正在载入试卷 ...
2011年12月英语四级真题
试卷编号:128362
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
Part Ⅰ Writing(30 minutes)
1.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will by commenting on the humorous saying, "Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I've done it hundreds of times." You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
    Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will
注意:此部分试题在答题卡1上。[15分]
参考答案:
【标准版】Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will
    Nothing runs smoothly in our life. To achieve things successfully, a strong will is essential. Life is like a Marathon. Many people can’t get to the terminal. This is not because they are lack of vitality but because their will of success is not strong enough.
    To take quitting smoking as an example, some regard it as a piece of cake. They make up their minds to quit it in the morning, but in the evening they feel that the smell of cigarettes is tempting. Their throats are sore, their mouths are thirsty, and their hands are shaking. After the painful mental struggle, they tell themselves that “One cigarette is enough. Just take one, and the next day I will quit it.” By doing this, they surrender to their weak will. In the end, they have quitted smoking “a hundred times”, but in no time they succeed.
    Just like quitting smoking, nothing succeeds without a strong will. To be successful in one’s life, a strong will means that you know where you go and you will persist on the road you choose. Undoubtedly success belongs to those who overcome their weak will and who hang in there until the last minute.
【文章点评】
    本文属于话题类作文,只看题目“Nothing Succeeds without a strong will”考生会觉得比较抽象,难以下手。细看题目说明中给出了提示,要求考生结合戒烟屡次不成功的幽默引语对该话题进行分析阐述。
    总体来说,这是一篇“中等偏上”的考生作文。本文先点题指出“坚强意志”的重要性;第二段从反面举例阐述——具体描写了意志不坚定者的心理活动,阐述为什么会戒烟失败;最后从戒烟延伸到生活中的其他事情,并复述坚强意志的内涵,点题收尾。
    总体上来看,文章思路清晰,采用了生动的比喻和形象的心理描写,语言流畅,用语地道。但一些重复表达(如第二段和第三段中的weak will)显得单调,可用shaky ones, weak-willed persons,the strong-willed等灵活表达。在备考中,多积累不同表达,相信会写出更生动的文章。
    在论述上,叙述略显罗嗦。第二段心理描写过多,虽然流畅生动,但却使这篇考场作文超过了规定字数,反而成为失分点,这一点要引以为戒。
【高分版】Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will
    As we have read from above, quitting-smoking seems easy, but in reality it is rarely achieved. There is something provoking and interesting in this paradox, just because sword does not wear the stone as dripping water does.
    The ability to do something over and over again in a short time may imply its easiness, but in a long run, a lifetime maybe, things turn out to be quite the opposite. Also, as is often the case, one may have obtained all the tools and opportunities to achieve something, but in the end they still fail due to the will shortage.
    So how could we avoid the dilemma? Here is the prime condition of success: will and perseverance. Concentrate you energy, thought and mind exclusively on the business in which you are engaged, hang on in there and be patient, for, as Emerson put it, no one can cheat you out of your ultimate success but yourself.
【文章点评】
    本次四级作文探讨的话题是成功与毅力之间的关系,话题不算新,一般考生对此都比较熟悉,所以对考生来说难度不大。写好这篇作文,需要抓住两点,一是紧跟题目要求,即对上述幽默性的话语做出评论,二是在评论的基础上要亮出自己的观点。
    范文开头第一句即一针见血地对上述幽默性话语做出总结性概括,即戒烟看似简单实则很难,随后指出该话语本质上是一个悖论,并且以一个“水滴石穿”的俗语来指出困难所在,这句也是本文的一个亮点,体现作者在西方俗语方面丰富的知识储备。
    第二段作者则进一步深入分析该话语,指出做某事在短期看来很容易,长期来看,恰恰相反,人们做事的结果也因此总是失败,原因则在最后一句点出:缺乏毅力。
    第三段作者进一步给出了自己的观点,告诉大家如何避免陷入这种两难境地:首要条件即需要坚强的意志和长期的坚持。最后再以艾默生的一句名言“没人能够骗你远离你最终的成功,除非你自己承认失败”来总结全文,切中主题,铿锵有力。
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7 choose the best answer from the four choices marked A., B., C. and D.. For questions 8-10, complete the sentence with the information given in the passage.

    Why Integrity Matters
    What Is Integrity?
    The key to integrity is consistency- not only setting high personal standards for oneself (honesty, responsibility, respect for others, fairness) but also living up to those standards each and every day. One who has integrity is bound by and follows moral and ethical (道德上的) standards even when making life's hard choices, choices which may be clouded by stress, pressure to succeed, or temptation.
    What happens if we lie, cheat, steal, or violate other ethical standards? We feel disappointed in ourselves and ashamed. But a lapse (缺失) of integrity also affects our relationships with others. Trust is essential in any important relationship, whether personal or professional. Who can trust someone who is dishonest or unfair? Thus integrity must be one of our most important goals.
    Risky Business
    We are each responsible for our own decisions, even if the decision, making process has been undermined by stress or peer pressure. The real test of character is whether we can learn from our mistake, by understanding why we acted as we did and then exploring ways to avoid similar problems in the future.
    Making ethical decisions is a critical part of avoiding future problems. We must learn to recognize risks, because if we can't see the risks we're taking, we can't make responsible choices. To identify risks, we need to know the rules and be aware of the facts. For example, one who doesn't know the rules a about plagiarism (剽窃) may accidentally use words or ideas without giving proper credit or one who fails to keep careful research notes may unintentionally fail to quote and cite sources as required. But the fact that such a violation is "unintentional" does not excuse the misconduct, Ignorance is not a defense.
    "But Everybody Does It"
    Most people who get in trouble do know the rules and facts but manage to fool themselves about the risks they're taking by using excuses: "Everyone else does it." "I'm not hurting anyone", or "I really need this grade." Excuses can get very elaborate: "I know I'm look at another's exam, even though I'm supposed to keep my eyes on my own paper, but that's not cheating because I’m just checking my answers, not copying." We must be honest about our actions and avoid excuses, if we fool ourselves into believing we're not doing anything wrong, we can't see the real choice we're making - and that leads to bad decisions.
    To avoid fooling yourself, watch out for excuses and try this test: Ask how you would feel if your actions were public and anyone could be watching over your shoulder. If you'd rather hide your actions, that's an indication that you're taking a risk and rationalizing it to yourself.
    Evaluating Risks
    To decide whether a risk is worth taking, you must examine the consequences, in the future as well as right now, negative as well as positive, and to others as well as to yourself. Those who take risks they later regret usually focus on immolate benefits and simply haven't considered what might go wrong. The consequences of getting caught are serious and may include a "O" on a test or assignment, an "F" in the class, suspension (暂令停学) or dismissal from school and a ruined reputation. In fact, when you break a role or law, you lose control over your life and give others the power to impose punishment that you have no control over. This is an extremely vulnerable (脆弱的) position. There may be some matters of life and death or highest principle, which might justify such a risk, but there aren't many things that fall in this category.
    Getting Away with it - Or Not
    Those who don't get caught pay an even higher price. A cheater doesn't learn from the test, which deprives (剥夺) him her of an education. Cheating undermines confidence and independence: the cheater is a fraud, and knows that without dishonesty, he/she would have failed. Cheating destroys self-respect and integrity, leaving the cheater ashamed, guilty and afraid of getting caught.
    Worst of all, a cheater who doesn't get caught the first time usually cheats again, not only because he/she is farther behind, but also because it seems "easier." This slippery slope of eroding ethics and bigger risks leads only to disaster. Eventually, the cheater gets caught, and the later he/she gets caught, the worse the consequences.
    Cheating Hurts Other, Too
    Cheaters often feel invisible, as if their actions "don't count" and don't really hurt anyone. But individual choices have an intense cumulative (累积的) effect. Cheating can spread like a disease. Recent statistics suggest 30%or more of college students cheat. If a class is graded on a curve, cheating hurts others' grades. Even if there is no curve, cheating "poisons" the classroom, and others may feel pressured to join in. ("If I don't cheat I can't compete with those who do") Cheating also has a destructive impact on teachers. The real reward of goof teaching is seeing students learn. But a cheater says. "I'm not interested in what you're trying to teach, all I care about is stealing a grade, regardless of the effect on others." The end result is a destructive attack on the quality of your education. Finally, cheating can hurt the reputation of the university and harm those who worked hard for their degree.
    Why Integrity Marten
    If cheating becomes the norm, then we are in big trouble. We must rely on the honesty and good faith of others, if not, we couldn't put money in the bank, buy food, clothing, or medicine from others, drive across a bridge, get on a plane, go to the dentist--the list is endless. There are many examples of the vast harm that is caused when individuals forget or ignore the effect their dishonesty can have. The savings and loan scandal, the stock market and junk bond swindles, and, of course, Watergate, have undermined the faith of many Americans in the integrity of political and economic leaders and society as a whole. Such incidents take a tremendous toll on our nation's economy and our individual well-being. For example, but for the savings and loan debacle, there might be funds available to reduce the national debt and pay for education.
    In sum, we all have a common stake in our school, our community, and our society. Our actions do matter. It is essential that we act with integrity in order to build the kind of world in which we want to live.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。
1.
A person of integrity not only sets high moral and ethical standards but also _______.[1分]
sticks to them in their daily life
makes them known to others
understands their true values
sees that others also follow them
2.
What role does integrity play in personal and professional relationships?[1分]
It helps to create team spirit
It facilitates communication
It is the basis of mutual trust
It inspires mutual respect
3.
why must we learn to identify the risks we are going to take?[1分]
To ensure we make responsible choices.
To avoid being overwhelmed by stress.
so that we don’t break any rules.
so that we don’t run into trouble.
4.
Violation of a rule is misconduct even if _______?[1分]
it has caused no harm.
it is claimed to be unintentional.
it has gone unnoticed.
it is committed with good intentions.
5.
What should one do if he doesn’t wish to fool himself?[1分]
Avoid making excuses.
Listen to other people’s advice.
Make his intensions public.
Have others watch over his shoulder.
6.
Those who take risks they regret later on _______.[1分]
will often become more cautious
are usually very aggressive
value immediate benefits most.
may lose everything in the end
7.
According to the author, a cheater who doesn’t get caught right away will _______.[1分]
pay more dearly
become more confident
be widely admired
feel somewhat lucky
8.
Cheaters at exam don’t care about their education, all they care about is how to .[每空1分]
9.
Integrity matters in that all social activities rely on .[每空1分]
10.
Many Americans lost faith in the integrity of their political leaders as a result of .[每空1分]
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A., B., C. and D., and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
11.
W: This crazy bus schedule has got me completely confused. I can’t figure out when my bus to Cleveland leaves?
M: Why don’t you just go to the ticket window and ask?
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?[1分]
Read the notice on the window.
Go and ask the staff.
Get a new bus schedule.
Board the bus to Cleveland.
12.
W: I really enjoyed the TV special about drafts last night. Did you get home in time to see it?
W: Oh, yes, but I wish I could have stayed awake long enough to see the whole thing.
Q: What does the man mean?[1分]
He was looking forward to seeing the giraffes.
He enjoyed watching the animal performance.
He got home too late to see the TV special.
He fell asleep in the middle of the TV program.
13.
W: Airport, please. I’m running a little late. So just take the fastest way even if it’s not the most direct.
M: Sure, but there is a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game.
Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?[1分]
She wants to take the most direct way.
She may be late for the football game.
She is worried about missing her flight.
She is currently caught in a traffic jam.
14.
W: May I make a recommendation, sir? Our seafood with this special sauce is very good.
M: Thank you, but I don’t eat shellfish. I’m allergic to it.
Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place?[1分]
At a restaurant.
In a fish shop.
At a clinic.
On a fishing boat.
15.
W: Now one more question if you don’t mind, what position in the company appeals to you most?
M: Well, I’d like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant.
Q: What do we learn about the man?[1分]
He is an experienced sales manager.
He is being interviewed for a job.
He is a close friend of the woman.
He is good at answering tricky questions.
16.
M: I don’t think I want to live in the dormitory next year. I need more privacy.
W: I know what you mean. But check out the cost if renting an apartment first. I won’t be surprised if you change your mind.
Q: What does the woman imply?[1分]
The man should consider his privacy first.
The man will choose a low-rent apartment.
The man is not certain if he can find a quieter place.
The man is unlikely to move out of the dormitory.
17.
M: You’re on the right track. I just think you need to narrow the topic down.
W: Yeah, you’re right. I always start by choosing two boarder topics when I’m doing a research paper.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?[1分]
The woman is going to make her topic more focused.
The man and the woman are working on a joint project.
One should choose a broad topic for a research paper.
It took a lot of time to get the man on the right track.
18.
W: This picnic should beat the last one we went to, doesn’t it?
M: Oh, yeah, we had to spend the whole time inside. Good thing, the weather was cooperative this time.
Q: What do we learn about the speakers from the conversation?[1分]
They went camping this time last year.
They didn’t quite enjoy their last picnic.
They learned to cooperate under harsh conditions.
They weren’t experienced in organizing picnics.
Conversation One
【听力原文】
M: When I say I live in Sweden, people always want to know about the seasons.
W: The seasons?
M: Yeah, you know how cold it is in winter? What is it like when the days are so short?
W: So what is it like?
M: Well, it is cold, very cold in winter. Sometimes it is cold as 26 degrees below centigrade. And of course when you go out, you’ll wrap up warm. But inside in the houses it’s always very warm, much warmer than at home. Swedish people always complain that when they visit England, the houses are cold even in the good winter.
W: And what about the darkness?
M: Well, yeah, around Christmas time there’s only one hour of daylight, so you really looks forward to the spring. It is sometimes a bit depressing. But you see the summers are amazing, from May to July in the North of Sweden the sun never sets. It’s still light in the midnight. You can walk in the mountains and read a newspaper.
W: Oh, yeah, the land of the midnight sun.
M: Yeah, that’s right, but it’s wonderful. You want to stay up all night, and the Sweden’s made most of it. Often they started work earlier in summer and then leave at about 2 or 3 in the afternoon, so that they can really enjoy the long summer evenings. They’d like to work hard, but play hard, too. I think Londoners work longer hours, but I’m not sure this is a good thing.
【听力材料评析】这篇长对话是围绕瑞典的天气展开,主要谈到瑞典冬天的极寒和夏天的极昼天气。文章一开头即说到人们喜欢询问瑞典的季节情况。接下来对具体情况进行了描述,包括:极寒天气下的气温、室外和室内温度状况,另外,就瑞典室温与英国室温进行了对比,再次强调证明瑞典室温很高;而极昼天气则谈的是瑞典人的工作时间和工作习惯,另外,就瑞典人工作时认真忙、能玩时拼命玩的习惯和英国人工作勤奋、工作时间长进行了对比。
这篇对话考查细节信息抓取能力。整体难度不大,并且以男士提供的信息为主。但许多考生可能因为对瑞典(Sweden)和与瑞典相关的一系列名词不熟悉而纠结,因此忽略了真正需要听清的其实并不太难的关键信息。这就提醒大家在做题时,切勿因为个别词语不熟悉,而慌张。
19.
What do we learn about the man from the conversation?[1分]
He likes Sweden better than England.
He prefers hot weather to cold weather.
He is an English living in Sweden.
He visits London nearly every winter.
20.
What do Swedish people complain about when they visit England in winter?[1分]
The bad weather
The cold houses.
The gloomy winter.
The long night.
21.
How does the man describe the short hour of daylight around Christmas in Sweden?[1分]
Delightful.
Painful.
Depressing.
Refreshing.
22.
What does the man say about the Swedish people?[1分]
They often stay up late reading.
They work hard and play hard.
They like to go camping in summer.
They try to earn more and spend more.
Conversation Two
【听力原文】
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
W: What kind of training does one need to go into this type of job?
M: That’s a very good question. I don’t think there is any, specifically.
W: For example, in your case, what was your educational background?
M: Well, I did a degree in French at Nottingham. After that, I did careers work in secondary schools like the careers guidance people here is in the university. Then I went into local government because I found I was more interested in the administrative side. Then progressed on to universities. So there wasn’t any plan and there was no specific training. There are plenty of training courses in management techniques and committee work which you can attend now.
W: But in the first place, you did a French degree.
M: In my time, there wasn’t a degree you could do for administration. I think most of the administrators I’ve come across have degrees and all sorts of things.
W: Well, I know in my case, I did an English literature degree and I didn’t really expect to end up doing what I am doing now.
M: Quite.
W: But you are local to Nottingham, actually? Is there any reason why you went to Nottingham University?
M: No, no, I come from the north of England, from west Yorkshire. Nottingham was one of the universities I put on my list. And I like the look of it. The campus is just beautiful.
W: Yes, indeed. Let’s see. Were you from the industrial part of Yorkshire?
M: Yes, from the Woolen District.
【听力材料评析】这篇长对话围绕男士的教育背景和职业发展展开。按顺序分别谈到男士从诺丁汉大学法语专业,毕业之后去了中学和政府工作,然后又进入了大学管理层。这期间,他并没有刻意做过任何的职业发展计划,也没有接受过专门的相关职业培训,主要是因为在他的读书时代,并没有可攻读的管理学学位。对话最后谈到了男士去诺丁汉大学读书的原因是被其校园的优美风景所吸引。
这篇对话有一定难度。特别是关于男士职业的说法,考生未必熟悉。但考生不必紧张,因为主要的细节考查中,专业是法语、因为环境优雅所以选择诺丁汉大学这两题都不难听出。
23.
What was the man’s major at university?[1分]
Management.
French
English literature
Public Administration
24.
What was the man’s job in secondary schools?[1分]
English teaching.
Staff training.
Careers guidance.
Psychological counseling
25.
What attracted the man to Nottingham University?[1分]
Its pleasant environment.
Its worldwide fame.
Its generous scholarship.
Its well-designed courses.
Section B
Passage One

    While Gail Obcamp, an American artist was giving a speech on the art of Japanese brush painting to an audience that included visitors from Japan, she was confused to see that many of her Japanese listeners have their eyes closed. Were they tuned off because an American had the nerve to instruct Japanese in their own art form? Were they deliberately tried to signal their rejection of her? Obcamp later found out that her listeners were not being disrespectful. Japanese listeners sometimes close their eyes to enhance concentration. Her listeners were showing their respect for her by chewing on her words. Some day you may be either a speaker or a listener in a situation involving people from other countries or members of a minority group in North America. Learning how different cultures signal respect can help you avoid misunderstandings. Here are some examples. In the deaf culture of North America, Many listeners show applause not by clapping their hands but by waving them in the air. In some cultures, both overseas and in some minority groups in North America, listeners are considered disrespectful if they look directly at the speaker. Respect is shown by looking in the general direction but avoiding direct eye contact. In some countries, whistling by listeners is a sign of approval while in other courtiers it is a form of insult.
【听力点睛】本文主要介绍不同文化中都是如何表示尊重的,以及如何利用这点来避免跨文化交流中的误会产生。一开始先用一位美国艺术家Gail Obcamp做演讲的故事来举例子,引出对闭上眼睛这样一种动作不同的理解;继而发表了作者的看法:在和不同文化的人交流的时候,如果你懂得其他文化中是如何表达尊重的,可以避免误会;接着又是例子,是关于北美洲聋哑人是如何用动作来交流的。还有一些国家,对同样的手势会有截然不同的理解,进一步验证了作者的观点。
做这篇题目的重点在于能够迅速拎出来作者的观点。
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26.
What did Obcamp’s speech focus on?[1分]
Characteristics of Japanese artists
Some features of Japanese culture
The art of Japanese brush painting
The uniqueness of Japanese art
27.
Why do Japanese listeners sometimes close their eyes while listening to a speech?[1分]
To calm themselves down
To enhance concentration
To show their impatience
To signal their lack of interest
28.
What does the speaker try to explain?[1分]
How listeners in different cultures show respect
How speakers can win approval from the audience
How speakers can misunderstand the audience
How different Western and Eastern art forms are
Passage Two

    Chris is in charge of purchasing and maintaining equipment in his Division at Taxlong Company. He is soon going to have an evaluation interview with his supervisor and the personnel director to discuss the work he has done in the past year. Salary, promotion and plans for the coming year will also be discussed at the meeting. Chris has made several changes for his Division in the past year. First, he bought new equipment for one of the departments. He has been particularly happy about the new equipment because many of the employees have told him how much it has helped them. Along with improving the equipment, Chris began a program to train employees to use equipment better and do simple maintenance themselves. The training saved time for the employees and money for the company.    Unfortunately, one serious problem developed during the year. Two employees that Chris hired were stealing, and he had to fire them. Chris knows that a new job for a purchasing and maintenance manager for the whole company will be open in a few months, and he would like to be promoted to the job. Chris knows, however, that someone else wants that new job, too. Kim is in charge of purchasing and maintenance in another Division of the company. She has also made several changes over the year. Chris knows that his boss likes Kim’s work, and he expects that his work will be compared with hers.
【听力点睛】这篇文章讲述了Chris在职场上的一次经历。Chris在Taxlong公司负责采购和维修设备。他即将要和领导针对过去一年的工作进行一个回顾总结,他心里希望可以得到晋升。在过去这一年里,他也做了不少贡献,买了许多能够提高效率的设备,但是他手下有两个职员因为偷窃而被开除了。除此以外,公司里面还有一个女同事Kim,是他这次晋级的竞争对手,她也一样很优秀。
这篇文章没有什么生词,难度较低。题目中考察细节问题比较多,需要同学们可以准确地在看到题目之后locate文章中对应题目的是哪一部分。
Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29.
What is Chris’s main responsibility at Taxlong Company?[1分]
Directing personnel evaluation.
Buying and maintain equipment.
Drawing up plans for in-service training.
Interviewing and recruiting employees.
30.
What problem did Chris encounter in his Division?[1分]
Some of his equipment was damaged in a fire.
The training program he ran was failure.
Two of his workers were injured at work.
Two of his employees committed theft.
31.
What does Chris hope for in the near future?[1分]
A better relationship with his boss.
Advancement to a higher position
A better-paying job in another company
Improvement in the company’s management
32.
What do we learn about Kim from the passage?[1分]
She has more self-confidence than Chris.
She works with Chris in the same division.
She has more management experience than Chris.
She is competing with Chris for the new job.
Passage Three

    Proverbs, sometimes called sayings, are examples of folk wisdom. They are little lessons which older people of a culture pass down to the younger people to teach them about life. Many proverbs remind people of the values that are important in the culture. Values teach people how to act, what is right, and what is wrong. Because the values of each culture are different, understanding the values of another culture helps explain how people think and act. Understanding your own culture values is important too. If you can accept that people from other cultures act according to their values, not yours, getting along with them will be much easier. Many proverbs are very old. So some of the values they teach may not be as important in the culture as they once were. For example, Americans today do not pay much attention to the proverb “Haste makes waste”, because patience is not important to them. But if you know about past values, it helps you to understand the present and many of the older values are still strong today. Benjamin Franklin, a famous American diplomat, writer and scientist, died in 1790, but his proverb “Time is money” is taken more seriously by Americans of today than ever before. A study of proverbs from around the world shows that some values are shared by many cultures. In many cases though, the same idea is expressed differently.
【听力点睛】这篇文章是一篇说明文。从科学客观的角度讲述了Proverb谚语的一些知识。包括它的定义-----是老一辈人传给后代的生活经验,生活价值观。不同国家,不同文化中的谚语往往可以揭示不同的价值观。如果能够理解其他文化的谚语,价值观,那么会在跨文化交际中避免很多麻烦。
    作者又提到,一些谚语年代久远。其中包含的价值观随着时代的变迁可能重要性也发生了改变。并且举了Haste makes waste. 和Time is money. 这样两个例子。
    作者最后再次表明,通过学习不同国家的谚语,会发现一些国家会有相同或者相似的价值观,只是有可能表达的方式有所不同而已。
    这篇说明文对考生的要求在于快速划分出作者想说明的几个点。一般通常写说明文章的顺序都是先说明要点,然后用一些事实来进一步说明。
Questions 32- 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33.
Why are proverbs so important?[1分]
They help us see the important values of a culture.
They guide us in handling human relationships.
They help us express ourselves more effectively.
They are an infinite source of human knowledge.
34.
According to the speaker what happens to some proverbs with the passage of time?[1分]
Their wordings may become different.
The values they reflect may change.
Their origins can no longer be traced.
They may be misinterpreted.
35.
What do we learn from the study of proverbs from around the world?[1分]
Certain values are shared by a large number of cultures.
Some proverbs are assuming more and more importance.
Old proverbs are constantly replaced by new ones.
Certain values have always been central to a culture.
Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

    Our lives are woven together. As much as I enjoy my own (36) _____, I no longer imagine I can get through a (37) _____ day much less all my life, (38) _____ on my own. Even if I am on (39) _____ in the mountains, I am eating food someone else has grown, living in a house someone else has built, wearing clothes someone else has (40) _____ from cloth woven by others, using (41) _____ someone else is distributing to my house. (42) _____ of interdependence is everywhere; we are on this (43) _____ together.
    As I was growing up, (44) ___________________________________________________. “Make your own way”,” Stand on your own two feet” or my mother’s favorite remark when I was face-to-face with consequences of some action: Now that you’ve made your bed, lie on it. Total independence is a dominant thing in our culture. I imagine that (45) __________________
_________________________________________. But the teaching was shaped by our cultural imagines. And instead, I grew up believing that I was supposed to be totally independent and consequently became very reluctant to ask for help.
    (46) ____________________________________________________________________.
36.
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37.
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38.
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39.
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40.
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41.
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42.
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43.
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44.
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46.
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Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

    With the world's population estimated to grow from six to nine billion by 2050, researchers. businesses and governments are already dealing with the impact this increase will have on everything from food and water to infrastructure (基础设施) and jobs. Underling all this 47 will be the demand for energy, which is expected to double over the next 40 years.
    Finding the resources to meet this demand in a __48__ sustainable way is the cornerstone (基石) of our nation's energy security, and will be one of the major __49__ of the 21st century. Alternative forms of energy- bio-fuels, wind and solar, to name a few are __50__ being funded and developed, and will play a growing __51__ in the world's energy supply. But experts say that even when __52__, alternative energy sources will likely meet only about 30% of the world's energy needs by 2050.
    For example, even with __53__ investments, such as the $93 million for wind energy development __54__ in  the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, important alternative energy sources such as wind and bio-fuels __55__ only about 1% of the market today.
    Energy and sustainability experts say the answer to our future energy needs will likely come from a lot of __56__ both traditional and alternative.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
A) stable
B) solutions
C) significant
D) role
E) progress
F) marvelous
G) included
H) growth   
I) exactly
J) consist
K) comprise
L) competitions
M) combined
N) challenges
O) certainly
47.
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48.
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49.
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50.
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51.
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52.
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53.
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54.
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55.
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56.
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Section B
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four chokes marked A., B., C. and D.. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

    Boys' schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music.
    Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity (阳刚), the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to conform to a stereotype. a US study says.
    Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to conform to the "boy code" of hiding their emotions to be a "real man".
    The findings of the study so against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls.
    Tony Little, headmaster of Eton, warned that boys were being faded by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.
    The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when their female peers do better earlier in speaking and reading skills.
    But in single-sex schools teachers can tailor lessons to boys' learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study's author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia.
    Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with "boy-focused" approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them. Because boys generally have more acute vision learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given "hands-on" lessons where they are allowed to walk around. "Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine (女性的) and prefer the modem genre (类型) in which violence and sexism are major themes, "James wrote.
    Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel they had to conform to a stereotype that men should be "masterful and in charge" in relationships. "In mixed schools boys feel compelled to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means, " the study reported.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
57.
The author believes that a single-sex school would __________.[1分]
force boys to hide their emotions to be "real men"
help to cultivate masculine aggressiveness in boys
encourage boys to express their emotions more freely
naturally reinforce in boys the traditional image of a man
58.
It is commonly believed that in a mixed school boys __________.[1分]
Perform relatively better
grow up more healthily
behave more responsibly
receive a better education
59.
What does Tony Little say about the British education system?[1分]
It fails more boys than girls academically.
It focuses more on mixed school education.
It fails to give boys the attention they need.
It places more pressure on boys than on girls.
60.
According to Abigail James, one of the advantages of single-sex schools is __________.[1分]
teaching can be tailored to suit the characteristics of boys
boys can focus on their lessons without being distracted
boys can choose to learn whatever they are interested in
teaching can be designed to promote boys' team spirit
61.
Which of the following is characteristic of boys according to Abigail James' report?[1分]
They enjoy being in charge.
They conform to stereotypes.
They have sharper vision.
They are violent and sexist.
Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

    It's an annual argument. Do we or do we not go on holiday? My partner says no because the boiler could go, or the roof fall off and we have no savings to save us. I say you only live once and we work hard and what's the point if you can't go on holiday. The joy of a recession means no argument next year - we just won't go.
    Since money is known to be one of the things most likely to bring a relationship to its knees, we should be grateful. For many families the recession means more than not booking a holiday A YouGov poll of 2, 000 people found 22% said they were arguing more with their partners because of concerns about money. What's less clear is whether divorce and separation rates rise in a recession – financial pressures mean couples argue more but make splitting up less affordable. A recent research shows arguments about money were especially damaging to couples. Disputes were characterized by intense verbal (言语上的) aggression, tended to be repeated and not resolved and made men, more than women, extremely angry.
    Kim Stephenson, an occupational psychologist, believes money is such a big deal because of what it symbolizes, which may be different things to men and women. "People can say the same things about money but have different ideas of what it's for." he explains. "They'll say it's to save to spend, for security, for freedom, to show someone you love them." He says men are more likely to see money as a way of buying status and of showing their parents that they've achieved something.
    "The biggest problem is that couples assume each other know what's going on with their finances, but they don't. There seems to be more of a taboo (禁忌) about talking about money than about death. But you both need to know what you're doing, who's paying what into the joint account and how much you keep separately. In a healthy relationship, you don't have to agree about money, but you have to talk about it."
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答:
62.
What does the author say about vacationing?[1分]
People enjoy it all the more during a recession.
Few people can afford it without working hard.
It makes all the hard work worthwhile.
It is the chief cause of family disputes.
63.
What does the author mean by saying "money is known ... to bring a relationship to its knees"(Line 1, Para. 2)?[1分]
Money is considered to be the root of all evils.
Some people sacrifice their dignity for money.
Few people can resist the temptation of money.
Disputes over money may rain a relationship.
64.
The YouGov poll of 2, 000 people indicates that in a recession __________.[1分]
conflicts between couples tend to rise
it is more expensive for couples to split up
couples show more concern for each other
divorce and separation rates increase
65.
What does Kim Stephenson believe?[1分]
Money is often a symbol of a person's status.
Money means a great deal to both and women.
Men and women spend money on different things.
Men and women view money in different ways.
66.
The author suggests at the end of the passage that couples should __________.[1分]
put their money together instead of keeping it separately
make efforts to reach agreement on their family budgets
discuss money matters to maintain a healthy relationship
avoid arguing about money matters to remain romantic
Part Ⅴ Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each bland there are four choices marked A., B., C. and D. on the right side of the paper You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

    Employers fear they will be unable to recruit students with the skills they need as the economic recovery kicks in, a new survey __67__.
    Nearly half of the organizations told researchers they were already struggling to find __68__ with skills in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM). __69__ even more companies expect to experience __70__ of employees with STEM skills in the next three years.
    The Confederation of British Industry __71__ businesses and organizations across the public and __72__ sectors, which together employ 2.4 million people.
    Half are __73__ they will not be able to fill graduate posts in the coming years, while a third said they would not be able to __74__ enough employees with the right A-level skills.
    "__75__ we move further role recovery and businesses plan __76__ growth, the demand for people with high-quality skills and qualifications will __77__," said Richard Lambert, Director General, CBI. "Firms say it is already hard to find people with the right __78__ or engineering skills. The new government must make it a top __79__ to encourage more young people to study science-related __80__."
    The survey found that young people would improve their job prospects __81__ they studied business, maths, English and physics or chemistry at A-level. The A-levels that employers __82__ least are psychology and sociology. And while many employers don't insist on a __83__ degree subject. A third prefer to hire those with a STEM-related subject.
    The research __84__ worries about the lack of progress in improving basic skills in the UK __85__. Half of the employer expressed worries about employees' basic literacy and numeracy(计算) skills, while the biggest problem is with IT skills,86two-thirds reported concerns.
67.
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submits
reveals
launches
generates
68.
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audience
officials
partners
staff
69.
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while
because
for
although
70.
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exits
shortages
absences
departures
71.
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surveyed
searched
exposed
exploited
72.
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collective
private
personal
civil
73.
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confronted
conformed
concerned
confused
74.
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bind
attain
transfer
recruit
75.
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Lest
Unless
Before
As
76.
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with
for
on
by
77.
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dominate
stretch
enforce
intensify
78.
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creative
technical
narrative
physical
79.
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priority
option
challenge
judgment
80.
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procedures
academics
thoughts
subjects
81.
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until
since
whereas
if
82.
 [0.5分]
rate
discuss
order
observe
83.
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typical
particular
positive
general
84.
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highlighted
prescribed
focused
touched
85.
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masses
workforce
faculty
communities
86.
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what
whom
where
why
Part Ⅳ Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets Please write your translation on Answer Sheer 2.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。
87.
Charity groups organized various activities to (为地震幸存者筹款)。[每空1分]
88.
Linda (不可能收到我的电子邮件):otherwise, she would have replied.[每空2分]
89.
It's my mother (一直在鼓励我不要灰心)when I have difficulties in my studies.[每空2分]
90.
The publishing house has to (考虑这部小说的受欢迎程度)。[每空2分]
91.
It is absolutely wrong to (仅仅以金钱来定义幸福)。[每空2分]

≡ 本试卷共计92题,此处为结束标志。
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