正在载入试卷 ...
2007年中石油职称英语真题
试卷编号:128346
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1.
Your speech class will give you an opportunity to _____ confidence.[1分]
reward
win
gain
earn
2.
Filters and low tar tobacco are claimed to make smoking to some extent safer, but they can only marginally reduce, not eliminate the______ .[1分]
inconveniences
hazards
harmonies
hatreds
3.
New environmental taxes on cars, gasoline, and wood products were_______    .[1分]
reposed
imposed
imported
exposed
4.
Many students find that if they try to speak fast, they make more mistakes. So, how do we balance ______ and fluency in spoken English?[1分]
accuracy
emergency
frequency
efficiency
5.
Unfortunately war ______  in the Middle East on October 6, 1973.[1分]
broke out
broke off
broke through
broke away
6.
Anyone who refuses too often to listen to the other side of a question risks becoming _______  minded.[1分]
thin
narrow
thick
sorrow
7.
______ is the mother of invention.[1分]
Negligible
Needless
Necessity
Necessarily
8.
With an area of approximately 255,212 square miles, ______to 661,000 square kilometers, Alberta is the fourth largest province in Canada.[1分]
alike
likely
equivalent
uniform
9.
A complete refining installation must include all necessary_______    .[1分]
faculties
fragments
facilities
fairly
10.
As life is full of strife and _______ , we need friends to support and help us out of difficulties.[1分]
confirm
conflict
conformation
confinement
11.
My mother has lived ______ since my father died 20 years ago.[1分]
single
alone
sole
lonely
12.
Let us start a long march together on different roads ______ the same goal.[1分]
referring to
turning to
belonging to
leading to
13.
Today three out of four Americans ______ towns, cities or suburbs.[1分]
live through
live in
live up to
live on
14.
Geologists, ______ some nongeologists, believe that knowledge of the concepts of geology can help to find petroleum.[1分]
in reply to
in contrast to
in proportion to
in relation to
15.
Americans _______ a lot of alcohol in the form of cocktails.[1分]
consume
swallow
dispose
exhaust
16.
The _____ in Alberta is pleasant, particularly in summer.[1分]
climate
weather
season
space
17.
Love makes the world_______.[1分]
go by
go for
go after
go around
18.
Washington was ______ by French architect Pierre L'Enfant in the late 18th century.[1分]
laid down
laid out
laid aside
laid off
19.
______ all of your American guests, I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality.[1分]
In honor of
In place of
On behalf of
On account of
20.
We feel we are happiest when we _____ and exchange ideas with one another.[1分]
chart
chatter
chase
chat
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there Are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21.
The reward was not always given to everyone, nor ______ to those who deserved it most.[1分]
was it given
it was given
given it
was given it
22.
China’s 11th ______ plan ______ great emphasis on the environment.[1分]
five-years, places
five-year, place
five-years, place
five-year, places
23.
The students _______ the exercises, the teacher went on to explain the text.[1分]
doing
did
having done
to do
24.
If we study day after day, there is nothing ______ cannot be achieved.[1分]
that
which
whom
we
25.
China is larger than_______.[1分]
all countries in Asia
Japan and India as well as Asia
any other countries in Asia
any countries in Asia
26.
You'd like to go with me, _______ you?[1分]
had
hadn't
would
wouldn't
27.
The income of high school dropouts is about ______ that of Americans with a high school diploma.[1分]
two-third
two-thirds
second-third
two-three
28.
If Lincoln were alive today, he _______ a top athlete in many sports.[1分]
would be
would have been
will be
was
29.
I hope to hear more about the activities ______ there.[1分]
being happened
to be happened
going on
being gone on
30.
The playing cards we use today are much like those ______ for hundreds of years.[1分]
were used
used
been used
using
31.
Devotion means _______ our heart on one thing at a time and give up all other thoughts.[1分]
setting
set
to set
that setting
32.
Cooperation should _______ for mutual benefit in energy development and utilization.[1分]
be enhanced
enhance
have enhanced
to be enhanced
33.
_______ is not clear.[1分]
That he will come
He will come
Whether he will come
If he will  come
34.
Carbon, _______ is a very important part of living things on the earth, is rare on the moon.[1分]
what
that
which
it
35.
As ______ chairman of _____committee, I declare the meeting open.[1分]
the, 不填
the, the
不填, 不填
不填, the
36.
While he was in the office, he preferred ______ something  _____nothing.[1分]
to do, to do
to do, doing
doing, to do
doing, to doing
37.
The President declared that the nation's energy demands _____ so rapidly since 1968.[1分]
have grown .
had grown
grows
has grown
38.
As a signatory to the Kyoto pact on climate change, Britain _____ carbon emissions by 20 percent by 2010.[1分]
had reduced
must reduce
may reduce
ought to have reduced
39.
It's time _____ you _____ relax.[1分]
for, to
to, for
for, for
to, to
40.
Each of us ______ a MP3 player.[1分]
has to
have to
have
has
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by 4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B. C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

    The lead pencil is one of the most used pieces of merchandise in the world. It is the simplest, most convenient and least expensive of all writing instruments.
    Perhaps the most surprising thing about the lead pencil is that it is not lead at all. And it is not a pencil. The "lead" is actually graphite from the Greek word "to write." The word "pencil" is from Latin. The first pencils were fine or stiff brushes of hair.
    American pencil makers turn out their product by the millions. Probably there is no more useful article in the world. As one wise person remarked: "Everything begins with a pencil. Whether it's a pin or a battleship, it is first rendered with a pencil."
    There is a pencil for every purpose. In fact, the industry now supplies 370 different types and styles in more than 70 different colors and in 18 degrees of hardness.
    Some write clearly on slippery surfaces, such as glass and plastic. Surgeons use a special pencil for outlining the operation area on the patient's skin, and packing-plants use another type to write identification on sides of beef. There is even a special electric pencil used for tests checked by electronic machines.
    There are many novelty pencils. Some have the Ten Commandments, calendars or the multiplication table on them. Some are in the shape of umbrellas, canes, baseball bats and traffic signals. One may be 12 feet long, while others are only 1/2 inch.
    One recent novelty is a pencil with paper in it. A small roll of paper fits in the center of the pencil and is drawn out through a slit in the side. It's just the thing for those who are always looking for a scrap of paper
    A popular idea is that a check, will, or other legal paper whiten in pencil is not legal. This is not true. Any legal document which does not specify otherwise can be legally signed in pencil.
41.
The author says that the "lead" in a pencil_______[1.5分]
is graphite
is really a chemical
comes from Greece
is hard to find
42.
What is meant by the following quotation_______"Whether it's a pin or a battleship, it is first rendered with a pencil."[1.5分]
A pencil is difficult to work with.
The design of the pencil is rendered important.
The first designs of pin and battleship are not important.
The pencil is used by everyone for many purposes.
43.
Which of the following types of pencils was not mentioned in the story?[1.5分]
a pencil for surgeons
a pencil for writing on slippery surfaces
a pencil for writing underwater
a pencil with paper in it
44.
According to the article, a document signed with a pencil _______[1.5分]
will smudge badly
will net last so long as one signed in ink
will not hold up in court
may be legal
Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage:

    In ancient Greece athletic festivals were very important and had strong religious association. The Olympian athletic festival, held every four years in honor of Zeus, eventually lost its local character, became first a national event, and then, after the rules against foreign competitors had been waived, international. No one knows exactly how far back the Olympic Games go, but some official records date from 776 B.C.
    The Games took place in August on the plain by Mount Olympus. Many thousands of spectators gathered from all parts of Greece, but no married woman was admitted even as a spectator. Slaves, women and dishonored persons were not allowed to compete. The exact sequence of events is uncertain, but events included boys' gymnastics, horse-racing, field events such as discus and javelin throwing, and the very important foot races. There was also boxing and wrestling and special tests of varied ability such as the pentathlon, the winner of which excelled in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing and wrestling. The evening of the third day wasdevoted to sacrificial offerings to the heroes of the day, and the fourth day, that of thefull moon, was set aside as a holy day.
    On the sixth and last day, all the victors were crowned with holy garlands of wild, live from a sacred wood. So great was the honor that the winner of the foot race gave his name to the year of his victory. Although Olympic winners received no prize money, they were, in fact, richly rewarded by their state authorities. The public honor also made the strict discipline of the ten-month training period worthwhile. In spite of the lengthy training, however runners were known to drop dead from strain at the winning post. How their results compared with modem standards, we unfortunately have no means of telling.
    After an uninterrupted history of almost 1,200 years, the Games were abolished in A.D. 394, the Christian era, because of their pagan origin. It was over 1,500 years before there was another such international athletics gathering. The Greek institution was revived in 1896 and the first small meeting took place in Athens. After the 1908 London Olympics, success was re-established and nations sent their best representatives. In times of peace, the Games have taken place ever since at four-yearly intervals.
    Nowadays, the Games are held in different countries in turn. The host country provides vast facilities, including a stadium, swimming pools and living accommodation, but competing countries pay their own athletes' expenses. Athletic contests are still the main feature, but now many more sports are represented women compete, the ancient pentathlon, for example, has been modified into a more comprehensive test, and the marathon races, initiated in 1896, are now a celebrated event.
    The Olympics start with the arrival in the stadium of a torch, lighted on Mount Olympus by the sun's rays. It is carried by a succession of runners to the stadium. The torch symbolizes the continuation of the ancient Greek athletic ideals, and it burns throughout the Games until the closing ceremony. The well-known Olympic flag, however, is a modern conception: the five interlocking rings symbolize the uniting of all five continents participating in the Games.
45.
The first Olympic Games took place_______.[1.5分]
probably before 700 B.C.
over three thousand years ago
in the seventh century A.D.
a thousand years ago
46.
Modern athletes’ results cannot be compared with those of the ancient runners because _______.[1.5分]
the Greeks had no means of telling the time
details such times were not recorded in the past
they are much better
the ancient runners fell down dead
47.
The continuity of the Olympic Games_______.[1.5分]
has never been broken
was broken in the year A.D. 1200
was interrupted for over 1,500 years
was broken in 1896
48.
At he beginning of the Games in the host country _______[1.5分]
a torch is ignited at sunrise
a lighted torch is brought into the stadium
relays of runners light their torches in the stadium
a torch is ignited by the Greek ambassador
Questions 49 to 52 are based on the following passage:

    Radiant energy is also called light energy. Our most important source of radiant energy is, of course, the sun. Without it there would be no life, for plant life depends upon radiant energy--and we depend upon plant life.
    Other forms of radiant energy familiar to us are radio waves, infrared rays, ultra-violet rays, X rays, and gamma rays.
    In simplest terms, mechanical energy is the energy of a moving object. Your  heartbeat, the pushing of a lawn mower, a baseball speeding through the air, water  falling onto a waterwheel, the prying up of a rock with a crowbar--all are mechanical  energy, which, of course, was another form of energy earlier.
    Electrical energy usually has to be changed to another form before it actually does what we want it to do. In the toaster, it changes to heat; in a tiny wrist watch or a  subway train or a 75,000 horse-power industrial motor, it changes to mechanical energy. In an industrial process called electrolysis, it changes to chemical energy.
    Various fuels such as coal, gas, oil, and food are common examples of chemical energy. These fuels give off heat when they burn. The process is called combustion or oxidation, and the heat itself is a form of energy. Man uses the energy from some kind of fuel for everything from flying to the moon to thinking about it.
    A special kind of chemical energy is nuclear energy, sometimes called atomic energy. These names come from the fact that the source of energy is the nucleus, or core, of the atom. Nuclear fuels such as plutonium and uranium give off heat energy when fission (the splitting of atoms in these fuels) occurs. Already we have seen tremendous advances in the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, and many people see nuclear energy as the future answer to almost all of our energy needs.
49.
In a toaster, _______ energy becomes heather gy.[1.5分]
electrical
mechanical
heat
radiant
50.
Nuclear energy is a special sort of_____[1.5分]
uranium
chemical energy
radiant energy
electricity generated in atomic plants
51.
We use the terms combustion and oxidation when we talk about _______.[1.5分]
the energy of a moving object
connecting a generator to a steam turbine
nuclear fission
fuels which give off heat when they burn
52.
From the facts given in this article we can tell that _______[1.5分]
often a form of energy is useless to us until it becomes another form
steam power is cheaper and better than electrical power
in the near future, there will be enough nuclear power to supply all our energy needs
energy can change to another form, but the new form cannot change hack into the old form
Questions 53 to 56 are based on the following passage:

    The accuracy of scientific observations and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist's timekeeping methods. For this reason, scientists are interested in devices that give promise of more precise timekeeping.
    In their search for precision, scientists have turned to atomic clocks that depend on various vibrating atoms or molecules to supply their “ticking”. This is possible because each kind of atom or molecule has its own characteristic rate of vibration. The nitrogen atom in ammonia, for example, vibrate or “ticks” 24 billion times a second.
    One such atomic clock is so accurate that it will probably lose no more than a second in 3000 years. It will be of great importance in fields such as astronomical observation and long-range navigation. The heart of this atomichron is cesium atom that vibrates 9.2 billion times a second when heated to the temperature of boiling water.
    An atomic clock that operates with an ammonia molecule may be used to check the accuracy of predictions based on Einstein’s relativity theories, according to which a clock in motion and a clock at rest should keep time differently. Placed in an orbiting satellite moving at a speed of 18,000 miles an hour, the clock could broadcast its time readings to a ground station, where they would be compared with the readings on a similar model Whatever differences develop would be checked against the differences predicted.
53.
Scientists expect that the atomic clocks will be_______.[1.5分]
more durable
indestructible
more precise
absolutely accurate
54.
From the selection, we may assume that temperature changes _______[1.5分]
affect only ammonia molecules
may affect the vibration rate of atoms
affect the speed at which atoms travel
do not affect atoms in any way
55.
Identical atomic clocks may be used to check_____[1.5分]
the accuracy of predictions based on theories of relativity
all of Einstein's theories
the effect of outer space on an atomic clock
the actual speed of an orbiting satellite
56.
Which is implied but not stated?[1.5分]
Precise timekeeping is essential in science.
Scientists expect to disprove Einstein's relativity theories.
Atomic clocks will be important in space flight.
The rate of vibration of an atom never varies.
Questions 57 to 60 are based on the following passage:

    Our multimillion nerve-cell central nervous system has its roots in the scattered nerve cells of tiny, lowly organisms that lived in water half a billion years ago. Nerve cells evidently first appeared in coelenterates--"hollow-gutted" organisms like hydra and the sea anemone. A coelenterate's nerve network lacks any kind of centralized control. This probably began with flatworms--the first creatures to possess a head. Specialized sense cells help flatworms respond more flexibly than sea anemones to outside stimulus. But like most animals without a backbone, flatworms act mostly by instinct and reflex.
    Intelligent behavior remained impossible until the appearance of relatively big, complex types of brain--the types we find among the backboned animals, or vertebrates. The tidiest fish has a larger brain than the largest insect. But the development of a fish's three-part brain reflects that beast' unintellectual priorities. Much of the forebrain deals only with smell. The midbrainhandles vision, the hindbrain, balance.
    With early mammals the brain grew larger and more complex. Sense coordination shifted from the midbrain to the forebrain, a developing structure capped by a folded cerebrum to handle memory and learning. Meanwhile the hindhrain gained a large cerebellum to coordinate complicated movements.
    Advanced mammals such as monkeys, apes and humans (the primates) have brains derived from ancestors that took to living in the trees, where vision mattered more than smell. Accordingly the once big "smell" part of the forebrain grew smaller, while the part that handles vision grew much larger.
57.
With what topic is the passage mainly concerned?[1.5分]
The anatomy of tiny organisms
The sensory organs of invertebrates
The importance of vision of fish and advanced mammals
The origin of the brain and the central nervous system
58.
It can be inferred from the passage that insects do not have _______.[1.5分]
nerve cells
reflexes
brains
Backbones
59.
According to the passage, what helps to coordinate the complex physical activity of a mammal?[1.5分]
The cerebrum
The midbrain
The cerebrum
The forebrain
60.
In the last paragraph, the phrase "took to" could best be replaced by which of the following?[1.5分]
began
fled to
carried to
became friendly toward
Section B
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

    “Cambridge" has been described as the loveliest city in England. It is the seat of  one of the two oldest universities of the British Isles. The first  6l came in 1209 from Oxford, but it was not  62 1284 that the first college, Peterhouse, was founded.  63 colleges founded in the14th, 15th and 16th  64 . Then no more were founded until the 19th century  65  new colleges  66 two for women. The 20th century  has  67 more new colleges, and some of the old ones have become  68 (that is, they admit men and women).
    Perhaps the finest single building in the city is King's College Chapel built between 1446 and1515 in "late perpendicular" style. Also not to be missed are the Backs, the loveliest grounds next to the River Cam, behind some of the colleges. Cambridge people, who are often a bit  69  that Oxford is  70  more ancient, sometimes say "the backs at Cambridge are better than the fronts of Oxford!"
61.
 [1分]
scholars
university
name
family
62.
 [1分]
during
before
in
until
63.
 [1分]
More
Less
Some
Other
64.
 [1分]
decades
centuries
tents
anniversary
65.
 [1分]
then
some
and
when
66.
 [1分]
took
concluded
included
excluded
67.
 [1分]
witnessed
see
build
founded
68.
 [1分]
constitutional
ultimate
frivolous
co-educational
69.
 [1分]
interested
embarrassed
dismayed
annoyed
70.
 [1分]
measurably
slightly
little
bit
IV. Translation
Directions: There are 1 passages in this part of the test. You are to translate the passages into Chinese on your Answer Sheet.
注:71题的答题说明印在试卷二答题纸上。请仔细阅读并按照要求在答题纸上作答。
71.
    The U.S. and Iran don't agree on much these days. But in their conflict over Iran's nuclear program, both seem willing to use oil as a political weapon.
    The U.S. believes that sanctions on Iran's energy exports might force Tehran to renounce its uranium-enrichment ambitions. Iran hopes its threats to withhold some of those exports will persuade the international community to back off.
    One thing is certain: a substantial reduction in Iran's energy output would have a significant impact on global oil prices. Iran is the fourth-largest oil exporter in the world. It sells more than 2.5 million barrels a day. Many analysts say a supply cut could drive prices up to $g0 to $100 a barrel.
    Some analysts argue that it is less dangerous for the U.S. to simply accept a nuclear Iran than to risk the damage that sharp Iranian production cuts--or Iranian retaliation against a U.S. or Israeli military strike--might do to U.S. interests. After all, Iran is unlikely to ever fire a nuclear missile, which could be expected to respond in kind.
    But the Bush administration fears that Iran might sell nuclear material to other states, and possibly to terrorist groups. It's also concerned that other Middle Eastern countries might feel compelled to go nuclear.
    The U.S. will continue over the next several weeks to try to push sanctions through the Security Council. But the council is increasingly unlikely to impose them. Russia has extensive trade ties with Iran, and it can veto any resolution.[20分]
参考答案:
  这些天来,美国和伊朗还没有达成一致意见。但是在他们的分歧当中,双方都似乎愿意把石油当作一个政治武器来说事儿。
美国相信制裁伊朗能源出口会迫使德黑兰放弃它的铀浓缩计划,而伊朗则希望它在石油出口方面受到的威胁将会被国际组织驳回。
分析家认为让美国接受一个有核的伊朗危险会更小一些,相反如果制裁伊朗会引发它对美国和以色列的军事报复。别忘了,伊朗还未曾发射过一个核导弹。
但是,布什政府担心伊朗会出售核原料给其他国家,很有可能会出售给恐怖组织。着就会引发其他中东国家(特别是沙特阿拉伯)的有核化。

≡ 本试卷共计71题,此处为结束标志。
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