正在载入试卷 ...
2010年中石油职称英语真题
试卷编号:128351
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1.
It is possible to predict how much energy and water a building will consume, how  much _______ will be needed.[1分]
matter
things
material
substance
2.
They found that the positive thinkers sold 37 percent more insurance than did the_______ thinkers.[1分]
negative
positive
active
passive
3.
In labs around the world, bad bugs are undergoing the ultimate rehabilitation, being _______ from life-threatening viruses and bacteria into lifesaving therapeutic agents.[1分]
translated
transported
transformed
transmitted
4.
The fresh air is sometimes humid from the _______rainfall of this area.[1分]
numerous
abundant
plenty
substantive
5.
We know that many animals _______ the deep seas at pressures of 15,000 pounds per square inch.[1分]
live on
live in
live through
live up to
6.
Speakers and writers of the Germanic languages _______for a great deal of the world's output in everything from economics to literature to military to science  and technology.[1分]
account
allow
apply
arrange
7.
_______of the great state of Illinois, let me express my deepest gratitude for the  privilege of addressing this convention.[1分]
On account
In honor
In place
On behalf
8.
The companies that are finding ways to hang on to their older workers _______ from an intangible commodity: wisdom.[1分]
obtain
earn
develop
benefit
9.
I raced to_______ Jill.[1分]
keep on
keep up with
come up with
come up to
10.
Managers need to monitor inflation trends so they can make good _______.[1分]
decisive
decisions
decide
decided
11.
Fluency can be _______ defined as "being able to communicate ideas without having to stop and think too much about what one is saying."[1分]
simple
simply
similar
simplify
12.
The number of vehicles has been steadily increasing. _______, more than 100 cities  in the United States still have levels of carbon monoxide that exceed legally    established limits.[1分]
Continuously
Consequently
Constantly
Consistently
13.
A(An) _______ is better than the text and may make the point clear.[1分]
interpretation
representation
illustration
draw
14.
Some of the world's best mountain _______ is available within the 500-kilometer    long chain of the Southern Alps.[1分]
scene
scenery
scarce
scare
15.
After a through research, the police __ most of the missing jewels.[1分]
retreated
refreshed
recovered
reminded
16.
A gold-rated building is estimated to have reduced its environmental impact by 50% compared with a(an) __ conventional building.[1分]
equivalent
alike
uniform
likely
17.
When pessimists __ in their first attempt, they usually say, "I can't do this."[1分]
feel
fail
defeat
lost
18.
Six years __ before she got another note from Teddy.[1分]
went into
went around
went by
went on
19.
The company owns a large number of _______ stores.[1分]
export
bargain
retail
trade
20.
The cost of self-education has fallen with the multitude of sources of knowledge    and information _______ on CD-ROMs and the Internet.[1分]
preferable
ready
available
considerable
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21.
Put things back _______ you found them.[1分]
where
that
which
since
22.
--Are you going to the football game?
--No, the tickets are _______ for me.[1分]
terrible expensive
so much expensive
far too expensive
highly expensive
23.
The residents, __ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross.[1分]
all of whose homes
all of their homes
all their homes
all that homes
24.
In some countries _______ is called "equality" does not really mean equal rights for  all people.[1分]
which
what
that
one
25.
Gorillas are quiet animals, _______ they are able to make about twenty different  sounds.[1分]
how
in spite of
even though
because of
26.
_______ the size and nature of a business, its main goal is to earn a profit.[1分]
Whatever
Whichever
Whereas
Because
27.
Henry and Tom __ to the parties at the Trade Union every Saturday.[1分]
used to go
were used to go
are used to go
use to go
28.
The crewman switched on portable flashlights as the engineer __ the scene.[1分]
has surveyed
surveys
was surveying
is surveying
29.
_______ WAP technology, people can do their work anywhere anytime.[1分]
Use
Using
Being used
Used
30.
The news _______  heard everywhere.[1分]
had
have been
was
are going to be
31.
You __ yourself about money.[1分]
need not worry
have worry
are not being worried
needn't be worried
32.
The course normally attracts 20 students per year, __ up to half will be from  overseas.[1分]
in which
for whom
with which
of whom
33.
_______ he was a regular customer, the boss allowed 10% discount off the prices of  the goods.[1分]
Giving
Giving that
Given that
To give that
34.
It seems oil _______ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take machine apart    to put it right.[1分]
had leaked
is leaking
leaked
has been leaking
35.
__ nothing more to discuss, the CEO got to his feet, said goodbye and left the  meeting room.[1分]
There was
Being
There being
As there being
36.
Great as Newton was, many of his ideas __ today and are being modified by  the work of scientists of our time.[1分]
are to challenge
have been challenged
may be challenged
are challenging
37.
She apologized for __ the meeting.[1分]
her being able not to attend
her being not able to attend
not her being able to attend
her not being able to attend
38.
I wish to have a word with you, _______ ?[1分]
must I
wouldn't I
may I
shouldn't I
39.
__ right now, she would get there on Sunday.[1分]
Would she leave
If she leave
Were she to leave
If she had left
40.
I wish I __ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class.[1分]
could have slept
slept
might have slept
have slept
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by 4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

    By direct observations and many experiments, biologists have discovered that practically all animals have some sense of hearing or vibration. Earthworms feel vibrations in the soil, fish can be trained to respond to certain tones, male mosquitoes are attracted by the sound of the female, and frogs will respond to a tape recording of their own voices.
    The inner ear is composed of delicate membranes which bear dense patches of specialized cells called maculae. Each of these collections of cells can carry a message to the brain. What message is carried by a macula depends upon how it is affected. The message which is carried is not, however, always connected with the hearing sense. For instance, a certain kind of tadpole can tell the depth of the water it is swimming in by the pitch of a tone which is produced by its own lungs.
    In the human and all other mammals, the macula has developed into an organ which can easily be seen. This organ is called the cochlea. This spiral shaped organ contains the macula itself and it is called "organ of Corti" after its discoverer. If you have ever seen a snail shell, you know how a cochlea looks.
    When sound waves enter the cochlea, which is really a tube coiled around, they set a membrane into a back and forth motion and cause a new wave. This is something like the way in which high and low sounds are produced by a flute or whistle. The high sounds are produced when the air is prevented by the holes from going through, while the low sounds are produced by allowing more of the air to pass. All this is what produces the differences between high and low sounds. The loudness of a sound is evidently produced by how much the membrane is cause to move.
    Whether or not hearing is really produced in all animals by the effect of pressure is not definitely known by scientists as yet. We do know, however, that nature has set up some very delicate hearing mechanisms for its creatures. Scientists must explore much further for more knowledge about how animals use their ears.
41.
According to the article practically all animals have some sense of[1.5分]
direction
hearing
vibration
both B and C
42.
The cochlea is found[1.5分]
in fish
only in humans
in all animals
in all mammals
43.
Scientists know[1.5分]
that all animals have a cochlea
very little about hearing in animals
that mosquitoes cannot hear sounds
that hearing is produced by air pressure in mammals.
44.
The article is mostly about __[1.5分]
how sound is produced
learning by observing
the workings of the inner ear
outer ear formation in various animals
Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage:

    Dear Ms. Answers,
    I've been offered a job promotion that would require me to relocate abroad to Paris from Chicago. The salary for my new position would be much higher than what I'm getting now, and I've always wanted to work in the French branch of our company, but I'm worried that living in Paris could be more expensive than where I live now. If this is the case, perhaps the increase in salary won't make a big difference. Can you tell me anything about the cost of living in Paris?
    Thank you,
    Raphael Daniels
    Dear Mr. Daniels,
    Congratulations on receiving such a wonderful employment opportunity. Living and working in a foreign country is not something that many people get to do. Although it can be a very rewarding experience, it can also be very expensive if your finances are not managed properly.
    In the same way that you will need to adjust to a different language, customs, and culture, you will also need to develop new daily routines and spending habits. This aspect of living abroad can be difficult for some people who may be tempted to live their daily lives as if they are on vacation: eating in fancy restaurants, buying expensive souvenirs, and going sightseeing.
    It is natural to live like you are on vacation when moving to a foreign environment, but it is important not to get carried away. Establishing a weekly and monthly budget for yourself is the best way to take control of your new financial situation. It may be helpful to keep track of your spending habits for the first weeks after your arrival and establish a budget based on that.
    As long as you manage your finances as you would if you were at home, living in Paris should not be any more expensive than living where you are now. In my research, the only two things I found that were significantly more expensive in Paris than in Chicago were taxi fares and high-speed trains. Fortunately, Paris has an excellent, rather inexpensive subway system.
    To view a list of common French items and their equivalent prices in American dollars, visit paris.
    Sincerely,
    Ms. Answers
    AskAway. com
45.
According to Mr. Daniel’s e-mail, what is he concerned about?[1.5分]
Living expenses
His salary
Commuting to work
His vacation days
46.
What does Ms. Answers suggest Mr. Daniels do?[1.5分]
Establish a budget
Speak with his boss
Look at train fares
Consult a guide book
47.
In Ms. Answers' e-mail, the word "track" in paragraph 3, line 4, is closest in    meaning to[1.5分]
footstep
cover
record
roadway
48.
What does Ms. Answers say about the subway?[1.5分]
It is new.
It is dirty.
It is inefficient.
It is inexpensive.
Questions 49 to 52 are based on the following passage:

    Ostrum GE, the second largest power company in the Nordic countries,officially opened its first Hydrogen Energy Station (HES), with technology products provided by Gredler Energy Systems Corporation. The new station will supply clean hydrogen fuel to three fuel cell buses as part of the prestigious Green Europe Advanced Transport (GREAT) program. Stockholm (斯德哥尔摩) is one of four GREAT cities that will be using Gredler Energy hydrogen infrastructure products.
    Mr. Peter Russell, Chief Operating Officer of Gredler Energy, was in Stockholm for the station opening and commented, "The opening of this station represents the first step in the introduction of a hydrogen infrastructure in the City of Stockholm. Ostrum and the City of Stockholm have taken an essential step towards creating a pathway to environmentally sustainable urban transportation solutions and we are delighted to be part of this important movement."
    The Stockholm HES is comprised of four modules: pressurized water electrolysis-based hydrogen generation, compression, high-pressure storage and hydrogen fuel dispenser. The station is capable of producing approximately 120kg per day of high-purity, high-pressure hydrogen using Gredler Energy's proprietary technology. Each fuel cell bus carries approximately 40kg of hydrogen at 350bar (5,000psi).
    Gredler Energy Systems Corporation is the world leading developer and supplier of integrated hydrogen solutions, all using the company's proprietary hydrogen generation water electrolysis technology along with products from corporate partners.
49.
Who will be in charge of the new hydrogen energy station7[1.5分]
Oredler Energy Systems
Ostrum GE
The GREAT Program
The City of Stockholm
50.
How much hydrogen will the new station produce each day?[1.5分]
40kg
120kg
350bar
5,000psi
51.
The word "sustainable" in paragraph 2, line 5 is closest in meaning to[1.5分]
livable
deliverable
maintainable
combustible
52.
What is true about the GREAT program?[1.5分]
It operates in four countries.
It is operated by the Gredler Corporation.
It promotes the use of non-polluting fuels.
It studies the effects of hydrogen on the atmosphere.
Questions 53 to 56 are based on the following passage:

    The rise of multinational corporations, global marketing, new communication technologies, and shrinking cultural differences have led to an unparalleled increase in global public relations or PR.
    Surprisingly, since modern PR was largely an American invention, the U.S. leadership in public relations is being threatened by PR efforts in other countries. Twenty years ago, for example, the world's top five public relations agencies were American-owned. In 2003, only one was. The British in particular are becoming more sophisticated and creative. A recent survey found that more than half of all British companies include PR as part of their corporate planning activities, compared to about one third of U.S. companies. It may not be long before London replaces New York as the capital of PR.
    Why is America lagging behind in the global PR race? First, Americans as a whole tend to be fairly provincial and take more of an interest in local affairs. Knowledge of world geography, for example, has never been strong in this country. Secondly, Americans lag behind their European and Asian counterparts in knowing a second language. Less than 5 percent of Burson-Marshall's U.S. employees know two languages. Ogilvy and Mather has about the same percentage. Conversely, some European firms have half of more of their employees fluent in a second language. Finally, people involved in PR abroad tend to keep a closer eye on international affairs. In the financial PR area, for instance, most Americans read the Wall Street Journal. Overseas, their counterparts read the Journal as well as the Financial Times of London and The Economist, publications not often read in this country.
    Perhaps the PR industry might take a lesson from Ted Turner of CNN. Turner recently announced that the word "foreign" would no longer be used on CNN news broadcast. According to Turner, global communications have made the nations of the world so interdependent that there is no longer any such thing as foreign.
53.
According to the passage, U.S. leadership in public relations is being threatened because of[1.5分]
an unparalleled increase in the number of public relations companies
increased efforts of other countries in public relations
shrinking cultural differences and new communications technologies
the decreasing number of multinational corporations in the U.S.
54.
The word "provincial" (Line 2, Para. 3) most probably means __[1.5分]
limited in outlook
like people from the provinces
rigid in thinking
interested in world financial affairs
55.
We learn from the third paragraph that employees in the American PR industry[1.5分]
speak at least one foreign language fluently
are not as sophisticated as their European counterparts
are ignorant about world geography
enjoy reading a great variety of English business publications
56.
What lesson might the PR industry take from Ted Turner of CNN?[1.5分]
American PR companies should be more internationally-minded.
The American PR industry should develop global communication  technologies.
People working in PR should be more fluent in foreign language.
People involved in PR should avoid using the word "foreign"
Questions 57 to 60 are based on the following passage:

    On the night of August 17, 1959, at about 20 minutes before midnight, the ground in the vicinity of Yellowstone National Park began shaking violently. At the time there was a rumbling sound, something like a huge truck would make. Both the heaving of the ground and the noise were very frightening but lasted not quite 45 seconds.
    This earthquake near Yellowstone Park was just one of nearly a million that happen every year all over the world. And as bad as this quake was, many have been worse. Earthquake experts say that the Yellowstone quake of 1959 was about as bad as the one which hit San Francisco in 1906. But the San Francisco quake caused more damage because it struck in a place where there were so many people living. In San Francisco 700 persons lost their lives. An earthquake in Japan in 1923 took 160,000 lives. In China in 1920 an earthquake took 200,000 lives. It is easy to understand why earthquakes are so feared.
    What causes these terrible shakes of the very ground on which we live?
    To answer that question we must first understand some things about the earth itself. Forty miles deep in the earth is the edge of the outer crust of the earth, and there it is so hot that instead of hard rock there is material much like the hot lava that a volcano erupts. It is the earth's 40-mile deep crust with which we are concerned when we seek the cause of earthquakes. The earth's crust is formed of many different layers of rocks. The layers of rocks are not laid evenly, as a bricklayer would build a wall. Instead, the earth's crust is made of rock layers that are often uneven and not perfectly balanced. Because of the great weight pressing down on them, these layers tend to fold downward at weak spots, and this finally causes an actual break in the crust. When this break occurs, or when the sides of an old break slip, the earth quakes, or shakes, while the crust is settling into a new position.
    Sometime these faults are very small, and we then feel only a little tremor. The tremor may even be so light that only the most delicate machine will record it. Most earthquakes are of this weak kind. Sometimes a break in the earth's crust comes about, which starts such a landslide as that which occurred in Madison Canyon. It then takes not one, but many shakes for the earth to heal the fault and settle. That is why many after-shocks follow a major earthquake. Sometimes these go on for several years.
57.
The Yellowstone earthquake was[1.5分]
one of the more severe
not severe
the worst in U.S. history
a very small one
58.
The San Francisco quake was worse than the one in Yellowstone because[1.5分]
it lasted longer
it struck where so many people lived
there were mountains at Yellowstone
there was a river at Yellowstone
59.
The earth's crust is made of[1.5分]
sand
mountains
many layer of rock
lava
60.
Some times aftershocks follow an earthquake for as long as[1.5分]
days
months
years
centuries
Section B
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

    Land pollution involves many kinds of wastes. For many years, all wastes were dumped  61  sanitary (卫生的) landfills. Sanitary landfills are large pits where garbage is buried under layers of dirt. When hazardous wastes are put in these landfills, toxic (有毒的) substances can seep into the groundwater and enter the food chain. Hazardous wastes are those kinds of wastes that are 62 or dangerous to the environment. They can be poisonous, corrosive (腐蚀性的), flammable, explosive,or radioactive (放射性的). They can pollute the air or 63 fires or explosions. These wastes can also cause 64 problems for humans and animals. For these reasons, it is important to dispose 65 hazardous wastes in secured landfills where they cannot leak. A secured landfill is located on clay ground, and the pits are lined with plastic and nylon sheets to 66 the hazardous wastes in the pit.
    One kind of hazardous wastes, radioactive waste, involves a special disposal problem. Radioactive waste is created by industries and nuclear power plants 67 use radioactive materials. Radioactive materials 68 off energy as their atoms change. This energy is invisible, but very powerful. It can harm 69 tissues in plants and animals. Radioactive waste can remain hazardous for over 100 years. They must be stored in containers that can hold them without leakage for at least 70 amount of time.
61.
 [1分]
by
with
of
into
62.
 [1分]
destructive
smelly
poisonous
healthy
63.
 [1分]
make
lead
cause
take
64.
 [1分]
lung
living
health
water
65.
 [1分]
of
by
to
with
66.
 [1分]
help
remain
keep
guard
67.
 [1分]
those
who
that
what
68.
 [1分]
come
give
take
put
69.
 [1分]
living
live
lively
alive
70.
 [1分]
an
one
that
these
IV. Translation
Directions: There are some passages in this part of the test. You are to translate the passages into Chinese on your Answer Sheet.

A级
    A fast-growing body of research is proving that optimism can help you to be healthier and more successful. Pessimism leads, by contrast, to sickness and failure, and is linked to depression and painful shyness. "If we could teach people to think more positively," says psychologist Michael of Yale University, "it would be like inoculating (接种疫苗) them against these mental ills."
    "Your abilities count," explains psychologist Smith of Harvard University, "but the belief that you can succeed affects whether or not you will." In part, that's because optimists and pessimists deal with the same challenges and disappointments in very different ways.
    Take for example your job. In a major study, Smith and his colleagues surveyed sales representatives at a big life insurance corporation in New York. They found that the optimists among newly-hired representatives sold 37 percent more insurance than did the pessimists.
    How did they do it? The secret to an optimist's success, according to Smith, is in his "explanatory style". When things go wrong the pessimist tends to blame himself while the optimist looks for other explanations. He blames the weather, the phone connection, even his friends. When things go right, the optimist takes credit while the pessimist thinks success is due to luck.
    Negative or positive, it was a self-fulfilling prophecy (预言). "If people feel hopeless," says Smith, "they don't bother to acquire the skills they need to succeed." on the contrast, the optimist feels in control of his own life. If things are going badly, he acts quickly, looking for solutions, and reaching out for advice.
    So, if you're a pessimist, there's reason for you to change. Positive thinking leads to positive reaction. What you expect from the world, the evidence suggests, is what you're likely to get.

B级
    A fast-growing body of research is proving that optimism can help you to be healthier and more successful. Pessimism leads, by contrast, to sickness and failure, and is linked to depression and painful shyness. "If we could teach people to think more positively," says psychologist Michael of Yale University, "it would be like inoculating (接种疫苗) them against these mental ills."
    "Your abilities count," explains psychologist Smith of Harvard University, "but the belief that you can succeed affects whether or not you will." In part, that's because optimists and pessimists deal with the same challenges and disappointments in very different ways.
    Negative or positive, it was a self-fulfilling prophecy (预言). "If people feel hopeless," says Smith, "they don't bother to acquire the skills they need to succeed." on the contrast, the optimist feels in control of his own life. If things are going badly, he acts quickly, looking for solutions, and reaching out for advice.
    So, if you're a pessimist, there's reason for you to change. Positive thinking leads to positive reaction. What you expect from the world, the evidence' suggests, is what you're likely to get.
71.
 [20分]
参考答案:
  迅速增长的大量研究证明乐观可以使你更快乐、更健康、更成功。与此相反,悲观则导致绝望、疾病以及失败,它与沮丧孤独、令人痛苦的腼腆密切相关,位于休斯顿的赖斯大学心理学家雷格•A•安得森说:“如果我们能够教会人们更积极地思考,那就像为他们注射了预防这些心理疾病的疫苗。”
“你的能力固然重要。”匹兹堡的卡内基-梅隆大学的心理学家迈克尔•F•沙伊尔说,“但你成功的信念影响到你是否真能成功。”在某种程度上,这是由于乐观者和悲观者以截然不同的方式对待同样的挑战和失望。
以你的工作为例。宾夕法尼亚大学的心理学家马丁•E•P•塞利格曼与同事彼得•舒尔曼在一项重要研究中调查了大都市人寿保险公司的推销
员,他们发现工龄较长的推销员中的积极思考者比消极思考着要多推销37%的保险额,在新雇佣的推销员中,乐观主义者则多销了20%。
他们是如何做的呢?据塞利格曼说,乐观主义者成功的秘诀就在于他的“解释方式”,出了问题之后,悲观主义者倾向于自责。他说:“我不善于做这种事,我总是失败。”乐观主义者则寻找漏洞,他责怪天气、抱怨电话线路、或者甚至责怪对方。他认为,是那个客户当时情绪不好。当一切顺利时,乐观主义者把一切功劳都归于自己而悲观主义者只把成功视为侥幸。
无论是消极还是积极的看法,都是一种本身会成为事实的语言。安德森说:“如果人们感到没有希望,他们就不会费事去获得成功所需的技能。”据安德森看来,有无控制感是成功的试金石,乐观者能够掌握自己的命运。如果事情不顺利,他立刻作出反应,寻找解决办法,制定新的行动计划,并且主动寻求忠告.
所以,如果你是个悲观主义者,我们有理由为你改变。积极的思想导致积极的反应。你想从这个世界得到什么,有证据表明,你就很可能得到什么。

≡ 本试卷共计71题,此处为结束标志。
examcoo™