正在载入试卷 ...
2011年中石油职称英语真题
试卷编号:128353
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence thereare four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1.
We go out for dinner a couple of times a month. Sometimes we __ a movie.[1分]
take in
keep down
take over
take after
2.
The modern 7-inch long pencil can draw a line 35 miles in__[1分]
gap
interval
length
distance
3.
A university is an educational institution which awards degrees and __ research.[1分]
carries out
carries off
carries about
carries for
4.
The captain of the ship __ the passengers that there was no danger.[1分]
confined
insisted
ensured
assured
5.
The speaker is the person who __ a speech transaction.[1分]
initial
initiates
initiatives
initiation
6.
Never one to __ second best, John tried his best to solve the problem.[1分]
admit
accept
convince
receive
7.
The Atlantic hydrographic chart is being __ continuously; even as we speaksubmarines are charting the Arctic basin under the ice.[1分]
rehearsed
revised
renewed
retiled
8.
The suppliers undoubtedly will get rich at the ___ of the customers.[1分]
expanse
spend
warrant
expense
9.
When all the present oilfields are__ , its is possible that the North Pole maybecome the scene of oil activity.[1分]
exhibited
exhausted
exploited
exposed
10.
The man __ that most poets and scientists are male.[1分]
deal with
point out
hold up
hand on
11.
Whereas outside the USA, Coke tends to be a young person's drink, inside theUSA anybody of any age can drink it on any__ without embarrassment.[1分]
choice
occasion
occupation
occurrence
12.
The waiters will refill your coffee cup several times for no extra__[1分]
expand
offer
price
charge
13.
A professional degree will __ an average annual income of about twice that ofcollege graduates.[1分]
feel like
result in
hold on
keep to
14.
That caves of Altamira, which were __ in northern Spain, contain interestingpaintings by early cave dwellers.[1分]
found
invented
discovered
created
15.
A green building is __ to have reduced its environmental impact by 60%compared with an equivalent conventional building.[1分]
established
estimated
computed
counter
16.
If you do not know the subject, you will not understand what is said or written,even if English is your mother __[1分]
speaking
language
saying
tongue
17.
You will find the figure of a conqueror or a general on all the highest __ in thegreat cities of the world.[1分]
pillows
pillars
columns
plugs
18.
Personal worth and self-esteem is the basis of a good __ health.[1分]
physical
mental
practical
natural
19.
If you suspect that the illness might be serious you should not __ going to thedoctor.[1分]
put off
hold back
put aside
hold up
20.
You'll have to buy some new shoes as these are __[1分]
used up
wasted away
broken down
worn out
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence thereare four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21.
I could see from his face that he__ bad news.[1分]
had received
receives
received
has received
22.
The peasants __ their land.[1分]
deprived
were deprived
deprived of
were deprived of
23.
He failed his exam, __ proved that he wasn't working hard enough.[1分]
what
which
this
of which
24.
So frightened __ in darkness that she did not dare to move an inch.[1分]
was the girl
the girl was
such a girl was
that the girl was
25.
An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 yards, approximately__ fromMarathon to Athens.[1分]
the distance
distance
the distance is
is the distance
26.
All flights __ because of the heavy storm, we decided to take the train.[1分]
having canceled
being canceled
having been canceled
canceled
27.
He preferred not to__ with that group.[1分]
identifying
identify himself
identify
being identified himself
28.
He speaks English, but not __ his sister does.[1分]
as good as
as well like
so well as
like well as
29.
My grandma noticed that the girl __ a short-sleeved dress, so she gave the girl anew sweater.[1分]
was worn
was wearing
wears
wearing
30.
Though in New York, Peter had always preferred to record the plain facts ofsmall town life.[1分]
raised
was raised
raising
raises
31.
She walked softly __ make any noise.[1分]
as to
not to
not so as to
so as not to
32.
It's no use__ me. I don't know more than you do.[1分]
in asking
asking
for me to ask
you ask
33.
We've bought a new house. We'll move in soon and we need to buy __ furniture.[1分]
some other
another
other
others
34.
Please have your doctor __ that prescription.[1分]
signed
to sign
signing
sign
35.
A biologist does not merely describe organisms, but tries to learn __ act as theydo.[1分]
what to cause them
what cause to them
what causes them to
causes them to what
36.
"Has he come back? .... Yes, he __ back for three days.[1分]
has come
had come
is
has been
37.
Ecology, __ the relationships between organisms and their environments, is alsoimportant in petroleum geology.[1分]
the study of
it study
that study
studying
38.
If all the continents and mountains were bulldozed flat, the earth __ covered bywater.[1分]
would be
would have been
would had been
would been
39.
Those __ have six or more close friends are likely to describe themselves as"very happy".[1分]
who
whose
which
they
40.
Some habits of__ are incompatible with good health.[1分]
my husband
my husbands'
my husband's
my husbands
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by4questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the AnswerSheet.
Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

    The Antarctica treaty applies to all areas (the high seas excepted) below latitude 60degrees south. This line, running around the globe some 2,000 miles from the South Poleitself, just misses the lower tip of South America, and is well below the Cape of GoodHope and New Zealand. There are a number of small islands between this line and theAntarctic continent, but the waters here are known to mariners as "the screaming Sixties"because there is so little obstruction to the world-circling winds.
    In contrast, in the northern hemisphere, the lands lying above the sixtieth parallel oflatitude include much of Scandinavia, Siberia and Alaska, all of Greenland and Iceland,with a total population of several million. Great mountains help subdue the winds; a spurof the Gulf Stream and part of the Japan Current temper the frigid airs of this polar region.This, and the presence of the Arctic Ocean in the center of the great land mass, give thearea a markedly different conformation and climate from that around the opposite pole.Antarctica seems a vast basin of rock, filled and overflowing with a load of ice. In theheart of the continent it is almost as high as the summits of the Alps, yet soundings showthat in some places the rock floor is below sea level. Actually, the ice accumulation isless than it was perhaps 1,000 years ago. Its seaward flow is not so voluminous as itonce was, and as a result there are patches of bare rock here and there along the coastand inland. They were scoured clear of soil ages ago, but one may sometimes find mossor lichens growing, though virtually no flowering plants.
41.
Unlike the North Pole, the South Pole is[1.5分]
not fixed in one position
the same as the South Magnetic Pole
on land covered with ice
on water
42.
The large area in the southern hemisphere is taken up by[1.5分]
the major part of South America
oceans
Australia
Africa
43.
The makers of the Antarctic Treaty clearly wanted to[1.5分]
prevent the Russians from settling in Antarctica
prevent possession or control by any nation
conserve its natural resources
insure the safety of the natives of Antarctica
44.
Land animals on the Antarctic continent[1.5分]
are insects only
are relics of the prehistoric past
are fur-bearing animals and cold-blooded
exist only in the fossil state
Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage:

    Americans smoke six thousand million cigarettes every year (1970 figures). This isroughly the equivalent of 4,195 cigarettes a year for every person in the country of 18years of age or more. It is estimated that 51% of American men smoke compared with 34%of American women. Since 1939, numerous scientific studies have been conducted todetermine whether smoking is a health hazard. Research teams have conducted studiesthat show beyond all reasonable doubt that tobacco smoking, particularly cigarettesmoking is associated with a shortened life expectancy. Cigarette smoking is believed bymost research workers in this field to be an important factor in the development of cancerof the lungs and cancer of the throat. Male cigarette smokers have a higher death ratefrom heart disease than non-smoking males. (Female smokers are thought to be lessaffected because they do not breathe in the smoke so deeply.) The majority of doctorsand researchers consider these relationships proved their point and say, "Give upsmoking. If you don't smoke--don't start!" Some doctors and research workers--thoughtheir small number is decreased even further--are less sure of the effect of cigarettesmoking on health. They consider the increase in respiratory diseases and various formsof cancer may possibly be explained by other factors in the human environment—atmospheric pollution, increased nervous stress, chemical substance in processed food,or chemical pesticides that are now being used by farmers in large quantities to destroyinsects and small animals. Smokers who develop cancer or lung diseases, they say, mayalso, by coincidence, live in industrial areas or eat more canned food. Gradually, however,research is isolating all other possible factors and proving them to be statistically irrelevant. Apart from the scientific statistics, it might be helpful to look at what smokingtobacco actually does to the human body. Smoke is a mixture of gases, vaporizedchemicals, small particles of ash, and other solids. There is also nicotine, which is apowerful poison, and black tar. As the smoke is breathed in, all these components formdeposits on the membranes of the lungs. One point of concentration is where the air tube,or bronchus, divides. Most lung cancer begins at this point.
    Smoking also affects the heart and blood vessels. It is known to be related toBeurger's disease, a narrowing of the small vessels in the hands and feet that can causegreat pain and lead even to the amputation of limbs. While all tobacco smoking affectslife and expectancy and health, cigarette smoking appears to have a much greater effectthan cigar or pipe smoking. However, nicotine consumption is not decreased by the latterforms, and current research shows a causal relationship between all forms of smokingand cancer of the mouth and throat. Filters and low tar tobacco are claimed to makesmoking to some extent safer, but they can only reduce, not eliminate the hazards.
45.
What can we mainly get from the passage?[1.5分]
Smoking is harmful to health.
Women smokers are healthier than men smokers.
The increased diseases have something to do with pollution.
Smoking cigarettes is more harmful than smoking pipes.
46.
Cigarette smoking is believed by doctors to __[1.5分]
reduce nervous stress
causes lung and throat cancer
make life shorter but exciting
broaden the blood vessels
47.
Women smokers have a lower death rate than men smokers because __[1.5分]
women smoke light cigarettes
women smoke less cigarettes
women's bodies can prevent nicotine
women don't breathe in the smoke so deeply
48.
What is Beurger's disease?[1.5分]
It is a kind of lung cancer.
It happens in the hands and feet.
It happens in the heart while smoking
It is a kind of throat disease.
Questions 49 to 52 are based on the following passage:

    From National to International
    Do you have what it takes?
    It's our job to help you make that leap.
    The world is waiting. Are you ready?
    Is your small business ready to make that next step and expand abroad? A recentsurvey estimates that up to 40% of all small businesses are intending to do just that. Isyour business making up this 40%? Making that move and expanding into the international market requires a different approach fi.om the one you're used to. On anational level, it is often enough to sell the right products at the right price. Failure toadopt a different sales approach on the international market can often lead to failure asinternational customers expect different things. This is where we come in. The rightknowledge and the right preparation can make all the difference on the internationallevel.
    The main aspects of the program we offer are:
    1) How can weaknesses be identified and reduced?
    2) How are cultural differences handled in the business world?
    3) In-depth knowledge of district law, how does it help?
    4) How can we target the right kind of international customers and how can wefinance this bigger, more complicated international operation?
    5) What can be done to create a foolproof business plan?
    Cost of the course:
    $2,000 per person. If 4 or more people apply from the same company, thendiscounts can be arranged. Course times can be changed to accommodate youremployees' schedule. This course is fully accredited by some top level colleges anduniversities.
49.
Who will most likely benefit from this course?[1.5分]
Anybody not interested in business administration
A small international business manager
An individual running a small company
Any owner of an international business hoping to go domestic
50.
Why is there a danger of an international business failure?[1.5分]
The price of shipping is too high.
It takes too long to deliver products.
International customers do not speak the same language.
The business owner cannot understand the local market.
51.
What is NOT listed in the advertised program?[1.5分]
How to pay the international workforce
The best way to study international law
Cultural diversities that must be known exactly
What we should learn from our deficiencies
52.
What is the main advantage of participating in this study program?[1.5分]
International travel
Fixed schedule for the employees
The availability of discounts of 20%
Credits that can be transferred to university courses
Questions 53 to 56 are based on the following passage:

    With the widespread and still growing use of personal computers, typing has becomean indispensable part of our ordinary lives. As a result, many users now find they can'twrite even familiar words though they can type them quickly and correctly on a computerkeyboard. To make matters worse, some people even forget how to write at all. Currently,90 percent of students in America, a nation which has completely adapted to everydayuse of computers and the Internet, are unable to write properly and clearly because theyhave been typing onto keyboards since early childhood. Many younger teachers alsohave trouble writing clearly on blackboard. A university student never imagined that hewould lose the chance to get his first job because of his handwriting problem. Anotherstudent, for fear that she wouldn't be able to write well when doing the test papers for theuniversity entrance examination, quit using a computer for two months before the exam."It is not surprising," an expert of psychological medicine said. "The occurrence can beattributed to several factors. Firstly, it's the result of social developments and the workneeds of constant computer use. Secondly, it relates to introverted (~ Ih] ~) personalcharacter and lack of self-control abilities especially for those students who indulge inplaying computer games." Experts also think that many activities on computers makepeople's thoughts simplified, which also affects their lives in other aspects, such as howthey communicate with others and the way they think. Writing can strengthen humanbody's functions in psychology and physiology, which cannot be substituted by typing intoa computer. Relevant research indicates that inscribing or drawing something on papercan leave a deep impression in the language processing areas of the central nervoussystem in the brain. This process does not occur when typing on a computer. Experts'tips are arranging work time well and paying particular attention to not working in front ofthe screen for long periods of time and trying to read books and writing down something,such as keeping a diary or making notes with a pen regularly--it's a good way tostrengthen the formation of words in one's memory.
53.
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in this passage as a negative result of a user's constant work at a computer?[1.5分]
Harm for his physical conditions.
Unsatisfactory personality.
Problems in his communication with others.
Deteriorated memory.
54.
According to the experts, __[1.5分]
the user's problem in handwriting is helpless
writing with a pen is also necessary besides typing
computer users need more communication with others
there should be more healthful computer games available
55.
The word "tips" in the last paragraph means __[1.5分]
warnings
predictions
suggestions
analysis
56.
The title of this passage might be ....[1.5分]
Harms of Typing at the Computer
Keep Away FromYour Computer
The Advantages of Handwriting
Pick Up Your Pencils and Write
Questions 57 to 60 are based on the following passage:

    In 1939 two brothers, Mac and Dick McDonald started a driven-in restaurant in SanBemardino, California. They carefully chose a busy comer for their location. They had runtheir own businesses for years, first a theater, then a barbecue restaurant, then anotherdriven-in, but in their new operation, they offered a new, shortened menu: French fries,hamburgers, and sodas. To this minimal selection they added one new concept: quickservice, no waiters or waitresses, and no tips. Their hamburgers sold for fifteen cents.Cheese was another four cents. Their French fries and hamburgers had a remarkableuniformity, for the brothers had developed a strict routine for the preparation of their food,and they insisted on their cooks' sticking to that routine. Their new drive-in becameincredibly popular, particularly for lunch. People drove up by the hundreds during thebusy noontime. The self-service restaurant was so popular that the brothers had allowedten copies of their restaurant to be opened. They were content with this modest successuntil they met Ray Kroc. Kroc was a salesman who met the McDonald brothers in 1954,when he was selling milkshake-mixing machines. He quickly saw the unique appeal ofthe brothers' fast-food restaurants and bought the right to franchise other copies of theirrestaurants. The agreement struck included the right to duplicate the menu, theequipment, even their red and white buildings with the golden arches. TodayMcDonald'sis literally a household name. Its names for its sandwiches have come to meanhamburger in the decades since the day Ray Kroc watched people rush up to orderfifteen-cent hamburgers. In 1976, McDonald's had over $1 billion in total sales. Its firsttwenty-two years is one of the most incredible success stories in modern Americanbusiness history.
57.
This passage is mainly about __[1.5分]
the business careers of Mac and Dick McDonald
how the brothers developed the routine for the preparation of their food
Ray Kroc's business abilities
the development of fast-food services
58.
We can conclude from this passage that __[1.5分]
Mac and Dick McDonald never became weakhy because they sold their ideato Kroc
Ray Kroc was a good businessman
the location the McDonalds chose was the only source of the great popularity oftheir drive-in
seventy years ago there were numerous fast-food restaurants
59.
The passage suggests that __[1.5分]
creativity is an important element of success
Ray Kroc spent long hours working in the first McDonald's
the McDonalds sold only fresh homegrown vegetables
California is the best place to go into business
60.
As used in Para.3, the word "franchise" means[1.5分]
to copy
to grant a special right
to deprive
to follow the example
Section B
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there arefour choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into thepassage. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

    About nine men in every hundred 61 from color blindness in some way; women areluckier—only about one in two hundred is affected in this manner. Perhaps, after all, it issafer to be driven by a woman. There are different forms of color blindness. In somecases, a man may not be able to see deep red. He may think that red, orange and yelloware shades of green. Sometimes a person cannot 62 the difference between blue andgreen. In 63 cases, an unlucky man may see everything in shades of green--a 64 worldindeed. Sometimes color blindness can be dangerous. For example, when in the forest65 soldiers use 66 to signal to 67. A green light may mean" 68 "and a 69 light may mean"Danger, keep back." You can seen what will 70 if somebody thinks that is green.
61.
 [1分]
fall ill
suffer
get
lose
62.
 [1分]
tell
say
tall
speak
63.
 [1分]
little
less
rare
few
64.
 [1分]
beautiful
ugly
usual
strange
65.
 [1分]
at the night
at night
at afternoon
in the morning
66.
 [1分]
fire
lights
smoke
flags
67.
 [1分]
another
the other
the enemy
each other
68.
 [1分]
Advance
Hazard
On board
Come back
69.
 [1分]
bright
weak
red
deep green
70.
 [1分]
find
cause
happen
disappear
IV. Translation
Directions: There are some passages in this part of the test. You are to translate thepassages into Chinese on your Answer Sheet.

    Earthquakes are the most terrible of all natural disasters. Asia has a history of huge earthquakes within its borders.
    What causes these earthquakes? To answer this question we must first understandsome things about the earth itself. The earth's crust is composed of many different layersof rocks. These layers of rocks are not laid evenly, as a bricklayer would build a wall. Onthe contrary, areas of the earth's crust are irregular and weak.
    As a result of the great stress that is put on these parts of the crust, the rock bedsfold down towards the earth's core, which results in unstable spots along the earth's crust.This instability results in breaks along the crust. When a break occurs, or when twodifferent sides of the crust rub against each other, the result is an earthquake.
    Geologists would like to be able to predict earthquakes accurately by using laserbeams, gravity-measuring devices and some other devices. Should predictions of aquake in the future be accurate, many people may be able to save both their lives andtheir property.
71.
 [20分]
参考答案:
  地震是所有自然灾害中最恐怖的。亚洲周边地区历史上有大地震。
是什么导致这些地震发生?要回答这个问题,必须首先要了解关于地球自身的某些事物。地壳由很多不同岩石层构成。岩层并不像建筑工人建的墙一样均匀地平整铺开,相反的,岩层构成的地壳也往往是不均匀的。由于巨大重量向下压岩层,岩床朝地球核心向下折叠,这会导致沿着地壳产生不平均的受力点。这种不平均导致沿地壳断裂。当断裂发生时,或者当地壳不同的两个边彼此挤压的时候,地震发生了。
地质学家用激光仪器、测重力的仪表和其他设备是能够精确预测地震的。如果将来地震可以精确预报,很多人的生命和财产可以保住。

≡ 本试卷共计71题,此处为结束标志。
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