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2011年全国职称英语考试真题综合类(B级)
试卷编号:128300
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1—15题,每题-1分;共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1.
We need to [extract] the relevant flnancial data.[1分]
store
obtain
save
review
2.
His shoes were [shined] to perfection.[1分]
cleared
polished
washed
mended
3.
She always [finds fault with] everything. .[1分]
simplifies
evaluates
criticizes
Examines
4.
Anderson left the table, [remarking] that he had some work.to do[1分]
doubting
thinking
saying
Knowing
5.
They [converted] the spare bedroom into an office.[1分]
reduced
moved
reformed
turned.
6.
Mr. Henley has [accelerated] his sale of shares over the past year[1分]
held
increased .
expected
offered
7.
We have to act within the existing legal [framework][1分]
limit
procedure
status
system
8.
Jane said that she couldn‘t [tolerate] the long hours[1分]
spend
take
stand
last
9.
At that time, we did not fully [grasp] the significance of what had happened[1分]
give
attach
understand
lose
10.
The view from my bedroom window was absolutely [spectacular].[1分]
general
traditional
strong
magnificent .
11.
Marsha [confessed] that she knew nothing of computer.[1分]
admitted
reported
hoped
answered
12.
The police believe the [motive] for the murder was jealousy.[1分]
choice
idea
decision
reason
13.
The high-speed trains can have a major [impacton] ourlives[1分]
effort
problem
concern
influence
14.
We [explored] the possibility of expansion at the conference.[1分]
offered
included
accepted
investigated
15.
The study also notes a [steady] decline in the number of college students taking science courses.[1分]
continuous
relative
general
sharp
第2部分:阅读判断(第16—22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A:如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

                    TraveIAcross Africa
    For six hours we shot through the barren (荒芜的) landscape of the Karoo desert in South Africa. Just rocks and sand and baking sun. Knowing our journey was ending,Daniel and I just wanted to remember all we had seen and done. He used a camera. I used words. I had already finished three notebooks and was into the fourth, a beautiful leather notebook l‘d bought in.a market in Mozambique.
    Southern Africa was full of stories. And visions. We were almost drunk on sensations.The roaring of the water at Victoria Falls, the impossible silence of the Okavango Delta in
    Botswana.
    And then the other things: dogs in the streets, whole families in Soweto living in one room,。a kilometre from clean water.
    As we drove towards the setting sun, a quietness fell over us. The road was empty-we hadn‘t seen another car for hours. And as I drove, something caught my eye,something moving close enough to touch them, to smell their hot breath. I didn‘t know how long they had been there next to us.
    I shouted to Dan:“Look! but he was in a deep sleep, his camera lying useless by his feet. They raced the car for a few seconds, then disappeared far behind us, a memory of heroic forms in the red landscape.
    When Daniel woke up an hour later I told him what had happened.
    “Wild horses?”he said. “Why didn‘t you wake me up, Sophia?”
    “I tried. But they were gone after a few seconds. ” .
    “Are you sure you didn‘t dream it?”
    “You were the one who was sleeping!”
    “Typical,”he said. “The best photos are the ones we never take.
    We checked into a dusty hotel and slept the sleep of the dead.
16.
Daniel and Sophia drove slowly through the busy desert[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
Sophia wrote about her experiences in notebooks.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Notmentioned
18.
Daniel took photos of the Nile River.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
Daniel and Sophia saw a lot of wonderful things.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
While drMng Daniel and Sophia saw wild horses.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
The horses didn‘t come near the car.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
Sophia woke Daniel up so that he could take photos of the horses[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23—30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1~4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

                    Are You a Successful Leader?
    1)Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation. At work or at play, you‘II find yourself in groups, working with other people: your team at work, a meeting with colleagues, your family, a holiday with friends, a group of students working together, a day out walking in the mountains, a group of neighbours wanting to make changes. It is now recognised that being able to work successfully with other- people is one of the major keys to success, partly because we need to do it so often.
    2)In almost every situation where you‘re in a group, you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders: Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down. Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatistled and frustrated. -llme is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.
    3)Some people are natural leaders. The celebrity chef, Antonio Carluccio says, “True leaders are born and you can spot them‘in kitchens.” They’re people who combine toughness, fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are some natural-born leaders, most people now recognise that leadership can also be taught. Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successfulleader Good leaders don‘t make people do things in a bossy, controlling way. You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a common goal.
    4)Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital for you to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent. They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgments under pressure. Lastly, and probably most importantly, good leaders need to be sensitive, sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people. Good leadersV;ip is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute.
23.
Paragraph 1[1分]
Most of good leaders are natural-born
It‘s important to have a good leader
People are in groups
Thesr techniques are used to train leaders
Training can make good leaders
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
24.
Paragraph 2[1分]
Most of good leaders are natural-born
It‘s important to have a good leader
People are in groups
Thesr techniques are used to train leaders
Training can make good leaders
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
25.
Paragraph 3[1分]
Most of good leaders are natural-born
It‘s important to have a good leader
People are in groups
Thesr techniques are used to train leaders
Training can make good leaders
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
26.
Paragraph 4[1分]
Most of good leaders are natural-born
It‘s important to have a good leader
People are in groups
Thesr techniques are used to train leaders
Training can make good leaders
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
27.
Orie of the major keys to success is___.[1分]
the ability to work with others
encouraging group members
lackofgoodleaders
overcoming fears about being a leader
bossing people around
working out good strategies
28.
Groups often break down because of ___.[1分]
the ability to work with others
encouraging group members
lackofgoodleaders
overcoming fears about being a leader
bossing people around
working out good strategies
29.
Good leaders always avoid ___.[1分]
the ability to work with others
encouraging group members
lackofgoodleaders
overcoming fears about being a leader
bossing people around
working out good strategies
30.
Self-confidence is the key to ___.[1分]
the ability to work with others
encouraging group members
lackofgoodleaders
overcoming fears about being a leader
bossing people around
working out good strategies
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~ 45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

    第一篇
                    Cell Phones:Hang Up or Keep Talking?
    Millions of people.are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual n.ot to use one. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people. They find that the phones are more than a means of communication- having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.
    The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.
    On the other hand, why do some medical-studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning (扫描) equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memorbr loss, He couldn‘t remember even simple tasks. He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer’s doctordidn‘tagree.
    What is jt that makes mobile phones potentially harmful? The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.
    As the discussion about their safety-continues, it appears that it‘s best to use mobile phones less often. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time. Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In. the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it’s wise not to use your mobile phone too often.
31.
People buy cell phones for the following reasons EXCEPT that[3分]
they‘re popular.
they‘re cheap.
they‘re useful.
they‘re convenient.
32.
The word “detected” in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by[3分]
cured.
removed.
discovered.
caused.
33.
The salesman retired young because[3分]
he disliked using mobile phones.
he couldn‘t remember simple tasks.
he was tired of talking on his mobile phone.
his employer‘s doctor persuaded him to.
34.
On the safety issue of mobile phones, the manufacturing companies[3分]
deny the existence of mobile phone radiation.
develop new technology to reduce mobile phone radiation
try to prove that mobile phones are not harmful to health.
hold that the amount of radiation is too small to worry about.
35.
The writer‘s purpose of writing this article is to advise people[3分]
to use mobile phones less often.
to buy mobile phones.
to update regular phones.
to stop using mobile phones.
    第二篇
                    Excessive Demands on Young People
    Being able to multitask is-hailed by most people as a welcome skill, but not according to a recent study which claims that young people between the ages of eight and eighteen of the so-called Generation M are spending a considerable amount of their time in fruitless efforts as they multitask. It argues that, in fact, these young people are frittering(浪费) away as much as half of their time as they would if they performed the very same tasks one after the other.
    Some young people are using an ever larger number of electronic devices as they study. At the same time they are working, young adults are also surfing on the Internet, or sending out emails to their friends, and/or answering the telephone and listening to music on their iPods or on another computer. As some new device comes along, it is also added to the list rather than replacing one of the existing devices. Other research has indicated that this multitasking is even affecting the way families themselves function as young people are too wrapped up in(沅湎于) their own isolated worlds to interact with the other people around them. They can no longer greet family members when they enter the house nor can they eat at the family table.
    All this electronic wizardry(魔力) is supposedly also seriously affecting young people‘s performance at universit3t and in the workplace. When asked about their opinions of the impact of modern gadgets (小装置) on their.performance of tasks, the great majority of young people gave a favourable response.
    The response from the academic and business worlds was not quite as positive. The former feel that multitasking with electronic gadgets by children affects later development of study skills, resulting in a decline in the quality of writing, for example, because of the lack of concentration on task completion. They feel that many undergraduates now urgently need remedial (补救的) help with study skills. Similarly, employers feel that young people entering the workforce need to be taught all over again, as they have become deskilled.
    While all this may be true, it must be borne in mind that more and more is expected of young people nowadays; in fact, too much. Praise rather than criticism is due in respect of the way today‘s youth are able to cope despite what the older generation throw at them.
36.
What is probably true about the multitasking Generation M?[3分]
They feelthey are more effIcient than others.
They waste more time than they should spend.
They put more energy on important tasks.
They need to improve their analytical skills.
37.
With the introduction of new gadgets, what happens to the Generation M‘s present e-devices?[3分]
They give way to the latest.。
They are quickly put aside.
They are sold to their friends.
They become part of their collection.
38.
Multitasking rriakes the Generation M[3分]
feellonely add pitiful.
selfish and aggressive.
distant to their family.
silent and sad.“
39.
The academics feel that many undergraduates badly need to[3分]
adjust their social attitudes.
seekpsychologicalassistance.
improve their study skills.
take more business,courses.
40.
What attitude should the older generation adopt towards the multitasking youth?[3分]
Critical.
Thankful.
Negative.
Supportive.
    第三篇
                    Three Ways to Become More Creative
    Most people believe they don‘t have much imagination. They are wrong. Everyone has imagination, but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to access it.Creativity isn’t always connected with great works of art or ideas. People at work and in their free time routinely think of creative ways to solve problems. Maybe you have a goal to achieve, a tricky question to answer or you just want to expand your mind! Here are three techniques to help you.
    This technique involves taking unrelated ideas and trying to find links between them. First, think about the problem you have to solve or the job you need to do. Then find an image, word, idea or object, for example, a candle. Write down all the ideas/words associated with candles: light, fire, matches, wax: night, silence, etc. Think of as many as you can. The next stage is to relate the ideas to the job you have to do. So imagine you want to buy a friend an original present; you could buy him tickets to a match or take him out for the night.
    Imagine that normallimitations don‘t exist. You have as much time/space/money, etc. as you want. Think about your goal and the new possibilities. If, for_example, your goal is to learn to ski, you can now practice skiing every day of your life (because you have the time and the money)。 Now adapt this to reality. Maybe you can practice.skiing every day in December, or every Monday in January.
    Look at the situation from a different point of view. Good negotiators(谈判者) use this technique in business, and so do writers. Fiction writers often imagine they are the characters in their books. They ask questions: what does this character want? Why can‘t she get it? What changes must she make to get what she wants? What does she dream about? If your goal involves other people, put yourself “in their shoes”。 The best, fishermen think like fish!
41.
According to the passage, when we become adults[3分]
we can stilllearn to be more creative.
most of us are no longer creative.
we are not as imaginative as children.
we are unwilling to be creative.‘ .“
42.
According to the first technique, if you need to solve a problem[3分]
you could find an image and try to link it with the problem.
you should link it with candles.
you have to think of buying a present for a friend.
you should link it with as many words as possible.
43.
The second technique suggests that you just imagine[3分]
setting a goal is as simple as skiing.
you have ever3r resource to achieve your goal.
new possibilities will soon appear.
December and January are the best months for skiing.
44.
The phrase “put yourself :in their shoes‘ in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to[3分]
dress yourselflike them.
do as they ask you to.
think as they would.
put on their shoes,
45.
We learn from the third technique that a good salesman should ask himself:[3分]
what do I usually do?
what did my boss tell me to do?
what are my customers‘ needs?
how should I sell my products?
第5部分:补全短文(第46—50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

                    Flying into History
    When you turn on the television or read a magazine, celebrities (名人) are everywhere. Although fame and the media play such major roles in our lives today, it has not always been that way.____一 (46) Many historians agree that Charles Lindbergh was one of the first major celebrities, or superstars.
    Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1902, but he grew up in Little Falls, Minnesota. As a child, he was very interested in‘how things worked, so when he- reached college, he pursued a degree in engineering. At the age of 20, however, the allure(诱惑) of flying captured Lindbergh’s imagination.(47) Soon after, Lindbergh bought his own plane and traveled across the nation performing aerial stunts(空中特技)。
    In 1924, Lindbergh became more serious about flying. He joined the United States military and graduated first in his pilot class.(48)
    During the sarTie time, a wealthy hotel owner named Raymond Orteig was offering a generous award to the first pilot who could fly nonstop from New York City to Paris, France. The Orteig Prize was worth $25,OOO-a large amount even by today‘s standards.
    Lindbergh knew he had the skills to compfete the flight, but not just any plane was capable of flying that far for that long.(49)
    On May 20, 1927, Charles Lindbergh took off from Roosevelt Field in New York City and arrived the next day at an airstrip(简易机场) outside Paris. Named in honor of the sponsor, The Spirit of St. Louis carried Lindbergh across the Atlantic Ocean and into the record books. He became a national hero and a huge celebrity.
    When he returned to the United States, Lindbergh rode in a ticker-tape(热烈的) parade held to celebrate his accomplishment. was even named for Charles Lindbergh-the kept at the Smithsonian Institute‘s National Air (50) A very popular dance Lindy Hop. Today, The Spirit of St. Louis is and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
46.
 [2分]
He also received a Medal of Honor, the highest United Statest military decoration.
Lindbergh used this additional training to get a job as an airmail pilot, flying out of St Louis, Missouri.
His childhood was not full of fond memories.
Working with an aviation company from San Diego, California, and with financial help from the city of St. Louis, Lindbergh got a customized (定制的) airplane that could make the journey.
Eighty years‘ago; radio and movies were just beginning to have that kind of effect on Americans.
He quit school and moved to Nebraska where he-learned to‘be a pilot.
47.
 [2分]
He also received a Medal of Honor, the highest United Statest military decoration.
Lindbergh used this additional training to get a job as an airmail pilot, flying out of St Louis, Missouri.
His childhood was not full of fond memories.
Working with an aviation company from San Diego, California, and with financial help from the city of St. Louis, Lindbergh got a customized (定制的) airplane that could make the journey.
Eighty years‘ago; radio and movies were just beginning to have that kind of effect on Americans.
He quit school and moved to Nebraska where he-learned to‘be a pilot.
48.
 [2分]
He also received a Medal of Honor, the highest United Statest military decoration.
Lindbergh used this additional training to get a job as an airmail pilot, flying out of St Louis, Missouri.
His childhood was not full of fond memories.
Working with an aviation company from San Diego, California, and with financial help from the city of St. Louis, Lindbergh got a customized (定制的) airplane that could make the journey.
Eighty years‘ago; radio and movies were just beginning to have that kind of effect on Americans.
He quit school and moved to Nebraska where he-learned to‘be a pilot.
49.
 [2分]
He also received a Medal of Honor, the highest United Statest military decoration.
Lindbergh used this additional training to get a job as an airmail pilot, flying out of St Louis, Missouri.
His childhood was not full of fond memories.
Working with an aviation company from San Diego, California, and with financial help from the city of St. Louis, Lindbergh got a customized (定制的) airplane that could make the journey.
Eighty years‘ago; radio and movies were just beginning to have that kind of effect on Americans.
He quit school and moved to Nebraska where he-learned to‘be a pilot.
50.
 [2分]
He also received a Medal of Honor, the highest United Statest military decoration.
Lindbergh used this additional training to get a job as an airmail pilot, flying out of St Louis, Missouri.
His childhood was not full of fond memories.
Working with an aviation company from San Diego, California, and with financial help from the city of St. Louis, Lindbergh got a customized (定制的) airplane that could make the journey.
Eighty years‘ago; radio and movies were just beginning to have that kind of effect on Americans.
He quit school and moved to Nebraska where he-learned to‘be a pilot.
第6部分:完形填空(第51—65题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

                    Sport or Spectacle?
    Muhammad Ali is probably the most famous sports figure on earth: he is recognized on ever3r. continent and by all generations. The____ (51) of his illness as Parkinson‘s disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism (52) the sport. That, plus his outspoken opposition (53) women’s boxing, made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to _ (54)。 up the sport. His presence at Laila‘s first professional fight, however, seemed to broadcast a father’s support. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to (55) his daughter fight. The ring announcer introduced him as the “the greatest” and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.
    Twenty-one-year-old Laila‘s debut.fight(首次亮相) was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the __ (56) as her father’s fights once attracted Laila‘s opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 seconds. Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent “She knows (58) she’s doing,” said one referee about her. “She knows about moving well. You can see some of her dad‘s moves.
    Laila Ali would rather not(59) herself to her father. She prefers to make (60)。 Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila to understand the worst possible scenario(局面) to see (61) that her father wants her (62) she st川 wants to go forward with it. She knows she‘s going to get hit hard at times, that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿 P胀的) face, but at least she is prepared for it.
    Laila‘s decision to start boxing despite her father’s (63) with the symptoms of Parkinson‘s disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and_ (64)。But Laila is a determined indMdual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention, Of course, the(65) on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women’s boxing is sport or spectacle.
51.
 [1分]
discover
recovery
prevention
diganosis
52.
 [1分]
of
on
for
at
53.
 [1分]
in
on
to
by
54.
 [1分]
set
cheer
look
take
55.
 [1分]
help
watch
have
make
56.
 [1分]
stage
summit
fight
dight
57.
 [1分]
Unfortunately
Obviously
Similarly
Suddenly
58.
 [1分]
that
what
how
why
59.
 [1分]
compare
keep
turn
want
60.
 [1分]
appearance
name
show
sport
61.
 [1分]
realizes
suggests
proposes
hopes
62.
 [1分]
if
since
because
when
63.
 [1分]
feeling
struggle
sense
anger
64.
 [1分]
argument
quarrel
criticism
decision
65.
 [1分]
arrival
birth
departure
attention

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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