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2011职称英语考试真题综合类(A级)
试卷编号:128296
录入者 :李天华(西安建大)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
答题时间:120分钟
 
 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
1.
For some [obscure] reason, the simple game is becoming very popular.[1分]
unclear
obvious
major
minor
2.
The sea turtle’s natural habit at has been [considerably] reduced.[1分]
greatly
suddenly
generally
slightly
3.
I got a note from Moira [urging] me to get in touch.[1分]
instructing
notifying
pushing
inviting
4.
It is possible to [approach] the problem in a different way.[1分]
raise
pose
experience
handle
5.
The decision to invade [provoked] storms of protest。[1分]
ignored
organized
caused
received
6.
Jane said that she couldn’t [tolerate] the long hours.[1分]
spend
take
last
stand
7.
At 80,Peck was still [vigorous] and living in Paris.[1分]
energetic
happy
alone
busy
8.
Forester stared at his car,[trembling] with rage.[1分]
shaking
turning
jumping
shouting
9.
A young man is being [hailed] a hero tonight after rescuing two children.[1分]
reported
proved
praised
caught
10.
I wanted to ask her out but was [scared] that she might refuse.[1分]
anxious
sure
sad
afraid
11.
At that time, we did not fully [grasp] the significance of what had happened.[1分]
give
attach
lose
understand
12.
Anderson left the table,[remarking] that he had some work to do .[1分]
doubting
saying
thinking
knowing
13.
He [asserted] that nuclear power was a safe and non-polluting energy source.[1分]
maintained
recommended
considered
acknowledged
14.
The study also notes a [steady] decline in the number of college students taking science courses.[1分]
relative
general
continuous
sharp
15.
She always [finds fault with] everything,[1分]
criticizes
simplifies
evaluates
examines
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

                        The Forbidden Apple
    New York used to be the city that never sleeps. Theses days, it’s the city that never smokes, drinks or does anything naughty (at least, not in public). The Big Apple is quickly turning into the Forbidden Apple.
    If you wanted a glass of wine with your picnic in Central Park, could you have one? No chance. Drinking alcohol in public isn’t allowed. If you decided to feed the birds with the last crumbs (碎屑) of your sandwich., you could be arrested. It’s illegal if you went to a bar for a drink and a cigarette, that would be OK, wouldn’t it? Er…no. You can’t smoke in public in New York City.
    What’s going on? Why is the city that used to be so open-minded becoming like this? The mayor of New York is behind it all. He ahs brought in a whole lot of new laws to stop citizens from doing what they want, when they want.
    The press are shocked. Even the New York police have joined the argument. They recently spent $100,000 on a “Don’t blame the cop” campaign. One New York police officer said, “We raise money for the city by giving people fines for breaking some very stupid laws. It’s all about money.”
    The result is a lot of fines for minor offences. Yoav Kashida, an Israel tourist, fell asleep on the subway. When he woke up, two police officers fined him because he had fallen asleep on two seats (you mustn’t use two seats in the subway). Elle and Serge Schroitman were fined for blocking a driveway with their car. It was their own driveway.
    The angry editor of vanity Fair magazine, Graydon Carter, says, “Under New York City law it is acceptable to keep a gun in your place of work, but not an empty ashtray.” He should know. The police came to his office and took away his ashtray (烟灰缸)。
    But not all of the New York’s inhabitants are complaining. Marcia Dugatty, 72, said, “The city has changed for the better. If more cities had these laws, America would be a better place to live,” Nixon Patricks, 38, a barman, said, “I like the new laws, if people smoked in here, we’d go home smelling of cigarettes.”
    Recent figures show that New York now has fewer crimes per 100,000 people than 193 other US cities. And it’s true-it’s safe, cleaner and more healthy than before. But let’s be honest-who goes to New York for its clean streets?
16.
Some activities have recently become illegal in New York.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
17.
It is now illegal to smoke or drink alcohol anywhere in New York.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
18.
Eating apples in the park is illegal.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
19.
The businessmen like the new laws.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
20.
Elle and Serge Schoronitman parked their car on the public driveway.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
21.
The editor of Vanity Fair magazine thinks some of the new laws are stupid.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
22.
New York is cleaner and safer than before.[1分]
Right
Wrong
Not mentioned
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

                    Are You a Successful Leader?
    1) Almost nothing we do in this word is done in isolation. At work or at play, you’ll find yourself in groups, working with other people: your team at work, a meeting with colleagues, your family, a holiday with friends, a group of students working together, a day out walking in the mountains, a group of neighbors wanting to make changes. It is now recognized that being able to work successfully with other people is one of the major keys to success. Partly because we need to do it so often.
    2) In almost every situation where you’re in a group, you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders. Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down. Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatisfied and frustrated. Time is wasted and the tasks are not achieved. There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and other disappears. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.
    3) Some people are natural leaders. The celebrity chef, Antonio Carlucci says, “True leaders a re born and you can spot them in kitchens.” They’re people who combine toughness, fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are some natural –born leaders, most people now recognize that leadership can also be taught. Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successful leader. Good leaders don’t make people do things in a bossy, controlling way. You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a common goal.
    4) Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital and being able to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent. They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgments under pressure. Lastly, and probably most importantly, good leaders need to be sensitive, sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people. Good leadership is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute.
23.
Paragraph 1__________.[1分]
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
These techniques are used to train leaders.
Training can make good leaders.
Most of good leader are natural-born.
It’s important to have a good leader.
People are in groups.
24.
Paragraph 2__________.[1分]
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
These techniques are used to train leaders.
Training can make good leaders.
Most of good leader are natural-born.
It’s important to have a good leader.
People are in groups.
25.
Paragraph 3__________.[1分]
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
These techniques are used to train leaders.
Training can make good leaders.
Most of good leader are natural-born.
It’s important to have a good leader.
People are in groups.
26.
Paragraph 4__________.[1分]
A good leader needs a variety of qualities.
These techniques are used to train leaders.
Training can make good leaders.
Most of good leader are natural-born.
It’s important to have a good leader.
People are in groups.
27.
One of the major keys to success is ____.[1分]
the ability to work with others.
encouraging group members
lack of good leaders
bossing people around
working out good strategies
overcoming fears about being a leader
28.
Groups often break down because of ____.[1分]
the ability to work with others.
encouraging group members
lack of good leaders
bossing people around
working out good strategies
overcoming fears about being a leader
29.
Good leaders always avoid _____.[1分]
the ability to work with others.
encouraging group members
lack of good leaders
bossing people around
working out good strategies
overcoming fears about being a leader
30.
Self-confidence is the key to ____.[1分]
the ability to work with others.
encouraging group members
lack of good leaders
bossing people around
working out good strategies
overcoming fears about being a leader
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面都有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

                    第一篇 The Smell of Money
    For many years large supermarkets have been encouraging us to spend money by pumping the smell of freshly-baked bread into their stories. Now Dale Air, a leading firm of aroma (香气) consultants, has been approached by Barclay’s Bank to develop suitable artificial smells for their banks. Researchers have suggested that surrounding customers with the “smell if money” will encourage them to feel relaxed and optimistic and give them added confidence in the bank’s security and professionalism.
    But before a smell can be manufactured and introduced into banks’ air conditioning systems. It must be identified and chemically analyzed, and this has proved to be difficult. The problem is that banknotes-and coins tend to pick up the smell of their surroundings. So cash that has been sitting in a cash register at a fishmonger’s (鱼贩) will smell of fish, and banknotes used to pay for meals in restaurants will tend to smell of food.
    It may be a challenge, but aroma experts have little doubt that the use of artificial smells can be an effective form of subconscious advertising. Lunn Poly, a British travel company, introduced the smell of coconuts (椰子) into its travel agencies and saw a big increase in spending by holiday makers. Many cafes now have electric dispensers (自动售货机) that release the smell of freshly roasted coffee near their entrances, subtly encouraging customers to come in and have a drink or snack. Even prestigious car maker Rolls-Royce has been spraying the inside of its cars to enhance the smell of the leather seats.
    “The sense of smell is probably the most basic and primitive of all human senses,” explains researcher Jim O’Rordan. “ There is a direct pathway from the olfactory (嗅觉的) organs in the nose to the brain.” It is certainly true that most people find certain smells incredibly strong, stringing memories and feelings in a way that few other stimulants (刺激物) can rival. It is a phenomenon marketing consultants have long recognized, but until recently have been unable to harness. “We’ve made great progress but the technology of odour production is still in its infancy,” says O’Riordan, “Who knows where it will take us.”
31.
Artificial smells have NOT been used in[3分]
cafes
banks
travel agencies
supermarkets
32.
Researchers believe that introducing the “smell of money” into banks will encourage people[3分]
to spend money
to feel confident about banks
to earn more money
to withdraw money from banks
33.
The difficulty of producing the “smell of money” lies in that[3分]
people’s attitudes toward money are different
it’s hard to identify and analyze it
no technology can do it
experts have no motive
34.
The word “harness” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to[3分]
see
study
control
understand
35.
Researchers think[3分]
artificial smells help to improve people’s memory
the technology to produce artificial smells is in the early stage
artificial smells are harmful
the production of artificial smells is profitably
                    第二篇 Spoilt for Choice(A级)
    Choice, we are given to1 believe, is a right. In daily life, people have come to expect endless situations about which they are required to make decisions one way or another. In the main2, these are just irksome moments at work which demand some extra energy or brainpower, or during lunch breaks like choosing which type of coffee to order or indeed which coffee shop to go to. But sometimes selecting one option as opposed to another can have serious or lifelong repercussions. More complex decision-making is then either avoided, postponed, or put into the hands of the army of professionals, Iifestyle coaches, lawyers, advisors, and the like. waiting to lighten the emotional burden for a fee2. But for a good many4 people in the world, in rich and poor countries, choice is a luxury, not a right. And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices, the whole system is merely an illusion, created by companies and advertisers wanting to sell their wares5.
    The main impact of endless choice in people's lives is anxiety. Buying something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Easy access to a wide range of consumer goods induces a sense of powerlessness, even paralysis, in many people, ending in the shopper giving up and walking away6, or just buying an unsuitable item that is not really wanted in order to solve the problem and reduce the unease. Recent surveys in the United Kingdom have shown that a sizeable proportion of electrical goods bought per household are not really needed. The advertisers and the shareholders of the manufacturers are, nonetheless, satisfied.
    It is not just their availability that is the problem, but the speed with which new versions of products come on the market. Advances in design and production mean that new items are almost ready by the time that goods hit the shelves7. Products also need to have a short lifespan so that the public can be persuaded to replace them within a short time. The classic example is computers which are almost obsolete once they are bought. At first, there were only one or two available from a limited number of manufacturers, but now there are many companies all with not only their own products but different versions of the same machine. This makes selection a problem. Gone are the days when one could just walk with ease. into a shop and buy one thing8; no choice, no anxiety.
    The plethora of choice is not limited to consumer items. With the greater mobility of people around the world, people have more choice about where they want to live and work — a fairly recent phenomenon. In the past, nations migrated across huge swathes of the earth in search of food, adventure, and more hospitable environments. Whole nations crossed continents and changed the face of history, So the mobility of people is nothing new. The creation of nation states and borders9 effectively slowed this process down.
36.
Sometimes people ask professionals to help them make decisions because[3分]
the decisions may have serious impact on their lives
only professionals have the right to do that
they have sufficient money to pay
they have emotional problems
37.
When people cannot easily decide what to buy, which of the following is the least possible choice?[3分]
Giving up
Walking away
Buying an unsuitable item
Seeking advice
38.
Why do products have a short lifespan nowadays?[3分]
They are of poor quality.
They are quickly replaced with new ones.
They have too many versions.
They are not designed by computers.
39.
How does migration today differ from that of the past?[3分]
People now migrate to find better jobs.
People now migrate for better life.
People now migrate for better environments.
People now have more choice about where to migrate.
40.
Which of the following best expresses the writer’s view on choice?[3分]
Better more choice than no choice
Better no choice than more choice
All choice is easy
More choice, more anxiety
                    第三篇 Cell Phones: Hang Up or Keep Talking?
    Millions of people are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual not to use one. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people. They find that the phones are more than a means of communication—having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.
    The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professional worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serous debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.
    On the other hand, why do some medical studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the issues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning (扫描) equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memory loss. He couldn’t remember even simple tasks. He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer’s doctor didn’t agree.
    What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful? The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.
    As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it’s best to use mobile phones less often. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time. Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it’s wise not to use your mobile phone too often
41.
People buy cell phones for the following reasons EXCEPT that[3分]
they’re popular
they’re cheap
they’re useful
they’re convenient
42.
The world “detected” in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by[3分]
cured
removed
discovered
caused
43.
The salesman retired young because[3分]
he disliked using mobile phones
he was tired of talking on his mobile phone
he couldn’t remember simple tasks
his employer’s doctor persuaded him to
44.
On the safety issue of mobile phones, the manufacturing companies[3分]
deny the existence of mobile phone radiation
develop new technology to reduce mobile phone radiation
try to prove that mobile phones are not harmful to health
hold that the amount of radiation is too small to worry about
45.
The writer’s purpose of writing this article is to advise people[3分]
to buy mobile phones
to update regular phones
to use mobile phones less often
to stop using mobile phones
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

                    Mt. Desert Island
    The coast of the State of Maine is one of the most irregular in the world. A straight line running from the southernmost coastal city to the northernmost coastal city would measure about 225 miles. If you followed the coastline between these points, you would travel more than ten times as far. This irregularity is the result of what is called a drowned coastline____(46). At that time, the whole area that is now Maine was part of a mountain range that towered above the sea. As the glacier (冰川) descended, however, it expended enormous force on those mountains, and they sank into the sea.
    As the mountains sank, ocean water charged over the lowest parts of the remaining land, forming a series of twisting inlets and lagoons (咸水湖). The highest parts of the former mountain range, nearest the shore, remained as islands. ____(47) Marine fossils found here were 225 feet above sea level, indicating the level of the shoreline prior to the glacier.
    The 2,500-mile-long rocky coastline of Marine keeps watch over nearly two thousand islands. Many of these islands are tiny and uninhabited, but many are home to thriving communities. Mt. Desert Island is one of the largest, most beautiful of the Maine coast islands. Measuring 16 miles by 12 miles. Mt. Desert was essentially formed as two distinct islands, _____(48)
    For years, Mt. Desert island, particularly its major settlement, Bar Harbor, afforded summer home for the wealthy. Recently though, Bar Harbor has become a rapidly growing arts community as well. But, the best part of the island is the unspoiled forest land known as Acadia National Park. Because the island sits on the boundary line between the temperate (温带) and sub-Arctic zones, the islands supports the plants and animals of both zones as well as beach, inland, and alpine (高山的) plants.____(49). The establishment of Acadia National Park in 1916 means that this natural reserve will be perpetually available to all people, not just the wealthy. Visitors to Acadia may receive nature instruction from the park naturalists as well as enjoy camping, cycling, and boating. Or they may choose to spend time at the archeological museum, learning about the Stone Age inhabitants of the island.
    The best view on Mt. Desert Island is from the top of Cadillac Mountain. ____(50) From the summit, you can gaze back toward the mainland or out over the Atlantic Ocean and contemplate the beauty created by a retreating glacier.
46.
 [2分]
It also lies in a major bird migration
Mt. Desert Island is one of the
The wealthy residents of Mt.
The term comes from the activity
This mountain rises 1,532 feet.
It is split almost in half by Some
47.
 [2分]
It also lies in a major bird migration
Mt. Desert Island is one of the
The wealthy residents of Mt.
The term comes from the activity
This mountain rises 1,532 feet.
It is split almost in half by Some
48.
 [2分]
It also lies in a major bird migration
Mt. Desert Island is one of the
The wealthy residents of Mt.
The term comes from the activity
This mountain rises 1,532 feet.
It is split almost in half by Some
49.
 [2分]
It also lies in a major bird migration
Mt. Desert Island is one of the
The wealthy residents of Mt.
The term comes from the activity
This mountain rises 1,532 feet.
It is split almost in half by Some
50.
 [2分]
It also lies in a major bird migration
Mt. Desert Island is one of the
The wealthy residents of Mt.
The term comes from the activity
This mountain rises 1,532 feet.
It is split almost in half by Some
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

                    Sex change surgery guidelines drafted
    China is set to __51__ its first clinical guideline on sex-change surgery, according to a notice put on the website of the Ministry of Health yesterday.
    The ministry is now soliciting public and professional opinions on the draft guideline. The coming guideline aims to regulate and standardize sex reassignment surgery, part of a treatment for gender identity disorder in transsexuals.
    Experts __52__ nearly 2,000 Chinese have undergone sex-change surgery while 100,000 to 400,000 are still considering it. However, no official number is available. In the draft, the MOH sets__53__ Criteria for both surgical candidates and medical institutions.
    Candidates for the surgery must be older than 20 and single, the draft guideline said. They are also required to prove a persistent desire for a sex change, to live for at least five consecutive years full-time in the new gender role, and to engage __54__ mental therapy for at least one year.
    Before surgery can take place, a candidate must receive a recommendation for the operation from a __55__ after an appropriate series of therapy sessions.
    Also, several legal requirements __56__ be met before the procedure. The candidate must provide proof from police that he or she has does not have any criminal offenses in the past.
    The candidate must provide proof from police that he or she has does not have any criminal offenses in the past.
    Police must also agree to change the sex status on the identity card of the __57__ receiver before the operation can take __58__.
    The advent of such a guideline __59__ to show that the government is concerned __60__ the needs of a relatively small __61__ of people who want to change sex.
    But doctors also warn that all stakeholders, including the hospital and prospective receivers, should be highly cautious about this surgery.
    The operation is more than a medical procedure due __62__ its huge social and legal consequences. Doctors should make it clear to those __63__ sex-change surgeries that the option always remains to continue to live in the original role. The guideline requires surgeons to tell patients about other options __64__ hormone therapy, They are also required to explain the risks involved, and underlying social barriers including discrimination, and administrative recognition and approval.
    For the candidates, the surgery itself is not the big issue __65__ the long run. The real issue is the kind of life he or she will have to lead afterward.
51.
 [1分]
issue
provide
withdraw
bring about
52.
 [1分]
boast
estimate
blame
offer
53.
 [1分]
maximum
minimum
less
few
54.
 [1分]
I
into
on
onto
55.
 [1分]
physicist
chemist
psychologist
geologist
56.
 [1分]
can
must
may
cannot
57.
 [1分]
respective
prospect
expecting
prospective.
58.
 [1分]
position
location
place
scene
59.
 [1分]
believes
is believed
is believing
believed
60.
 [1分]
about
with
around
of
61.
 [1分]
numeral
figure
digit
number
62.
 [1分]
in
with
to
into
63.
 [1分]
seek
seeking
sought
have sought
64.
 [1分]
as
such that
as such
such as
65.
 [1分]
in
on
under
blow

≡ 本试卷共计65题,此处为结束标志。
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