正在载入试卷 ...
大学英语四级模拟题16
试卷编号:144024
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
1.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
2.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
3.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
4.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
5.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
6.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
7.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
8.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
9.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
10.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
11.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
12.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
13.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
14.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
15.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
16.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
17.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
18.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
19.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
20.
 [0.5分]
 
 
 
 
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
    At dawn on September 5th, 1972 a band of “Black September” Arab guerrillas broke into the Israeli building in the Olympic village near Munich where 10,000 athletes were staying. Over 250 plain clothes police had been brought into the village, following a tipoff of trouble ahead, but none of them saw the Arabs scale the fence. They burst into the Israeli building with submachine guns blazing at 5:10 am. Some Israeli athletes escaped through the windows and side doors. Nine were taken hostage. The guerrillas demanded the release of 200 Palestinians held in Israeli jails and a safe passage out of Germany. Within hours the Olympic village was surrounded by 13000 police. The Olympic Games were suspended. After some negotiations, the terrorists were told they would be flown with their hostages to an Arab country. They were taken by helicopter to the Furstenfield military airport 25 miles from Munich. Just before midnight the guerrillas and their hostages began to walk across the tarmac to a waiting Boeing 727 aircraft. Suddenly al the airport lights were turned out and German police sharpshooters opened fire. The rescue attempt failed tragically. In the gun battle all nine hostages were killed, as well as four Arabs and one policeman. Three Arabs were captured and one escaped into the nearby woods. On the 8th, Israeli planes bombed ten guerilla bases in revenge for Munich massacre.
21.
The most possible reason for Israeli athletes being attacked and kidnapped is that ____.[1分]
they had a conflict with the Arab guerrillas
the Arab guerrillas wanted to save the Palestinians held in Israeli jails
the German Government hated Israel
the Arab guerrillas hoped to get a large sum of money
22.
When the trouble took place, the Olympic Games ____.[1分]
were completed
were going on
were to be finished
were to take place
23.
The terrorists were told that they would be probably sent by air to ____.[1分]
Italy
India
Syria
Nigera
24.
How many Arabs were there as terrorists?[1分]
Seven.
Eight.
Nine.
It wasn’t mentioned.
25.
What do you think Palestine and Israel would act next?[1分]
They would begin another conflict.
They would begin to negotiate.
They would try to improve each other’s relation.
They would turn to UN.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
    Follow the following tips to reduce your stress to manageable levels! Avoid “
Must” think. Let go of the notion that you must do something in a certain way—for example, “I must get a great score on a test, or else.” This thought pattern only adds to the stress you’ll feel. Evaluate your situation coldly and analytically, and not as a “lifeordeath” situation. Watch the Mess. Don’t study in a messy or cramped area. Clear yourself a nice, open space that’s free of distractions. Set Manageable Goals. Break large projects into smallerand doable parts and you’ll feel a positive sense of accomplishment as you finish each part.
     Ocean Dumping. Visualize yourself walking on a beautiful beach, carrying a sand
pail. Stop at a good spot and put your worries into the pail. Drop the pail and
watch as it drifts away into the ocean. Think Good Thoughts. Create a set of positive but brief affirmations and mentally repeat them to yourself just before you fall asleep at night, and you will feel a lot more positive in the morning. Imagine
Yourself Succeeding. Close your eyes and remember a reallife situation in which you did well. Imagine facing your stressful situation with the same feelings
of confidence. Use Your Bed for Sleeping, not Studying. Your mind may start to
associate your bed with work, which will make it harder for you to fall asleep.
Soothing Sounds. If you want to play music, keep it low in the background. Classical music especially can aid the learning process. Take a Hike, Pal. Need a study break? Take a short, brisk walk. Clear your mind.
26.
If you meet a great difficulty, how can you reduce your stress?[1分]
To retreat from it.
To imagine that you are successful.
To turn to others.
To divide it into small parts and finish them one after another.
27.
“Ocean Dumping” really means ____.[1分]
putting things into the ocean
forgetting one’s worries
swimming in the ocean
sailing across the ocean
28.
The passage might be taken from ____.[1分]
a science fiction
a report of a psychologist
a popular magazine
a text book
29.
According to the passage, which kind of people are easy to come under
pressure?[1分]
Openminded people.
People with tidy habbits.
Selfconfident people.
Work addicts.
30.
As for the following statements about how to reduce one’s stress, which one hasn’t been mentioned?[1分]
To work in a nice and neat environment.
To smile when one fails.
To divide an object into small parts.
To have a rest after a long time’s work.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
     It isn’t often that an entire industry is symbolized in the figure of a single
human being, and such is the case with Canadian aviation and the aircraft industry. The man is the Hon. John A.D.McCurdy, and the life story of this still vigorous, distinguished Canadian is at once and at the same time the thrilling history
of aviation’s progress in Canada.
     It all began one cold February day in 1909 at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, when John
McCurdy confounded the critics by flying the Silver Dart, an aircraft designed by
himself, for half a mile over the ice of Bras deor Lakes. This was the first po
wered flight in Canada and the first by a British subject in the Commonwealth.
McCurdy gave proof of his flying ability—and of the development and the use of the aileronby being the first man in the world to execute a figure eight in
the air. He became the first to pilot a flying boat, taking off from Long Island Sound. He flew the first airplane to Mexico. In 1911 he had made the longest flight
to date, and that over open sea 90 miles from Key West to Havana. He won the first crosscountry race in Canada40 miles from Hamilton to Toronto—and he transmitted the first radio message from aircraft.
 When World War Ⅱ came, McCurdy took on board supervisory authority for Canadian aircraft production by serving with the government in various senior positions.
  Following World War Ⅱ, McCurdy was honored by being made lieutenant governor
of Nova Scotia where he made Canada’s first historic flight. He now lives in Montreal with a summer home in Baddeck, site of his first flight.
31.
According to the pasage, which of the following statements is NOT true
about McCurdy?[1分]
He was a Canadian.
He is regarded as the symbol of Canadian aviation and aircraft industry
.
He is the first man to finish a figure eight in the air.
He now lives in Baddeck.
32.
The “Silver Dart” is ____.[1分]
the name of a weapon
a plane bought by McCurdy
the nickname of a famous Canadian pilot
a plane designed by McCurdy
33.
McCurdy is NOT the first one to ____.[1分]
fly in Canada
pilot a flying boat
fly from Key West to Toronto
fly to Mexico
34.
Nowadays, McCurdy ____.[1分]
lives in Montreal in summer
is the lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia
is still very active and energetic
is the government’s counsellor
35.
The best title for this passage is ____.[1分]
How McCurdy Became a Famous Canadian Pilot
McCurdy’s Legendary Experience
McCurdy and the Canandian Aviation
McCurdy—the Symbol of American Aviation and the Aircraft Industry
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
    The oldest and simplest method, then of describing differences in personality
was to classify people according to types, and such a system is called a Typology.
  A famous example of this method was set forth in Greece about the year 400 BC.
A physician named Hippocrates theorized that there were four fluids, or humors, in the body. Corresponding to each humor, he believed, there existed a definite type of personality.
  The four humors were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. A person in whom all four humors were in perfect balance had a harmonious personality. If a person had too much blood, he was called sanguine(血红色), or cheerful and optimistic. Someone with too much yellow bile was choleric, or irritable and easily angered. Too much black bile made a person melancholy, or depressed and pessimistic. An oversupply of phlegm caused a human being to be phlegmatic, or slow and unfeeling. Scientists have long since discarded Hippocrates’ fluid theory. But the names of the humors, corresponding to these temperaments, have survived and are still useful, to some extent, in describing personality.
   Other features of people, such as their faces and physics, have also been used
to classify personality. Today, however, personality theories and classifications
may also include factors such as heredity(遗传特征), the environment, intelligence
, and emotional needs. Psychology, biology, and sociology are involved in these
theories. Because of the complexity of human personality, presentday theories are often very different from one another. Psychologists vary in their ideas about what is most important in determining personality.
36.
According to Hippocrates’ fluid theory, a man with too much phlegm will be ____.[1分]
optimistic
easily angered
unexcitable
pessimistic
37.
The main idea of this passage is about ____.[1分]
the complicated factors in determining one’s personality
Hippocrates’ fluid theory and its development
the past and today of personality classifications and theories
different personalities and their details
38.
At present, psychologists ____.[1分]
have common opinion about personality theories and classifications
use biology, archaeology and sociology to study personality theories
have abandoned Hippocrates’ fluid theory entirely
all agree that human beings are characterized with complex personalities
39.
The third paragraph mainly talks about ____.[1分]
Hippocrates’ fluid theory
scientists’ points of view on Hippocrutes’ fluid theory
Hippocrates’ fluid theory and its fate
defects in Hippocrates’ fluid theory
40.
According to this passage the factors which are still NOT used to clas
sify personality are ____.[1分]
one’s born features and needs of love and success
one’s height and weight
one’s hobbies and ideals
the environment and intelligence
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part
. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41.
Though badly damaged by fire, the palace was eventually ____ to its
original splendour.[1分]
repaired
renewed
restored
renovated
42.
Highspeed aircraft is made of metals that can ____ both high tempe
rature and pressure.[1分]
stand by
put up with
withhold
withstand
43.
Before the arrival of the white man, Australia was ____ only by Abor
igines.[1分]
lived
resided
dwelled
inhabited
44.
The ____ of new scientific discoveries to industrial production meth
ods usually make jobs easier to do.[1分]
addition
association
application
affection
45.
In the bitter cold, the explorers managed to ____ despite the shorta
ge of food.[1分]
live
survive
bear
endure
46.
John wants to dispose ____ his old car and buy a new one.[1分]
on
in
of
to
47.
After my examination, I had a feeling of ____.[1分]
free
release
resort
replace
48.
He failed his exam; it ____ him right because he had not studied for
the whole semester.[1分]
served
gave
taught
showed
49.
He mumbled something and blushed as though a secret had been ____.[1分]
imposed
exposed
composed
opposed
50.
It is ____ practice to bring a present to the hostess when one is in
vited to dinner.[1分]
general
usual
ordinary
common
51.
Safety devices ____ in preventing accidents in the workshop.[1分]
assist
assure
assemble
contribute
52.
____, it is quite easy to drill a hole in it with a eraser.[1分]
Hard a diamond is
Hard as a diamond is
As a diamond is hard
How hard is a diamond
53.
When you go to a new country, you must ____ yourself to new manners
and customs.[1分]
adopt
fit
suit
adapt
54.
The hotel ____ only $50 for a double room in the slack season.[1分]
claims
prices
charges
demands
55.
Mr. Morgan can be very sad ____, though in public he is extremely cheerful.[1分]
in person
in private
by himself
as individual
56.
The father lost his ____ just because his son failed again in the final exam.[1分]
mind
mood
passion
temper
57.
It was urgent that he ____ her immediately.[1分]
calls
called
call
would call
58.
He is of a ____ mood; he never finishes what he starts.[1分]
different
variable
various
distinctive
59.
An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 yards, approximately ____ from Marathon to Athens.[1分]
the distance
distance
the distance is
is the distance
60.
He is a man you can rely on. He never goes back on his ____.[1分]
word
words
permission
saying
61.
Although the examination he had passed was unimportant, his success____ him in his later study.[1分]
persuaded
promised
urged
encouraged
62.
I hope to hear more about the activities ____ there.[1分]
going on
being gone on
being happened
to be happened
63.
You should____ these tables and buy new ones.[1分]
throw off
throw down
throw up
throw away
64.
I don’t think I know the girl with long hair although she ____ me of
someone I know.[1分]
remembers
recalls
suggests
reminds
65.
Some discussion has ____ about who should be put in charge of this project.[1分]
risen
lifted
raised
arisen
66.
There are some ____ flowers on the desk.[1分]
artificial
false
unreal
untrue
67.
It is a ____ to hear his speech.[1分]
bored
bore
boring
boresome
68.
____ their suggestions, we will discuss them fully at the next meeting.[1分]
In regard for
In regard to
With regard of
Regardless for
69.
Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people ____ harm them.[1分]
more than
better than
other than
rather than
70.
How many more decades will have to pass ____ scientists succeed in providing a cure for cancer?[1分]
when
since
before
until
Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions:
There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.
 By now you know that ___ (71) ___ your money’s worth is not just a
matter of luck. It is more often the ___ (72) ___ of buying skill.
___ (73) ___ , even the smartest consumers are sometimes fooled into
thinking they are getting their money’s worth ___ (74) ___ they are not. At one time or another, almost everyone experiences deception in the marketp
lace. The deception may not be ___ (75) ___ . But, intentional or not
,
any kind of deception ___ (76) ___ consumer’s pocket books. Some ki
n
ds endanger their health and safety as well. ___ (77) ___ , consumers
need protection against the marketing of unsafe goods and false or misleading a
dvertising. Fortunately, there are both public and ___ (78) ___ agenc
ies working to meet the need.
Government’s job in free enterprise system is to protect the public interest.
The public is ___ (79) ___ entirely of consumers. When it ___ (
80) ___ to protecting consumers, therefore, government has the ___ (8
1) ___ influence. ___ (82) ___ most consumer products are sold
___ (83) ___ , the major responsibility for consumer protection is
___ (84) ___ by the federal government. That responsibility, however,
is ___ (85) ___ by many agencies. For example, the US Postal Service
works to uncover and stop dishonest ___ (86) ___ operated by mail. T
he National Highway Safety Bureau is ___ (87) ___ with all aspects o
f automobile safety. Certain federal agencies, however, have consumer protection
as one of their chief purposes. Four of these are described below.
Most federal agencies are known ___ (88) ___ their initials. FDA st
ands for the Food and Drug Administration, which probably does more to protect c
onsumers than any other agency. Its major concern is the safety, purity, and lab
elling of ___ (89) ___ , drugs, and cosmetics. These are the products
___ (90) ___ which consumers spend an estimated 38% of their incomes
.
71.
 [1分]
letting
making
getting
becoming
72.
 [1分]
consequence
method
reason
result
73.
 [1分]
Therefore
Nevertheless
Furthermore
Besides
74.
 [1分]
as
when
since
even
75.
 [1分]
intentional
deadly
dangerous
harmful
76.
 [1分]
hurts
ruins
spoils
injures
77.
 [1分]
Generally
Similarly
Obviously
Exceptionally
78.
 [1分]
personal
private
secret
state
79.
 [1分]
composed
made
consisted
constituted
80.
 [1分]
arrives
gets
comes
goes
81.
 [1分]
basic
apparent
least
most
82.
 [1分]
If
Although
Unless
Because
83.
 [1分]
nationally
locally
intentionally
extensively
84.
 [1分]
assured
assumed
ensured
insured
85.
 [1分]
caught
shared
divided
separated
86.
 [1分]
hints
warnings
cautions
schemes
87.
 [1分]
related
concerned
charged
decided
88.
 [1分]
by
to
as
for
89.
 [1分]
foods
grains
meats
fruits
90.
 [1分]
on
in
by
for
Part Ⅴ Writing
1.
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “Migrant Workers”. You should write no less than 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
1.打工仔给城市生活带来的巨大变化。
2.但打工仔也给城市生活带来了一些问题。
3.我们应采取正确态度来解决这些问题。[20分]
参考答案:
Sample Writing
Migrant Workers
Each year, attracted by job opportunities, thousands of migrant workers rush i
nto cities to better their life. While fulfilling their personal desires, these
migrant workers also provide urban residents with more conveniences by working i
n all walks of life. Besides, they meet the emergent needs of work force in som
e industries such as construction and help to quicken the steps of city construc
tion through their hard work, therefore contributing a lot to the city’s social
and economic development.
However, cities are, at the same time, confronted with many problems created b
y migrant workers. For example, too many migrant workers result in overcrowded
space and thus cause housing problem; secondly, they make a mess of city’s envi
ronment by littering casually; and thirdly, migrant population may create diffic
ulties in carrying familyplanning policy, etc.
But we can’t expel migrant workers from cities just because of the above prob
lems.
We should adopt correct attitudes towards them and take effective measures to so
lve them. We firmly believe that migrant workers will be of greater help to city
life in future.

≡ 本试卷共计91题,此处为结束标志。
examcoo™