正在载入试卷 ...
2008年中石油职称英语真题
试卷编号:128348
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1.
Being able to save and accumulate _____ wealth is not automatic.[1分]
considerate
considerable
conscious
careful
2.
Wonderful _____ of nature are all around us.[1分]
appearance
experience
phenomena
philosophy
3.
The whole county _____ with little red hearts on Valentine’s Day.[1分]
breaks in
breaks into
breaks off
breaks out
4.
If I were the president of a university I should _____ a compulsory course in “How to Use Your Eyes”.[1分]
escape
establish
estate
elapse
5.
The statement that oil originated in the sea is _____by a glance at a map showing the chief oilfield of the world.[1分]
confined
confessed
conformed
confirmed
6.
Almost 70 percent of all non-food purchases in supermarkets are generated by in-store _____.[1分]
decided
decisive
decide
decisions
7.
I believe that truth and justice are _____ to an enduring social order.[1分]
fundamental
fountain
formation
friction
8.
Some of these “upside down” airmail stamps are now _____ over $6,000.[1分]
worthy
worthed
worth
worthwhile
9.
The early pioneers had to _____ many hardships to settle on the new land.[1分]
go into
go along with
go back on
go through
10.
Remember that customers don't _____ about prices in that city.[1分]
dispute
bargain
consult
discuss
11.
Difficulties and hardships have _____ the best qualities of the young geologist.[1分]
brought about
brought in
brought up
brought out
12.
Do you know where the pictures on money _____ ?[1分]
resulted from
removed from
came from
fell from
13.
I often _____ about how quickly time flies.[1分]
complain
complaint
compile
conceive
14.
I'm _____with computer programs that correct spelling through the use of built-in dictionaries.[1分]
common
familiar
known
friendly
15.
Male cigarette smokers have a higher death _____ from heart disease than non-smoking males.[1分]
rate
price
speed
degree
16.
With winter here you can _____ these skirts till you need them again next summer.[1分]
get rid of
give away
do away with
put away
17.
The good service at the hotel _____ the poor food to some extent.[1分]
made for
made out
made up for
mad use of
18.
Those gifts of rare books that were given to us were deeply _____.[1分]
applied
appreciated
approved
appealed
19.
Inflation is the first problem that the new government will have to _____.[1分]
revolve
grasp
seize
tackle
20.
Few people who _____of high school will be rich.[1分]
run down
check in
drop out
check out
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21.
The young receptionist doesn't permit _____ in the exhibition center.[1分]
smoking
to smoke
smoke
to have smoked
22.
I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality for _____ the Chinese people are justly famous throughout the world.[1分]
what
whom
that
which
23.
More than two thousands _____ work in this refinery.[1分]
Russias
Russian
Russians
Russia
24.
The ancient Egyptians believed all illnesses were related to _____ was eaten.[1分]
what
which
it
that
25.
If all the continents and mountains were bulldozed fiat, the earth _____ by water more than 12,000 feet deep.[1分]
could have been covered
might had been covered
is covered
would be covered
26.
Since 1939, numerous scientific studies _____ to determine whether smoking is a health hazard.[1分]
have been conducted
are conducted
is conducted
being conducted
27.
All the money _____, we started looking for work.[1分]
has been spent
have been spent
being spent
having been spent
28.
One main branch of sea science, _____, holds enormous unanswered questions.[1分]
physical oceanography
is physical oceanography
called physical oceanography
what is physical oceanography
29.
An _____ crowd is awaiting the arrival of the famed statesman.[1分]
excite
excitedly
excited
exciting
30.
There _____ a lot of _____ on the roads yesterday.[1分]
were...traffic
was...traffic
were...traffics
was...traffics
31.
China and America are separated by _____.[1分]
Pacific Ocean
a Pacific Ocean
the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Oceans
32.
_____ to completely cut off its oil supply, it would badly damage its own economy.[1分]
If Iran was
Was Iran
If Iran is
Were Iran
33.
_____ in 1943 _____ the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles.[1分]
Only...that
It was...then
That it was...when
It was...that
34.
The population of Beijing is three times _____ that of Qingdao.[1分]
so large as
as large to
as large as
as larger than
35.
He _____ his office for there was no one to answer the phone.[1分]
must have left
must leave
may have left
can have left
36.
Jane's family couldn't agree on where to spend _____ vacation.[1分]
his
her
its
their
37.
I will leave him a note _____ he will know where we are.[1分]
so that
that
in order
in case
38.
The teacher thinks that Tom _____ for the accident and instead we should try to comfort him.[1分]
doesn't blame
is to blame
isn't to blame
isn't blamed
39.
When I pulled into her driveway, she _____ by the door with her coat on.[1分]
is waiting
was waiting
waits
waited
40.
The clerk asked Robey _____ later in the day.[1分]
returning
to return
return
to be returned
III.  Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by 4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

    One of the most interesting paradoxes in America today is that Harvard University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, is now engaged in a serious debate about what a university should be, and whether it is measuring up.
    Like the Roman Catholic Church and other ancient institutions, it is asking—still in private rather than in public—whether its past assumptions about faculty, authority, admissions, courses of study, are really relevant to the problems of the 1990's.
    Should Harvard—or any other university—be an intellectual sanctuary, apart from the political and social revolution of the age, or should it be a laboratory for experimentation with these political and social revolutions; or even an engine of the revolution? This is what is being discussed privately in the big clapboard houses of faculty members around the Harvard Yard.
    The issue was defined by Waiter Lippmann, a distinguished Harvard graduate, several years ago.
    “If the universities are to do their work," he said, "they must be independent and they must be disinterested...They are places to which men can turn for judgments  which are unbiased by partisanship and special interest. Obviously, the moment the  universities fall under political control, or under the control of private interests, or the moment they themselves take a hand in politics and the leadership of government,    their value as independent and disinterested sources of judgment is impaired...”
    This is part of the argument that is going on at Harvard today. Another part is the argument of the militant and even many moderate students: that a university is the keeper of our ideals and morals, and should not be “disinterested” but activist in bringing the nation's ideals and actions together.
    Harvard's men of today seem more troubled and less sure about personal, political and academic purpose than they did at the beginning. They are not even clear about how they should debate and resolve their problems, but they are struggling with them privately, and how they come out is bound to influence American universities and political life in the 1990's.
41.
The issues in the debate on Harvard's goals are whether the universities should remain independent of our society and its problems, and whether they should _____.[1.5分]
overcome the widespread drug dependency
take an active part in solving society's ills
fight militarism
support our old and established institutions
42.
The word “paradox” in paragraph 1 is _____.[1.5分]
an abnormal condition
a parenthetical expression
a difficult puzzle
a self-contradiction
43.
The word “sanctuary” in paragraph 3 is _____ .[1.5分]
a temple or nunnery of middle age
a certain place you can hide in and avoid mishaps
a holy place dedicated to a certain god
an academy for intelligent people
44.
In the author's judgment, the ferment going on at Harvard _____.[1.5分]
will soon be over, because times are bound to change
is of interest mostly to Harvard men and their friends
will influence future life in America
is a sad symbol of our general bewilderment
Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage:

    Scientists now believe that many, if not all, living things are born with some type of hidden clock. These clocks are sometimes set by the number of hours of light or darkness in a day, by the rhythm of the tides or by the seasons.
    One of the most remarkable of nature's living clocks belongs to the fiddler crab, that familiar beach-dweller with tile overgrown claw. Biologists have long known that the crab's shell is darkest during the day, grows pale in late afternoon, then begins to darken again at daybreak. This daytime darkening is valuable for protection against enemies and sunlight, and for many years it was thought to be a simple response by the crab to the sun--just as if we were to get a tan during the day and lose it at night.
    But when an enterprising scientist placed a fiddler crab in darkness, be was amazed to find that the color of the crab's shell kept ticking off the time with the same accuracy.
    Yet another startling fact was revealed: the crab's shell reached the darkest color about 50 minutes later each day. There was a second clock inside the crab, for the tides also occur 50 minutes later from day to day. Moreover, even when the crabs were taken from the beach and put back in the dark, they continued their tidal rhythm. More research disclosed that a crab from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, reached its darkest color four hours earlier than the one taken from a beach on a neighboring island. The tides on the nearby island were found to be exactly four hours later than the Cape Cod tides.
    Ants don't carry calendars around with them any more than fiddler crabs possess real wrist watches. But ants show amazing accuracy as to the day of the year. Each year, an ant nest sends out winged, young queens on mating flights. Hundreds of them may fly out of a single nest in the soil. Last summer, at the crest of my mountain, I watched an ant city prepare to send forth its young queens. At the precise moment that  they took wing, a colony of the same species that my wife was watching near the  bottom of the mountain, also sent its queen on a wedding flight. There was, of course, no way could the two colonies have checked take off time with each other.
    Entomologist Albro T. Gaul once jotted down in his notebook that a particular the same time! This split-second timing is not always the rule. However, most flights take place within a definite period of time.
    Birds also have built-in timepieces which send them off on fall and spring migrations. What the birds really have is a clock like mechanism which allows them to time hours of darkness or light in each day.
    But what sends birds northward again in the spring? New research by Dr. Albert Wdifson of Northwestern University seems to indicate that the timing of return flight is extraordinarily complex. In the fall of the year the short days and long nights cause the "clocks" in migratory birds to undergo a kind of "winding" in preparation for their spring return and breeding. Then during the late fall and winter as the clock "ticks", certain physiological changes occur in the bird. The length of each day during the winter determines how fast the clock will run, and hence when the "alarm" will ring for the spring migration. The clock continues to run through breeding time, then stops—to be re-wound again the next fall.
45.
The alarm clock that determines the activity of certain living things is governed by _____.[1.5分]
hours of daylight
the time of day in their native environments
the moon
something we don't understand completely
46.
The fiddler crab seems to darken his color according to _____.[1.5分]
time of sunrise
its background
amount of daylight
time of tides
47.
The reported activity of the ant colony occurred in relation to _____.[1.5分]
the position of the sun
the day of the year
the temperature
the geographical location
48.
What controls the migration of birds seems to be ______.[1.5分]
dark, cloudy days and bright, sunny days
direction of migration
time between sunrise and sunset
breeding habits
Questions 49 to 52 are based on the following passage:

    Medicine comes in many forms. In its liquid form, medicine affects the body very quickly. But the effects of liquid medicine aren't usually long lasting. That is why pills and capsules are also used.
    The pills and capsules being sold today aren't perfect, either. Pills dissolve in the stomach. The medicine in the pills is released when the pills dissolve. But often, the pills dissolve too quickly.
    Scientists have been trying to develop a pill that can release medicine slowly over a long period of time. They have applied their knowledge of plants to produce the “osmotic (渗透的) pump pill”.
    The cell walls of plants are made of cellulose (纤维素). Cellulose is a very porous substance. There are millions of tiny holes, or pores, in the cellulose walls of plants. These holes are big enough to allow water through the cell walls. As water enters a cell, pressure builds up in the cell. The pressure pumps other substances out of the cell. These substances leave the cell through the cellulose wall. This slow, steady process is called osmosis.
    The osmotic pump pill is coated with synthetic cellulose. Liquid medicine is contained in the pill. The holes in the cellulose coating of the pill are big enough to allow water in the pill. As water from the body enters the pill, pressure builds up and the medicine is then slowly pumped out of the pill.
49.
The passage implies that the osmotic pump pill is better than other pills and capsules because_____.[1.5分]
it releases medicine slowly over a long period of time
the coating doesn't dissolve in the stomach
the medicine in the pill can affect the body quickly
it helps to build pressure in the body
50.
The way that the osmotic pump pill works is based on a process called ______.[1.5分]
cellulose
osmosis
pressure
synthesis
51.
The passage implies that medicine in an osmotic pump pill will leave the pill when _____.[1.5分]
the pill is swallowed
the cellulose coating is dissolved
enough pressure builds up in the pill
the medicine is dissolved with water from the body
52.
The passage implies that cellulose is a very porous substance because it contains _____.[1.5分]
millions of tiny holes
a substance that dissolves it
a substance that creates pressure
liquid medicine
Questions 53 to 56 are based on the following passage:

    Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a very complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor, professional transportation, and public-utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the "system" of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else.
    If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define "price", many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in other words, that price is the money value of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but also with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts that supply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms return privileges, and other factors. In other words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total "package" being exchanged for the asked amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price.
53.
According to the passage, the price system is related primarily to _____.[1.5分]
labor and education
transportation and insurance
utilities and repairs
products and services
54.
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a factor in complete understanding of price?[1.5分]
Instructions that come with a product.
The quantity of a product.
The quality of a product.
Warranties that cover a product.
55.
In the last sentence of the passage, the word "they" refers to _____.[1.5分]
return privileges
all the factors
buyer and seller
money
56.
The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses _____.[1.5分]
unusual ways to advertise products
types of payment plans for service
theories about how products affect different levels of society
how certain elements of a price "package" influence its market value
Questions 57 to 60 are based on the following passage:

    Following the end of the Apollo space program, the National Geographic Society published an excellent set of articles about the moon. Here, in shorter form, are some questions and answers from one of these articles.
    Is the moon like the earth?
    Yes and no. It is more like it than many scientists thought before Apollo. Like the earth, the moon is in layers, with a crust on the outside and a deep mantle below. It may also have a core, as the earth does. However, the crust is almost four times thicker than the earth's crust. We do not know much yet about the moon's mantle, that section of superheated rock which goes down hundreds of miles below the crust. We think—but we are not sure  that the moon has a center core which includes molten rock, as the earth does.
    In other ways, of course, the moon is very different. There is no life, and there is no water. The makeup of its atmosphere is very different; the earth creatures cannot breathe in it.
    Is the moon hot or cold?
    Most scientists agree that some of the moon was hot for at 1east a time. Rocks from the moon show that they were once melted. Right now there seems to be heat someplace inside the moon, possibly a great deal of it. On the surface, however, there is no sign of heat -- no volcano, for example. The surface itself ranges from heat of 230 F to cold of minus 290~F, depending upon where the sun is.
    Where did the moon come from?
    We don't know. The three main theories (ideas) are (1) that the moon was horn from the earth, (2) that the earth and the moon were born together at the same time from the same cloud of gas and dust, and (3) that the moon was born someplace else in the solar system and then captured by the earth's gravity. So far, none of these theories has been proved to be either fight or wrong. Professor George W. Wetherill of the University of California in Los Angeles says that he would give the first two theories each a 10 percent chance and the third theory a 20 percent chance. The other 60 percent he would give to "things we haven't thought of yet."
57.
The atmosphere of the moon is _____ that of the earth.[1.5分]
much the same as
harder to see than
much different from
cleaner than
58.
The surface of the moon is _____.[1.5分]
so hot that it warms the earth
much colder at all times than the earth
about the same as that of the earth in terms of heat and cold
sometimes much hotter, sometimes much colder than the earth
59.
In talking about the question of where the moon came from, Professor Wetherill of the University of California said that he believes that the answer is _____.[1.5分]
going to be found by 1990 at the latest
that the moon was once part of the earth
a chmd of gas and dust thom which both the earth and the sun were born
probably something no one has thought of yet
60.
Since earth creatures cannot breathe in the moon's atmosphere, we can safely say that _____.[1.5分]
it is impossible for people to live on the moon
people would need special equipment in order to live on the moon
there is no way to grow food there
no one would want to live there
Section B
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

    In1772, Goethe went as a young lawyer to Wetzlar, where he fell in love with the fiancte of his close friend Kestner.  61 he returned to Frankfurt and later discovered that Kestner had killed himself. These events formed the  62  of his beautiful novel The Sorrows of Young Werther, which is the most important literary work of the early romantic period.
    In 1786, Goethe  63  Italy, and this had a strong  64  on his work,  65 him to  66  his earlier romantic style with the classic ideas to Greece and Rome.
    His masterpiece, “Faust”, published in 1831, was the  67  of  50 years of work. It is the greatest dramatic poem in the German language.
    Goethe died at Weimar in 1832. These days, his  68  as one of Europe's most famous poets is stronger than  69 . And the town Frankfurt is always  70  with his name throughout the world.
61.
 [1分]
Mournfully
Happily
Deceived
Broken-hearted
62.
 [1分]
greatness
condition
basis
reasons
63.
 [1分]
went
arrived
toured
came
64.
 [1分]
resultant
gear
modify
influence
65.
 [1分]
permitted
allowing
making
convincing
66.
 [1分]
associate
connect
combine
develop
67.
 [1分]
result
consequence
ending
product
68.
 [1分]
reproach
remainder
reputation
latter
69.
 [1分]
forehead
ever
usual
others
70.
 [1分]
associated
joined
resulted
connected
IV. Translation
Directions: There are 1 passage in this part of the test. You are to translate the passage into Chinese on your Answer Sheet.
71.

    The diffusion of knowledge is the dominant trend of our time. What was happening in Britain during the Industrial Revolution was not an isolated phenomenon. A succession of visitors to Britain would go back to their countries to report on the technological innovations they saw there. Sometimes societies were able to learn extremely fast, as in the United States. Others, like Italy, benefited from starting late, leapfrogging the long-drawn-out process that Britain went through.
    This diffusion of knowledge accelerated dramatically in recent years. Over the last 30 years we have watched countries like Japan, Singapore and now China grow at a pace that is four times that of Britain at tile peak of the Industrial Revolution. They have been able to do this because of their energies, of course, but also because they cleverly  adopted  certain  ideas  about  development  that  had  worked  in  the West  relatively free markets, open trade, a focus on science and technology, among them. And this shift is happening all around the world. From Thailand to South Africa, from Brazil to Mexico, countries are far better managed economically than they have ever been.
    We are sometimes reluctant to believe in progress. But the evidence is unmistakable. The management of major economies has changed greatly in the last few years. Careful monetary policy has tempered the boom-and-bust economic cycles of the industrial world, producing milder recessions and fewer shocks. Every day one reads of a new study campaigning nations in everything from Intemet penelration to interest rates. All these studies and lists are symbols of a learning process that is accelerating, reinforcing the lessons of success and failure.[20分]
参考答案:

知识的传播是我们这个时代的主流。发生在英国工业革命期间,不是一个孤立的现象。接连不断的到访英国的人回到他们的国家报告的他们在那里看到的技术革新。有时社会能够以极快的速度学习,因为在美国。其他人,像意大利,得益于起步晚,跨越旷日持久的过程,英国经历。
知识的传播速度大大加快近年来。在过去的30年,我们已经看到一些国家如日本,新加坡和中国现在的步伐成长四倍,英国瓦峰工业革命。他们已经能够这样做,因为他们的精力,当然,也因为他们巧妙地采用了若干发展思路,曾在西相对自由的市场,开放的贸易,对科技的关注,其中。这种转变是发生在世界各地。从泰国到南非,从巴西到墨西哥,各国都远比以往的管理经济。
我们有时不愿相信进步。但是证据是确凿的。管理的重大经济发生了翻天覆地的变化在过去的几年里。谨慎的货币政策缓和了经济繁荣与萧条周期的世界工业生产,温和的经济衰退和更少的冲击。每一天读一个新的研究活动的在一切从互联网兴趣程度。所有这些研究和列表符号的一种加速的学习过程,强化了成功的经验和失败的教训。

≡ 本试卷共计71题,此处为结束标志。
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