正在载入试卷 ...
2009年中石油职称英语真题
试卷编号:128350
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1.
The Chinese nation has __ significantly to the progress of human civilization.[1分]
related
contributed
owed
attached
2.
The bees __ out of their hive.[1分]
flocked
swarmed
packed
crowded
3.
The __ school cannot give much practical training in living, because most of the students' time is spent in classes, studying lessons.[1分]
normal
ordinary
regular
commonly
4.
He showed me how to turn on the lights and __ the air-conditioner.[1分]
adjust
adopt
treat
remedy
5.
I was exhausted when I reached home, and I flung myself down on the front steps to__.[1分]
discover
recover
dissolve
retreat
6.
Travel and __ were changed when the steamship was invented.[1分]
transportation
tradidon
transmission
transformation
7.
Mr. Smith finally lost his __ and fouled Lincoln by grinding his foot with a boot heel.[1分]
mind
temper
mood
passion
8.
Ants don't carry calendars around with them, but they show amazing accuracy __ the day of the year.[1分]
in case
such as
so that
as to
9.
Schlesinger's __ task was to meld all headquarters, field, and staff programs into a unified department.[1分]
initial
initiative
initiate
initiation
10.
__ all we have learned from space flights, the moon is still a riddle from the distant past.[1分]
In stead of
In spite of
In search of
Because of
11.
The first step is to __ your problem and go to work on it.[1分]
recognize
revenge
recollect
receive
12.
1 __ into the dark, sure that I would finally reach the hospital.[1分]
work out
set out
make out
put out
13.
Smoking also __ the heart and blood vessels.[1分]
inclines
affects
effects
surplus
14.
I believe in the __ worth of the individual and in his right to hfe, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.[1分]
superior
surplus
supreme
suppress
15.
By November 1973 oil supplies were critically low, creating the most __shortages of energy since World War II,[1分]
rigid
acute
dense
urgent
16.
There is one suggestion that the footsteps of crowds walking the streets in major cities could __ energy.[1分]
assemble
gather
generate
yield
17.
I am unable to __ what he is saying.[1分]
concentrate on
concentrate in
finish with
finish off
18.
America's early __ were attracted by the fertile land and varied climates it offered for farming.[1分]
settlers
inherents
residents
lodgers
19.
The U.S., generally acknowledged to be a step __ Britain on biofuel, has an estimated 600 stations that offer E85 (a fuel made of 85 percent bioethanol).[1分]
in excess of
in advance
ahead of
in front of
20.
Your speech class will make your nervousness work for you __ against you.[1分]
other than
rather than
more than
less than
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21.
My husband's arm got hurt __ the iron tower.[1分]
while we were climbing up
while he is climbing up
while he climbed up
while we climbed up
22.
You __ me because I didn't say that.[1分]
must have misunderstood
had to misunderstand
must misunderstand
must be misunderstanding
23.
The word's supplies of petroleum __[1分]
are gradually exhausted
are being gradually exhausted
have been gradually being exhausted
have gradually exhausted
24.
The police __ the records of all those involved in the crime.[1分]
looking into
being looked into
is looking into
are looking into
25.
The modem __ long pencil can draw a line 35 miles in length.[1分]
7-inched
7-inch
7-inchs
7-inches
26.
We regret __ you that the computers you ordered are out of stock.[1分]
informing
to inform
having informed
m have informed
27.
Not until the game had begun __ at the sports ground.[1分]
had he arrived
he have arrived
he should arrive
did he arrived
28.
The medical record shows that it was the drag, not the disease, __ killed him him several years ago.[1分]
that
finally
the effects of which
the effect of which
29.
Sound travels __ air.[1分]
through water faster and
where it is faster through water than through
faster through water than through
faster than through water and
30.
Liquid water changes to vapor, __ is called evap[1分]
which
what
that
it
31.
If I __ you, I would go to look for him.[1分]
was
were
would be
am
32.
I hope all the precautions against air pollution, __ suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.[1分]
while
since
as
after
33.
All flights __ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train.[1分]
had been canceled
have been canceled
were canceled
having been canceled
34.
What's the matter? I smell something.[1分]
burn
burns
burning
being burned
35.
It's very nice __ you to help me.[1分]
for
in
like
of
36.
My grandfather has decided to make me go back to college immediately, study my lessons carefully, and __ .[1分]
attain my master's degree
a master's degree must be attained
must attain my master's degree
to my master's degree I have to attain
37.
The habit of __ regular hours is of extreme importance to successful learning.[1分]
keep
keeping
to keep
kept
38.
__ brings us together is __ we have common interests which transcend those differences.[1分]
That, that
That, what
What, what
What, that
39.
__ in this way, the situation doesn't seem so disappointing.[1分]
Looked at
To look at
Looking at
To be looked at
40.
1 decided to go to the concert as soon as I __.[1分]
finish what I did
finished what I was doing
would finish what I was doing
finished what I did
III.  Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by 4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

    Washington D.C. was the first city in history to be created solely for the purpose of governance. Following the Revolution, members of Congress had hotly debated the question of a permanent home for themselves and for departments, such as the Treasury, th e Patent Office, and so on, which even the sketchiest of central government would feel obliged to establish. In 1790, largely in order to put an end to congressional bickering, George Washington was charged with selecting a site for the newly designated federal district. Not much to anyone's surprise but to the disappointment of many, he chose a tract of land on the banks of the Potomac River,a few miles upstream from his beloved plantation, Mount Vernon.
    The District of Columbia was taken in part from Virginia and in part from Maryland. At the time it was laid out, its hundred square miles consisted of gently rolling hills, some under cultivation and the rest heavily wooded, with a number of creeks and much swampy land along the Potomac. There is now a section of Washington that is commonly referred to as Foggy Bottom; that section bore the same nickname a hundred and eighty years ago. Two port cities, Alexandria and Georgetown, flourished within sight of the new capital and gave it access by ship to the most important cities of the infant nation~harleston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Newport, Salem, and Portsmouth--and also to the far-off ports of England and the Continent.
41.
What is the main topic of the passage?[1.5分]
The role of George Washington in the American Revolution
The first years of the United Slates Congress
The governing of the federal district
The founding of Washington, D.C.
42.
In 1790 a large part of the federal district was__[1.5分]
seashore
village squares
wilderness
a flourishing port
43.
It can be inferred from the passage that the item "Foggy Bottom" in the second paragraph refers to a section of Washington, D.C. that__[1.5分]
has the lowest population in the district
used to be the site of the national weather station
used to be mostly swampland
lies at the bottom of Mount Vernon
44.
Which of the following conclusions about the federal district is supported by the passage?[1.5分]
George Washington's choice pleased almost everyone
Mount Vernon was not chosen because it was too close to the river
Congress was unable to agree on a location
Congress did not believe that a home for the federal government was necessary
Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage:

    There are several ways of listening that net us nothing but trouble, according to Dr. Ralph Nichols of the University of Minnesota. If we recognize and try to conquer them, we can step up our listening ability by about twenty-five percent and thereby greatly increase our chances for success in our daily lives.
    Unless you are very unusual indeed, says Dn Nichols, you must plead guilty to several of the following bad listening habits:
    Daydream Listening: You can think about four times as fast as the average person speaks. So you have quite a bit of spare thinking time while waiting for the words to come in. Unconsciously, you use this time, if you are a poor listener, to let your thoughts drift elsewhere.
    For instance, your teacher is giving you some background material on American history. Your mind is with him at first. Then other thoughts drift into that spare thinking space. Without warning, they have taken over your mind entirely... I mustn't forget to go downtown after school for Mother. If only my bike was fixed!Maybe I can get Joe to come over Saturday and help me... Your thoughts drift on.Suddenly, with a jolt, you hear these words: "Now we'll have a little test on what I have been explaining." Ouch!
    So what to do to keep daydreams from filtering in? One way is to put that extra thinking time to work--on the subject. Sum up what the speaker is saying; look for major points. Pretend you are going to have to repeat his ideas. Put his words into your words. It isn't easy. It takes effort and time to learn. But the results are sure to surprise and please you.
    "That's-What-You-Think" Listening: You have your own pet ideas on certain subjects. You don't like to hear anything which might make you question them. So when anyone begins arguing on the other side, you simply stop listening.Instead you plan what you are going to answer. Anyone who refuses too often to listen to the other side of a question risks becoming narrow-minded an exasperating and unattractive trait in the other fellow. Is it any more becoming to you? No thanks, you say, and decide to hear the other fellow out. Maybe he is right. Maybe you are. But you can give him a better argument on your viewpoint if you hear what he says.
    Half-An-Ear Listening: Often other sounds compete for your attention and win. Your father gives you a list of errands. But his voice must compete with, say,your favorite song on the radio. Later, you find that half an ear wasn't enough. You didn't listen to your father's words closely enough to hear and remember them. You have to telephone home for a repeat performance. And you can't really blame your father for being irritated. Better to turn off the radio, shut the door on competing noises, if possible. If not, guard against your tendency to listen to distracting sounds.
    So there are the forces--some within ourselves, some outside that work against us in our efforts to listen. But once we learn what they are and how to fight them, we are well on our way to getting rid of wasteful listening habits.
45.
From this piece we learn that[1.5分]
there is a difference between heating and listening
listening requires little skill
deafness is much more common than most people suppose
it is easier to listen alone than in a group
46.
Poor listening can be attributed to[1.5分]
faults within ourselves
bad habits
distracting outside influences
all of the above
47.
Because thought is faster than speech[1.5分]
we know what the speaker will say
we have time to formulate arguments
we should avoid letting our minds wander aimlessly ahead
it is best to have a speaker who talks very fast
48.
Listening is often difficult when[1.5分]
the speaker argues against your pet ideas
the speaker's voice is poor
you do not watch the speaker
the room is poorly ventilated
Questions 49 to 52 are based on the following passage:

    Antarctica is a very large area of the earth's surface, but--until recent years--was the least studied. More knowledge of it is important for all mankind.
    Antarctica seems a vast basin of rock, filled and overflowing with a load of ice. In all this barrenness and cold, what is there of value?
    First, Antarctica is bound to have mineral resources comparable to those of other great continents . Coal--much of it of poor quality--has been found at many points along the 2,000 mile mountain system known as the Great Antarctica Horst. A writer has found a small deposit of manganese ore and rock specimens flecked with uranium or stained green by copper. These finds are important only as indications that further exploration would be worthwhile, and such a systematic effort has begun under SCAR (the Special Committee on Antarctic Research). This group is an outgrowth of the International Geophysical Year (I.G.Y.); but its program has broadened from geophysics to include mapping and biology.
    There are other possible economic values. Several intercontinental air routes lie across portions of Antarctica. Strange antibiotics have been found in the drifting plants of the Antarctic seas; the Russians are reported to be carrying in live herring to be dumped overboard in an attempt at sea "farming."
    But for the immediate future the great value of Antarctica may lie in other lines of research from the common cold to problems of outer space. The former is under scrutiny at a biological laboratory at McMurdo Sound, where clues to certain viruses are being sought in the study of epidemics among the utterly isolated members of scientific parties.
    As to space research, there is no place on earth better suited than the South Pole for certain kinds of observation. Here is a firmly fixed point, in contrast to the drifting floes that cover the North Pole; from it all directions are north, and during th e six months of darkness the stars circle around a point directly overhead. The United States established an observatory there in 1957 for the I.G.Y. and has maintained it ever since.
    Now it is an ideal space tracking station. Any vehicle on a mission in the southern half of the heavens remains continuously "visible" to an antenna at the pole. Such a station is also able to play a unique role in interrogating earth satellites in orbit over both poles.
    Such satellites---maintaining their steady sweeps as the earth revolves beneath them---cover nil parts of the globe and hence are ideal for weather observation, communications and other tasks. The South Pole would be the chock point on each circuit, snatc hing the data from space, processing them in computers within seconds and relaying them to the rest of the world.
    On all these counts, the scientists justify their voyages to Antarctica and the vast sums needed. But essentially their argument is a simple one. The great continent to the south is still largely unknown. In the quest for fundamental knowledge, which is t he heart and soul of all science, it cannot be ignored.
49.
A laboratory at McMurdo Sound is making a study of[1.5分]
the common cold
plant life in the Antarctic
man's adaptability to extreme cold
sea life
50.
Antarctic's mineral resources are best described as[1.5分]
of low quniity
uncertain but potentially important
vital to world energy needs
non-existent
51.
As a spot where radar antennae might be effective, Antarctic is important because[1.5分]
there is plenty of fuel to make the elecuicity needed to operate radar
in the cold, clear air, metal would not rust
a scanning station at the South Pole could cover the whole southern hemisphere
the cold clear air would help radar see clearly
52.
To a scientist the main reason for exploring the Antarctic is[1.5分]
the fact that we know little about it
the fact that it has many unusual features
the benefits to mankind
the opportunity to study the weather
Questions 53 to 56 are based on the following passage:

    Ryerson Machine Tool Guarantee
    This guarantee covers all Ryerson industrial tools.
    Dates of Coverage: All Ryerson industrial tools are guaranteed for 5 years from the date of receipt at the customer's factory or industrial facility.
    Type of Coverage: This guarantee covers all major tool failures clearly attributable to tool design or construction, and not ordinary wear and tear. This coverage also does not extend to situations where the customer has placed the tools under exceptional stress not ordin arily encountered in industrial processes.
    Coverage Cancellation: This guarantee plan will be canceled in the case of fraud or misrepresentation by the customer. The notification of cancellation will be sent to the customer's e-mail provided at the time of purchase.
    Coverage Alteration: This coverage may be altered in the future as new product lines are introduced, or upgrades are introduced to existing product lines.
    Notice of any such alteration will be submitted to all customers by e-mail.
    Coverage Adjustment Notice:
    Ryerson Machine Tool Guarantee
    This supplementary notice is for all customers who have purchased Ryerson machine tools within the last two years.
    Adjustment: Recently, our firm has decided to end sales of the CV210 precision cutting tool in use in many of our customer's factories. Guarantees for these tools will end 90 days from the date of this notice.
    Discounts: Customers desiring to upgrade to our new CV211 precision tool as a replacement for the CV210 are eligible for 15% discounts for a period of 90 days from the date of this notice.
    Customers Continuing with CV210: Customers can elect to remain with the CV210, but will have to operate the tool without coverage from Ryerson.
53.
For whom is both information and notice intended?[1.5分]
Potential customers
Suppliers of industrial tools
Manufacturers of electronic components
Purchasers of industrial devices
54.
Which kind of coverage is NOT provided?[1.5分]
Use of the machine tools in conjunction with competitor products
Failure due to design specifications of the manufacturer
Use of the tools in extraordinary production environments
Failure m notify the manufacturer of a flaw within 90 days
55.
What is one of the reasons for issuing the supplementary notice?[1.5分]
Ryerson is offering newer versions of an existing model.
New customers may advance order a new product online.
Ryerson has decided to end sales of the CV211 precision cutting tool.
All customers will receive 15% discounts for a certain period.
56.
What will happen to users of the CV210 in the future?[1.5分]
They may not have access to Ryerson technical and industrial informatiol
They will not be able to use the tool because of its frequent failures.
They may not receive information about further upgrades.
They may continue to have it serviced for payments.
Questions 57 to 60 are based on the following passage:

    I don't know how I became a writer, but I think it was of a certain force in me that I had to write. And that force finally burst through and found a channel. My people were of the working class. My father, a stone-cutter, was a man with a great respect f or literature. He had a tremendous memory, and he loved poetry. The poetry that he loved best was naturally of the rhetorical kind. Nevertheless it was good poetry--Hamlet's soliloquy, Macbeth, Mark Antony's "Funeral Oration", Grey's "Elegy" , and all the rest of it. I heard it all as a child; I memorized and learned it all.
    He sent me to the state university.
    The desire to write, which had been strong during all my days in high school, grew stronger still. I was editor of the college paper, the college magazine, etc., and in my last year or two I was a member of a course in playwriting which had just been established. I wrote several little one act plays, still thinking I would become a lawyer or a newspaper man, never daring to believe I could seriously become a writer. Then I went to Harvard, wrote some more plays, starting to think that I had to be a playwright. After leaving Harvard, I had my plays rejected. And finally in the autumn of 1926, I had a moment of literary inspiration that drove me forward to dedi cate my life to writing. But I have never exactly been able to determine ail these questions like how, why, or in what mannen Probably the force in me that had to write at last sought out its channel. I began to write my first book in London. I was living all alone at that time. 1 had two rooms---a bed room and a sitting room in a little square in Chelsea in which all the houses had that familiar, smoked brick and cream-yellow-plaster look.
57.
We may conclude, in regard to the author's development as a writer, father[1.5分]
opposed his becoming a writer
made an important contribution
insisted that he choose writing as a career
insisted that he read Hamlet in order to learn how to be a writer
58.
The author believes that he became a wriler mostly because of__[1.5分]
his special talent
his study at Harvard
a hidden urge within him
his father's teaching and encouragement
59.
The author.[1.5分]
went to Harvard to learn to write plays
worked as a newspaper man before becoming a writer
began to think of becoming a writer at Harvard
had always been successful in his writing career
60.
The author really started on his way to become a writer.[1.5分]
when he lived in London
after he entered college
when he was in high school
when be was studying at Harvard
Section B
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

    In every cultivated language there are two great classes of words which, taken together, comprise the whole vocabulary. First, there are those words 61 which we become acquainted in daily conversation, which we learn, that is to say, from the 62 of our own family and from our familiar associates, and which we should know and use 63 we could not read or write. They concern the common things of life,and are the stock-in-trade (惯用言辞) of all who 64 the language. Such words may be called "popular," since they belong to the people 65 and are not the exclusive possession of a limited class.
    On the other hand, our language includes a multitude of words which are comparatively 66 used in ordinary conversation. Their meanings are known to every educated person, but there is little 67 to use them at home or in the market-place. Our first acquaintance with them comes not from our mother's lips or from the talk of our school-mates, 68 from books that we read, lectures that we hear, or the more formal conversation of highly educated speakers who are discussing some particular 69 in a style appropriately elevated above the habitual level of everyday life. Such words are called "learned," and the 70 between them and the "popular" words is of great importance to a right understanding of linguistic process.
61.
 [1分]
at
through
with
by
62.
 [1分]
relatives
members
mates
fellows
63.
 [1分]
in spite of
even
despite
even if
64.
 [1分]
say
practic
applye
speak
65.
 [1分]
in public
at most
at best
at large
66.
 [1分]
frequendy
seldom
irregularly
much
67.
 [1分]
occasion
prospec
way
reason
68.
 [1分]
besides
but
and
or
69.
 [1分]
theme
problem
topic
question
70.
 [1分]
compariso
contrast
distinction
similarity
IV. Translation
Directions: There are 1 passage in this part of the test. You are to translate the passage into Chinese on your Answer Sheet.

A级:
    China is about to adopt its llth five-year plan, setting the stage for the continuation of probably the most remarkable economic transformation in recent years, while improving the well-being of almost a quarter of the world's population.
    While much of the rest of the developing world has been directed at a common quest for higher GDP, China has once again made clear that it seeks sustainable increases in the people's happiness.
    China realizes that it has entered a phase of economic growth that is imposing enormous demands on the environment. Unless them is a change in course, living standards will eventually be compromised. That is why the new five-year plan places great emphasis on the environment.
    China recognizes, too, that what separates less developed from more developed countries is not only a gap in resources, but also a gap in science and technology. So it has laid out new plans not only to reduce that gap, but to create a basis for independent innovation.
    China's role in the world and the world's economy has changed, and the plan reflects this, too. Its future economical model will have to be based more on domestic demand than on exports, which will require increases in consumption. Strengthening social security and public education will simultaneously increase citizens' sense of well-being, and promote current consumption.
    With such a clear vision of the future, the challenge will be implementation. Market econonfies are not selLregulating. They cannot simply be left on autopilot, especially if one wants to ensure that their benefits are shared widely. But managing a market economy is a difficult task. It is a balancing act that must constantly respond to economic changes. China's llth five-year plan provides a roadmap for that response.

B 级:
    China is about to adopt its llth five-year plan, setting the stage for the continuation of probably the most remarkable economic transformation in recent years, while improving the well-being of almost a quarter of the world's population.
    While much of the rest of the developing world has been directed at a common quest for higher GDP, China has once again made clear that it seeks sustainable increases in the people's happiness.
    China recognizes that what separates less developed from more developed countries is not only a gap in resources, but also a gap in science and technology. So it has laid out new plans not only to reduce that gap, but to create a basis for independent innovation.
    China's role in the world and the world's economy has changed, and the plan reflects this, too. Its future economical model will have to be based more on domestic demand than on exports, which will require increases in consumption. Strengthening social security and public education will simultaneously increase citizens' sense of well-being, and promote current consumption.
71.
 [20分]
参考答案:
  China is about to adopt its 11th five-year plan, setting the stage for the continuation of probably the most remarkable economic transformation in recent years, while improving the well-being of almost a quarter of the world's population.
中国即将实施第十一个五年规划。这是旨在造福于世界近1/4的人口,为或许是近些年最为可观的经济转型的持续发展所做的准备。
While much of the rest of the developing world has been directed at a common quest for higher GDP, China has once again made clear that it seeks sustainable increases in the people's happiness.
在其他发展中国家都不切实际地致力于提高国内生产总值时,中国再次重申,人民幸福指数的持续提高才是其追求的目标。
China realizes that it has entered a phase of economic growth that is imposing enormous demands on the environment. Unless there is a change in course, living standards will eventually be compromised. That is why the new five-year plan places great emphasis on the environment.
中国意识到其经济发展已进入了给环境造成沉重负担的阶段。除非改变做法,否则将最终危及人民生活水平的提高。这也是新的五年规划把环境问题当作重中之重的原因所在。
China recognizes, too, that what separates less developed from more developed countries is not only a gap in resources, but also a gap in science and technology. So it has laid out new plans not only to reduce that gap, but to create a basis for independent innovation.
中国也认识到,落后国家和发达国家不仅在资源上存在着差距,在科技上也同样有相当距离。因此中国制定了新的计划,不仅要缩小这个差距,还要为独立创新奠定基础。
China's role in the world and the world's economy has changed, and the plan reflects this, too. Its future economical model will have to be based more on domestic demand than on exports, which will require increases in consumption. Strengthening social security and public education will simultaneously increase citizens' sense of well-being, and promote current consumption.
世界经济发生了变化,中国在世界舞台上扮演的角色也已经改变,这一点在五年规划中也有所反映。中国未来的经济模式将不得不更多地依靠国内需求而非出口,这就需要扩大国内消费。强化社会保障体系和公共教育将同时增强人们的幸福感,推动时下的消费。
With such a clear vision of the future, the challenge will be implementation. Market economies are not self-regulating. They cannot simply be left on autopilot, especially if one wants to ensure that their benefits are shared widely. But managing a market economy is a difficult task. It is a balancing act that must constantly respond to economic changes. China's 11th five-year plan provides a roadmap for that response.
中国对未来具有如此明确的远见卓识,挑战则在于:如何贯彻落实。市场经济并非自我调整,不可以挂上自动档就放手不管。如果想确保大部分人都能分享市场经济带来的好处,就更不能放任自流。但管理市场经济不是轻松的任务,它是一种必须按照经济变化随时进行调整的平衡之举。中国的第十一个五年规划的蓝图,是对调整的适当回应。
B级
China is about to adopt its 11th five-year plan, setting the stage for the continuation of probably the most remarkable economic transformation in recent years, while improving the well-being of almost a quarter of the world's population.
中国即将实施第十一个五年规划。这是旨在造福于世界近1/4的人口,为或许是近些年最为可观的经济转型的持续发展所做的准备。
While much of the rest of the developing world has been directed at a common quest for higher GDP, China has once again made clear that it seeks sustainable increases in the people's happiness.
在其他发展中国家都不切实际地致力于提高国内生产总值时,中国再次重申,人民幸福指数的持续提高才是其追求的目标。
China recognizes that what separates less developed from more developed countries is not only a gap in resources, but also a gap in science and technology. So it has laid out new plans not only to reduce that gap, but to create a basis for independent innovation.
中国认识到,落后国家和发达国家不仅在资源上存在着差距,在科技上也同样有相当距离。因此中国制定了新的计划,不仅要缩小这个差距,还要为独立创新奠定基础。
China's role in the world and the world's economy has changed, and the plan reflects this, too. Its future economical model will have to be based more on domestic demand than on exports, which will require increases in consumption. Strengthening social security and public education will simultaneously increase citizens' sense of well-being, and promote current consumption.
世界经济发生了变化,中国在世界舞台上扮演的角色也已经改变,这一点在五年规划中也有所反映。中国未来的经济模式将不得不更多地依靠国内需求而非出口,这就需要扩大国内消费。强化社会保障体系和公共教育将同时增强人们的幸福感,推动时下的消费。

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