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2006年第3期海船船员适任证书全国统考试题(总第41期)
试卷编号:101107
录入者 :zou888666(自由)
试卷总分:100
出卷时间:
 
 
一.单项选择题
1.
For details of these and other lights the larger scale charts and Admiralty Lists should be ______.[1分]
considered
consulted
concluded
commanded
2.
Many of the lights on this coast are placed so high as to be frequently obscured by ______.[1分]
power
tower
cover
low clouds
3.
The lighthouse if ______ at night may be in trouble.[1分]
invisible
it is invisible
isn't visible
unvisible
4.
Several shoals ______ reported to exist in the area south-west of the Brothers.[1分]
have
have been
has
has been
5.
In revised editions of Admiralty charts the ______ are corrected first.[1分]
smaller scales
larger scales
smaller scales and larger scales
moderate scales
6.
The shoreline shown on nautical charts of areas affected by large tidal fluctuations is usually the line of mean ______.[1分]
lower low water
low water
tide level
high water
7.
During daylight savings time the meridian used for determining the time is located farther
______.[1分]
west in west longitude and east in east longitude
east in west longitude and west in east longitude
west
east
8.
Attention is ______ the advice on the use of charts in The Mariner's Handbook Chapter 3,
Section 1.[1分]
fixed to
needed for
pushed to
drawn to
9.
Charted depths ______ by 2 meters due to state of the winds.[1分]
is decreased
decreased
decreases
are decreased
10.
______ the abstracts of deck logbook covering the said accident.[1分]
Attached herewith are
Attached is herewith
Attached are hereby
Hereby are attached
11.
Every entry required to be made in the Official Logbook shall be signed by the ______.[1分]
Mate on watch
Master and Chief Mate or other member of the crew
Master only
Purser,one of the Mates,and some other member of the crew
12.
Logbooks are used to record the events occurring when ______.[1分]
the ship is in a harbor
the ship is at anchorage
the ship is underway
all of the above
13.
An accident came ______ my mind when I saw the broken case.[1分]
in
on
to
with
14.
The SMS should provide for specific measures aimed at promoting the ______of equipment or systems the sudden operational failure of which may result in hazardous situations.[1分]
visibility
ability
reliability
capability
15.
A qualified deck officer should be ______ the watch.[1分]
in charge of
arranged
decided to
the depth of
16.
How many GMDSS operators are needed/required on board according to the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea,1974? ______.[1分]
4 operators
3 operators
2 operators
1 operator
17.
Instructions on how to conduct search and rescue are given in the ______ which is primarily designed for use by merchant ship.[1分]
MARPOL
IRPCS
SOLAS
MERSAR
18.
Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 contains requirements pertaining to the discharge into the marine environment of ______.[1分]
oil
garbage
noxious liquid substances
None of the above
19.
Apparent wind speed blowing across a vessel under tow can be measured by a(n) ______.[1分]
barometer
wind vane
anemometer
thermometer
20.
After casting off moorings at a mooring buoy in calm weather,you should ______.[1分]
go full ahead on the engine(s)
back away a few lengths to clear the buoy and then go ahead on the engines
go half ahead on the engines and put the rudder hard right
go half ahead on the engines and pass upstream of the buoy
21.
The most doubtful and unpredictable factor in a mooring system is the ______.[1分]
ability of the anchors to hold in a seabed
anchor chain catenary length
variability of the fairlead
angle of the flukes
22.
Chafing gear should be placed ______.[1分]
at all wearing points of mooring lines
at the bitter ends of all standing rigging
around running rigging
on wire rope only forces
23.
Owing to the big draught of the ship,she has to go alongside by the time of ______.[1分]
spring tide
flood tide
ebb tide
slack water
24.
The rules state that vessels may depart from the requirements of the Rules when ______.[1分]
there are no other vessels around
operating in a narrow channel
the Master enters it in the ship's log
necessary to avoid immediate danger
25.
Mariners proceeding across the main routes are ______ to do so as wide an angle as
practicable.[1分]
recommended
reported
applied
complied
26.
A tug would NOT assist a ship to steer if the tug is made up to the large vessel ______.[1分]
by a tow line ahead of the vessel
forward on either bow of the vessel
approximately amidships of the vessel
on the vessel's quarter
27.
Where one of two vessels is to keep out of the way the other ______.[1分]
shall not keep her course but shall keep her speed
shall not keep her course and speed
shall keep her course but change her speed
shall keep her course and speed
28.
All of the following are engaged in fishing EXCEPT ______.[1分]
A vessel trawling
A vessel trolling
A vessel setting nets
A vessel tending lines
29.
When underway in a channel,you should keep to the ______.[1分]
middle of the channel
starboard side of the channel
port side of the channel
side of the channel that has the widest turns
30.
The two vessels underway may collide with ______,if they don't take immediate measures.[1分]
one to another
one the other
each the other
each other
31.
The shortest distance between any two points on earth defines a ______.[1分]
small circle
great circle
rhumb line
hyperbola
32.
When a buoy marks a channel bifurcation(分支), the preferred channel is NOT indicated by ______.[1分]
the shape of an unlighted buoy
the light color of a lighted buoy
the color of the topmost band
whether the number is odd or even
33.
Uncharted lights, fog signals and radar beacon transmissions may be ______ near the station.[1分]
encountered
met
contacted
seen
34.
Spring tides occur ______.[1分]
when the moon is new or full
when the moon and sun have declination of the same name
only when the moon and sun are on the same sides of the earth
at the beginning of spring when the sun is over the equator
35.
The set of the ocean current is caused by ______.[1分]
density differences of the water
rotation of the earth
direction of primary circulation of air
all of the above
36.
You are docking a vessel.If possible,you should ______.[1分]
go in with the current
go in against the current
approach the dock at a 90Deg angle and swing to
at the beginning of spring when the sun is over the equator
37.
All the holds to be loaded with grain must be swept ______ commencement of loading.[1分]
cleanly/during
clear/meanwhile
clean/between
clean/prior to
38.
Stop ______ the derrick at once,the gooseneck is bent.[1分]
to use
to operate
maneuvering
using
39.
The actual amount of cargo loaded depends upon ______.[1分]
the broken stowage listed
the broken stowage calculated
the broken stowage given
the actual broken stowage
40.
The Routing System which aimed at reducing the risk of casualties is called as ______.[1分]
Traffic Separation Schemes
Recommended tracks
Precautionary areas
Inshore traffic zones
41.
What kind of conditions would you observe as the eye of a storm passes over your ship's position?[1分]
Huge waves approaching from all directions,clearing skies,light winds,and an extremely low barometer
Flat calm seas,heavy rain,light winds,and an extremely low barometer
Flat calm seas,heavy rain,light winds,and high pressure
Huge waves approaching from all directions,clearing skies,light winds,and high pressure
42.
When completed their duty, pilots want the master of the vessel to fill in ______.[1分]
their yellow books
their pilotage forms
their identification cards
their pilotage licenses
43.
When force of winds reaches 10-11 in Beaufort scale,we usually call such wind ______.[1分]
Gale
Storm
Hurricane
Typhoon
44.
Which of the following is a characteristic of a Ro-Ro vessel?[1分]
Passenger tours available upon docking
Long port stays necessary to secure vehicles
Short in port turnaround times
Heavy vehicles only require lightweight securing equipment
45.
After a cold front passes,the barometric pressure ______.[1分]
drops,and the temperature drops
drops,and the temperature rises
rises,and the temperature drops
rises,and the temperature rises
46.
On a vessel with a single propeller,transverse force has the most effect on the vessel when the engine is put ______.[1分]
full ahead
full astern
half ahead
slow astern
47.
A Doppler log in the bottom return mode indicates the ______.[1分]
velocity of the current
bottom characteristics
depth of the water
speed over the ground
48.
On a ship,a door that is required to be marked KEEP CLOSED is designed to ______.[1分]
prevent the passage of flammable gases
prevent the passage of poisonous vapors
delay the spread of heat and flames
maintain watertight integrity
49.
When navigating in thick fog with the radar on, you should ______.[1分]
station the look-out in the wheelhouse to keep a continuous watch on the radar
secure the sounding of fog signals until a vessel closes within five miles
station a look-out as low down and far forward as possible
keep the radar on the shortest available range for early detection of approaching vessels
50.
Your radar is set on a true motion display.Which of the following will NOT appear to move
across the PPI scope?[1分]
Echoes from a buoy
Own ship's marker
Echo from a ship on the same course at the same speed
Echo from a ship on a reciprocal course at the same speed
51.
When hitting a solid object such as a ship or an airplane,the radar waves are reflected back ______ they came.[1分]
in the way
the way
by the way
through the path
52.
There is a possibility that small vessel, ice and other floating objects may not be ______ by radar at an adequate range.[1分]
reflect
shown
detected
defected
53.
Indications of the master gyrocompass are sent to remote repeaters by the ______.[1分]
follow-up system
transmitter
phantom element
azimuth motor
54.
Most LOG use the doppler shift of the carrier phase to compute ______.[1分]
Latitude
Longitude
Speed
Time
55.
The correction to be applied to a Loran-C reading when matching a sky wave to a ground wave may be found ______.[1分]
on loran charts covering areas where sky waves are used
in the Radio Aids to Navigation PUB 117
in the Loran-C Correction Tables
Sky waves cannot be matched to ground waves in Loran-C to produce a usable reading
56.
The most common type of davit found on merchant vessels today is the ______.[1分]
radial
sheath-screw
gravity
quadrantal
57.
What is the basic concept of GMDSS?[1分]
Search and rescue authorities ashore can be alerted to a distress situation
Shipping in the immediate vicinity of a ship in distress will be rapidly alerted
Shoreside authorities and vessels can assist in a coordinated SAR operation with minimum Delay
All of the above
58.
Which would be the subject of a NAVAREA warning?[1分]
A drifting buoy sighted in mid-ocean
Extinguishment of Wolf Trap Light located inside Chesapeake Bay
All military exercises on the high seas involving four or more vessels
Off-air times of radio beacons when scheduled for routine maintenance
59.
The present voyage of my ship began at the port of Shanghai after loading 8 000 tons of Cargo on board and ended after discharging the Cargo at the port of Hong Kong which was ______.[1分]
the port of destination
the port for bunkering
the port of arrival
the last port of call
60.
If you receive the signal over radiotelephone of "Romeo Papa Tango" while using the
International Code of Signals, you should ______.[1分]
report to the caller
repeat your last transmission
continue since he received your last transmission
end the transmission
61.
You are using an automatic tension winch by yourself.If you get caught in the turns of the line as they lead into the gypsyhead ______.[1分]
the safety cutout will stop the winch before you're injured
the line will part and snap back
you may be pulled into the winch and injured or killed
None of the above are correct
62.
The circular steel structure installed around the propeller of a towboat is the ______.[1分]
nozzle
shroud
strut
hood
63.
A spring line leads ______.[1分]
fore and aft from the ship's side
to the dock at a right angle to the vessel
through the bull nose or chock at the bow
through the chock at the stern
64.
The key to rescuing a man overboard is ______.[1分]
good communication
a dedicated crew
good equipment
well-conducted drills
65.
Which equipment is the primary source of generating a locating signal?[1分]
DSC only
DSC and EPIRB
SART and DSC
EPIRB and SART
66.
Inspection of a Halon extinguisher involves checking the hose, handle, nozzle, and ______.[1分]
sight glass
weighing the extinguisher
service technicians report
last date it was charged
67.
The purpose of air tanks in a lifeboat is to ______.[1分]
make the boat float higher
provide a stowage place for provisions
add strength to the boat
keep the boat afloat if flooded
68.
This is an exercise area.Mariners are ______ to navigate with caution.[1分]
advised
told
informed
advice
二.关联题(每组关联题题干下有4个小题,每小题4个选项)

第一组:
    Sudden steering system failure of an oil tanker led to collision with a passing bulk carrier in the Baltic Sea. The collision resulted in serious damage to both vessels and spillage of 2,700 tonnes of fuel oil from the tanker.
    The cause of the sudden steering failure could not be established. Small passing distance (0.5 miles) between the two vessels precluded effective avoidance action being taken on both vessels. Both vessels unnecessarily restricted their passing distance by choosing the deepwater route although their relatively shallow draft permitted them to use the recommended directions of traffic flow outside the deepwater route.
    Vessels should avoid using deepwater routes when their draft permits them to use a traffic separation scheme. OOW should remain at heightened alert when passing another vessel at close range and should be vigilant(警惕) for equipment failure and unexpected response from own or other vessel including interaction between vessels passing each other at close distances.
69.
What happened in the story?[4分]
An oil tanker grounded and spilled a large quantity of oil
A bulk carrier collided with a sunken rock and spilled some fuel oil
An oil tanker collided with a bulk carrier and spilled some fuel oil
A bulk carrier collided with an oil tanker and spilled some fuel oil
70.
Which of the following statements is true?[4分]
Improper maintenance led to the steering system failure
Both vessels took effective avoidance action
There was not sufficient depth of water in the channel
Both vessels chose the deepwater route
71.
Which of the following statements is NOT true?[4分]
Vessels shall never use deepwater routes
OOW shall always keep a sharp lookout
OOW shall be watchful for the equipment failure
OOW shall be careful at the response from other vessel
72.
Which of the following may be the cause of the accident?[4分]
Sudden steering failure
Restricted passing distances
Both A and B
Neither A nor B
第二组:
    Crewmembers and other personnel onboard must familiarize themselves with the Muster list and Emergency Instructions posted up in the crew’s quarters and other conspicuous(显著的) places.
    The Muster list specifies details of the general emergency alarm signal and also action to be taken by crew and passengers when this alarm is sounded; specifies how the order to abandon ship shall be given; shows the duties assigned to the different members of the crew in connection with the closing of various doors and mechanisms, the equipping of the lifeboats and buoyant apparatus, the general preparation of any other boats, buoyant apparatus, inflatable life rafts and all other matters, and the extinction of fire; specifies which officers are assigned to ensure that life-saving and fire-fighting appliances are maintained in good conditions and are ready for immediate use; specifies definite signals for calling all members of the crew to their boat and fire stations and shall give full particulars of these signals.
73.
Which function of the followings is not mentioned about Muster list in the passage?[4分]
How to order to abandon ship
How to assemble the crew and passengers
The apparatuses used to release various alarms
The actions of a crewmember onboard when in emergencies
74.
The phase “familiarize themselves with” in the first paragraph means ______.[4分]
Be familiar with
Familiarity with
Get in touch with
Used to
75.
The word “extinction” in the second paragraph means ______.[4分]
Ignition
Existing
Extinguishing
Breaking out
76.
Which one of the followings is false?[4分]
Muster list shows officers’ duties only
Muster list is posted up in the crew’s quarters and other conspicuous places
Muster list specifies which officers are in charge of the maintenance of lifesaving and firefighting appliances
All of the above

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