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大学英语四级模拟题1
试卷编号:144014
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (听力材料缺失,题干不全,答案请选A)
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Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B) ,C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:It is simple enough to say that since books have classesfiction, biography,poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellowworker and accomplice(同谋).
If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess(委婉之处), from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirtytwo chapters of anovel—if we consider how to read a novel first—are an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building but words are more impalpable than bricks, reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impressin on you—how at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was comic, but also tragic; a whole vision, an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.
21.
What does the author mean by saying “Yet few people ask from books what books can give us.”?[1分]
The author means that lots of people read few books.
The author thinks that readers have only absorbed part of knowledge in books.
The author holds that few people have a proper idea about what contentsome kind of books should include.
The author considers that readers can scarcely understand most of the books.
22.
According to the passage, which of the following statement is right?[1分]
A reader should find some mistakes when he is reading.
The more difficult a book is, the more you can get from it.
To read something is easier than to watch something.
One should be in the same track with the writer when he is reading.
23.
What is the possible meaning of “impalpable” (Paragraph 2) in the passage?[1分]
Clear.
Elusive.
Delicate.
Precise.
24.
What’s the main idea of this passage?[1分]
The importance of reading.
The proper way to read.
How to get most from one book.
The characters of a good book.
25.
When a writer is writing he often get the whole conception ____.[1分]
after a long time’s thinking
through an instant inspiration
according to his own experience
by way of watching the objects attentively
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
According to the dictionary definition of “create”, ordinary people are creative every day. To create means “to bring into being, to cause to exist”—something each of us does daily.
We are creative whenever we look at or think about something in a new way. First this involves an awareness of our surroundings. It means using all of our sese to become aware of our world. This may be as simple as being aware of color and texture, as well as taste, when we plan a meal. Above all, it is the ability to notice things that others might miss.
A second part of creativity is an ability to see relationships among things. If we believe the expression, “There is nothing new under the sun,” the creativity is remaking or recombining the old in new ways. For example, we mightdo this by finding a more effective way to study or a better way to arrange ourfurniture, or we might make a new combination of camera lenses and filters to create an unusual photograph.
A third part of creativity is the courage and drive to make use of our new ideas, to apply them to achieve some new results. To think up a new concept is onething; to put the idea to work is another.
These three parts of creativity are involved in all the great works of genius,but they are also involved in many of our daytoday activities.
26.
Which of the following activities is NOT a creative one according to the passage?[1分]
To prepare a meal.
To arrange the furniture in a peculiar way.
To buy some books from a bookstore.
To “write” a letter with the computer.
27.
The author holds that ____.[1分]
creativity is of highly demand
creativity is connected with a deep insight to some extent
creativity is to create something new and concrete
to practise and practise is the only way to cultivate one’s creativity
28.
“There is nothing new under the sun.” (Par.3) really implies that ____.[1分]
we can seldom create new things
a new thing is only a tale
a new thing can only be created at the basis of original things
we can scarcely see really new things in the world
29.
What does the author think about the relationship between a new thought and its being put into practice?[1分]
It’s more difficult to create a new thought than to apply it in practice.
To find a new thought will definitely lead to the production of a new thing.
One may come up with a new thought, but can not put it into practice.
A man with an excellent ability of practice can easily become an inventor.
30.
The best title for this passage is ____.[1分]
How to Cultivate One’s Creativity
What is Creativity
The Importance of Creativity
Creativity—a Not Farway Thing
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
When I was studying at Yale, some phenomena puzzled me greatly. I found that Chinese students or Asian students were very polite in class while American students often interrupted the professor, asking questions and dominating the discussion. The Chinese students were not as aggressive as American students.
I was impressed by the role of the professor in the seminar(讨论会). Theprofessor didn’t act as an authority, giving final conclusions, but as a reseacher looking for answers to questions together with the students. One linguistic(语言的) feature of his interacting with his students was that he used manymodal(情态的) verbs—far more than I did in Beiwai. When answering questions, heusually said, “This is my personal opinion and it could be wrong.” or “Youcould be right, but you might find this point of view also interesting.”
In China, authorities are always supposed to give wise decisions and correct directions. Therefore, students always expect the professor to give an answer to the question. I still remember how frustrated they were when foreign teachers didnot provide such an answer. Their expectations from authorities are much higherthan that of American students. Once the Chinese students got the answer, they were sure about it.
Education in China is valued for united thinking. I remember American teacherswho taught in our university complaining about the fact that Chinese students uniformly expressed the same idea in their English composition. The examinationsin America usually do not test a student’s ability to memorize the material buthis ability to analyze and solve problems. Education in America is valued not only as a means to obtain employment but as a process of enhancing critical thinking.
31.
In the USA, when the students are in class, ____.[1分]
a Chinese student tends to be very active
an American student likes to make trouble
a Chinese student likes to puzzle the teacher
an American student tends to be vigorous
32.
A teacher in the USA prefers to ____ when he answers questions.[1分]
be very sincere
be very direct
be very selfconfident
be very indifferent
33.
What is the opinion of the author concerning the difference of teachin
g methods between China and the USA?[1分]
He thinks that Chinese teaching metods can make students learn more.
He holds that the major purpose of Chinese teaching methods is to impro
ve students’ remembrance.
He thinks that American teaching is abilityoriented.
He holds that American teachers hate to give a test.
34.
The author thinks that the relationship between the student and the te
acher is ____.[1分]
more intimate in China
closer in China
looser in USA
more harmonious in USA
35.
The education in USA may produce some ____ graduates.[1分]
talkative
conventional
creative
imaginative
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:Online courses (also called distance learning) are a hot new trend in American education. According to the nonprofit Distance Education and Training Council,about 400 US colleges and schools offer some portion of their programs on the Web. At the university level, they cost the same as traditional classes and require similar weekly assignments and textbook reading, the difference is in class participation.
Generally speaking, students congregate(使聚集) online throughout each weekto explore topic with the professor, but these discussions occur “asynchronously(不同时发生地)” rather than in real time. (You read others’ comments and postyour own whenever you get a chance.) Written assignments are posted, you emailin your work periodically, and you’re required to take a proctored exam in order toreceive degree credit. Careerboosting business administration and information technology programs are the most popular, but you’ll also find a varietyof literal arts offerings, from film theory to medieval history and foreign language study. While you still can’t get an Ivy League degree online, a growing number of elite(卓越的) institutions, including Stanford and New York University are beginning to offer online courses.
The benefits for busy people are obvious. “I always get a frontrow seat,”says one student studying at the State University of New York Learning Network.“I can get up in the middle of class, grab a cup of coffee. The class is waiting for me when I get back, and I haven’t missed a thing.” On the other hand, some students miss the facetoface interaction that often sparks interest and involvement.
36.
Generally speaking, online education costs ____.[1分]
more than the traditional one
less than the traditional one
as much as the traditional one
the author hasn’t mentioned
37.
The major way to hand out assignments of online students is ____.[1分]
to hand out them in person
to post them
to email in them
to let the teacher enter into their personal main pages
38.
Which kind of program is probably NOT welcomed by most of the students?[1分]
Software development.
Decoration and design.
International trade.
Company management.
39.
The closest meaning of “Ivy League” (Par. 2) ____.[1分]
famous universities in USA
famous business colleges in USA
famous companies in USA
universities with a long history
40.
It is implied that in USA ____.[1分]
online education will take the place of the traditional one soon
there are only a few online programs until now
one need not take part in the exam in order to receive a diploma by wayof online education
one can not receive a degree certificate of New York University throughdistant learning
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
41.
____ the size and nature of a business, its main goal is to earn a profit.[1分]
Whatever
Whichever
Whereas
Because
42.
You are supposed ____ everything ready by now.[1分]
to get
getting
to have got
having got
43.
The football player is hoping to ____ to another club.[1分]
transfer
transmit
transform
transport
44.
The medicine which the doctor gave her can only ____ her temporarily from pain.[1分]
relax
relieve
relay
release
45.
She was simple, ____ and hardworking woman.[1分]
practicable
favorable
feasible
practical
46.
I found myself completely ____ by his vivid performance.[1分]
carried out
carried off
carried away
carried on
47.
These safety measures will ____ the reduction of accidents.[1分]
give in
result from
result in
originate in
48.
After we had been in the village for a few months, we so liked it thatwe decided to settle there ____.[1分]
in turn
for good
as usual
at most
49.
____ these changes we must revise our plan.[1分]
In the course of
In the light of
In spite of
In addition to
50.
“I don’t feel like ____ now.”
“But the faster we get the assignment ____ the sooner we can go out and relax.”[1分]
to study, to do
to study, done
studying, done
studying, to do
51.
In order to be a good scientist, ____.[1分]
mathematics is vital
one must master mathematics
mathematics is important to understand
one to understand mathematics
52.
I’m ____ him to arrive on Sunday.[1分]
awaiting
waiting
expecting
hoping
53.
It’s high time that something, ____ to prohibit selling fake commodities.[1分]
must be done
was done
be done
were done
54.
What’s the matter? I smell something ____.[1分]
burn
burns
being burned
burning
55.
It was a long time before the cut on my hand ____ completely.[1分]
healed
recovered
improved
cured
56.
You’ll have to buy some new shoes as these are ____.[1分]
used up
wasted away
broken down
worn out
57.
I ____ at home to look after my sick mother.[1分]
can’t help stay
can’t help staying
cannot help but stay
cannot help but staying
58.
More and more cheaper materials are being ____ for the better, moreexpensive kind in production.[1分]
replaced
displaced
substituted
transformed
59.
The taxi had to ____ because the traffic light had turned red.[1分]
set up
catch up
shut up
pull up
60.
____ to secret document is denied to all but few.[1分]
Access
Approach
Contact
Touch
61.
Will all those ____ the proposal raise their hands?[1分]
in relation to
in excess of
in contrast to
in favor of
62.
A cold is nothing to you ____ it is merely a cold; but it sometimesbecomes a danger.[1分]
no matter
as well as
so long as
so far as
63.
People here usually ____ channel 2 at 7:00 a.m. to hear the news.[1分]
tune
tune in
tone
turn in
64.
The attack on Pearl Harbor ____ the indignation of the whole nation.[1分]
rasied
rose
aroused
arose
65.
American people are highly ____, and therefore may find it difficultto become deeply involved with others.[1分]
moving
mobile
motional
movable
66.
A large sum of money has been raised for the ____ of the poorlyeducated children in the mountainous districts.[1分]
profit
favour
advantage
benefit
67.
In arithmetic the rules of addition are basic, and all the other rulesare built on this ____.[1分]
basis
base
bases
basic
68.
On Christmas Eve, we had several guests, who were ____ friends of our daughter.[1分]
almost
mostly
most
nearly
69.
In our culture, honesty has always been considered an important ____of a person’s character.[1分]
element
role
share
practice
70.
Students who pass the test will be ____ to the next grade.[1分]
progressed
proceeded
promoted
proposed
Part Ⅳ Translation from E[nglish into Chinese (15 minutes)
Directions:
In this part, there are five items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension of the Test Paper. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
71.
Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, askingof fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biographythat it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices.(Passage 1, Para.1)[2分]
参考答案:
最通常的情况是,我们接触书本时
思绪不清,三心二意,要求小
说写得真实可靠,诗歌写得空洞虚伪,传记写得溢美捧场,史记写得增加我们的偏见。
72.
Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelistis doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. (Passage 1, Para. 2)[2分]
参考答案:
了解造就一位小说家的基本要素最
迅速的办法,也许不是读
而是写,是亲自体验用词的踌躇和难处。
73.
For example, we might do this by finding a more effective way to studyor a better way to arrange our furniture, or we might make a new combination ofcamera lenses and filters to create an unusual photograph.(Passage 2, Para. 3)[2分]
参考答案:
我们可用这样的一些方法做到这一
点。例如找到一种高效的学习
方法,将我们的家俱安排得更合理,或者将相机的镜头和滤光器重新加以组合以拍出一张不
同寻常的照片。
74.
The professor didn’t act as an authority, giving final conclusions, but as a reseacher looking for answers to questions together with the students.(Passage 3, Para.2)[2分]
参考答案:
教授不以权威自居,不提供最后的
结论,而是以探讨者的态度与
学生一起寻求答案。
75.
Careerboosting business administration and information technology programs are the most popular, but you’ll also find a variety of literal arts offerings, from film theory to medieval history and foreign language study.(Passage4, Para.2)[2分]
参考答案:
商业管理以及信息技术这些有助于
事业发展的课程是最受欢迎的
。不过,你也同样能在网络上找到各种各样的文科课程,从电影理论到中世纪历史以及外国
语言学习等。
Part Ⅴ Writing
1.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “Should Tobacco Industry Be Forbidden?” You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
1.烟草业目前对我们的社会有一定好处;
2.吸烟却有害健康;
3.从长远打算,烟草业终将被禁止。[30分]
参考答案:
Sample Writing
Should Tobacco Industry Be Forbidden?
Tobacco industry has long been a major part of national industries and contributed a lot to society. It provides so many job opportunities that it is estimated 10% of Chinese people are doing jobs connected with it. What’s more, the tax on tobacco industry is high, which inevitably brings large amounts of provincial and national revenue and helps to increase national wealth.
But on the other hand, it is wellknown that the major product of tobacco industry is simply cigarettes, cigars and so on. With various cigarettes to cater to
different customers, people are tempted to fall into smoking, man and woman, adult and children. That’s where problem exists. For one thing, smoking does harm to health and even leads to lung cancer. For another, smoking is one source of air pollution, which affects nonsmokers’ health.
Fortunately, our government has noticed this problem and already taken measures
to restrain the development of tobacco industry and prohibit smoking in public
places. It’s true that we can’t do away with it at once. However, in the long run, tabacco industry should be forbidden, but gradually.

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