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大学英语四级模拟题19
试卷编号:144008
录入者 :翠玉缘(培训机构)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension(注:听力试题缺失,请选A为参考答案)
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Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Ascientist who does research in economic psychology and who wants to predict the way in which consumers will spend their money must study consumer behavior. He must obtain data both on resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.
If an economist as asked which of three groups borrow most—people with rising incomes, stable incomes, or declining incomes—he would probably answer:those with declining incomes. Actually, in the years 1947—1950, the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with declining incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumptions about earning and spending are not always reliable. Another traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up, they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of price increase may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expressed by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we’ll have to pay more for meat and milk; we’ll have less to spend on other things.” Her family had been planning to buy a new car but they postponed this purchase. Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be resented and buyer’s resistance may be evoked.
The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America. Investigations conducted at the same time in Great Britain, however, yielded results that were more in agreement with traditional assumptions about saving and spending patterns. The condition most conductive to spending appears to be price stability. If prices have been stable and people consider that they are reasonable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology.
21.
If a scientist wants to study consumer behavior, what must he do?[1分]
He must predict the way in which consumers will spend their money.
He must do scientific research.
He must know background of customers.
He must do research and learn the resources and motives of customers.
22.
Which of the following groups borrow money most according to traditional assumption?[1分]
People with rising incomes.
People with stable incomes.
People with declining incomes.
None of the above.
23.
Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?[1分]
Traditional assumptions about earning and spending are not always  reliable.
The condition that most helps to produce spending appears to be price rising.
Maintaining stable prices is a common business policy.
The results of the investigation in America were not the same as those in Great Britain.
24.
The research survey in America have showed that when the prices rise, ____.[1分]
people will hasten to buy
people will stop buying
people will postpone their purchase
people will buy more than they can use
25.
The saving and spending patterns in America are ____ those at the same time in Britain.[1分]
different from
much better than
the same as
much worse than
Questions 26 to 30 are
based on the following passage.
In the past, American families tended to be quite large. Parents raising
five or more children were common. Over the years, the size of the family has decreased. One reason for this is an increase in the cost of living. On
the average, children attend schools for more years than they used to,
making them financially dependent on their families longer. Moreover, children nowadays are better dressed and have more money to spend on entertainment. The parents usually take the responsibility for all the expenses. Meanwhile, families are less close than they used to be. More and more American mothers work away from home. The breakup of the family occurs when the parents divorce. A lot of children in the U. S. live part of their young lives with only one parent. Broken families usually result in problems for children and parents alike. Children blame themselves when their parents separate. They grow up feeling unsettled as they are moved back and forth between parents. Usually one parent is responsible for raising the children. These single parents must care for the children’s emotional and psychological needs while also supporting them financially. This is very demanding and leaves very little time for the parent’s own personal interests. Single parents often marry other single parents. In this type of family, unrelated children are forced to develop brother or sister relationship. The situations of many American families today are not good. However, recent signs indicate that things are getting better. The divorce rate is declining. The rate of childbirth is rising. Perhaps Americans have learned how important families are.
26.
In the past, American families tended to be ____.[1分]
quite small
medium sized
quite large
small
27.
To parents who take the responsibility for children’s expenses, the cost of living increases because ____.[1分]
children attend school for more years
children are better dressed
children spend more money on entertainment
all of the above
28.
What problems would broken families bring to both children and parents?[1分]
Children grow up feeling unsettled and parents didn’t pay much attention to children.
Children grow up feeling free and one parent is responsible for raising the children.
Children are moved back and forth between parents and the single parent is busy working to make money to support himself/herself.
Children grow up feeling unsettled, and the parents have little time for his/her own interests because one parent is too busy taking care of children.
29.
According to the author, the situations of American families in the future may ____.[1分]
become worse
remain the same
get better
keep unchanged
30.
The title of the article might be ____.[1分]
American Children
American Families
American Mother
American Parents
Questions 31 to 35 are
based on the following passage:
Albert Schweitzer was born in 1875 in Alsace. At that time, it was a part of
Germany. His generous spirit was first awakened through his training as a Lutheran minister. Besides gaining a reputation as a preacher, he also became respected for his ability to play the organ. He was a man of many talents. His concern for other people turned his attention to medicine. He had also acquired doctoral degrees in philosophy and music. His wife took an interest in medicine too and became a nurse. Many people thought that he should remain and lecturein Europe to have a strong impact on Western civilization. Though he listened to their suggestions, he ultimately decided to follow his own conscience. This led him to Africa. Albert had felt that all men should accept the responsibility of helping others. He felt particularly concerned for black Africans who had been exploited by white men. He earned the money he needed by performing on the organ and by lecturing. With this money he bought equipment and opened a hospital in Africa. He was a man of great strength who faced great problems with courag  . The threat of war, the reality of imprisonment during World War, one as a German citizen, and the unbearable heat in Africa did not deter him at all. He believed that man could overcome these obstacles if he had a sense of idealism. He died in 1965.
31.
Albert Schweitzer was ____.[1分]
a pianist
an African
a humanitarian
a nurse
32.
He had talents for ____.[1分]
training his wife to be a nurse, giving concert and lecturing
giving medical care, lecturing, playing the organ
taking care of sick people, fighting as a soldier, lecturing
giving concert, making equipment, helping others
33.
In spite of people’s suggestions, Albert decided to go to Africa ____.[1分]
because he was born there
because he wanted to help others particularly black Africans who had been exploited by white men
because he wanted to give a concert to African people
because he wanted to make money there
34.
Why did the author think he was a man of great strength?[1分]
He always faced great problems with courage.
The threat of war and the reality of imprisonment during World War didn’t discourage him.
The unbearable heat in Africa did not deter him at all.
All of the above.
35.
Albert Schweitzer lived to be ____.[1分]
70 years old
80 years old
90 years old
100 years old
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people aresimilar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are atleast customary and undisputed.
Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently
and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the nonmaterial, for example, in technology rather than in values; in what has been learned later in life rather than what was learned early; in the less basic and less emotional aspects of society than in their opposites; in the simple elements
rather than in the complex ones; in form rather than in substance; and in elements that are acceptable to the culture rather than in strange elements.
Furthermore, social change is easier if it is gradual. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than one with sharp dichotomies ( 一分为二). This is one reason why change has not come  more quickly to Black Americans as compared to other American minorities, because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and their white counterparts.
36.
What kind of society tends to promote social changes?[1分]
A society where people are similar in many ways.
A society where there are only white people.
A society where there are only black people.
A society where there is a mixture of different kinds of people.
37.
In a mixed society, there may be disagreement in ____.[1分]
ideas
interests
beliefs
all of the above
38.
Which of the following is not true, according to the passage?[1分]
Social change is more likely to occur in the material aspect of society.
Social change is less likely to occur in what people learned when they were old.
Disagreement with and argument about conditions tend to promotesocial change.
Social change tends to meet with more difficulty in basic and emotional aspects of society.
39.
Social change is less likely to occur in a society where people are quite similar in many ways because ____.[1分]
people there are easy to please
people there are less argumentary
people there have got so accustomed to their conditions that they seldom think it necessary to change
people there have same needs that can be satisfied without much difficulty
40.
The passage is mainly discussing ____.[1分]
two different societies
certain factors that determine the case with which social change occurs
the necessity of social change
the significance of social change
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B), C) and D). Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41.
The Johnsons ____ the house before they decided to buy it.[1分]
looked out
looked over
looked after
looked on
42.
____ bricks, workers press clay into blocks and bake  them to the requisite hardness in a kiln.[1分]
Made
To make
Being made
The making of
43.
I’m sorry my mother didn’t want to go to the department store with me. ____ willing to go, I would have bought her a sweater.[1分]
Was she
Being
Had she been
She has been
44.
It was during the 1920’s ____ the friendship between Hemingway and Fitzgerald reached its highest point.[1分]
when
that
before
after
45.
____ dwell on her past.[1分]
Little need she
Little did she need
Little she needed
Little she did need
46.
Mr Brown is a ____ old man and all his neighbours are  ____ to him.[1分]
respectful…respectable
respectable…respective
respectable…respectful
respective…respectable
47.
At the moment each of the girls was too busy thinking about ____  own personal safety to care much about the luggage.[1分]
their
our
her
your
48.
____ on a clear day far from the city crowds, the mountains give him a sense of infinite peace.[1分]
Walking
When one is walking
If walking
When walking
49.
The ice melted ____ at this temperature.[1分]
very fastly
most fastly
fastly
fast
50.
I remember ____ for the job, but I forget the exact amount.[1分]
to be paid
being paid
to get paid
being received pay
51.
David’s mother seldom does her homework on Sunday.____.[1分]
So does my mother.
Nor does my mother.
My mother isn’t, either.
My mother doesn’t,too.
52.
____ he found goodness, he praised it.[1分]
However
As
Because
Wherever
53.
He wondered ____.[1分]
what would his wife’s reaction be
how would be his wife’s reaction
what will be his wife’s reaction
what his wife’s reaction would be
54.
Children never want to go to bed at the proper time. They always want to ____ late.[1分]
take up
stand up
stay up
set up
55.
John read the letter ____ he went along.[1分]
when
as
at
for
56.
He has to make a living by himself because he doesn’t haveparents to ____.[1分]
keep on
depend with
rely on
go to
57.
Let’s go to the movie tonight, ____ ?[1分]
are we
shall we
let us
do we
58.
He never goes to the party because he always feels ill ____ there.[1分]
at the ease
at his ease
at an ease
at ease
59.
This dress used to be very popular, but now it is out of ____.[1分]
question
order
date
place
60.
____ a fine day, I decided to go for an outing.[1分]
Being
Having been
It being
How
61.
Since you are feeling uncomfortable, you ____.[1分]
had better going to see a doctor
must go to see a doctor
would rather go to see a doctor
might as well go to see a doctor
62.
I desired nothing but ____ home.[1分]
go
to go
going
went
63.
I don’t want to ____ you in if you are what you say.[1分]
run
catch
make
take
64.
People try to avoid public transportation delays by usingtheir cars, and this ____ creates further problems.[1分]
after all
in turn
in case
in time
65.
It is said that those old houses are being pulled down to____ new office blocks.[1分]
provide for
supply
make room for
improve
66.
This singer is always very ____ to the reaction of the audience when she gives a performance.[1分]
sentimental
sensible
positive
sensitive
67.
He was unable to ____ to the group what he meant.[1分]
get in
get across
get along
get off
68.
It was a horrible ride through pouring rain. ____, he had a puncture and for the last hour had to push the bicycle.[1分]
To make matters worse
Actually
Even though
As a matter of fact
69.
With the winter here you can ____ these skirts till you need them again next summer.[1分]
do away with
put away
get rid of
give away
70.
____ I like the colour of the hat, I do not like its shape.[1分]
While
If
When
Because
Part Ⅳ Translation from English into Chinese (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, there are five items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension of the Test Paper. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
71.
A scientist who does research in economic psychology and who wants to predict the way in which consumers will spend their money must study consumer behavior.(Passage 1. Paragraph 1.)[2分]
参考答案:
一个科学家如果要研究经济心理学,要预测消费者花钱的方式,必须研究消费者的行为表现。
72.
Investigations conducted at the same time in Great Britain, however, yielded results that were more in agreement with traditional assumptions about saving and spending patterns.(Passage 1. Paragraph 3.)[2分]
参考答案:
人们同时在英国进行了调查,结果表明其储蓄和消费模式与传统的假定一致。
73.
These single parents must care for the children’s emotional and psychological needs while also supporting them financially.(Passage2.Line 16.)[2分]
参考答案:
这些单亲父母必须关心孩子们的情感和心理的需求,同时还得从经济上资助他们。
74.
The threat of war, the reality of imprisonment during World War, one as a German citizen, and the unbearable heat in Africa didnot deter him at all.(Passage 3. Line 17.)[2分]
参考答案:
战争的威胁,作为德国公民在世界大战期间会被关押的现实, 非洲难以忍受的酷热都丝毫未能阻碍他。
75.
In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same.(Passage 4. Paragraph 1.)[2分]
参考答案:
在一个社会中当人们在很多方面都很相似时,就很少有能够发生变化的需要和机会, 因为似乎一切事物都是千篇一律的。
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
1.
Directions: Write a short passage on “Competition and Cooperation” with about 120 words. The first sentence of each paragraph is given below:
1.Competition is a common phenomenon in our social life.
2.We often find competition and cooperation at the same time.
3.While we are advocating competition, we can not forget cooperation.[30分]
参考答案:
Sample Writing
Competition and Cooperation
Competition is a common phenomenon in our social life. We compete when we play games, we try to do better than others in our study, and there is constant competition for jobs, money and so forth. We can say to some extent, competition is one of the motive forces of the development of society.
We often find competition and cooperation at the same time. Think of a football game. Each team is competing with the other team, but each member of the team is cooperating with his or her teammates. In most cases, we can’t have competition without cooperation. Thus they are equally important.
While we are advocating competition, we can not forget cooperation.
Nothing is to be carried to extremes. Pure and exclusive competition leads to failures. Only competition together with cooperation helps us a great deal in obtaining our goals and satisfying our needs, especially in modernizing our country.

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