Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension(注：听力试题缺失，请选A为参考答案)
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Ascientist who does research in economic psychology and who wants to predict the way in which consumers will spend their money must study consumer behavior. He must obtain data both on resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.
If an economist as asked which of three groups borrow most—people with rising incomes, stable incomes, or declining incomes—he would probably answer:those with declining incomes. Actually, in the years 1947—1950, the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with declining incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumptions about earning and spending are not always reliable. Another traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up, they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of price increase may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expressed by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we’ll have to pay more for meat and milk; we’ll have less to spend on other things.” Her family had been planning to buy a new car but they postponed this purchase. Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be resented and buyer’s resistance may be evoked.
The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America. Investigations conducted at the same time in Great Britain, however, yielded results that were more in agreement with traditional assumptions about saving and spending patterns. The condition most conductive to spending appears to be price stability. If prices have been stable and people consider that they are reasonable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology.
If a scientist wants to study consumer behavior, what must he do?[1分]
He must predict the way in which consumers will spend their money.
He must do scientific research.
He must know background of customers.
He must do research and learn the resources and motives of customers.
Which of the following groups borrow money most according to traditional assumption?[1分]
People with rising incomes.
People with stable incomes.
People with declining incomes.
Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?[1分]
Traditional assumptions about earning and spending are not always reliable.
The condition that most helps to produce spending appears to be price rising.
Maintaining stable prices is a common business policy.
The results of the investigation in America were not the same as those in Great Britain.
The research survey in America have showed that when the prices rise, ____.[1分]
people will hasten to buy
people will postpone their purchase
people will buy more than they can use
The saving and spending patterns in America are ____ those at the same time in Britain.[1分]
Questions 26 to 30 are
based on the following passage.
In the past, American families tended to be quite large. Parents raising
five or more children were common. Over the years, the size of the family has decreased. One reason for this is an increase in the cost of living. On
the average, children attend schools for more years than they used to,
making them financially dependent on their families longer. Moreover, children nowadays are better dressed and have more money to spend on entertainment. The parents usually take the responsibility for all the expenses. Meanwhile, families are less close than they used to be. More and more American mothers work away from home. The breakup of the family occurs when the parents divorce. A lot of children in the U. S. live part of their young lives with only one parent. Broken families usually result in problems for children and parents alike. Children blame themselves when their parents separate. They grow up feeling unsettled as they are moved back and forth between parents. Usually one parent is responsible for raising the children. These single parents must care for the children’s emotional and psychological needs while also supporting them financially. This is very demanding and leaves very little time for the parent’s own personal interests. Single parents often marry other single parents. In this type of family, unrelated children are forced to develop brother or sister relationship. The situations of many American families today are not good. However, recent signs indicate that things are getting better. The divorce rate is declining. The rate of childbirth is rising. Perhaps Americans have learned how important families are.
In the past, American families tended to be ____.[1分]
To parents who take the responsibility for children’s expenses, the cost of living increases because ____.[1分]
children attend school for more years
children are better dressed
children spend more money on entertainment
What problems would broken families bring to both children and parents?[1分]
Children grow up feeling unsettled and parents didn’t pay much attention to children.
Children grow up feeling free and one parent is responsible for raising the children.
Children are moved back and forth between parents and the single parent is busy working to make money to support himself/herself.
Children grow up feeling unsettled, and the parents have little time for his/her own interests because one parent is too busy taking care of children.
According to the author, the situations of American families in the future may ____.[1分]
The title of the article might be ____.[1分]
Questions 31 to 35 are
based on the following passage:
Albert Schweitzer was born in 1875 in Alsace. At that time, it was a part of
Germany. His generous spirit was first awakened through his training as a Lutheran minister. Besides gaining a reputation as a preacher, he also became respected for his ability to play the organ. He was a man of many talents. His concern for other people turned his attention to medicine. He had also acquired doctoral degrees in philosophy and music. His wife took an interest in medicine too and became a nurse. Many people thought that he should remain and lecturein Europe to have a strong impact on Western civilization. Though he listened to their suggestions, he ultimately decided to follow his own conscience. This led him to Africa. Albert had felt that all men should accept the responsibility of helping others. He felt particularly concerned for black Africans who had been exploited by white men. He earned the money he needed by performing on the organ and by lecturing. With this money he bought equipment and opened a hospital in Africa. He was a man of great strength who faced great problems with courag . The threat of war, the reality of imprisonment during World War, one as a German citizen, and the unbearable heat in Africa did not deter him at all. He believed that man could overcome these obstacles if he had a sense of idealism. He died in 1965.
Albert Schweitzer was ____.[1分]
He had talents for ____.[1分]
training his wife to be a nurse, giving concert and lecturing
giving medical care, lecturing, playing the organ
taking care of sick people, fighting as a soldier, lecturing
giving concert, making equipment, helping others
In spite of people’s suggestions, Albert decided to go to Africa ____.[1分]
because he was born there
because he wanted to help others particularly black Africans who had been exploited by white men
because he wanted to give a concert to African people
because he wanted to make money there
Why did the author think he was a man of great strength?[1分]
He always faced great problems with courage.
The threat of war and the reality of imprisonment during World War didn’t discourage him.
The unbearable heat in Africa did not deter him at all.
Albert Schweitzer lived to be ____.[1分]
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people aresimilar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are atleast customary and undisputed.
Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently
and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the nonmaterial, for example, in technology rather than in values; in what has been learned later in life rather than what was learned early; in the less basic and less emotional aspects of society than in their opposites; in the simple elements
rather than in the complex ones; in form rather than in substance; and in elements that are acceptable to the culture rather than in strange elements.
Furthermore, social change is easier if it is gradual. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than one with sharp dichotomies ( 一分为二). This is one reason why change has not come more quickly to Black Americans as compared to other American minorities, because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and their white counterparts.
What kind of society tends to promote social changes?[1分]
A society where people are similar in many ways.
A society where there are only white people.
A society where there are only black people.
A society where there is a mixture of different kinds of people.
In a mixed society, there may be disagreement in ____.[1分]
Which of the following is not true, according to the passage?[1分]
Social change is more likely to occur in the material aspect of society.
Social change is less likely to occur in what people learned when they were old.
Disagreement with and argument about conditions tend to promotesocial change.
Social change tends to meet with more difficulty in basic and emotional aspects of society.
Social change is less likely to occur in a society where people are quite similar in many ways because ____.[1分]
people there are easy to please
people there are less argumentary
people there have got so accustomed to their conditions that they seldom think it necessary to change
people there have same needs that can be satisfied without much difficulty
The passage is mainly discussing ____.[1分]
certain factors that determine the case with which social change occurs
the necessity of social change
the significance of social change
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B), C) and D). Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
The Johnsons ____ the house before they decided to buy it.[1分]
____ bricks, workers press clay into blocks and bake them to the requisite hardness in a kiln.[1分]
I’m sorry my mother didn’t want to go to the department store with me. ____ willing to go, I would have bought her a sweater.[1分]
It was during the 1920’s ____ the friendship between Hemingway and Fitzgerald reached its highest point.[1分]
____ dwell on her past.[1分]
Mr Brown is a ____ old man and all his neighbours are ____ to him.[1分]
At the moment each of the girls was too busy thinking about ____ own personal safety to care much about the luggage.[1分]
____ on a clear day far from the city crowds, the mountains give him a sense of infinite peace.[1分]
The ice melted ____ at this temperature.[1分]
I remember ____ for the job, but I forget the exact amount.[1分]
David’s mother seldom does her homework on Sunday.____.[1分]
____ he found goodness, he praised it.[1分]
what would his wife’s reaction be
how would be his wife’s reaction
what will be his wife’s reaction
what his wife’s reaction would be
Children never want to go to bed at the proper time. They always want to ____ late.[1分]
John read the letter ____ he went along.[1分]
He has to make a living by himself because he doesn’t haveparents to ____.[1分]
Let’s go to the movie tonight, ____ ?[1分]
He never goes to the party because he always feels ill ____ there.[1分]
This dress used to be very popular, but now it is out of ____.[1分]
____ a fine day, I decided to go for an outing.[1分]
Since you are feeling uncomfortable, you ____.[1分]
had better going to see a doctor
would rather go to see a doctor
might as well go to see a doctor
I desired nothing but ____ home.[1分]
I don’t want to ____ you in if you are what you say.[1分]
People try to avoid public transportation delays by usingtheir cars, and this ____ creates further problems.[1分]
It is said that those old houses are being pulled down to____ new office blocks.[1分]
This singer is always very ____ to the reaction of the audience when she gives a performance.[1分]
He was unable to ____ to the group what he meant.[1分]
It was a horrible ride through pouring rain. ____, he had a puncture and for the last hour had to push the bicycle.[1分]
With the winter here you can ____ these skirts till you need them again next summer.[1分]
____ I like the colour of the hat, I do not like its shape.[1分]
Part Ⅳ Translation from English into Chinese (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, there are five items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension of the Test Paper. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
A scientist who does research in economic psychology and who wants to predict the way in which consumers will spend their money must study consumer behavior.(Passage 1. Paragraph 1.)[2分]
Investigations conducted at the same time in Great Britain, however, yielded results that were more in agreement with traditional assumptions about saving and spending patterns.(Passage 1. Paragraph 3.)[2分]
These single parents must care for the children’s emotional and psychological needs while also supporting them financially.(Passage2.Line 16.)[2分]
The threat of war, the reality of imprisonment during World War, one as a German citizen, and the unbearable heat in Africa didnot deter him at all.(Passage 3. Line 17.)[2分]
In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same.(Passage 4. Paragraph 1.)[2分]
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: Write a short passage on “Competition and Cooperation” with about 120 words. The first sentence of each paragraph is given below:
1.Competition is a common phenomenon in our social life.
2.We often find competition and cooperation at the same time.
3.While we are advocating competition, we can not forget cooperation.[30分]
Competition and Cooperation
Competition is a common phenomenon in our social life. We compete when we play games, we try to do better than others in our study, and there is constant competition for jobs, money and so forth. We can say to some extent, competition is one of the motive forces of the development of society.
We often find competition and cooperation at the same time. Think of a football game. Each team is competing with the other team, but each member of the team is cooperating with his or her teammates. In most cases, we can’t have competition without cooperation. Thus they are equally important.
While we are advocating competition, we can not forget cooperation.
Nothing is to be carried to extremes. Pure and exclusive competition leads to failures. Only competition together with cooperation helps us a great deal in obtaining our goals and satisfying our needs, especially in modernizing our country.