachers' pets, and if girls get anything like equal treatment, they will protest eagerly and even wreck lessons.
These claims are made in a book out this week, written by Dale Spender, alecturer at the London University Institute of Education. She argues that discrimination against girls is so deeply in coeducational schools that single sex classes are the only answer.
Her case is based on taperecordings of her own and other teachers' lessons. Many of them, like Spender, had deliberately set out to give girls a fair chance. “Sometimes,” says Spender, “I have even thought I have gone too far and
have spent more time with the girls than the boys.”
The tapes proved otherwise. In 10 taped lessons (in secondary school and college), Spender never gave the girls more than 42 per cent of her attention (the average was 38 percent) and never gave the boys less than 58 percent. There were similar results for other teachers, both male and female.
In other words, when teachers give girls more than a third of their time, they feel that they are cheating the boys of their rightful share. And so do the boys themselves. “She always asks the girls all the questions,” said one boy in a classroom where 34 per cent of the teachers' time was allocated to girls. “She doesn't like boys, and just listens to the girls.” said a boy in another class, where his sex got 63 per cent of teacher attention.
Boys regarded twothirds of the teacher's time as a fair deal — and when they got less they caused trouble in class and even complained to higher authority. “It's important to keep their attention,” said one teacher, “Otherwise, they play you up something awful.”
Spender concludes that, in mixed classes, if the girls are as boisterous and pushy as the boys, they are considered “unladylike”, if they are docile and quiet, they are ignored.
26.
If boys are better treated in class, ____ would be better.[1分]
singlesex classes and coeducational classes
coeducational classes
singlesex classes
None of the above
27.
Dale Spender obtained the evidence for her claims by ____.[1分]
her own lessons in secondary school and college
the other teachers' taperecordings
both male and female teachers
taperecordings of her own and other teachers' lessons
28.
What are the boy's reactions when girls are given more attention?[1分]
They will keep the teachers' attention again.
They will make some trouble and complain to the headmaster.
They will play up the teacher something awful.
They will feel they are cheated by teachers.
29.
The word “boisterous” in the last paragraph probably means ____.[1分]
rough
brave
troublesome
emotional
30.
The best title for this passage would be ____.[1分]
boys are teachers' pets
boys do better in coeducational classes
singlesex classes are better than coeduationed classes
girls do better than boys
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Gestures aren't the only area in which the unwary traveler can get tripped up. Foreign cultures adhere to different business customs and behavior.
For example:
Caffeine junkies should restrain themselves in the Middle East.“Three cups of tea or coffee is usually the polite limit in offices and during social
calls,” counsels “Travel Pak, ” a free publication of Alia, the Royal Jordanian Airline. “But if your host keeps going, you also may continue sipping. If you've had your fill, give your empty cup a quick twist  a sort of wiggle—as you hand it back. That means “No more, thank you.”
Middle East visitors also should not be surprised “if others barge right into the office in the middle of your conversation with the person you are seeing,” notes “Travel Pak.” An old Arab custom calls for keeping an “openoffice.”
The British, however, consider it impolite to interrupt a visitor, even after all business has been transacted. The commercial caller is expected to be sensitive to this point, know when to stop, and initiate his or her own departure.
In Japan certain guests at evening business gatherings will leave early. They should be allowed to leave without effusive goodbyes. The Japanese consider formal departures to be disruptive in such cases and disturbing to remaining guests.
In Scandinavia and Finland business guests may be asked to shed their clothes and join their hosts in a sauna. The invitation is a sign that a good
working relationship has been established.
In the Arab world, the word “no” must be mentioned three times before it is accepted. In contrast, it is considered good business manners to make many and long efforts to pick up the check.
In the People's Republic of China, gift giving is considered an insult, says Patrick J. Lewis, President of Club Universe, a Los Angeles tour operator. “If you want to give someone a gift, make sure it's modest in value.
This will not be considered offensive, but it may be declined, ” The Chinese manner of expressing friendship and welcome is to clap. Lewis adds. “You may be greeted with clapping when entering a factory, hospital, commune, or school.
Politeness dictates that you respond with applause, even though it may seem like you're clapping for yourself.”
31.
In the Middle East, it is considered ____.[1分]
impolite to drink at least 3 cups of coffee
impolite to drink more than 3 cups of coffee unless your host drinks more
polite to ask the host to give you as more as he can
polite to leave a party as early as you want
32.
In Japan, the guest at an evening party will ____.[1分]
leave early without saying goodbye
stay as long as he can
stay to have a swimming with the host
present their business cards immediately
33.
In Finland, business guests may ____.[1分]
take flowers to the host
send an expensive gift to the host
have a swimming or sauna with the host
present a business card
34.
In China, a gift to the host means ____.[1分]
attemption to praise the host
a modest manner
a respondence of applause
offended action to the host's dignity
35.
Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the passage?[1分]
Uninvited visitors are welcome in Middle Eastern office.
In Britain, business visitors can stay as long as they like.
In China, people may greet a foreigner's entering a school with clapping.
In the Arab world, saying “No” for 3 times until it is accepted.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

W hat is the importance of the AfroAmerican history to all Americans? How could AfroAmericans contribute anything to American history when they were just slaves and servants? This is the image which many of us are taught when we go to school. This is the image many AfroAmericans have of themselves also.
The AfroAmericans need to remake their real historical image so that it is known and accepted in its truthfulness by themselves and the rest of the world. Men and women of darker color are human beings entitled to respect and acceptance in history.
When we think of famous scientists and inventors we immediately think of men such as Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Jonas E.Salk. This is because we associate famous people with the AngloSaxon race. But what about the AfroAmerican inventors and scientists? How many men during World War Ⅰ owe their lives to Garrett Morgan who invented the gas mask? Garrett Morgan also invented the traffic light which saves numerous lives on our streets. Daniel Hale Williams was the first successful heart surgeon. Charles Drew saved hundreds of thousands of lives during World War II by his discovery of the ways and means of preserving blood plasma. Percy Julian has helped millions suffering from the excruciating pain of arthritis. These men and others should be as easily recognized as Bell, Edison and Salk.
America is made up of many different blends of cultures. These many cultures have come to enrich and diversify the American way of life. We should not think, because history has neglected to include the background of a particular culture, that these people have an inferior history. We should search for the truth and set the record straight against the slanders, the stereotyping and false images which have identified these people. We should understand each of the cultures and learn of their specific contribution to America's life story.
Only after we are taught the complete and accurate history of our great country and learn that the blending of cultures and backgrounds gives us ourstrength, can we go forward on the path to peace.
36.
The function of the first paragraph is to ____.[1分]
present the main idea or the summary of the essay
present an introduction to the topic
provide background to the main theme
present many cultures have contributed to American history
37.
Which of the following statements is true?[1分]
Graham Bell, T.Edison and J.E.Salk are not very important people.
Black people who contribute to society should have equal recognition with their white colleagues.
We should not associate famous people with the AngloSaxon
race only.
G.Morgan, D.H.Williams and Charles Drew were not AfroAmericans.
38.
Paragraph three tells us that ____.[1分]
we should oppose slander and stereotyping
the American way of life is richer because it is made up of many cultures
some cultures have been completely neglected
AfroAmericans have an inferior history
39.
The word “image” refers to ____.[1分]
picture
portray
impression
similar
40.
The main idea of the passage is ____.[1分]
There are many AfroAmericans who are famous as scientists and inventors
Many AfroAmericans have devoted to American history
AfroAmerican experience to American history
AfroAmerican history must be recognized as an important part of American history
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each
sentence there are four choices markedA.,B),C) andD.. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet witha single line through the centre.
41.
Hardly had the minister finished his statement ____ several
reporters raised their hands and put forward a string of questions.[1分]
when
as
then
than
42.
The impact of this wellknown book might not have been so far reaching ____ for Mr.William, who dared to publish it.[1分]
if had it not been
had it not been
is it not being
its only having been
43.
There were a lot ____ criticisms in the paper than expected.[1分]
of
more
of more
much more
44.
You shouldn't ____ that last week and you should do it next week.[1分]
have done
do
be doing
have to do
45.
Your father likes to play golf; he's really enthusiastic ____it.[1分]
by
about
with
on
46.
They have been waiting for many hours to see the singer, but
the airplane must have been ____.[1分]
off time
on time
ahead of schedule
behind schedule
47.
He insisted that we all ____ in his office at one o'clock.[1分]
be
to be
would be
shall be
48.
I have not found my book yet. I'm not sure ____ I could have done with it.[1分]
whether
what
why
where
49.
I left very early last night, but I wish I ____ so early.[1分]
didn't leave
hadn't left
haven't left
couldn't leave
50.
I'd get it for you ____ I could remember who last borrowed it.[1分]
except that
on condition that
if only
considering whether
51.
I did not call to make my airline reservation, but I ____.[1分]
should have
may have
must have
shall have
52.
He is sure that there was a flying saucer over there. If he
hadn't seen it himself, he ____ it.[1分]
never have believed
never did believe
could never believe
would never have believed
53.
I guess Jones didn't have a chance to win the election.
____ the people in the city voted for his opponent.[1分]
Most all of
Most of all
Almost all of
Almost the whole of
54.
The cottage will be cold. Make sure ____ the heater.[1分]
you light
for lighting
lighting
you'll light
55.
There are times when the ____ on the road to success prevent our reaching our goals.[1分]
barriers
blocks
boundaries
accidents
56.
Persons of all ages are ____ to enjoy the country's medical care.[1分]
asked
entitled
willing
required
57.
The Indian guide ____ the danger ahead on the muddy, wet road.[1分]
ignored
heard about
warned
foresaw
58.
At the gathering, he talked ____ about the matter, dampening everyones spirits.[1分]
in detail
with ease
on end
in a confusing way
59.
His ____ and experience make him an excellent person for this job.[1分]
complacency
compensation
cooperation
capability
60.
During the strike, the electricity was cut off for hours, so we had to ____ candles for lighting.[1分]
manage with
turn on
carry out
keep to
61.
Susan must ____ quite well on the exam since she seems so confident of passing.[1分]
do
have been doing
be done
have done
62.
“How many from your class went abroad?” “ ____ but one”.[1分]
Any
Some
All
Most
63.
I wish Bill would drive us to the train station but he has ____ to take us all.[1分]
very small a car
too small a car
a too small car
such a small car
64.
Astronomers were glad to know that their ____ about the moon were correct.[1分]
suppositions
descriptions
philosophy
summarization
65.
Lucille has been feeling ____ recently.[1分]
under the weather
in the weather
cold
isolated
66.
Unwise judgment and bad management caused the small company to ____.[1分]
set another record
reduce its production
go broke
go down
67.
Each day in summer, teenagers go to the beach, hoping to ____ a beautiful tan.[1分]
lose
help
bathe
acquire
68.
Heating ____ into the students' dormitories now.[1分]
is putting
is being put
is been put
has been putting
69.
We know that Mr.Smith has an extremely tight schedule, but we believe he should have ____ time at least for his supporters.[1分]
a little
one
little
a
70.
All the members are participating in the scheme ____a few small firms.[1分]
except
besides
except for
in addition to
Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions:
There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices markedA.,B),
C.andD.on the right side of the paper. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Each human being is born as something new,__ (71)__ that never existed before.
He is born with__ (72)__ he needs to win at life. Each person in his own__ (73)__ can see,hear,touch,taste, and think__(74)__ himself. Each has his own unique __(75)__ — his capabilities and limitations.__ (76)__ can be a significant,
__ (77)__, aware, and creatively __(78)__ person in his own right — a winner.
The words “winner” and “loser” have many meanings. When we refer __(79)__ a person as a winner, we do not mean one__ (80)__ beats the other guy__ (81)__ winning over him and __(82)__ him lose. To us, a winner is one who responds
authentically by being __ (83)__ , trustworthy, responsive, and genuine,__ (84)__ as an individual and as a member of__ (85)__.
A loser is one who fails to respond authentically. Martin Buber __(86) __this idea as he retells an old story of a rabbi who on his __(87)__ bed sees himself as a loser. The rabbi laments that, in the world to come, he will not be asked why he wasn't Moses; he will be asked why he wasn't __(88)__.
 Few people are one hundred percent winners or one hundred percent losers. It's a__ (89)__ of degree. However, once a person is on the road to being a winner
, his chances are greater for becoming even more __(90)__. This book is intended to facilitate the journey.
71.
 [1分]
everything
anything
something
thing
72.
 [1分]
that
what
which
how
73.
 [1分]
way
case
method
appetite
74.
 [1分]
of
to
for
about
75.
 [1分]
possibilities
abilities
potentials
energy
76.
 [1分]
One
All
Every
Each
77.
 [1分]
thinking
think
thought
have thought
78.
 [1分]
produce
productive
product
productivity
79.
 [1分]
as
to
for
on
80.
 [1分]
what
those
which
who
81.
 [1分]
with
for
on
by
82.
 [1分]
making
let
letting
make
83.
 [1分]
credit
believing
credible
believed
84.
 [1分]
all
both
which
each
85.
 [1分]
society
group
community
party
86.
 [1分]
takes
tells
speaks
expresses
87.
 [1分]
die
death
dying
died
88.
 [1分]
his
him
himself
self
89.
 [1分]
matter
case
thing
something
90.
 [1分]
than
much
then
so
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
1.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic, “The Way to Success” based on the following outlines.
Your composition should be no less than 100 words.
1.每个人都试图在事业上获得成功。
2.意志坚强、锲而不舍、勤奋进取是成功的三大要素。
3.我坚信……[20分]
参考答案:
 Sample Writing The Way to Success 
 Everyone tries to achieve success in his career, but someone finally attains his aim while the other fails. Why? The successful one continues his cause to the end through long period of hard work, but the failure one is easily disappointed and stops halfway.    Strong will, perseverance and diligence are the three essentials of success. A man of strong will and perseverance always has an inflexible spirit. He sticks to his cause no matter how tough it might be. Sun Zhongshan was such a man. Many of his attempts failed, but he held to his purpose with firmness and at last he succeeded. Diligence means steadiness in one's work and study. Marx often worked 15 hours a day. Life is short and we have too much to do. Without diligence no one can achieve anything. 
   I believe that where there is a will there is a way and that success belongs to whoever can put up with long years of patient toil and constant effort. This is the way to success.

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